Animatable.BeginAnimation Animatable.BeginAnimation Animatable.BeginAnimation Animatable.BeginAnimation Method

定义

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty.

重载

BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定的属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

public:
 virtual void BeginAnimation(System::Windows::DependencyProperty ^ dp, System::Windows::Media::Animation::AnimationTimeline ^ animation);
public void BeginAnimation (System.Windows.DependencyProperty dp, System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline animation);
abstract member BeginAnimation : System.Windows.DependencyProperty * System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline -> unit
override this.BeginAnimation : System.Windows.DependencyProperty * System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline -> unit
Public Sub BeginAnimation (dp As DependencyProperty, animation As AnimationTimeline)

参数

dp
DependencyProperty DependencyProperty DependencyProperty DependencyProperty

要进行动画处理的属性。The property to animate.

animation
AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline

用于对指定属性进行动画处理的动画。The animation used to animate the specified property.

如果动画的 BeginTimenull,则移除当前的任何动画,并保持属性的当前值。If the animation's BeginTime is null, any current animations will be removed and the current value of the property will be held.

如果 animationnull,则从属性中移除所有动画,属性值会还原为其基值。If animation is null, all animations will be removed from the property and the property value will revert back to its base value.

实现

注解

如果动画BeginTime的大于零, 动画将从呈现下一个帧之后经过的时间开始算起。If the animation has a BeginTime that is greater than zero, the animation begins after that amount of time has elapsed from the time the next frame is rendered.

BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定的属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

public:
 virtual void BeginAnimation(System::Windows::DependencyProperty ^ dp, System::Windows::Media::Animation::AnimationTimeline ^ animation, System::Windows::Media::Animation::HandoffBehavior handoffBehavior);
public void BeginAnimation (System.Windows.DependencyProperty dp, System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline animation, System.Windows.Media.Animation.HandoffBehavior handoffBehavior);
abstract member BeginAnimation : System.Windows.DependencyProperty * System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline * System.Windows.Media.Animation.HandoffBehavior -> unit
override this.BeginAnimation : System.Windows.DependencyProperty * System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline * System.Windows.Media.Animation.HandoffBehavior -> unit

参数

dp
DependencyProperty DependencyProperty DependencyProperty DependencyProperty

要进行动画处理的属性。The property to animate.

animation
AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline AnimationTimeline

用于对指定属性进行动画处理的动画。The animation used to animate the specified property.

如果 handoffBehaviorSnapshotAndReplace,并且该动画的 BeginTimenull,则将移除当前的任何动画,并且将保持该属性的当前值。If handoffBehavior is SnapshotAndReplace and the animation's BeginTime is null, any current animations will be removed and the current value of the property will be held.

如果 handoffBehaviorSnapshotAndReplace,并且 animationnull 引用,则将从该属性中移除所有动画,并且将属性值恢复为它的基值。If handoffBehavior is SnapshotAndReplace and animation is a null reference, all animations will be removed from the property and the property value will revert back to its base value.

如果 handoffBehavior 方法为 Compose,则当该动画或其 BeginTimenull 时,此方法将不起作用。If handoffBehavior is Compose, this method will have no effect if the animation or its BeginTime is null.

handoffBehavior
HandoffBehavior HandoffBehavior HandoffBehavior HandoffBehavior

一个值,用来指定新动画应该如何与当前已在影响该属性值的任何动画进行交互。A value that specifies how the new animation should interact with any current animations already affecting the property value.

实现

示例

下面的示例演示如何使用不同HandoffBehavior的设置来应用动画。The following example shows how to apply animations using different HandoffBehavior settings.

/*

This sample animates the position of an ellipse when 
the user clicks within the main border. If the user
left-clicks, the SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior
is used when applying the animations. If the user
right-clicks, the Compose HandoffBehavior is used
instead.

*/

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows;
using namespace System::Windows::Navigation;
using namespace System::Windows::Media;
using namespace System::Windows::Media::Animation;
using namespace System::Windows::Shapes;
using namespace System::Windows::Controls;
using namespace System::Windows::Input;

namespace Microsoft {
   namespace Samples {
      namespace Animation {
         namespace LocalAnimations {
            public ref class InteractiveAnimationExample : Page {
            private: 
               TranslateTransform^ interactiveTranslateTransform;
               Border^ containerBorder;
               Ellipse^ interactiveEllipse;

            public: 
               InteractiveAnimationExample () 
               {
                  WindowTitle = "Interactive Animation Example";
                  DockPanel^ myPanel = gcnew DockPanel();
                  myPanel->Margin = Thickness(20.0);

                  containerBorder = gcnew Border();
                  containerBorder->Background = Brushes::White;
                  containerBorder->BorderBrush = Brushes::Black;
                  containerBorder->BorderThickness = Thickness(2.0);
                  containerBorder->VerticalAlignment = System::Windows::VerticalAlignment::Stretch;

                  interactiveEllipse = gcnew Ellipse();
                  interactiveEllipse->Fill = Brushes::Lime;
                  interactiveEllipse->Stroke = Brushes::Black;
                  interactiveEllipse->StrokeThickness = 2.0;
                  interactiveEllipse->Width = 25;
                  interactiveEllipse->Height = 25;
                  interactiveEllipse->HorizontalAlignment = System::Windows::HorizontalAlignment::Left;
                  interactiveEllipse->VerticalAlignment = System::Windows::VerticalAlignment::Top;

                  interactiveTranslateTransform = gcnew TranslateTransform();
                  interactiveEllipse->RenderTransform = interactiveTranslateTransform;

                  containerBorder->MouseLeftButtonDown += 
                     gcnew MouseButtonEventHandler(this, &Microsoft::Samples::Animation::LocalAnimations::InteractiveAnimationExample::border_mouseLeftButtonDown);
                  containerBorder->MouseRightButtonDown += 
                     gcnew MouseButtonEventHandler(this, &Microsoft::Samples::Animation::LocalAnimations::InteractiveAnimationExample::border_mouseRightButtonDown);
                  containerBorder->Child = interactiveEllipse;

                  myPanel->Children->Add(containerBorder);
                  this->Content = myPanel;
               };

            private: 
               // When the user left-clicks, use the 
               // SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.        
               void border_mouseLeftButtonDown (System::Object^ sender, System::Windows::Input::MouseButtonEventArgs^ e)
               {
                  System::Windows::Point clickPoint = Mouse::GetPosition(containerBorder);

                  // Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
                  // ends up at the clicked point.
                  Point targetPoint = Point();
                  targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse->Width / 2;
                  targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse->Height / 2;

                  // Animate to the target point.
                  DoubleAnimation^ xAnimation = gcnew DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X,
                     Duration(TimeSpan::FromSeconds(4)));
                  interactiveTranslateTransform->BeginAnimation(TranslateTransform::XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior::SnapshotAndReplace);

                  DoubleAnimation^ yAnimation = gcnew DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y,
                     Duration(TimeSpan::FromSeconds(4)));
                  interactiveTranslateTransform->BeginAnimation(TranslateTransform::YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior::SnapshotAndReplace);

                  // Chage the color of the ellipse.
                  interactiveEllipse->Fill = Brushes::Lime;
               }

            private:
               // When the user right-clicks, use the 
               // Compose HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.
               void border_mouseRightButtonDown (System::Object^ sender, System::Windows::Input::MouseButtonEventArgs^ e)
               {
                  // Find the point where the use clicked.
                  Point clickPoint = Mouse::GetPosition(containerBorder);

                  // Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
                  // ends up at the clicked point.
                  Point targetPoint = System::Windows::Point();
                  targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse->Width / 2;
                  targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse->Height / 2;

                  // Animate to the target point.
                  DoubleAnimation^ xAnimation = gcnew DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X,
                     Duration(TimeSpan::FromSeconds(4)));
                  interactiveTranslateTransform->BeginAnimation(TranslateTransform::XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior::Compose);

                  DoubleAnimation^ yAnimation = gcnew DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y,
                     Duration(TimeSpan::FromSeconds(4)));

                  // Change the color of the ellipse.
                  interactiveTranslateTransform->BeginAnimation(TranslateTransform::YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior::Compose);
                  interactiveEllipse->Fill = Brushes::Orange;
               }
            };
         }
      }
   }
}
/*

   This sample animates the position of an ellipse when 
   the user clicks within the main border. If the user
   left-clicks, the SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior
   is used when applying the animations. If the user
   right-clicks, the Compose HandoffBehavior is used
   instead.

*/

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Input;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.LocalAnimations
{

    // Create the demonstration.
    public class InteractiveAnimationExample : Page {
        
        
        private TranslateTransform interactiveTranslateTransform;   
        private Border containerBorder;
        private Ellipse interactiveEllipse;
        
        public InteractiveAnimationExample()
        {
        
            WindowTitle = "Interactive Animation Example";
            DockPanel myPanel = new DockPanel();
            myPanel.Margin = new Thickness(20.0);            
    
            containerBorder = new Border();
            containerBorder.Background = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.White;
            containerBorder.BorderBrush = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Black;
            containerBorder.BorderThickness = new Thickness(2.0); 
            containerBorder.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Stretch;
            
            interactiveEllipse = new Ellipse();
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Lime;
            interactiveEllipse.Stroke = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Black;
            interactiveEllipse.StrokeThickness = 2.0;
            interactiveEllipse.Width = 25;
            interactiveEllipse.Height = 25;
            interactiveEllipse.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            interactiveEllipse.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Top;
            
            interactiveTranslateTransform = new TranslateTransform();
            interactiveEllipse.RenderTransform = 
                interactiveTranslateTransform;
                
            containerBorder.MouseLeftButtonDown += 
                new MouseButtonEventHandler(border_mouseLeftButtonDown);
            containerBorder.MouseRightButtonDown += 
                new MouseButtonEventHandler(border_mouseRightButtonDown);                
            
            containerBorder.Child = interactiveEllipse;
            myPanel.Children.Add(containerBorder);
            this.Content = myPanel;
        }
        

        // When the user left-clicks, use the 
        // SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.        
        private void border_mouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
        
            System.Windows.Point clickPoint = Mouse.GetPosition(containerBorder);
            
            // Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
            // ends up at the clicked point.
            System.Windows.Point targetPoint = new System.Windows.Point();
            targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse.Width / 2;
            targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse.Height / 2;  
            
            // Animate to the target point.
            DoubleAnimation xAnimation = 
                new DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X, 
                new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4)));
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation(
                TranslateTransform.XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior.SnapshotAndReplace);
                
            DoubleAnimation yAnimation = 
                new DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y, 
                new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4))); 
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation(
                TranslateTransform.YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior.SnapshotAndReplace);                

            // Change the color of the ellipse.
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Lime;
                    
        }
        
        // When the user right-clicks, use the 
        // Compose HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.
        private void border_mouseRightButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
        
            // Find the point where the use clicked.
            System.Windows.Point clickPoint = Mouse.GetPosition(containerBorder);
            
            // Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
            // ends up at the clicked point.
            System.Windows.Point targetPoint = new System.Windows.Point();
            targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse.Width / 2;
            targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse.Height / 2;
            
            
            
            // Animate to the target point.
            DoubleAnimation xAnimation = 
                new DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X, 
                new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4)));
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation(
                TranslateTransform.XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior.Compose);
                
            DoubleAnimation yAnimation = 
                new DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y, 
                new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4))); 
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation(
                TranslateTransform.YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior.Compose);   
                
            // Change the color of the ellipse.
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Orange;
            
                    
        }
        
    }
 
}
'
'
'   This sample animates the position of an ellipse when 
'   the user clicks within the main border. If the user
'   left-clicks, the SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior
'   is used when applying the animations. If the user
'   right-clicks, the Compose HandoffBehavior is used
'   instead.
'
'

Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Navigation
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation
Imports System.Windows.Shapes
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Input

Namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.LocalAnimations


    ' Create the demonstration.
    Public Class InteractiveAnimationExample
        Inherits Page
        
        
        Private Dim interactiveTranslateTransform As TranslateTransform  
        Private Dim WithEvents containerBorder As Border 
        Private Dim interactiveEllipse As Ellipse
        
        Public Sub New()
        
            WindowTitle = "Interactive Animation Example"
            Dim myPanel As New DockPanel()
            myPanel.Margin = New Thickness(20.0)            
    
            containerBorder = new Border()
            containerBorder.Background = Brushes.White
            containerBorder.BorderBrush = Brushes.Black
            containerBorder.BorderThickness = new Thickness(2.0) 
            containerBorder.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Stretch
            
            interactiveEllipse = new Ellipse()
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = Brushes.Lime
            interactiveEllipse.Stroke = Brushes.Black
            interactiveEllipse.StrokeThickness = 2.0
            interactiveEllipse.Width = 25
            interactiveEllipse.Height = 25
            interactiveEllipse.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            interactiveEllipse.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Top
            
            interactiveTranslateTransform = new TranslateTransform()
            interactiveEllipse.RenderTransform = _
                interactiveTranslateTransform           
            
            containerBorder.Child = interactiveEllipse
            myPanel.Children.Add(containerBorder)
            Me.Content = myPanel
        End Sub
        

        ' When the user left-clicks, use the 
        ' SnapshotAndReplace HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.        
        Private Sub border_mouseLeftButtonDown( _
            ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseButtonEventArgs) _
            Handles containerBorder.MouseLeftButtonDown
     
        
            Dim clickPoint = Mouse.GetPosition(containerBorder)
            
            ' Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
            ' ends up at the clicked point.
            Dim targetPoint As New System.Windows.Point()
            targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse.Width / 2
            targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse.Height / 2  
            
            ' Animate to the target point.
            Dim xAnimation As _ 
                New DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X,  _
                New Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4)))
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation( _
                TranslateTransform.XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior.SnapshotAndReplace)
                
            Dim yAnimation As _ 
                New DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y, _
                New Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4)))
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation( _
                TranslateTransform.YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior.SnapshotAndReplace)                

            ' Change the color of the ellipse.
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = Brushes.Lime
                    
        End Sub
        
        ' When the user right-clicks, use the 
        ' Compose HandoffBehavior when applying the animation.
        Private Sub border_mouseRightButtonDown( _
            ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseButtonEventArgs) _
            Handles containerBorder.MouseRightButtonDown
        
        
            ' Find the point where the use clicked.
            Dim clickPoint = Mouse.GetPosition(containerBorder)
            
            ' Set the target point so the center of the ellipse
            ' ends up at the clicked point.
            Dim targetPoint As New System.Windows.Point()
            targetPoint.X = clickPoint.X - interactiveEllipse.Width / 2
            targetPoint.Y = clickPoint.Y - interactiveEllipse.Height / 2
            
            ' Animate to the target point.
            Dim xAnimation As _
                New DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.X, _
                New Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4)))
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation( _
                TranslateTransform.XProperty, xAnimation, HandoffBehavior.Compose)
                
            Dim yAnimation As _ 
                New DoubleAnimation(targetPoint.Y, _
                New Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(4))) 
            interactiveTranslateTransform.BeginAnimation( _
                TranslateTransform.YProperty, yAnimation, HandoffBehavior.Compose)   
                
            ' Change the color of the ellipse.
            interactiveEllipse.Fill = Brushes.Orange
            
                    
        End Sub
        
    End Class
 
End Namespace

注解

如果动画BeginTime的大于零, 动画将从呈现下一个帧之后经过的时间开始算起。If the animation has a BeginTime that is greater than zero, the animation begins after that amount of time has elapsed from the time the next frame is rendered.

使用撰写 HandoffBehaviorUsing the Compose HandoffBehavior

Storyboard AnimationTimeline使用将、AnimationClock或应用到属性时Clock , 以前与该属性关联的任何对象将继续使用系统资源; 计时系统不会HandoffBehavior Compose自动删除这些时钟。When you apply a Storyboard, AnimationTimeline, or AnimationClock to a property using the Compose HandoffBehavior, any Clock objects previously associated with that property continue to consume system resources; the timing system will not remove these clocks automatically.

若要避免在使用Compose应用大量时钟时出现性能问题, 应在完成后从动画属性中删除组合时钟。To avoid performance issues when you apply a large number of clocks using Compose, you should remove composing clocks from the animated property after they complete. 删除时钟有多种方法。There are several ways to remove a clock.

此动画问题主要出现在生存期较长的对象上。This is primarily an issue for animations on objects that have a long lifetime. 当对某个对象进行垃圾回收时,它的时钟也会断开连接并进行垃圾回收。When an object is garbage collected, its clocks will also be disconnected and garbage collected.

有关时钟对象的详细信息, 请参阅动画和计时系统概述For more information about clock objects, see the Animation and Timing System Overview.

适用于