ScrollBar.Scroll ScrollBar.Scroll ScrollBar.Scroll ScrollBar.Scroll Event

定义

已通过鼠标或键盘操作移动滚动框时发生。Occurs when the scroll box has been moved by either a mouse or keyboard action.

public:
 event System::Windows::Forms::ScrollEventHandler ^ Scroll;
public event System.Windows.Forms.ScrollEventHandler Scroll;
member this.Scroll : System.Windows.Forms.ScrollEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Scroll As ScrollEventHandler 

示例

下面的示例将滚动图片框中的映像。The following example scrolls an image in a picture box. 它使用Value的重绘图像的新部分,每当用户滚动时的滚动条。It uses the Value of the scrollbar to redraw a new part of the image whenever the user scrolls. 此代码示例是为提供一个更大示例的一部分ScrollBar类概述。This code example is part of a larger example provided for the ScrollBar class overview.

备注

有关如何在 Visual Studio 中运行此示例中的说明,请参阅如何:编译和运行完整的 Windows 窗体代码示例使用 Visual StudioFor instructions about how to run this example in Visual Studio, see How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio.

private void HandleScroll(Object sender, ScrollEventArgs e)
{
    //Create a graphics object and draw a portion of the image in the PictureBox.
    Graphics g = pictureBox1.CreateGraphics();

    int xWidth = pictureBox1.Width;
    int yHeight = pictureBox1.Height;

    int x;
    int y;

    if (e.ScrollOrientation == ScrollOrientation.HorizontalScroll)
    {
        x = e.NewValue;
        y = vScrollBar1.Value;
    }
    else //e.ScrollOrientation == ScrollOrientation.VerticalScroll
    {
        y = e.NewValue;
        x = hScrollBar1.Value;
    }

    g.DrawImage(pictureBox1.Image,
      new Rectangle(0, 0, xWidth, yHeight),  //where to draw the image
      new Rectangle(x, y, xWidth, yHeight),  //the portion of the image to draw
      GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

    pictureBox1.Update();
}
Private Sub HandleScroll(ByVal sender As [Object], ByVal e As ScrollEventArgs) _
  Handles vScrollBar1.Scroll, hScrollBar1.Scroll

    'Create a graphics object and draw a portion of the image in the PictureBox.
    Dim g As Graphics = pictureBox1.CreateGraphics()

    Dim xWidth As Integer = pictureBox1.Width
    Dim yHeight As Integer = pictureBox1.Height

    Dim x As Integer
    Dim y As Integer

    If (e.ScrollOrientation = ScrollOrientation.HorizontalScroll) Then

        x = e.NewValue
        y = vScrollBar1.Value

    Else 'e.ScrollOrientation == ScrollOrientation.VerticalScroll

        y = e.NewValue
        x = hScrollBar1.Value
    End If

    'First Rectangle: Where to draw the image.
    'Second Rectangle: The portion of the image to draw.

    g.DrawImage(pictureBox1.Image, _
      New Rectangle(0, 0, xWidth, yHeight), _
      New Rectangle(x, y, xWidth, yHeight), _
      GraphicsUnit.Pixel)

    pictureBox1.Update()
End Sub

下面的代码示例使用派生的类VScrollBarThe following code example uses the derived class VScrollBar. 事件处理程序ScrollValueChanged创建事件。Event handlers for the Scroll and ValueChanged events are created. 此代码假定LabelButton已在窗体上创建和该按钮具有事件处理程序Click事件。This code assumes that a Label and Button have been created on a form and that the button has an event handler for the Click event. 单击该按钮,Value在代码中调整的滚动条的属性。When the button is clicked, the Value property of the scroll bar is adjusted in code. 标签将显示的当前值Value属性并更改它的事件。The label will display the current value of the Value property and the event that changed it. 您将注意到,当滚动值更改的按钮的Click仅事件ValueChanged引发事件。You will notice that when the scroll value is changed by the button's Click event, only the ValueChanged event is raised. 与此相反,当滚动条滚动,手动Scroll后立即引发事件ValueChanged事件。In contrast, when the scroll bar is scrolled manually, the Scroll event is raised immediately after the ValueChanged event.

void AddMyScrollEventHandlers()
{
   // Create and initialize a VScrollBar.
   VScrollBar^ vScrollBar1 = gcnew VScrollBar;

   // Add event handlers for the OnScroll and OnValueChanged events.
   vScrollBar1->Scroll += gcnew ScrollEventHandler( this, &Form1::vScrollBar1_Scroll );
   vScrollBar1->ValueChanged += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::vScrollBar1_ValueChanged );
}

// Create the ValueChanged event handler.
void vScrollBar1_ValueChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
   // Display the new value in the label.
   label1->Text = String::Format( "vScrollBar Value:(OnValueChanged Event) {0}", vScrollBar1->Value );
}

// Create the Scroll event handler.
void vScrollBar1_Scroll( Object^ /*sender*/, ScrollEventArgs^ e )
{
   // Display the new value in the label.
   label1->Text = String::Format( "VScrollBar Value:(OnScroll Event) {0}", e->NewValue );
}

void button1_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
   // Add 40 to the Value property if it will not exceed the Maximum value.
   if ( vScrollBar1->Value + 40 < vScrollBar1->Maximum )
   {
      vScrollBar1->Value = vScrollBar1->Value + 40;
   }
}
private void AddMyScrollEventHandlers()
 {
    // Create and initialize a VScrollBar.
    VScrollBar vScrollBar1 = new VScrollBar();
 
    // Add event handlers for the OnScroll and OnValueChanged events.
    vScrollBar1.Scroll += new ScrollEventHandler(
       this.vScrollBar1_Scroll);
    vScrollBar1.ValueChanged += new EventHandler(
       this.vScrollBar1_ValueChanged); 
 }
 
 // Create the ValueChanged event handler.
 private void vScrollBar1_ValueChanged(Object sender, 
                                       EventArgs e)
 {
     // Display the new value in the label.
     label1.Text = "vScrollBar Value:(OnValueChanged Event) " + vScrollBar1.Value.ToString();
 }
 
 // Create the Scroll event handler.
 private void vScrollBar1_Scroll(Object sender, 
                                 ScrollEventArgs e)
 {
     // Display the new value in the label.
     label1.Text = "VScrollBar Value:(OnScroll Event) " + e.NewValue.ToString();
 }
 
 private void button1_Click(Object sender, 
                           EventArgs e)
 {
    // Add 40 to the Value property if it will not exceed the Maximum value.
    if (vScrollBar1.Value + 40 < vScrollBar1.Maximum)
    {
        vScrollBar1.Value = vScrollBar1.Value + 40;
    }
 }
 
Private Sub AddMyScrollEventHandlers()
    ' Create and initialize a VScrollBar.
    Dim vScrollBar1 As New VScrollBar()
    
    ' Add event handlers for the OnScroll and OnValueChanged events.
    AddHandler vScrollBar1.Scroll, AddressOf Me.vScrollBar1_Scroll
    AddHandler vScrollBar1.ValueChanged, AddressOf Me.vScrollBar1_ValueChanged
End Sub    

' Create the ValueChanged event handler.
Private Sub vScrollBar1_ValueChanged(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
    ' Display the new value in the label.
    label1.Text = "vScrollBar Value:(OnValueChanged Event) " & _
        vScrollBar1.Value.ToString()
End Sub    

' Create the Scroll event handler.
Private Sub vScrollBar1_Scroll(sender As Object, e As ScrollEventArgs)
    ' Display the new value in the label.
    label1.Text = "VScrollBar Value:(OnScroll Event) " & _
        e.NewValue.ToString()
End Sub    

Private Sub button1_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
    ' Add 40 to the Value property if it will not exceed the Maximum value.
    If vScrollBar1.Value + 40 < vScrollBar1.Maximum Then
        vScrollBar1.Value = vScrollBar1.Value + 40
    End If
End Sub

注解

有关如何处理事件的详细信息,请参阅处理和引发事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

适用于

另请参阅