DrawTreeNodeEventArgs 类

定义

DrawNode 事件提供数据。Provides data for the DrawNode event.

public ref class DrawTreeNodeEventArgs : EventArgs
public class DrawTreeNodeEventArgs : EventArgs
type DrawTreeNodeEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class DrawTreeNodeEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
继承
DrawTreeNodeEventArgs

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用所有者描述TreeView自定义控件。The following code example demonstrates how to customize a TreeView control using owner drawing. 该示例中的控件在标准节点标签旁边显示可选节点标记。TreeViewThe TreeView control in the example displays optional node tags alongside the standard node labels. 节点标记是使用属性指定TreeNode.Tag的。Node tags are specified using the TreeNode.Tag property. TreeView控件还使用自定义的突出显示颜色。The TreeView control also uses custom colors, including a custom highlight color.

您可以通过设置颜色属性TreeView自定义大多数颜色, 但无法将选择突出显示颜色作为属性提供。You can customize most of the TreeView colors by setting color properties, but the selection highlight color is not available as a property. 此外, 默认选择突出显示矩形仅扩展到节点标签周围。Additionally, the default selection highlight rectangle extends only around a node label. 必须使用所有者绘图来绘制节点标记, 并绘制一个足以容纳节点标记的自定义突出显示矩形。Owner drawing must be used to draw the node tags and to draw a customized highlight rectangle large enough to include a node tag.

在此示例中, TreeView.DrawNode事件的处理程序手动绘制节点标记和自定义选择突出显示。In the example, a handler for the TreeView.DrawNode event draws the node tags and the custom selection highlight manually. 未选定的节点不需要自定义。Unselected nodes do not need customization. 对于这些DrawDefault属性, 将属性设置为true , 以使其由操作系统进行绘制。For these, the DrawDefault property is set to true so that they will be drawn by the operating system.

此外, Control.MouseDown事件的处理程序提供命中测试。Additionally, a handler for the Control.MouseDown event provides hit-testing. 默认情况下, 只能通过单击其标签周围的区域来选择节点。By default, a node can be selected only by clicking the region around its label. Control.MouseDown事件处理程序选择在此区域内或节点标记周围的区域 (如果存在) 内单击的节点。The Control.MouseDown event handler selects a node that is clicked anywhere within this region or within the region around a node tag, if present.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class TreeViewOwnerDraw: public Form
{
private:
   TreeView^ myTreeView;

   // Create a Font object for the node tags.
   System::Drawing::Font^ tagFont;

public:

   TreeViewOwnerDraw()
   {
      tagFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Helvetica",8,FontStyle::Bold );

      // Create and initialize the TreeView control.
      myTreeView = gcnew TreeView;
      myTreeView->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      myTreeView->BackColor = Color::Tan;
      myTreeView->CheckBoxes = true;
      
      // Add nodes to the TreeView control.
      TreeNode^ node;
      for ( int x = 1; x < 4; ++x )
      {
         // Add a root node to the TreeView control.
         node = myTreeView->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Task {0}", x ) );
         for ( int y = 1; y < 4; ++y )
         {
            // Add a child node to the root node.
            node->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Subtask {0}", y ) );
         }
      }
      myTreeView->ExpandAll();
      
      // Add tags containing alert messages to a few nodes 
      // and set the node background color to highlight them.
      myTreeView->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Tag = "urgent!";
      myTreeView->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->BackColor = Color::Yellow;
      myTreeView->SelectedNode = myTreeView->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ];
      myTreeView->Nodes[ 2 ]->Nodes[ 1 ]->Tag = "urgent!";
      myTreeView->Nodes[ 2 ]->Nodes[ 1 ]->BackColor = Color::Yellow;
      
      // Configure the TreeView control for owner-draw and add
      // a handler for the DrawNode event.
      myTreeView->DrawMode = TreeViewDrawMode::OwnerDrawText;
      myTreeView->DrawNode += gcnew DrawTreeNodeEventHandler( this, &TreeViewOwnerDraw::myTreeView_DrawNode );
      
      // Add a handler for the MouseDown event so that a node can be 
      // selected by clicking the tag text as well as the node text.
      myTreeView->MouseDown += gcnew MouseEventHandler( this, &TreeViewOwnerDraw::myTreeView_MouseDown );
      
      // Initialize the form and add the TreeView control to it.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 273 );
      this->Controls->Add( myTreeView );
   }

protected:
   // Clean up any resources being used.        
   ~TreeViewOwnerDraw()
   {
      if ( tagFont != nullptr )
      {
         delete tagFont;
      }
   }

   // Draws a node.
private:
   void myTreeView_DrawNode( Object^ sender, DrawTreeNodeEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Draw the background and node text for a selected node.
      if ( (e->State & TreeNodeStates::Selected) != (TreeNodeStates)0 )
      {
         // Draw the background of the selected node. The NodeBounds
         // method makes the highlight rectangle large enough to
         // include the text of a node tag, if one is present.
         e->Graphics->FillRectangle( Brushes::Green, NodeBounds( e->Node ) );

         // Retrieve the node font. If the node font has not been set,
         // use the TreeView font.
         System::Drawing::Font^ nodeFont = e->Node->NodeFont;
         if ( nodeFont == nullptr )
                  nodeFont = (dynamic_cast<TreeView^>(sender))->Font;

         // Draw the node text.
         e->Graphics->DrawString( e->Node->Text, nodeFont, Brushes::White, Rectangle::Inflate( e->Bounds, 2, 0 ) );
      }
      // Use the default background and node text.
      else
      {
         e->DrawDefault = true;
      }

      // If a node tag is present, draw its string representation 
      // to the right of the label text.
      if ( e->Node->Tag != nullptr )
      {
         e->Graphics->DrawString( e->Node->Tag->ToString(), tagFont, Brushes::Yellow, (float)e->Bounds.Right + 2, (float)e->Bounds.Top );
      }

      
      // If the node has focus, draw the focus rectangle large, making
      // it large enough to include the text of the node tag, if present.
      if ( (e->State & TreeNodeStates::Focused) != (TreeNodeStates)0 )
      {
         Pen^ focusPen = gcnew Pen( Color::Black );
         try
         {
            focusPen->DashStyle = System::Drawing::Drawing2D::DashStyle::Dot;
            Rectangle focusBounds = NodeBounds( e->Node );
            focusBounds.Size = System::Drawing::Size( focusBounds.Width - 1, focusBounds.Height - 1 );
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( focusPen, focusBounds );
         }
         finally
         {
            if ( focusPen )
               delete safe_cast<IDisposable^>(focusPen);
         }

      }
   }

   // Selects a node that is clicked on its label or tag text.
   void myTreeView_MouseDown( Object^ /*sender*/, MouseEventArgs^ e )
   {
      TreeNode^ clickedNode = myTreeView->GetNodeAt( e->X, e->Y );
      if ( NodeBounds( clickedNode ).Contains( e->X, e->Y ) )
      {
         myTreeView->SelectedNode = clickedNode;
      }
   }

   // Returns the bounds of the specified node, including the region 
   // occupied by the node label and any node tag displayed.
   Rectangle NodeBounds( TreeNode^ node )
   {
      // Set the return value to the normal node bounds.
      Rectangle bounds = node->Bounds;
      if ( node->Tag != nullptr )
      {
         // Retrieve a Graphics object from the TreeView handle
         // and use it to calculate the display width of the tag.
         Graphics^ g = myTreeView->CreateGraphics();
         int tagWidth = (int)g->MeasureString( node->Tag->ToString(), tagFont ).Width + 6;
         
         // Adjust the node bounds using the calculated value.
         bounds.Offset( tagWidth / 2, 0 );
         bounds = Rectangle::Inflate( bounds, tagWidth / 2, 0 );
         g->~Graphics();
      }

      return bounds;
   }
};

[STAThreadAttribute]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew TreeViewOwnerDraw );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class TreeViewOwnerDraw : Form
{
    private TreeView myTreeView;

    // Create a Font object for the node tags.
    Font tagFont = new Font("Helvetica", 8, FontStyle.Bold);

    public TreeViewOwnerDraw()
    {
        // Create and initialize the TreeView control.
        myTreeView = new TreeView();
        myTreeView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        myTreeView.BackColor = Color.Tan;
        myTreeView.CheckBoxes = true;

        // Add nodes to the TreeView control.
        TreeNode node;
        for (int x = 1; x < 4; ++x)
        {
            // Add a root node to the TreeView control.
            node = myTreeView.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Task {0}", x));
            for (int y = 1; y < 4; ++y)
            {
                // Add a child node to the root node.
                node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Subtask {0}", y));
            }
        }
        myTreeView.ExpandAll();

        // Add tags containing alert messages to a few nodes 
        // and set the node background color to highlight them.
        myTreeView.Nodes[1].Nodes[0].Tag = "urgent!";
        myTreeView.Nodes[1].Nodes[0].BackColor = Color.Yellow;
        myTreeView.SelectedNode = myTreeView.Nodes[1].Nodes[0];
        myTreeView.Nodes[2].Nodes[1].Tag = "urgent!";
        myTreeView.Nodes[2].Nodes[1].BackColor = Color.Yellow;

        // Configure the TreeView control for owner-draw and add
        // a handler for the DrawNode event.
        myTreeView.DrawMode = TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText;
        myTreeView.DrawNode += 
            new DrawTreeNodeEventHandler(myTreeView_DrawNode);

        // Add a handler for the MouseDown event so that a node can be 
        // selected by clicking the tag text as well as the node text.
        myTreeView.MouseDown += new MouseEventHandler(myTreeView_MouseDown);

        // Initialize the form and add the TreeView control to it.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(292, 273);
        this.Controls.Add(myTreeView);
    }

    // Clean up any resources being used.        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            tagFont.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new TreeViewOwnerDraw());
    }

    // Draws a node.
    private void myTreeView_DrawNode(
        object sender, DrawTreeNodeEventArgs e)
    {
        // Draw the background and node text for a selected node.
        if ((e.State & TreeNodeStates.Selected) != 0)
        {
            // Draw the background of the selected node. The NodeBounds
            // method makes the highlight rectangle large enough to
            // include the text of a node tag, if one is present.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Green, NodeBounds(e.Node));

            // Retrieve the node font. If the node font has not been set,
            // use the TreeView font.
            Font nodeFont = e.Node.NodeFont;
            if (nodeFont == null) nodeFont = ((TreeView)sender).Font;

            // Draw the node text.
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Text, nodeFont, Brushes.White,
                Rectangle.Inflate(e.Bounds, 2, 0));
        }

        // Use the default background and node text.
        else 
        {
            e.DrawDefault = true;
        }

        // If a node tag is present, draw its string representation 
        // to the right of the label text.
        if (e.Node.Tag != null)
        {
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont,
                Brushes.Yellow, e.Bounds.Right + 2, e.Bounds.Top);
        }

        // If the node has focus, draw the focus rectangle large, making
        // it large enough to include the text of the node tag, if present.
        if ((e.State & TreeNodeStates.Focused) != 0)
        {
            using (Pen focusPen = new Pen(Color.Black))
            {
                focusPen.DashStyle = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.DashStyle.Dot;
                Rectangle focusBounds = NodeBounds(e.Node);
                focusBounds.Size = new Size(focusBounds.Width - 1, 
                focusBounds.Height - 1);
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(focusPen, focusBounds);
            }
        }
    }

    // Selects a node that is clicked on its label or tag text.
    private void myTreeView_MouseDown(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        TreeNode clickedNode = myTreeView.GetNodeAt(e.X, e.Y);
        if (NodeBounds(clickedNode).Contains(e.X, e.Y))
        {
            myTreeView.SelectedNode = clickedNode;
        }
    }

    // Returns the bounds of the specified node, including the region 
    // occupied by the node label and any node tag displayed.
    private Rectangle NodeBounds(TreeNode node)
    {
        // Set the return value to the normal node bounds.
        Rectangle bounds = node.Bounds;
        if (node.Tag != null)
        {
            // Retrieve a Graphics object from the TreeView handle
            // and use it to calculate the display width of the tag.
            Graphics g = myTreeView.CreateGraphics(); 
            int tagWidth = (int)g.MeasureString
                (node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont).Width + 6;

            // Adjust the node bounds using the calculated value.
            bounds.Offset(tagWidth/2, 0);
            bounds = Rectangle.Inflate(bounds, tagWidth/2, 0);
            g.Dispose();
         }
        
        return bounds;
        
    }

}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class TreeViewOwnerDraw
    Inherits Form

    Private WithEvents myTreeView As TreeView
    
    ' Create a Font object for the node tags.
    Private tagFont As New Font("Helvetica", 8, FontStyle.Bold)
    
    Public Sub New()

        ' Create and initialize the TreeView control.
        myTreeView = New TreeView()
        myTreeView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
        myTreeView.BackColor = Color.Tan
        myTreeView.CheckBoxes = True
        
        ' Add nodes to the TreeView control.
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer
        For x = 1 To 3

            ' Add a root node to the TreeView control.
            node = myTreeView.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Task {0}", x))
            Dim y As Integer
            For y = 1 To 3 

                ' Add a child node to the root node.
                node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Subtask {0}", y))
            Next y
        Next x
        myTreeView.ExpandAll()
        
        ' Add tags containing alert messages to a few nodes 
        ' and set the node background color to highlight them.
        myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Tag = "urgent!"
        myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).BackColor = Color.Yellow
        myTreeView.SelectedNode = myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0)
        myTreeView.Nodes(2).Nodes(1).Tag = "urgent!"
        myTreeView.Nodes(2).Nodes(1).BackColor = Color.Yellow
        
        ' Configure the TreeView control for owner-draw.
        myTreeView.DrawMode = TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText

        ' Add a handler for the MouseDown event so that a node can be 
        ' selected by clicking the tag text as well as the node text.
        AddHandler myTreeView.MouseDown, AddressOf myTreeView_MouseDown
        
        ' Initialize the form and add the TreeView control to it.
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.Add(myTreeView)
    End Sub
    
    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New TreeViewOwnerDraw())
    End Sub
    
    ' Draws a node.
    Private Sub myTreeView_DrawNode(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawTreeNodeEventArgs) Handles myTreeView.DrawNode

        ' Draw the background and node text for a selected node.
        If (e.State And TreeNodeStates.Selected) <> 0 Then

            ' Draw the background of the selected node. The NodeBounds
            ' method makes the highlight rectangle large enough to
            ' include the text of a node tag, if one is present.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Green, NodeBounds(e.Node))

            ' Retrieve the node font. If the node font has not been set,
            ' use the TreeView font.
            Dim nodeFont As Font = e.Node.NodeFont
            If nodeFont Is Nothing Then
                nodeFont = CType(sender, TreeView).Font
            End If

            ' Draw the node text.
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Text, nodeFont, Brushes.White, _
                e.Bounds.Left - 2, e.Bounds.Top)

        ' Use the default background and node text.
        Else
            e.DrawDefault = True
        End If

        ' If a node tag is present, draw its string representation 
        ' to the right of the label text.
        If (e.Node.Tag IsNot Nothing) Then
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont, _
                Brushes.Yellow, e.Bounds.Right + 2, e.Bounds.Top)
        End If

        ' If the node has focus, draw the focus rectangle large, making
        ' it large enough to include the text of the node tag, if present.
        If (e.State And TreeNodeStates.Focused) <> 0 Then
            Dim focusPen As New Pen(Color.Black)
            Try
                focusPen.DashStyle = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.DashStyle.Dot
                Dim focusBounds As Rectangle = NodeBounds(e.Node)
                focusBounds.Size = New Size(focusBounds.Width - 1, _
                    focusBounds.Height - 1)
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(focusPen, focusBounds)
            Finally
                focusPen.Dispose()
            End Try
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Selects a node that is clicked on its label or tag text.
    Private Sub myTreeView_MouseDown(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
        Dim clickedNode As TreeNode = myTreeView.GetNodeAt(e.X, e.Y)
        If NodeBounds(clickedNode).Contains(e.X, e.Y) Then
            myTreeView.SelectedNode = clickedNode
        End If
    End Sub

    ' Returns the bounds of the specified node, including the region 
    ' occupied by the node label and any node tag displayed.
    Private Function NodeBounds(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Rectangle

        ' Set the return value to the normal node bounds.
        Dim bounds As Rectangle = node.Bounds
        If (node.Tag IsNot Nothing) Then

            ' Retrieve a Graphics object from the TreeView handle
            ' and use it to calculate the display width of the tag.
            Dim g As Graphics = myTreeView.CreateGraphics()
            Dim tagWidth As Integer = CInt(g.MeasureString( _
                node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont).Width) + 6

            ' Adjust the node bounds using the calculated value.
            bounds.Offset(tagWidth \ 2, 0)
            bounds = Rectangle.Inflate(bounds, tagWidth \ 2, 0)
            g.Dispose()
        End If
        Return bounds
    End Function 'NodeBounds

End Class

注解

使用事件可自定义使用所有者描述的TreeView控件中节点的外观。 DrawNodeUse the DrawNode event to customize the appearance of nodes in a TreeView control using owner drawing.

DrawNode TreeView控件的TreeView.DrawMode属性设置为TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll或,并且显示或更新节点时,该事件由控件引发。TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawTextThe DrawNode event is raised by a TreeView control when its TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll or TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText and a node is displayed or updated. 传递DrawTreeNodeEventArgs给事件处理程序的包含要绘制的节点的相关信息, 并提供可帮助您绘制节点的方法。The DrawTreeNodeEventArgs passed to the event handler contains information about the node to draw as well as providing methods to help you draw the node.

State使用或Node属性检索有关要绘制的节点的信息。Use the State or Node properties to retrieve information about the node to draw. 使用属性可以在由属性指定的区域内执行实际绘图。 Bounds GraphicsUse the Graphics property to do the actual drawing within the area specified by the Bounds property. 若要使操作系统绘制不需要所有者描述的节点, 请将DrawDefault属性设置为。 trueTo make the operating system draw a node that does not need to be owner drawn, set the DrawDefault property to true.

当属性设置为TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText时, 由Bounds属性指示的区域仅包含节点的标签部分。 TreeView.DrawModeWhen the TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText, the area indicated by the Bounds property includes the label portion of the node only. 当属性设置为TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll时, Bounds区域包括整个节点, 包括通常用于图标、复选框、加号和减号以及连接节点的线条的区域。 TreeView.DrawModeWhen the TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll, the Bounds area includes the entire node, including the area typically used for icons, checkboxes, plus and minus signs, and lines connecting the nodes.

构造函数

DrawTreeNodeEventArgs(Graphics, TreeNode, Rectangle, TreeNodeStates)

初始化 DrawTreeNodeEventArgs 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the DrawTreeNodeEventArgs class.

属性

Bounds

获取要绘制的 TreeNode 的大小和位置。Gets the size and location of the TreeNode to draw.

DrawDefault

获取或设置一个值,指示是否将由操作系统绘制 TreeNode,而不是所有者描述。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the TreeNode should be drawn by the operating system rather than being owner drawn.

Graphics

获取用于绘制 GraphicsTreeNode 对象。Gets the Graphics object used to draw the TreeNode.

Node

获取要绘制的 TreeNodeGets the TreeNode to draw.

State

获取要绘制的 TreeNode 的当前状态。Gets the current state of the TreeNode to draw.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

适用于

另请参阅