ListView.BeginUpdate Method

Definition

避免在调用 EndUpdate() 方法之前描述控件。Prevents the control from drawing until the EndUpdate() method is called.

public:
 void BeginUpdate();
public void BeginUpdate ();
member this.BeginUpdate : unit -> unit
Public Sub BeginUpdate ()

Examples

下面的代码示例演示如何初始化 ListView 控件以包含复选框。The following code example demonstrates initializing a ListView control to contain check boxes. 它还演示了如何使用 BeginUpdateEndUpdate 方法。It also demonstrates how to use the BeginUpdate and EndUpdate methods. 若要运行此示例,请将以下代码粘贴到包含名为 ListView1ListView 的窗体中。To run this example, paste the following code into a form that contains a ListView named ListView1. 从窗体的构造函数或 Load 方法中调用 InitializeListView 方法。Call the InitializeListView method from the form's constructor or Load method.

void InitializeListView()
{
   this->ListView1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ListView;
   
   // Set properties such as BackColor and DockStyle and Location.
   this->ListView1->BackColor = System::Drawing::SystemColors::Control;
   this->ListView1->Dock = System::Windows::Forms::DockStyle::Top;
   this->ListView1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 0, 0 );
   this->ListView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 130 );
   this->ListView1->View = System::Windows::Forms::View::Details;
   this->ListView1->HideSelection = false;
   
   // Allow the user to select multiple items.
   this->ListView1->MultiSelect = true;
   
   // Show CheckBoxes in the ListView.
   this->ListView1->CheckBoxes = true;
   
   //Set the column headers and populate the columns.
   ListView1->HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle::Nonclickable;
   ColumnHeader^ columnHeader1 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
   columnHeader1->Text = "Breakfast Choices";
   columnHeader1->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Left;
   columnHeader1->Width = 146;
   ColumnHeader^ columnHeader2 = gcnew ColumnHeader;
   columnHeader2->Text = "Price Each";
   columnHeader2->TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment::Center;
   columnHeader2->Width = 142;
   this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader1 );
   this->ListView1->Columns->Add( columnHeader2 );
   array<String^>^foodList = {"Juice","Coffee","Cereal & Milk","Fruit Plate","Toast & Jelly","Bagel & Cream Cheese"};
   array<String^>^foodPrice = {"1.09","1.09","2.19","2.79","2.09","2.69"};
   int count;
   
   // Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
   // the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
   ListView1->BeginUpdate();
   for ( count = 0; count < foodList->Length; count++ )
   {
      ListViewItem^ listItem = gcnew ListViewItem( foodList[ count ] );
      listItem->SubItems->Add( foodPrice[ count ] );
      ListView1->Items->Add( listItem );
   }
   
   //Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
   ListView1->EndUpdate();
   this->Controls->Add( this->ListView1 );
}
private void InitializeListView()
{
    this.ListView1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListView();

    // Set properties such as BackColor and DockStyle and Location.
    this.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control;
    this.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top;
    this.ListView1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
    this.ListView1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 130);
    this.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details;
    this.ListView1.HideSelection = false;

    // Allow the user to select multiple items.
    this.ListView1.MultiSelect = true;

    // Show CheckBoxes in the ListView.
    this.ListView1.CheckBoxes = true;
    
    //Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable;
    
    ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader1.Text = "Breakfast Choices";
    columnHeader1.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
    columnHeader1.Width = 146;

    ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader2.Text = "Price Each";
    columnHeader2.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
    columnHeader2.Width = 142;

    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1);
    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2);

    string[] foodList = new string[]{"Juice", "Coffee", 
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", 
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"};

    string[] foodPrice = new string[]{"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", 
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"};
    
    int count;

    // Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    // the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate();

    for(count = 0; count < foodList.Length; count++)
    {
        ListViewItem listItem = new ListViewItem(foodList[count]);
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice[count]);
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem);
    }

    //Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate();
    this.Controls.Add(this.ListView1);
}
Private Sub InitializeListView()
    Me.ListView1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListView

    ' Set properties such as BackColor, Location and Size
    Me.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control
    Me.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top
    Me.ListView1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
    Me.ListView1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 130)
    Me.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details
    Me.ListView1.HideSelection = False

    ' Allow user to select multiple items.
    Me.ListView1.MultiSelect = True

    ' Show check boxes in the ListView.
    Me.ListView1.CheckBoxes = True

    'Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable
    Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader1
        .Text = "Breakfast Choices"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left
        .Width = 146
    End With
    Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader2
        .Text = "Price Each"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center
        .Width = 142
    End With
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1)
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2)
    Dim foodList() As String = New String() {"Juice", "Coffee", _
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", _
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"}

    Dim foodPrice() As String = New String() {"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", _
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"}
    Dim count As Integer

    ' Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    ' the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate()

    For count = 0 To foodList.Length - 1
        Dim listItem As New ListViewItem(foodList(count))
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice(count))
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem)
    Next

    'Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate()
    Me.Controls.Add(Me.ListView1)
End Sub

Remarks

ListView 添加多个项目的首选方法是使用 ListView.ListViewItemCollectionAddRange 方法(通过 ListViewItems 属性访问)。The preferred way to add multiple items to a ListView is to use the AddRange method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection (accessed through the Items property of the ListView). 这使您可以在单个操作中将一组项添加到列表中。This enables you to add an array of items to the list in a single operation. 但是,如果你想要使用 ListView.ListViewItemCollection 类的 Add 方法一次添加一个项,则可以使用 BeginUpdate 方法来防止控件在每次添加项时都重新绘制 ListViewHowever, if you want to add items one at a time using the Add method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection class, you can use the BeginUpdate method to prevent the control from repainting the ListView every time that an item is added. 完成将项添加到控件的任务后,调用 EndUpdate 方法来启用 ListView 重绘。When you have completed the task of adding items to the control, call the EndUpdate method to enable the ListView to repaint. 通过这种添加项的方式,可以在将大量项添加到控件时防止 ListView 的 flickered。This way of adding items can prevent flickered drawing of the ListView when lots of items are being added to the control.

如果多次调用 BeginUpdate,则必须将 EndUpdate 称为等效的次数。If BeginUpdate is called more than once, EndUpdate must be called an equivalent number of times. 直到最后一次调用 EndUpdate ListView 将不会重新绘制。Until the last call to EndUpdate the ListView will not repaint. 除此外,多次调用 BeginUpdate 不起作用。Other than this, multiple calls to BeginUpdate have no effect.

Applies to

See also