DataGridView.ColumnCount 属性

定义

获取或设置 DataGridView 中显示的列数。Gets or sets the number of columns displayed in the DataGridView.

public:
 property int ColumnCount { int get(); void set(int value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public int ColumnCount { get; set; }
member this.ColumnCount : int with get, set
Public Property ColumnCount As Integer

属性值

DataGridView 中显示的列数。The number of columns displayed in the DataGridView.

属性

异常

当设置此属性时,指定的值小于 0。The specified value when setting this property is less than 0.

当设置此属性时,已设置了 DataSource 属性。When setting this property, the DataSource property has been set.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何设置 ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyleAutoSizeRowsModeColumnHeadersBorderStyleCellBorderStyle、@no__t、@no__t、@no__t、@no__t、@no__t、@no__t 和属性。The following code example demonstrates how to set the ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle, AutoSizeRowsMode, ColumnHeadersBorderStyle, CellBorderStyle, GridColor, BackgroundColor, RowHeadersVisible, SelectionMode, ColumnCount, and MultiSelect properties. 此外,该代码示例还演示如何设置 @no__t 的 @no__t 属性。In addition, the code example demonstrates how to set the DataGridViewColumn.Name and DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle properties. 若要运行此示例,请将代码粘贴到包含名为 @no__t 的 @no__t 0 的窗体中,然后从窗体的构造函数或 Load 事件处理程序调用 SetUpDataGridView 方法。To run this example, paste the code into a form that contains a DataGridView named dataGridView1, and then call the SetUpDataGridView method from the form's constructor or Load event handler. 确保所有事件都与事件处理程序相关联。Ensure all events are associated with their event handlers.

void SetUpDataGridView()
{
   this->Controls->Add( dataGridView1 );
   dataGridView1->ColumnCount = 5;
   DataGridViewCellStyle^ style = dataGridView1->ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle;
   style->BackColor = Color::Navy;
   style->ForeColor = Color::White;
   style->Font = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( dataGridView1->Font,FontStyle::Bold );
   dataGridView1->EditMode = DataGridViewEditMode::EditOnEnter;
   dataGridView1->Name = "dataGridView1";
   dataGridView1->Location = Point(8,8);
   dataGridView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 500, 300 );
   dataGridView1->AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode::DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders;
   dataGridView1->ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle::Raised;
   dataGridView1->CellBorderStyle = DataGridViewCellBorderStyle::Single;
   dataGridView1->GridColor = SystemColors::ActiveBorder;
   dataGridView1->RowHeadersVisible = false;
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 0 ]->Name = "Release Date";
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 1 ]->Name = "Track";
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 1 ]->DefaultCellStyle->Alignment = DataGridViewContentAlignment::MiddleCenter;
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 2 ]->Name = "Title";
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 3 ]->Name = "Artist";
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 4 ]->Name = "Album";

   // Make the font italic for row four.
   dataGridView1->Columns[ 4 ]->DefaultCellStyle->Font = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( DataGridView::DefaultFont,FontStyle::Italic );
   dataGridView1->SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode::FullRowSelect;
   dataGridView1->MultiSelect = false;
   dataGridView1->BackgroundColor = Color::Honeydew;
   dataGridView1->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
   dataGridView1->CellFormatting += gcnew DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler( this, &Form1::dataGridView1_CellFormatting );
   dataGridView1->CellParsing += gcnew DataGridViewCellParsingEventHandler( this, &Form1::dataGridView1_CellParsing );
   addNewRowButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::addNewRowButton_Click );
   deleteRowButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::deleteRowButton_Click );
   ledgerStyleButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::ledgerStyleButton_Click );
   dataGridView1->CellValidating += gcnew DataGridViewCellValidatingEventHandler( this, &Form1::dataGridView1_CellValidating );
}
private void SetUpDataGridView()
{
    this.Controls.Add(dataGridView1);
    dataGridView1.ColumnCount = 5;
    DataGridViewCellStyle style = 
        dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle;
    style.BackColor = Color.Navy;
    style.ForeColor = Color.White;
    style.Font = new Font(dataGridView1.Font, FontStyle.Bold);

    dataGridView1.EditMode = DataGridViewEditMode.EditOnEnter;
    dataGridView1.Name = "dataGridView1";
    dataGridView1.Location = new Point(8, 8);
    dataGridView1.Size = new Size(500, 300);
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = 
        DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = 
        DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Raised;
    dataGridView1.CellBorderStyle = DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single;
    dataGridView1.GridColor = SystemColors.ActiveBorder;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersVisible = false;

    dataGridView1.Columns[0].Name = "Release Date";
    dataGridView1.Columns[1].Name = "Track";
    dataGridView1.Columns[1].DefaultCellStyle.Alignment = 
        DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter;
    dataGridView1.Columns[2].Name = "Title";
    dataGridView1.Columns[3].Name = "Artist";
    dataGridView1.Columns[4].Name = "Album";

    // Make the font italic for row four.
    dataGridView1.Columns[4].DefaultCellStyle.Font = new Font(DataGridView.DefaultFont, FontStyle.Italic);

    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;

    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.Honeydew;

    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;

    dataGridView1.CellFormatting += new DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellFormatting);
    dataGridView1.CellParsing += new DataGridViewCellParsingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellParsing);
    addNewRowButton.Click += new EventHandler(addNewRowButton_Click);
    deleteRowButton.Click += new EventHandler(deleteRowButton_Click);
    ledgerStyleButton.Click += new EventHandler(ledgerStyleButton_Click);
    dataGridView1.CellValidating += new DataGridViewCellValidatingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValidating);

}
Private Sub SetUpDataGridView()

    Me.Controls.Add(dataGridView1)
    dataGridView1.ColumnCount = 5

    With dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle
        .BackColor = Color.Navy
        .ForeColor = Color.White
        .Font = New Font(dataGridView1.Font, FontStyle.Bold)
    End With

    With dataGridView1
        .EditMode = DataGridViewEditMode.EditOnEnter
        .Name = "dataGridView1"
        .Location = New Point(8, 8)
        .Size = New Size(500, 300)
        .AutoSizeRowsMode = _
            DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders
        .ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = _
            DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Raised
        .CellBorderStyle = _
            DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single
        .GridColor = SystemColors.ActiveBorder
        .RowHeadersVisible = False

        .Columns(0).Name = "Release Date"
        .Columns(1).Name = "Track"
        .Columns(1).DefaultCellStyle.Alignment = DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter
        .Columns(2).Name = "Title"
        .Columns(3).Name = "Artist"
        .Columns(4).Name = "Album"

        ' Make the font italic for row four.
        .Columns(4).DefaultCellStyle.Font = _
            New Font(Control.DefaultFont, _
                FontStyle.Italic)

        .SelectionMode = _
            DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
        .MultiSelect = False

        .BackgroundColor = Color.Honeydew

        .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    End With

End Sub

注解

将 @no__t 0 属性设置为0将从 @no__t 中删除所有列。Setting the ColumnCount property to 0 will remove all columns from the DataGridView.

如果 ColumnCount 被重置为小于当前值的值,则将从 @no__t 集合的末尾删除列。If ColumnCount is reset to a value less than the current value, columns will be removed from the end of the Columns collection. 如果 @no__t 设置为大于当前值的值,则列将添加到 @no__t 集合的末尾。If ColumnCount is set to a value greater than the current value, columns will be added to the end of the Columns collection.

此属性可与 RowCount 属性一起使用,以创建简单的 @no__t 来显示和编辑文本。This property can be used with the RowCount property to create a simple DataGridView for displaying and editing text.

有关如何处理事件的详细信息,请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅