ListViewGroup 类

定义

表示 ListView 控件中显示的一组项。Represents a group of items displayed within a ListView control.

public ref class ListViewGroup sealed : System::Runtime::Serialization::ISerializable
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Windows.Forms.ListViewGroupConverter))]
[System.Serializable]
public sealed class ListViewGroup : System.Runtime.Serialization.ISerializable
type ListViewGroup = class
    interface ISerializable
Public NotInheritable Class ListViewGroup
Implements ISerializable
继承
ListViewGroup
属性
实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示了如何使用ListView分组功能按详细信息视图中的子项值组织项。The following code example demonstrates how to use the ListView grouping feature to organize items by subitem value in the details view. 这种形式的分组类似于 Windows 资源管理器中使用的分组。This form of grouping is similar to the grouping used in Windows Explorer. 在此示例中, 将动态创建组。In the example, the groups are created dynamically. 对于每个子项列, 将为每个唯一子项值创建一个组。For each subitem column, one group is created for each unique subitem value. 对于 "父项" 列, 将为每个唯一的初始字母创建一个组。For the parent item column, one group is created for each unique initial letter. 单击列标题可将项排序到为该列创建的组中。Clicking the header of a column sorts the items into the groups created for that column. 再次单击同一个列标题会反转组的顺序。Clicking the same column header again reverses the order of the groups.

#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections; 
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

public ref class ListViewGroupsExample : public Form
{
private:
   ListView^ myListView;
   bool isRunningXPOrLater;

   // Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
   array<Hashtable^>^ groupTables;

   // Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
   int groupColumn;

public:
   ListViewGroupsExample()
   {
      groupColumn = 0;
      // Initialize myListView.
      myListView = gcnew ListView();
      myListView->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      myListView->View = View::Details;
      myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Ascending;

      // Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader0 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader0->Text = "Title";
      columnHeader0->Width = -1;
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader1 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader1->Text = "Author";
      columnHeader1->Width = -1;
      ColumnHeader^ columnHeader2 = gcnew ColumnHeader();
      columnHeader2->Text = "Year";
      columnHeader2->Width = -1;

      // Add the column headers to myListView.

      array<ColumnHeader^>^ temp0 = {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2};
      myListView->Columns->AddRange(temp0);

      // Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
      myListView->ColumnClick += 
         gcnew ColumnClickEventHandler(this, &ListViewGroupsExample::myListView_ColumnClick);

      // Create items and add them to myListView.

      array<String^>^ temp1 = {"Programming Windows", "Petzold, Charles", "1998"};
      ListViewItem^ item0 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp1 );

      array<String^>^ temp2 = {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software",
         "Petzold, Charles", "2000"};
      ListViewItem^ item1 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp2 );

      array<String^>^ temp3 = {"Programming Windows with C#", "Petzold, Charles", "2001"};
      ListViewItem^ item2 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp3 );

      array<String^>^ temp4 = {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET",
         "Connell, John", "2001"};
      ListViewItem^ item3 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp4 );

      array<String^>^ temp5 = {"C# for Java Developers", "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam",
         "2002"};
      ListViewItem^ item4 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp5 );

      array<String^>^ temp6 = {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step",
         "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", "2002"};
      ListViewItem^ item5 = gcnew ListViewItem( temp6 );

      array<ListViewItem^>^ temp7 = {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5};
      myListView->Items->AddRange( temp7 );

      // Determine whether Windows XP or a later 
      // operating system is present.
      isRunningXPOrLater = false;

      if (System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Major > 5 ||
         ( System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Major == 5 &&
         System::Environment::OSVersion->Version->Minor >= 1) )
      {
         isRunningXPOrLater = true;
      }

      if (isRunningXPOrLater)
      {
         // Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
         // hash table for each column.
         groupTables = gcnew array<Hashtable^>(myListView->Columns->Count);
         for (int column = 0; column < myListView->Columns->Count; column++)
         {
            // Create a hash table containing all the groups 
            // needed for a single column.
            groupTables[column] = CreateGroupsTable(column);
         }

         // Start with the groups created for the Title column.
         SetGroups(0);
      }

      // Initialize the form.
      this->Controls->Add(myListView);
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(550, 330);
      this->Text = "ListView Groups Example";
   }

   // Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
   // column.
private:
   void myListView_ColumnClick(
      Object^ /*sender*/, ColumnClickEventArgs^ e)
   {
      // Set the sort order to ascending when changing
      // column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
      if ( myListView->Sorting == SortOrder::Descending || 
         ( isRunningXPOrLater && (e->Column != groupColumn) ) )
      {
         myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Ascending;
      }
      else 
      {
         myListView->Sorting = SortOrder::Descending;
      }
      groupColumn = e->Column;

      // Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
      if (isRunningXPOrLater)
      {
         SetGroups(e->Column);
      }
   }

   // Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
private:
   void SetGroups(int column)
   {
      // Remove the current groups.
      myListView->Groups->Clear();

      // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
      Hashtable^ groups = dynamic_cast<Hashtable^>(groupTables[column]);

      // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
      array<ListViewGroup^>^ groupsArray = gcnew array<ListViewGroup^>(groups->Count);
      groups->Values->CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

      // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
      Array::Sort(groupsArray, gcnew ListViewGroupSorter(myListView->Sorting));
      myListView->Groups->AddRange(groupsArray);

      // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
      // one to the appropriate group.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum = myListView->Items->GetEnumerator();
      while (myEnum->MoveNext())
      {
         ListViewItem^ item = safe_cast<ListViewItem^>(myEnum->Current);
         // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
         String^ subItemText = item->SubItems[column]->Text;

         // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
         if (column == 0) 
         {
            subItemText = subItemText->Substring(0, 1);
         }

         // Assign the item to the matching group.
         item->Group = dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(groups[subItemText]);
      }
   }

   // Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
   // subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
   // in the specified column.
private:
   Hashtable^ CreateGroupsTable(int column)
   {
      // Create a Hashtable object.
      Hashtable^ groups = gcnew Hashtable();

      // Iterate through the items in myListView.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = myListView->Items->GetEnumerator();
      while (myEnum1->MoveNext())
      {
         ListViewItem^ item = safe_cast<ListViewItem^>(myEnum1->Current);
         // Retrieve the text value for the column.
         String^ subItemText = item->SubItems[column]->Text;

         // Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
         if (column == 0) 
         {
            subItemText = subItemText->Substring(0, 1);
         }

         // If the groups table does not already contain a group
         // for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
         // subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
         if (!groups->Contains(subItemText))
         {
            groups->Add( subItemText, gcnew ListViewGroup(subItemText, 
               HorizontalAlignment::Left) );
         }
      }

      // Return the Hashtable object.
      return groups;
   }

   // Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
   ref class ListViewGroupSorter : public IComparer
   {
   private:
      SortOrder order;

      // Stores the sort order.
   public:
      ListViewGroupSorter(SortOrder theOrder) 
      { 
         order = theOrder;
      }

      // Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
      // order to return the correct value.
      virtual int Compare(Object^ x, Object^ y)
      {
         int result = String::Compare(
            (dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(x))->Header,
            (dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(y))->Header
            );
         if (order == SortOrder::Ascending)
         {
            return result;
         }
         else 
         {
            return -result;
         }
      }
   };
};

[STAThread]
int main() 
{
   Application::EnableVisualStyles();
   Application::Run(gcnew ListViewGroupsExample());
}
using System;
using System.Collections; 
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewGroupsExample : Form
{
    private ListView myListView;

    // Determine whether Windows XP or a later
    // operating system is present.
    private bool isRunningXPOrLater = 
        OSFeature.Feature.IsPresent(OSFeature.Themes);

    // Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
    private Hashtable[] groupTables;

    // Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
    int groupColumn = 0;

    public ListViewGroupsExample()
    {
        // Initialize myListView.
        myListView = new ListView();
        myListView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        myListView.View = View.Details;
        myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending;

        // Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
        ColumnHeader columnHeader0 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader0.Text = "Title";
        columnHeader0.Width = -1;
        ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader1.Text = "Author";
        columnHeader1.Width = -1;
        ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
        columnHeader2.Text = "Year";
        columnHeader2.Width = -1;

        // Add the column headers to myListView.
        myListView.Columns.AddRange(new ColumnHeader[] 
            {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2});

        // Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
        myListView.ColumnClick += 
            new ColumnClickEventHandler(myListView_ColumnClick);

        // Create items and add them to myListView.
        ListViewItem item0 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Programming Windows", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "1998"} );
        ListViewItem item1 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "2000"} );
        ListViewItem item2 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Programming Windows with C#", 
            "Petzold, Charles", 
            "2001"} );
        ListViewItem item3 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET", 
            "Connell, John", 
            "2001"} );
        ListViewItem item4 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"C# for Java Developers", 
            "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", 
            "2002"} );
        ListViewItem item5 = new ListViewItem( new string[] 
            {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step", 
            "Jones, Allen & Freeman, Adam", 
            "2002"} );
        myListView.Items.AddRange(
            new ListViewItem[] {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5});

        if (isRunningXPOrLater)
        {
            // Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
            // hash table for each column.
            groupTables = new Hashtable[myListView.Columns.Count];
            for (int column = 0; column < myListView.Columns.Count; column++)
            {
                // Create a hash table containing all the groups 
                // needed for a single column.
                groupTables[column] = CreateGroupsTable(column);
            }

            // Start with the groups created for the Title column.
            SetGroups(0);
        }

        // Initialize the form.
        this.Controls.Add(myListView);
        this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(550, 330);
        this.Text = "ListView Groups Example";
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewGroupsExample());
    }

    // Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
    // column.
    private void myListView_ColumnClick(
        object sender, ColumnClickEventArgs e)
    {
        // Set the sort order to ascending when changing
        // column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
        if ( myListView.Sorting == SortOrder.Descending || 
            ( isRunningXPOrLater && (e.Column != groupColumn) ) )
        {
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending;
        }
        else 
        {
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending;
        }
        groupColumn = e.Column;

        // Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
        if (isRunningXPOrLater)
        {
            SetGroups(e.Column);
        }
    }

    // Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
    private void SetGroups(int column)
    {
        // Remove the current groups.
        myListView.Groups.Clear();

        // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
        Hashtable groups = (Hashtable)groupTables[column];

        // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
        ListViewGroup[] groupsArray = new ListViewGroup[groups.Count];
        groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

        // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
        Array.Sort(groupsArray, new ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting));
        myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray);

        // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
        // one to the appropriate group.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in myListView.Items)
        {
            // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
            string subItemText = item.SubItems[column].Text;

            // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
            if (column == 0) 
            {
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1);
            }

            // Assign the item to the matching group.
            item.Group = (ListViewGroup)groups[subItemText];
        }
    }

    // Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
    // subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
    // in the specified column.
    private Hashtable CreateGroupsTable(int column)
    {
        // Create a Hashtable object.
        Hashtable groups = new Hashtable();

        // Iterate through the items in myListView.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in myListView.Items)
        {
            // Retrieve the text value for the column.
            string subItemText = item.SubItems[column].Text;

            // Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
            if (column == 0) 
            {
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1);
            }

            // If the groups table does not already contain a group
            // for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
            // subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
            if (!groups.Contains(subItemText))
            {
                groups.Add( subItemText, new ListViewGroup(subItemText, 
                    HorizontalAlignment.Left) );
            }
        }

        // Return the Hashtable object.
        return groups;
    }

    // Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
    private class ListViewGroupSorter : IComparer
    {
        private SortOrder order;

        // Stores the sort order.
        public ListViewGroupSorter(SortOrder theOrder) 
        { 
            order = theOrder;
        }

        // Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
        // order to return the correct value.
        public int Compare(object x, object y)
        {
            int result = String.Compare(
                ((ListViewGroup)x).Header,
                ((ListViewGroup)y).Header
            );
            if (order == SortOrder.Ascending)
            {
                return result;
            }
            else 
            {
                return -result;
            }
        }
    }

}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class ListViewGroupsExample
    Inherits Form

    Private myListView As ListView

    ' Determine whether Windows XP or a later
    ' operating system is present.
    Private isRunningXPOrLater As Boolean = _
        OSFeature.Feature.IsPresent(OSFeature.Themes)
    
    ' Declare a Hashtable array in which to store the groups.
    Private groupTables() As Hashtable
    
    ' Declare a variable to store the current grouping column.
    Private groupColumn As Integer = 0
    
    Public Sub New()
        ' Initialize myListView.
        myListView = New ListView()
        myListView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
        myListView.View = View.Details
        myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending
        
        ' Create and initialize column headers for myListView.
        Dim columnHeader0 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader0.Text = "Title"
        columnHeader0.Width = -1
        Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader1.Text = "Author"
        columnHeader1.Width = -1
        Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader()
        columnHeader2.Text = "Year"
        columnHeader2.Width = -1
        
        ' Add the column headers to myListView.
        myListView.Columns.AddRange( New ColumnHeader() _
            {columnHeader0, columnHeader1, columnHeader2} )
        
        ' Add a handler for the ColumnClick event.
        AddHandler myListView.ColumnClick, AddressOf myListView_ColumnClick
        
        ' Create items and add them to myListView.
        Dim item0 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Programming Windows", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "1998"} )
        Dim item1 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "2000"} )
        Dim item2 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Programming Windows with C#", _
            "Petzold, Charles", _
            "2001"} )
        Dim item3 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Coding Techniques for Microsoft Visual Basic .NET", _
            "Connell, John", _
            "2001"} )
        Dim item4 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"C# for Java Developers", _
            "Jones, Allen / Freeman, Adam", _
            "2002"} )
        Dim item5 As New ListViewItem( New String() _
            {"Microsoft .NET XML Web Services Step by Step", _
            "Jones, Allen / Freeman, Adam", _
            "2002"} )
        myListView.Items.AddRange( _
            New ListViewItem() {item0, item1, item2, item3, item4, item5})
        
        If isRunningXPOrLater
            ' Create the groupsTable array and populate it with one 
            ' hash table for each column.
            groupTables = New Hashtable(myListView.Columns.Count) {}
            Dim column As Integer
            For column = 0 To myListView.Columns.Count - 1
                ' Create a hash table containing all the groups 
                ' needed for a single column.
                groupTables(column) = CreateGroupsTable(column)
            Next column
            
            ' Start with the groups created for the Title column.
            SetGroups(0)
        End If
        
        ' Initialize the form.
        Me.Controls.Add(myListView)
        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(550, 330)
        Me.Text = "ListView Groups Example"
    End Sub
    
    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New ListViewGroupsExample())
    End Sub
    
    ' Groups the items using the groups created for the clicked 
    ' column.
    Private Sub myListView_ColumnClick( _
        sender As Object, e As ColumnClickEventArgs)

        ' Set the sort order to ascending when changing
        ' column groups; otherwise, reverse the sort order.
        If myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending OrElse _
            isRunningXPOrLater And e.Column <> groupColumn Then
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending
        Else
            myListView.Sorting = SortOrder.Descending
        End If
        groupColumn = e.Column
        
        ' Set the groups to those created for the clicked column.
        If isRunningXPOrLater Then
            SetGroups(e.Column)
        End If
    End Sub
    
    ' Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
    Private Sub SetGroups(column As Integer)
        ' Remove the current groups.
        myListView.Groups.Clear()
        
        ' Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
        Dim groups As Hashtable = CType(groupTables(column), Hashtable)
        
        ' Copy the groups for the column to an array.
        Dim groupsArray(groups.Count - 1) As ListViewGroup
        groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0)
        
        ' Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
        Array.Sort(groupsArray, New ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting))
        myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray)
        
        ' Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
        ' one to the appropriate group.
        Dim item As ListViewItem
        For Each item In myListView.Items
            ' Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
            Dim subItemText As String = item.SubItems(column).Text
            
            ' For the Title column, use only the first letter.
            If column = 0 Then
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1)
            End If 

            ' Assign the item to the matching group.
            item.Group = CType(groups(subItemText), ListViewGroup)
        Next item
    End Sub

    ' Creates a Hashtable object with one entry for each unique
    ' subitem value (or initial letter for the parent item)
    ' in the specified column.
    Private Function CreateGroupsTable(column As Integer) As Hashtable
        ' Create a Hashtable object.
        Dim groups As New Hashtable()
        
        ' Iterate through the items in myListView.
        Dim item As ListViewItem
        For Each item In myListView.Items
            ' Retrieve the text value for the column.
            Dim subItemText As String = item.SubItems(column).Text
            
            ' Use the initial letter instead if it is the first column.
            If column = 0 Then
                subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1)
            End If 

            ' If the groups table does not already contain a group
            ' for the subItemText value, add a new group using the 
            ' subItemText value for the group header and Hashtable key.
            If Not groups.Contains(subItemText) Then
                groups.Add( subItemText, New ListViewGroup(subItemText, _
                    HorizontalAlignment.Left) )
            End If
        Next item
        
        ' Return the Hashtable object.
        Return groups
    End Function 'CreateGroupsTable

    ' Sorts ListViewGroup objects by header value.
    Private Class ListViewGroupSorter
        Implements IComparer 
        
        Private order As SortOrder
        
        ' Stores the sort order.
        Public Sub New(theOrder As SortOrder)
            order = theOrder
        End Sub
        
        ' Compares the groups by header value, using the saved sort
        ' order to return the correct value.
        Public Function Compare(x As Object, y As Object) As Integer _
            Implements IComparer.Compare
            Dim result As Integer = String.Compare( _
                CType(x, ListViewGroup).Header, _
                CType(y, ListViewGroup).Header )
            If order = SortOrder.Ascending Then
                Return result
            Else
                Return -result
            End If
        End Function 'Compare
    End Class

End Class

注解

利用分组功能, 您可以创建具有逻辑关系ListView的直观分组项。 ListViewThe ListView grouping feature lets you create visual groups of logically related ListView items. 每个组都包含一个基于文本的标头, 后跟一个水平行和分配给该组的项。Each group consists of a text-based header followed by a horizontal line and the items assigned to that group. 您可以将页眉文本与控件左对齐、右对齐或居中对齐。You can align the header text to the left, right, or center of the control. 如果将属性设置ListView ListView.View为以外的值, 则将显示分配给控件的任何组。 View.ListAny groups assigned to a ListView control appear whenever the ListView.View property is set to a value other than View.List.

ListView组通过将各项分成有用的类别来帮助用户找到他们所查找的项目。ListView groups help your users find the items they are looking for by separating the items into useful categories. 你可以创建所需的任何类别。You can create whatever categories you need. 对项进行分组的一种典型方式是按排序方式进行分组。One typical way to group the items is by the way they are sorted. 例如, 你可以按项目名称的首字母的字母顺序对项进行分组, 或者通过单击详细信息视图中的列标题对列表进行排序, 如类型或日期。For example, you can group the items by the initial letter of the item name when they are sorted alphabetically, or by subitems such as type or date when the list is sorted by clicking a column header in the details view. Windows 资源管理器使用这种类型的分组。Windows Explorer uses this type of grouping.

若要使用分组功能, 请将一个或ListViewGroup多个对象ListView.Groups添加到ListView控件的集合。To use the grouping feature, add one or more ListViewGroup objects to the ListView.Groups collection of a ListView control. ListViewGroup构造函数中设置组头文本和标题的对齐方式, 或Header使用和HeaderAlignment属性进行设置。Set the group header text and header alignment in the ListViewGroup constructor, or set them using the Header and HeaderAlignment properties.

可以通过在ListViewItem构造函数中指定组、通过ListViewItem.Group设置属性或直接Items将项添加到组的集合, 来将项分配给组。You can assign an item to a group by specifying the group in the ListViewItem constructor, by setting the ListViewItem.Group property, or by directly adding the item to the Items collection of a group. 所有项都应在显示之前分配给组。All items should be assigned to groups before they are displayed. 未分配给组的任何项都将显示在默认组中, 其标题标签为 "DefaultGroup{0}"。Any items that are not assigned to a group will appear in the default group, which has the header label "DefaultGroup{0}". 默认组不包含在ListView.Groups集合中, 因此无法更改。The default group is not contained in the ListView.Groups collection, and cannot be altered. 它主要用于调试, 以确保所有项都已正确添加到组中。It is primarily useful in debugging to ensure that all items have been properly added to groups.

一次只能在一个组中使用一项。An item can only be in one group at a time. 您可以通过在运行时设置ListViewItem.Group属性或通过将其添加Items到另一个组的集合来更改项所属的组, 这会自动将其从上一个组中删除。You can change the group to which an item belongs by setting the ListViewItem.Group property at run time or by adding it to the Items collection of another group, which automatically removes it from the previous group.

备注

使用组时, 插入标记功能处于禁用状态。The insertion mark feature is disabled when using groups. 这是因为分组功能按组成员身份对项进行排序, 而插入标记功能用于在未对ListView其项进行排序的控件中进行拖放重定位。This is because the grouping feature orders items by group membership, while the insertion mark feature is used with drag-and-drop repositioning in a ListView control that does not already order its items.

备注

ListView当应用程序调用Application.EnableVisualStyles方法时, 组仅在 windows XP 和 windows Server 2003 家族上可用。ListView groups are available only on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family when your application calls the Application.EnableVisualStyles method. 在早期的操作系统上, 将忽略任何与组相关的代码, 且不会显示这些组。On earlier operating systems, any code relating to groups will be ignored and the groups will not appear. 因此, 依赖于分组功能的任何代码可能无法正常工作。As a result, any code that depends on the grouping feature might not work correctly. 您可能想要包括一个确定分组功能是否可用的测试, 并在其不可用时提供其他功能。You might want to include a test that determines whether the grouping feature is available, and provide alternate functionality when it is unavailable. 例如, 当在不支持按组进行排序的操作系统上运行时, 可能需要提供备用排序。For example, you might want to provide alternate sorting when running on operating systems that do not support sorting by group.

插入标记功能由提供操作系统主题功能的相同库提供。The insertion mark feature is provided by the same library that provides the operating system themes feature. 若要检查此库的可用性, 请调用FeatureSupport.IsPresent(Object)方法重载, 并传入OSFeature.Themes值。To check for the availability of this library, call the FeatureSupport.IsPresent(Object) method overload and pass in the OSFeature.Themes value.

构造函数

ListViewGroup()

用标题文本的默认值“ListViewGroup”和标题默认的左对齐方式初始化 ListViewGroup 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ListViewGroup class using the default header text of "ListViewGroup" and the default left header alignment.

ListViewGroup(String)

通过使用指定值初始化 ListViewGroup 属性以及使用默认的左标题对齐方式初始化 Header 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ListViewGroup class using the specified value to initialize the Header property and using the default left header alignment.

ListViewGroup(String, HorizontalAlignment)

用指定的标题文本和指定的标题对齐方式初始化 ListViewGroup 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ListViewGroup class using the specified header text and the specified header alignment.

ListViewGroup(String, String)

通过使用指定值初始化 ListViewGroupName 属性初始化 Header 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the ListViewGroup class using the specified values to initialize the Name and Header properties.

属性

Header

获取或设置组的标题文本。Gets or sets the header text for the group.

HeaderAlignment

获取或设置组标题文本的对齐方式。Gets or sets the alignment of the group header text.

Items

获取一个包含与此组相关联的所有项的集合。Gets a collection containing all items associated with this group.

ListView

获取包含此组的 ListView 控件。Gets the ListView control that contains this group.

Name

获取或设置组的名称。Gets or sets the name of the group.

Tag

获取或设置包含有关组的数据的对象。Gets or sets the object that contains data about the group.

方法

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回表示当前对象的字符串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

显式界面实现

ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

使用将目标对象序列化所需的数据填充 SerializationInfoPopulates a SerializationInfo with the data needed to serialize the target object.

适用于

另请参阅