SystemInformation.WorkingArea SystemInformation.WorkingArea SystemInformation.WorkingArea SystemInformation.WorkingArea Property

定义

获取屏幕的工作区域的大小(以像素为单位)。Gets the size, in pixels, of the working area of the screen.

public:
 static property System::Drawing::Rectangle WorkingArea { System::Drawing::Rectangle get(); };
public static System.Drawing.Rectangle WorkingArea { get; }
member this.WorkingArea : System.Drawing.Rectangle
Public Shared ReadOnly Property WorkingArea As Rectangle

属性值

Rectangle,表示屏幕的工作区域的大小(以像素为单位)。A Rectangle that represents the size, in pixels, of the working area of the screen.

示例

下面的代码示例列出了SystemInformation ListBox中的类的所有属性, 并在选定列表项TextBox时显示中的属性的当前值。The following code example lists all properties of the SystemInformation class in a ListBox and displays the current value of the property in a TextBox when a list item selected.

#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class SystemInfoBrowserForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::ListBox^ listBox1;
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ textBox1;

public:
   SystemInfoBrowserForm()
   {
      this->SuspendLayout();
      InitForm();
      
      // Add each property of the SystemInformation class to the list box.
      Type^ t = System::Windows::Forms::SystemInformation::typeid;
      array<PropertyInfo^>^pi = t->GetProperties();
      for ( int i = 0; i < pi->Length; i++ )
         listBox1->Items->Add( pi[ i ]->Name );
      textBox1->Text = String::Format( "The SystemInformation class has {0} properties.\r\n", pi->Length );
      
      // Configure the list item selected handler for the list box to invoke a 
      // method that displays the value of each property.
      listBox1->SelectedIndexChanged += gcnew EventHandler( this, &SystemInfoBrowserForm::listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }


private:
   void listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Return if no list item is selected.
      if ( listBox1->SelectedIndex == -1 )
            return;

      
      // Get the property name from the list item.
      String^ propname = listBox1->Text;
      if ( propname->Equals( "PowerStatus" ) )
      {
         
         // Cycle and display the values of each property of the PowerStatus property.
         textBox1->Text = String::Concat( textBox1->Text, "\r\nThe value of the PowerStatus property is:" );
         Type^ t = System::Windows::Forms::PowerStatus::typeid;
         array<PropertyInfo^>^pi = t->GetProperties();
         for ( int i = 0; i < pi->Length; i++ )
         {
            Object^ propval = pi[ i ]->GetValue( SystemInformation::PowerStatus, nullptr );
            textBox1->Text = String::Format( "{0}\r\n    PowerStatus.{1} is: {2}", textBox1->Text, pi[ i ]->Name, propval );

         }
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Display the value of the selected property of the SystemInformation type.
         Type^ t = System::Windows::Forms::SystemInformation::typeid;
         array<PropertyInfo^>^pi = t->GetProperties();
         PropertyInfo^ prop = nullptr;
         for ( int i = 0; i < pi->Length; i++ )
            if ( pi[ i ]->Name == propname )
            {
               prop = pi[ i ];
               break;
            }
         Object^ propval = prop->GetValue( nullptr, nullptr );
         textBox1->Text = String::Format( "{0}\r\nThe value of the {1} property is: {2}", textBox1->Text, propname, propval );
      }
   }

   void InitForm()
   {
      
      // Initialize the form settings
      this->listBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ListBox;
      this->textBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->listBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->listBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 16 );
      this->listBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 172, 496 );
      this->listBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->textBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->textBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 188, 16 );
      this->textBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->textBox1->ScrollBars = System::Windows::Forms::ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 420, 496 );
      this->textBox1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 616, 525 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->textBox1 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->listBox1 );
      this->Text = "Select a SystemInformation property to get the value of";
   }

};


[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew SystemInfoBrowserForm );
}

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace SystemInfoBrowser
{
    public class SystemInfoBrowserForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox listBox1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;        
        
        public SystemInfoBrowserForm()
	    {
            this.SuspendLayout();
            InitForm();
            
            // Add each property of the SystemInformation class to the list box.
            Type t = typeof(System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation);            
            PropertyInfo[] pi = t.GetProperties();            
            for( int i=0; i<pi.Length; i++ )
                listBox1.Items.Add( pi[i].Name );            
            textBox1.Text = "The SystemInformation class has "+pi.Length.ToString()+" properties.\r\n";

            // Configure the list item selected handler for the list box to invoke a 
            // method that displays the value of each property.
            listBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += new EventHandler(listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
	    }
		
        private void listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Return if no list item is selected.
            if( listBox1.SelectedIndex == -1 ) return;
            // Get the property name from the list item.
            string propname = listBox1.Text;
            
            if( propname == "PowerStatus" )
            {
                // Cycle and display the values of each property of the PowerStatus property.
                textBox1.Text += "\r\nThe value of the PowerStatus property is:";                                
                Type t = typeof(System.Windows.Forms.PowerStatus);
                PropertyInfo[] pi = t.GetProperties();            
                for( int i=0; i<pi.Length; i++ )
                {
                    object propval = pi[i].GetValue(SystemInformation.PowerStatus, null);            
                    textBox1.Text += "\r\n    PowerStatus."+pi[i].Name+" is: "+propval.ToString();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                // Display the value of the selected property of the SystemInformation type.
                Type t = typeof(System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation);
                PropertyInfo[] pi = t.GetProperties();            
                PropertyInfo prop = null;
                for( int i=0; i<pi.Length; i++ )
                    if( pi[i].Name == propname )
                    {
                        prop = pi[i];
                        break;           
                    }
                object propval = prop.GetValue(null, null);            
                textBox1.Text += "\r\nThe value of the "+propname+" property is: "+propval.ToString();
            }
        }

        private void InitForm()
        {
            // Initialize the form settings
            this.listBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
            this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();            
            this.listBox1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)((((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right)));
            this.listBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
            this.listBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(172, 496);
            this.listBox1.TabIndex = 0;            
            this.textBox1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)(((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right)));
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(188, 16);
            this.textBox1.Multiline = true;
            this.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical;           
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(420, 496);
            this.textBox1.TabIndex = 1;            
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(616, 525);            
            this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.listBox1);            
            this.Text = "Select a SystemInformation property to get the value of";                   
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new SystemInfoBrowserForm());
        }
    }
}
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class SystemInfoBrowserForm
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    
    Private listBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox
    Private textBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox  
    
    Public Sub New()
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        InitForm()
        
        ' Add each property of the SystemInformation class to the list box.
        Dim t As Type = GetType(System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation)
        Dim pi As PropertyInfo() = t.GetProperties()
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To pi.Length - 1
            listBox1.Items.Add(pi(i).Name)
        Next i
        textBox1.Text = "The SystemInformation class has " + pi.Length.ToString() + " properties." + ControlChars.CrLf
        
        ' Configure the list item selected handler for the list box to invoke a 
        ' method that displays the value of each property.
        AddHandler listBox1.SelectedIndexChanged, AddressOf listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged
        
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub listBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        ' Return if no list item is selected.
        If listBox1.SelectedIndex = - 1 Then
            Return
        End If         
        ' Get the property name from the list item.
        Dim propname As String = listBox1.Text
        
        If propname = "PowerStatus" Then
            ' Cycle and display the values of each property of the PowerStatus property.
            textBox1.Text += ControlChars.CrLf + "The value of the PowerStatus property is:"
            Dim t As Type = GetType(System.Windows.Forms.PowerStatus)
            Dim pi As PropertyInfo() = t.GetProperties()
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To pi.Length - 1
                Dim propval As Object = pi(i).GetValue(SystemInformation.PowerStatus, Nothing)
                textBox1.Text += ControlChars.CrLf + "    PowerStatus." + pi(i).Name + " is: " + propval.ToString()
            Next i
        Else
            ' Display the value of the selected property of the SystemInformation type.
            Dim t As Type = GetType(System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation)
            Dim pi As PropertyInfo() = t.GetProperties()
            Dim prop As PropertyInfo = Nothing
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To pi.Length - 1
                If pi(i).Name = propname Then
                    prop = pi(i)
                    Exit For
                End If
            Next i
            Dim propval As Object = prop.GetValue(Nothing, Nothing)
            textBox1.Text += ControlChars.CrLf + "The value of the " + propname + " property is: " + propval.ToString()
        End If
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub InitForm()
        ' Initialize the form settings
        Me.listBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox()
        Me.textBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox()
        Me.listBox1.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
        Me.listBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 16)
        Me.listBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(172, 496)
        Me.listBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.textBox1.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
        Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(188, 16)
        Me.textBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.textBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(420, 496)
        Me.textBox1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 525)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.textBox1)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.listBox1)
        Me.Text = "Select a SystemInformation property to get the value of"
    End Sub
        
    <STAThread()>  _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New SystemInfoBrowserForm())
    End Sub

End Class

注解

WorkingArea属性指示可由应用程序使用的屏幕边界。The WorkingArea property indicates the bounds of the screen that can be used by applications. 工作区是显示器的桌面区域,不包括任务栏、停靠窗口和停靠工具栏。The working area is the desktop area of the display, excluding taskbars, docked windows, and docked tool bars.

WorkingArea始终返回主监视器的工作区。WorkingArea always returns the work area of the primary monitor. 如果需要在多显示器环境中使用监视器的工作区域, 可以调用的重载Screen.GetWorkingArea之一。If you need the work area of a monitor in a multiple display environment, you can call one of the overloads of Screen.GetWorkingArea.

适用于

另请参阅