DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs 类

定义

DrawSubItem 事件提供数据。Provides data for the DrawSubItem event.

public ref class DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs : EventArgs
public class DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs : EventArgs
type DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
继承
DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何为ListView控件提供自定义绘图。The following code example demonstrates how to provide custom drawing for a ListView control. ListView示例中的控件具有渐变背景。The ListView control in the example has a gradient background. 具有负值的子项具有红色的前景和黑色背景。Subitems with negative values have a red foreground and a black background.

ListView.DrawItem事件的处理程序绘制整个项的背景。A handler for the ListView.DrawItem event draws the background for entire items. ListView.DrawSubItem事件的处理程序绘制文本值以及具有负值的子项的文本和背景。A handler for the ListView.DrawSubItem event draws the text values and both the text and background for subitems that have negative values. DrawColumnHeader事件的处理程序绘制每个列标题。A handler for the DrawColumnHeader event draws each column header.

ContextMenu组件提供一种在详细信息视图和列表视图之间切换的方法。A ContextMenu component provides a way to switch between the details view and the list view. 在列表视图中, 只ListView.DrawItem会触发事件。In the list view, only the ListView.DrawItem event is fired. 在这种情况下, 会在ListView.DrawItem事件处理程序中绘制文本和背景。In this case, the text and background are both drawn in the ListView.DrawItem event handler.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewOwnerDraw : Form
{
    private ListView listView1 = new ListView();
    private ContextMenu contextMenu1 = new ContextMenu();

    public ListViewOwnerDraw()
    {
        // Initialize the ListView control.
        listView1.BackColor = Color.Black;
        listView1.ForeColor = Color.White;
        listView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        listView1.View = View.Details;
        listView1.FullRowSelect = true;

        // Add columns to the ListView control.
        listView1.Columns.Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);

        // Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        ListViewItem listViewItem1 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "One", "20", "30", "-40" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem2 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Two", "-250", "145", "37" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem3 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Three", "200", "800", "-1,001" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem4 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Four", "not available", "-2", "100" }, -1);
        listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[] { listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4 });

        // Initialize the shortcut menu and 
        // assign it to the ListView control.
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("List",
            new EventHandler(menuItemList_Click));
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("Details",
            new EventHandler(menuItemDetails_Click));
        listView1.ContextMenu = contextMenu1;

        // Configure the ListView control for owner-draw and add 
        // handlers for the owner-draw events.
        listView1.OwnerDraw = true;
        listView1.DrawItem += new
            DrawListViewItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawItem);
        listView1.DrawSubItem += new
            DrawListViewSubItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawSubItem);
        listView1.DrawColumnHeader += new
            DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventHandler(listView1_DrawColumnHeader);

        // Add a handler for the MouseUp event so an item can be 
        // selected by clicking anywhere along its width.
        listView1.MouseUp += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseUp);

        // Add handlers for various events to compensate for an 
        // extra DrawItem event that occurs the first time the mouse 
        // moves over each row. 
        listView1.MouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseMove);
        listView1.ColumnWidthChanged += new ColumnWidthChangedEventHandler(listView1_ColumnWidthChanged);
        listView1.Invalidated += new InvalidateEventHandler(listView1_Invalidated);

        // Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(450, 150);
        this.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.MaximizeBox = false;
        this.Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example";
        this.Controls.Add(listView1);
    }

    // Clean up any resources being used.        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            contextMenu1.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewOwnerDraw());
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    private void menuItemList_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.List;
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    private void menuItemDetails_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.Details;

        // Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround in
        // the MouseMove event handler.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    // its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    private void listView1_MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem clickedItem = listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y);
        if (clickedItem != null)
        {
            clickedItem.Selected = true;
            clickedItem.Focused = true;
        }
    }

    // Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    private void listView1_DrawItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewItemEventArgs e)
    {
        if ((e.State & ListViewItemStates.Selected) != 0)
        {
            // Draw the background and focus rectangle for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds);
            e.DrawFocusRectangle();
        }
        else
        {
            // Draw the background for an unselected item.
            using (LinearGradientBrush brush =
                new LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange,
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal))
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds);
            }
        }

        // Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        if (listView1.View != View.Details)
        {
            e.DrawText();
        }
    }

    // Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    private void listView1_DrawSubItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs e)
    {
        TextFormatFlags flags = TextFormatFlags.Left;

        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            // negative value. 
            double subItemValue;
            if (e.ColumnIndex > 0 && Double.TryParse(
                e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency,
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, out subItemValue) &&
                subItemValue < 0)
            {
                // Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                // background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                if ((e.ItemState & ListViewItemStates.Selected) == 0)
                {
                    e.DrawBackground();
                }

                // Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text,
                    listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf);

                return;
            }

            // Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            // or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags);
        }
    }

    // Draws column headers.
    private void listView1_DrawColumnHeader(object sender,
        DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs e)
    {
        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground();

            // Draw the header text.
            using (Font headerFont =
                        new Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold))
            {
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont,
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf);
            }
        }
        return;
    }

    // Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    // it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    // Win32 control. This issue occurs each time the ListView is invalidated.
    private void listView1_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem item = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y);
        if (item != null && item.Tag == null)
        {
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds);
            item.Tag = "tagged";
        }
    }

    // Resets the item tags. 
    void listView1_Invalidated(object sender, InvalidateEventArgs e)
    {
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            if (item == null) return;
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    void listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(object sender, 
        ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Drawing2D
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class ListViewOwnerDraw
    Inherits Form
    Private WithEvents listView1 As New ListView()
    Private WithEvents contextMenu1 As New ContextMenu()
    Private WithEvents listMenuItem As New MenuItem("List")
    Private WithEvents detailsMenuItem As New MenuItem("Details")

    Public Sub New()

        ' Initialize the shortcut menu. 
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(New MenuItem() _
            {Me.listMenuItem, Me.detailsMenuItem})

        ' Initialize the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1
            .BackColor = Color.Black
            .ForeColor = Color.White
            .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
            .View = View.Details
            .FullRowSelect = True
            .OwnerDraw = True
            .ContextMenu = Me.contextMenu1
        End With

        ' Add columns to the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1.Columns
            .Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
        End With

        ' Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        Dim listViewItem1 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"One", "20", "30", "-40"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem2 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Two", "-250", "145", "37"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem3 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Three", "200", "800", "-1,001"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem4 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Four", "not available", "-2", "100"}, -1)
        Me.listView1.Items.AddRange(New ListViewItem() _
            {listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4})

        ' Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        With Me
            .ClientSize = New Size(450, 150)
            .FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle
            .MaximizeBox = False
            .Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example"
            .Controls.Add(Me.listView1)
        End With

    End Sub

    ' Clean up any resources being used.        
    Protected Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            contextMenu1.Dispose()
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ListViewOwnerDraw())
    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    Private Sub menuItemList_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles listMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.List

    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    Private Sub menuItemDetails_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles detailsMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.Details

        ' Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround 
        ' in the MouseMove event handler.
        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    ' its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseUp(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseUp

        Dim clickedItem As ListViewItem = Me.listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y)
        If (clickedItem IsNot Nothing) Then
            clickedItem.Selected = True
            clickedItem.Focused = True
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawItem

        If Not (e.State And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then

            ' Draw the background for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds)
            e.DrawFocusRectangle()

        Else

            ' Draw the background for an unselected item.
            Dim brush As New LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange, _
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal)
            Try
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds)
            Finally
                brush.Dispose()
            End Try

        End If

        ' Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        If Not Me.listView1.View = View.Details Then
            e.DrawText()
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawSubItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawSubItem

        Dim flags As TextFormatFlags = TextFormatFlags.Left

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right
            End Select

            ' Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            ' negative value. 
            Dim subItemValue As Double
            If e.ColumnIndex > 0 AndAlso _
                Double.TryParse(e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency, _
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, subItemValue) AndAlso _
                subItemValue < 0 Then

                ' Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                ' background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                If (e.ItemState And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then
                    e.DrawBackground()
                End If

                ' Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text, _
                    Me.listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf)

                Return

            End If

            ' Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            ' or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags)

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Draws column headers.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawColumnHeader(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawColumnHeader

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
            End Select

            ' Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground()

            ' Draw the header text.
            Dim headerFont As New Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold)
            Try
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont, _
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf)
            Finally
                headerFont.Dispose()
            End Try

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    ' it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    ' Win32 control.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseMove(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseMove

        Dim item As ListViewItem = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y)
        If item IsNot Nothing AndAlso item.Tag Is Nothing Then
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds)
            item.Tag = "tagged"
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Resets the item tags. 
    Private Sub listView1_Invalidated(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As InvalidateEventArgs) Handles listView1.Invalidated

        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            If item Is Nothing Then Return
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    Private Sub listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs) Handles listView1.ColumnWidthChanged

        listView1.Invalidate()

    End Sub

End Class

注解

事件使您能够在详细信息视图中对ListView控件的外观进行自定义 (或所有者描述)。 ListView.DrawSubItemThe ListView.DrawSubItem event enables you to customize (or owner-draw) the appearance of a ListView control in the details view.

ListView.DrawSubItem ListView控件的ListView.OwnerDraw属性设置为true并且DetailsView属性设置为时, 控件将引发该事件。The ListView.DrawSubItem event is raised by a ListView control when its ListView.OwnerDraw property is set to true and its View property is set to Details. 传递给事件处理程序的包含有关要绘制ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem的的信息, 还提供可帮助您绘制子项的方法。 DrawListViewSubItemEventArgsThe DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs passed to the event handler contains information about the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw and also provides methods to help you draw the subitem.

ItemState使用或Item属性检索有关要绘制的子项的父项的信息。Use the ItemState or Item properties to retrieve information about the parent item of the subitem to draw. 若要检索ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem自身, 请SubItem使用属性。To retrieve the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem itself, use the SubItem property. 使用属性可ColumnHeader检索表示子项的列标题的。 HeaderUse the Header property to retrieve the ColumnHeader representing the header of the column in which the subitem is displayed.

使用属性可以在由属性指定的区域内执行实际绘图。 Bounds GraphicsUse the Graphics property to do the actual drawing within the area specified by the Bounds property. 若要绘制ListView不需要自定义的标准元素, 请DrawBackground使用DrawText、和DrawFocusRectangle方法。To draw standard ListView elements that do not need customization, use the DrawBackground, DrawText, and DrawFocusRectangle methods.

如果希望操作系统绘制子项, 请使用属性。DrawDefaultUse the DrawDefault property when you want the operating system to draw the subitem. 如果你只想要自定义特定子项, 这会很有用。This is useful when you want to customize only specific subitems.

备注

若要避免在所有者绘制时图形闪烁的问题, ListView请重写控件DoubleBuffered并将true属性设置为。To avoid issues with graphics flickering when owner drawing, override the ListView control and set the DoubleBuffered property to true. 当应用程序调用Application.EnableVisualStyles方法时, 此功能仅在 windows XP 和 windows Server 2003 家族上可用。This feature is available only on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family when your application calls the Application.EnableVisualStyles method.

构造函数

DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs(Graphics, Rectangle, ListViewItem, ListViewItem+ListViewSubItem, Int32, Int32, ColumnHeader, ListViewItemStates)

初始化 DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs class.

属性

Bounds

获取要绘制的 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的大小和位置。Gets the size and location of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw.

ColumnIndex

获取显示 ListViewListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 列的索引。Gets the index of the ListView column in which the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem is displayed.

DrawDefault

获取或设置一个值,该值指示是否应由操作系统绘制而不是由所有者描述 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItemGets or sets a value indicating whether the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem should be drawn by the operating system instead of owner-drawn.

Graphics

获取用于绘制 GraphicsListViewItem.ListViewSubItemGets the Graphics used to draw the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem.

Header

获取显示 ListViewListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 列的标题。Gets the header of the ListView column in which the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem is displayed.

Item

获取要绘制的 ListViewItem 的父级 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItemGets the parent ListViewItem of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw.

ItemIndex

获取要绘制的 ListViewItem 的父级 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的索引。Gets the index of the parent ListViewItem of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw.

ItemState

获取要绘制的 ListViewItem 的父级 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的当前状态。Gets the current state of the parent ListViewItem of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw.

SubItem

获取要绘制的 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItemGets the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem to draw.

方法

DrawBackground()

使用 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的当前背景色绘制它的背景。Draws the background of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem using its current background color.

DrawFocusRectangle(Rectangle)

如果父级 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 具有焦点,则为 ListViewItem 绘制一个聚焦框。Draws a focus rectangle for the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem if the parent ListViewItem has focus.

DrawText()

使用 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的当前前景色绘制它的文本。Draws the text of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem using its current foreground color.

DrawText(TextFormatFlags)

使用 ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem 的当前前景色以及由指定的 TextFormatFlags 值设置的格式绘制它的文本。Draws the text of the ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem using its current foreground color and formatting it with the specified TextFormatFlags values.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅