Control.PerformLayout Control.PerformLayout Control.PerformLayout Control.PerformLayout Method

定义

强制控件将布局逻辑应用于子控件。Forces the control to apply layout logic to child controls.

重载

PerformLayout() PerformLayout() PerformLayout() PerformLayout()

强制控件将布局逻辑应用于其所有子控件。Forces the control to apply layout logic to all its child controls.

PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String)

强制控件将布局逻辑应用于其所有子控件。Forces the control to apply layout logic to all its child controls.

PerformLayout() PerformLayout() PerformLayout() PerformLayout()

强制控件将布局逻辑应用于其所有子控件。Forces the control to apply layout logic to all its child controls.

public:
 void PerformLayout();
public void PerformLayout ();
member this.PerformLayout : unit -> unit
Public Sub PerformLayout ()

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 PerformLayout 方法。The following code example demonstrates how to use the PerformLayout method. 它还演示了引发Layout事件的方法。It also demonstrates ways in which the Layout event is raised. 在此示例中, Click Button1显式调用PerformLayout的事件处理程序。In this example, the Click event handler for Button1 explicitly calls PerformLayout. 隐式Click 调用PerformLayout的事件Button2处理程序。The Click event handler for Button2 implicitly calls PerformLayout. PerformLayout加载窗体时也会调用。PerformLayout is also called when the form is loaded. Button3将控件返回到加载时它所处的状态。Button3 returns the control to the state it was in when loaded. 在每种情况下Layout ,都会引发事件。In each case, the Layout event is raised.

这是一个完整的示例。This is a complete example. 若要运行该示例,请将以下代码粘贴到空白窗体中。To run the example, paste the following code in a blank form.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;

// This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
// PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called 
// on the control, where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the 
// textbox is centered on the control.
public ref class LayoutControl: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
public private:
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

public:
   LayoutControl()
      : UserControl()
   {
      InitializeComponent();
   }


private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->TextBox1->BorderStyle = System::Windows::Forms::BorderStyle::FixedSingle;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::ControlDark;
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
      this->Name = "LayoutControl";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
      this->Layout += gcnew LayoutEventHandler( this, &LayoutControl::LayoutControl_Layout );
   }


   // This method is called when the Layout event is fired. 
   // This happens by during the initial load, by calling PerformLayout
   // or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
   // affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the 
   // value of e.AffectedProperty and changes the look of the 
   // control accordingly. 
   void LayoutControl_Layout( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::LayoutEventArgs^ e )
   {
      if ( e->AffectedProperty != nullptr )
      {
         if ( e->AffectedProperty->Equals( "Bounds" ) )
         {
            TextBox1->Left = (this->Width - TextBox1->Width) / 2;
            TextBox1->Top = (this->Height - TextBox1->Height) / 2;
         }
      }
      else
      {
         this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 150, 160 );
         TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 16, 24 );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = String::Format( "Left = {0} Top = {1}", TextBox1->Left, TextBox1->Top );
   }

};

public ref class LayoutForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   LayoutForm()
      : Form()
   {
      InitializeComponent();
   }


public private:
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button1;
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button2;
   LayoutControl^ LayoutControl1;
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button3;

private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->Button1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->Button2 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->Button3 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->LayoutControl1 = gcnew LayoutControl;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Button1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 16, 16 );
      this->Button1->Name = "Button1";
      this->Button1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Button1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Button1->Text = "Center textbox on control";
      this->Button2->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 152, 16 );
      this->Button2->Name = "Button2";
      this->Button2->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 104, 32 );
      this->Button2->TabIndex = 3;
      this->Button2->Text = "Shrink user control";
      this->Button3->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 96, 232 );
      this->Button3->Name = "Button3";
      this->Button3->TabIndex = 5;
      this->Button3->Text = "Reset";
      this->LayoutControl1->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::ControlDark;
      this->LayoutControl1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 72, 64 );
      this->LayoutControl1->Name = "LayoutControl1";
      this->LayoutControl1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 150, 160 );
      this->LayoutControl1->TabIndex = 6;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button3 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button2 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button1 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->LayoutControl1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
      this->Button1->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button1_Click );
      this->Button2->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button2_Click );
      this->Button3->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button3_Click );
   }


   // This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
   // LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
   void Button1_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->PerformLayout( LayoutControl1, "Bounds" );
   }


   // This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
   //  Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
   void Button2_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 100, 100 );
   }


   // This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
   // which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
   // equal to Nothing.
   void Button3_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->PerformLayout();
   }

};


[System::STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew LayoutForm );
}


using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;



public class LayoutForm:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public LayoutForm() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button1;
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button2;
    internal LayoutControl LayoutControl1;
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button3;

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.Button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.Button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.Button3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.LayoutControl1 = new LayoutControl();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 16);
        this.Button1.Name = "Button1";
        this.Button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Button1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Button1.Text = "Center textbox on control";
        this.Button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 16);
        this.Button2.Name = "Button2";
        this.Button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 32);
        this.Button2.TabIndex = 3;
        this.Button2.Text = "Shrink user control";
        this.Button3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(96, 232);
        this.Button3.Name = "Button3";
        this.Button3.TabIndex = 5;
        this.Button3.Text = "Reset";
        this.LayoutControl1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
        this.LayoutControl1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(72, 64);
        this.LayoutControl1.Name = "LayoutControl1";
        this.LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
        this.LayoutControl1.TabIndex = 6;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button3);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button2);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button1);
        this.Controls.Add(this.LayoutControl1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.Button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button1_Click);
        this.Button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button2_Click);
        this.Button3.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button3_Click);

    }

    [System.STAThread]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new LayoutForm());
    }


    // This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
    // LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
    private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout(LayoutControl1, "Bounds");
    }

    // This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
    //  Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
    private void Button2_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 100);
    }

    // This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
    // which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
    // equal to Nothing.
    private void Button3_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout();
    }

}


// This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
// PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called 
// on the control, where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the 
// textbox is centered on the control.
public class LayoutControl:
    System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
{
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    public LayoutControl() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.TextBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
        this.Name = "LayoutControl";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.Layout += new LayoutEventHandler(LayoutControl_Layout);

    }

    // This method is called when the Layout event is fired. 
    // This happens by during the initial load, by calling PerformLayout
    // or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
    // affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the 
    // value of e.AffectedProperty and changes the look of the 
    // control accordingly. 
    private void LayoutControl_Layout(object sender, 
        System.Windows.Forms.LayoutEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.AffectedProperty != null)
        {
            if (e.AffectedProperty.Equals("Bounds"))
            {
                TextBox1.Left = (this.Width-TextBox1.Width)/2;
                TextBox1.Top = (this.Height-TextBox1.Height)/2;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
            TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 24);
        }
        TextBox1.Text = "Left = "+TextBox1.Left+" Top = "+TextBox1.Top;
    }

}


Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing



Public Class LayoutForm
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComponent()
    End Sub

    Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents LayoutControl1 As LayoutControl
    Friend WithEvents Button3 As System.Windows.Forms.Button

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button3 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.LayoutControl1 = New LayoutControl
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(16, 16)
        Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
        Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Button1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Button1.Text = "Center textbox on control"
        Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(152, 16)
        Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
        Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(104, 32)
        Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
        Me.Button2.Text = "Shrink user control"
        Me.Button3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(96, 232)
        Me.Button3.Name = "Button3"
        Me.Button3.TabIndex = 5
        Me.Button3.Text = "Reset"
        Me.LayoutControl1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark
        Me.LayoutControl1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(72, 64)
        Me.LayoutControl1.Name = "LayoutControl1"
        Me.LayoutControl1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(150, 160)
        Me.LayoutControl1.TabIndex = 6
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button3)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.LayoutControl1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

    <System.STAThread()> Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New LayoutForm)
    End Sub


   
    ' This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
    ' LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
    Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout(LayoutControl1, "Bounds")
    End Sub

    ' This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
    '   Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
    Private Sub Button2_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click
        LayoutControl1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(100, 100)
    End Sub

    ' This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
    ' which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
    ' equal to Nothing.
    Private Sub Button3_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button3.Click
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout()
    End Sub

End Class


'This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
'PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called on the control, 
'where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the textbox is centered on the control.
Public Class LayoutControl
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComponent()
    End Sub

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.TextBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
        Me.Name = "LayoutControl"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

    'This method is called when the Layout event is fired. This happens by during the initial load,
    'by calling PerformLayout or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
    'affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the value of e.AffectedProperty
    'and changes the look of the control accordingly. 
    Private Sub LayoutControl_Layout(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.LayoutEventArgs) Handles MyBase.Layout
        If e.AffectedProperty IsNot Nothing Then
            If e.AffectedProperty.Equals("Bounds") Then
                TextBox1.Left = (Me.Width - TextBox1.Width) / 2
                TextBox1.Top = (Me.Height - TextBox1.Height) / 2
            End If
        Else
            Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(150, 160)
            TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(16, 24)
        End If
        TextBox1.Text = "Left = " & TextBox1.Left & " Top = " & TextBox1.Top
    End Sub

End Class

注解

如果在Layout调用方法之前调用了方法,则会取消该事件。SuspendLayout PerformLayoutIf the SuspendLayout method was called before calling the PerformLayout method, the Layout event is suppressed.

如果AffectedControl调用PerformLayout方法时未LayoutEventArgs提供任何值, null则会将所创建的的和AffectedProperty属性设置为。The AffectedControl and AffectedProperty properties of the LayoutEventArgs created are set to null if no values were provided when the PerformLayout method was called.

另请参阅

PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String) PerformLayout(Control, String)

强制控件将布局逻辑应用于其所有子控件。Forces the control to apply layout logic to all its child controls.

public:
 void PerformLayout(System::Windows::Forms::Control ^ affectedControl, System::String ^ affectedProperty);
public void PerformLayout (System.Windows.Forms.Control affectedControl, string affectedProperty);
member this.PerformLayout : System.Windows.Forms.Control * string -> unit
Public Sub PerformLayout (affectedControl As Control, affectedProperty As String)

参数

affectedControl
Control Control Control Control

Control,它表示最近更改的控件。A Control that represents the most recently changed control.

affectedProperty
String String String String

此控件上最近更改的属性的名称。The name of the most recently changed property on the control.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 PerformLayout 方法。The following code example demonstrates how to use the PerformLayout method. 它还演示了引发Layout事件的方法。It also demonstrates ways in which the Layout event is raised. 在此示例中, Click Button1显式调用PerformLayout的事件处理程序。In this example, the Click event handler for Button1 explicitly calls PerformLayout. 隐式Click 调用PerformLayout的事件Button2处理程序。The Click event handler for Button2 implicitly calls PerformLayout. PerformLayout加载窗体时也会调用。PerformLayout is also called when the form is loaded. Button3将控件返回到加载时它所处的状态。Button3 returns the control to the state it was in when loaded. 在每种情况下Layout ,都会引发事件。In each case, the Layout event is raised.

这是一个完整的示例。This is a complete example. 若要运行该示例,请将以下代码粘贴到空白窗体中。To run the example, paste the following code in a blank form.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;

// This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
// PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called 
// on the control, where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the 
// textbox is centered on the control.
public ref class LayoutControl: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
public private:
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

public:
   LayoutControl()
      : UserControl()
   {
      InitializeComponent();
   }


private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->TextBox1->BorderStyle = System::Windows::Forms::BorderStyle::FixedSingle;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::ControlDark;
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
      this->Name = "LayoutControl";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
      this->Layout += gcnew LayoutEventHandler( this, &LayoutControl::LayoutControl_Layout );
   }


   // This method is called when the Layout event is fired. 
   // This happens by during the initial load, by calling PerformLayout
   // or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
   // affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the 
   // value of e.AffectedProperty and changes the look of the 
   // control accordingly. 
   void LayoutControl_Layout( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::LayoutEventArgs^ e )
   {
      if ( e->AffectedProperty != nullptr )
      {
         if ( e->AffectedProperty->Equals( "Bounds" ) )
         {
            TextBox1->Left = (this->Width - TextBox1->Width) / 2;
            TextBox1->Top = (this->Height - TextBox1->Height) / 2;
         }
      }
      else
      {
         this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 150, 160 );
         TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 16, 24 );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = String::Format( "Left = {0} Top = {1}", TextBox1->Left, TextBox1->Top );
   }

};

public ref class LayoutForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   LayoutForm()
      : Form()
   {
      InitializeComponent();
   }


public private:
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button1;
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button2;
   LayoutControl^ LayoutControl1;
   System::Windows::Forms::Button^ Button3;

private:
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->Button1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->Button2 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->Button3 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
      this->LayoutControl1 = gcnew LayoutControl;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Button1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 16, 16 );
      this->Button1->Name = "Button1";
      this->Button1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Button1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Button1->Text = "Center textbox on control";
      this->Button2->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 152, 16 );
      this->Button2->Name = "Button2";
      this->Button2->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 104, 32 );
      this->Button2->TabIndex = 3;
      this->Button2->Text = "Shrink user control";
      this->Button3->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 96, 232 );
      this->Button3->Name = "Button3";
      this->Button3->TabIndex = 5;
      this->Button3->Text = "Reset";
      this->LayoutControl1->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::ControlDark;
      this->LayoutControl1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 72, 64 );
      this->LayoutControl1->Name = "LayoutControl1";
      this->LayoutControl1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 150, 160 );
      this->LayoutControl1->TabIndex = 6;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button3 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button2 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Button1 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->LayoutControl1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
      this->Button1->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button1_Click );
      this->Button2->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button2_Click );
      this->Button3->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&LayoutForm::Button3_Click );
   }


   // This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
   // LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
   void Button1_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->PerformLayout( LayoutControl1, "Bounds" );
   }


   // This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
   //  Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
   void Button2_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 100, 100 );
   }


   // This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
   // which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
   // equal to Nothing.
   void Button3_Click( System::Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      LayoutControl1->PerformLayout();
   }

};


[System::STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew LayoutForm );
}


using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;



public class LayoutForm:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public LayoutForm() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button1;
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button2;
    internal LayoutControl LayoutControl1;
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button3;

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.Button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.Button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.Button3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.LayoutControl1 = new LayoutControl();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 16);
        this.Button1.Name = "Button1";
        this.Button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Button1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Button1.Text = "Center textbox on control";
        this.Button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 16);
        this.Button2.Name = "Button2";
        this.Button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 32);
        this.Button2.TabIndex = 3;
        this.Button2.Text = "Shrink user control";
        this.Button3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(96, 232);
        this.Button3.Name = "Button3";
        this.Button3.TabIndex = 5;
        this.Button3.Text = "Reset";
        this.LayoutControl1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
        this.LayoutControl1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(72, 64);
        this.LayoutControl1.Name = "LayoutControl1";
        this.LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
        this.LayoutControl1.TabIndex = 6;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button3);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button2);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Button1);
        this.Controls.Add(this.LayoutControl1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.Button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button1_Click);
        this.Button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button2_Click);
        this.Button3.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button3_Click);

    }

    [System.STAThread]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new LayoutForm());
    }


    // This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
    // LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
    private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout(LayoutControl1, "Bounds");
    }

    // This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
    //  Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
    private void Button2_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 100);
    }

    // This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
    // which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
    // equal to Nothing.
    private void Button3_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout();
    }

}


// This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
// PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called 
// on the control, where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the 
// textbox is centered on the control.
public class LayoutControl:
    System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
{
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    public LayoutControl() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.TextBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
        this.Name = "LayoutControl";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.Layout += new LayoutEventHandler(LayoutControl_Layout);

    }

    // This method is called when the Layout event is fired. 
    // This happens by during the initial load, by calling PerformLayout
    // or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
    // affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the 
    // value of e.AffectedProperty and changes the look of the 
    // control accordingly. 
    private void LayoutControl_Layout(object sender, 
        System.Windows.Forms.LayoutEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.AffectedProperty != null)
        {
            if (e.AffectedProperty.Equals("Bounds"))
            {
                TextBox1.Left = (this.Width-TextBox1.Width)/2;
                TextBox1.Top = (this.Height-TextBox1.Height)/2;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
            TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 24);
        }
        TextBox1.Text = "Left = "+TextBox1.Left+" Top = "+TextBox1.Top;
    }

}


Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing



Public Class LayoutForm
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComponent()
    End Sub

    Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents LayoutControl1 As LayoutControl
    Friend WithEvents Button3 As System.Windows.Forms.Button

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.Button3 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.LayoutControl1 = New LayoutControl
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(16, 16)
        Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
        Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Button1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Button1.Text = "Center textbox on control"
        Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(152, 16)
        Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
        Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(104, 32)
        Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
        Me.Button2.Text = "Shrink user control"
        Me.Button3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(96, 232)
        Me.Button3.Name = "Button3"
        Me.Button3.TabIndex = 5
        Me.Button3.Text = "Reset"
        Me.LayoutControl1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark
        Me.LayoutControl1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(72, 64)
        Me.LayoutControl1.Name = "LayoutControl1"
        Me.LayoutControl1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(150, 160)
        Me.LayoutControl1.TabIndex = 6
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button3)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.LayoutControl1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

    <System.STAThread()> Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New LayoutForm)
    End Sub


   
    ' This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
    ' LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
    Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout(LayoutControl1, "Bounds")
    End Sub

    ' This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
    '   Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
    Private Sub Button2_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click
        LayoutControl1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(100, 100)
    End Sub

    ' This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
    ' which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
    ' equal to Nothing.
    Private Sub Button3_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button3.Click
        LayoutControl1.PerformLayout()
    End Sub

End Class


'This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
'PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called on the control, 
'where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the textbox is centered on the control.
Public Class LayoutControl
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComponent()
    End Sub

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.TextBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
        Me.Name = "LayoutControl"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

    'This method is called when the Layout event is fired. This happens by during the initial load,
    'by calling PerformLayout or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
    'affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the value of e.AffectedProperty
    'and changes the look of the control accordingly. 
    Private Sub LayoutControl_Layout(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.LayoutEventArgs) Handles MyBase.Layout
        If e.AffectedProperty IsNot Nothing Then
            If e.AffectedProperty.Equals("Bounds") Then
                TextBox1.Left = (Me.Width - TextBox1.Width) / 2
                TextBox1.Top = (Me.Height - TextBox1.Height) / 2
            End If
        Else
            Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(150, 160)
            TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(16, 24)
        End If
        TextBox1.Text = "Left = " & TextBox1.Left & " Top = " & TextBox1.Top
    End Sub

End Class

注解

如果在Layout调用方法之前调用了方法,则会取消该事件。SuspendLayout PerformLayoutIf the SuspendLayout method was called before calling the PerformLayout method, the Layout event is suppressed.

和参数都可以设置为nullaffectedControl affectedPropertyThe affectedControl and affectedProperty parameters can both be set to null. 这样做会使AffectedControl创建AffectedPropertyLayoutEventArgs的和属性设置为nullDoing so causes the AffectedControl and AffectedProperty properties of the LayoutEventArgs created to be set to null.

另请参阅

适用于