Brush Brush Brush Brush Class

定义

定义用于绘制图形对象的对象。Defines objects used to paint graphical objects. 派生自 Brush 的类描述如何绘制区域。Classes that derive from Brush describe how the area is painted.

public ref class Brush abstract : System::Windows::Media::Animation::Animatable, IFormattable
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Windows.Media.BrushConverter))]
[System.Windows.Localizability(System.Windows.LocalizationCategory.None, Readability=System.Windows.Readability.Unreadable)]
public abstract class Brush : System.Windows.Media.Animation.Animatable, IFormattable
type Brush = class
    inherit Animatable
    interface IFormattable
    interface DUCE.IResource
Public MustInherit Class Brush
Inherits Animatable
Implements IFormattable
继承
派生
属性
实现

注解

Brush "绘制" 或 "填充" 带有其输出的区域。A Brush "paints" or "fills" an area with its output. 不同的画笔具有不同类型的输出。Different brushes have different types of output. 某些画笔使用纯色绘制区域, 其他画笔使用渐变、图案、图像或绘图。Some brushes paint an area with a solid color, others with a gradient, pattern, image, or drawing. 以下列表描述了不同类型的WPFWPF画笔:The following list describes the different types of WPFWPF brushes:

预定义画笔Predefined Brushes

使用类来绘制使用预定义纯色 ( AliceBlue如或Red) 的对象。 BrushesUse the Brushes class to paint an object using a predefined solid color, such as AliceBlue or Red.

XAML 中的画笔Brushes in XAML

下表列出了可在BrushXAMLXAML使用的不同类型以及它们支持的语法。The following table lists the different Brush types that can be used in XAMLXAML and the syntax they support. 有关特定画笔的详细语法信息, 请参阅该画笔的类型页。For detailed syntax information for a specific brush, see that brush's type page.

Class 特性语法Attribute Syntax 对象元素语法Object Element Syntax
SolidColorBrush Yes Yes
DrawingBrush NoNo Yes
ImageBrush NoNo Yes
LinearGradientBrush NoNo Yes
RadialGradientBrush NoNo Yes
VisualBrush NoNo Yes

有关演示如何使用纯色快速绘制区域的示例, 请参阅如何:使用纯色绘制区域。For an example showing how to quickly paint an area with a solid color, see How to: Paint an Area with a Solid Color.

Freezable 功能Freezable Features

画笔是一种Freezable对象类型。A brush is a type of Freezable object. 关于Freezable功能,例如冻结和克隆,请参阅Freezable 对象概述For information about Freezable features, such as freezing and cloning, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

XAML 文本用法XAML Text Usage

有关信息, 请参阅 "备注" 部分。 XAMLXAMLFor XAMLXAML information, see the Remarks section.

继承者说明

Brush类继承时, 必须CreateInstanceCore()重写方法。When you inherit from the Brush class, you must override the CreateInstanceCore() method. 你可能需要重写其他Freezable方法, 具体取决于你的类是否必须执行其他初始化工作或包含非依赖属性数据成员。Depending on whether your class must perform additional initialization work or contains non-dependency property data members, you might need to override additional Freezable methods. 有关从Freezable类型继承的详细信息, 请参阅 "冻结对象概述"。For more information about inheriting from Freezable types, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

构造函数

Brush() Brush() Brush() Brush()

初始化 Brush 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the Brush class.

字段

OpacityProperty OpacityProperty OpacityProperty OpacityProperty

标识 Opacity 依赖项属性。Identifies the Opacity dependency property.

RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty

标识 RelativeTransform 依赖项属性。Identifies the RelativeTransform dependency property.

TransformProperty TransformProperty TransformProperty TransformProperty

标识 Transform 依赖项属性。Identifies the Transform dependency property.

属性

CanFreeze CanFreeze CanFreeze CanFreeze

获取一个值,该值指示是否可将对象变为不可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType

获取对此实例的 CLRCLR 类型进行包装的 DependencyObjectTypeGets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLRCLR type of this instance.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Dispatcher Dispatcher Dispatcher Dispatcher

获取与此 Dispatcher 关联的 DispatcherObjectGets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties

获取一个值,该值指示一个或多个 AnimationClock 对象是否与此对象的任何依赖项属性相关联。Gets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties.

(Inherited from Animatable)
IsFrozen IsFrozen IsFrozen IsFrozen

获取一个值,该值指示对象当前是否可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
IsSealed IsSealed IsSealed IsSealed

获取一个值,该值指示此实例当前是否为密封的(只读)。Gets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only).

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Opacity Opacity Opacity Opacity

获取或设置 Brush 的不透明度。Gets or sets the degree of opacity of a Brush.

RelativeTransform RelativeTransform RelativeTransform RelativeTransform

获取或设置使用相对坐标应用到画笔的转换。Gets or sets the transformation that is applied to the brush using relative coordinates.

Transform Transform Transform Transform

获取或设置应用于画笔的转换。Gets or sets the transformation that is applied to the brush. 此转换在完成画笔输出的映射和定位后应用。This transformation is applied after the brush's output has been mapped and positioned.

方法

ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)

AnimationClock 应用到指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果该属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)

AnimationClock 应用到指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果该属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定的属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
CheckAccess() CheckAccess() CheckAccess() CheckAccess()

确定调用线程是否可以访问此 DispatcherObjectDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty)

清除属性的本地值。Clears the local value of a property. 要清除的属性由 DependencyProperty 标识符指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)

清除只读属性的本地值。Clears the local value of a read-only property. 要清除的属性由 DependencyPropertyKey 指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Clone() Clone() Clone() Clone()

创建此 Brush 的可修改克隆,从而深度复制此对象的值。Creates a modifiable clone of this Brush, making deep copies of this object's values. 在复制依赖项属性时,此方法会复制资源引用和数据绑定(但可能不再解析),但不复制动画或其当前值。When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.

CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable)

使用基(未经过动画处理的)属性值使该实例成为指定 Freezable 的克隆(深层复制)。Makes the instance a clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue()

创建此 Brush 对象的可修改复本,从而深度复制此对象的当前值。Creates a modifiable clone of this Brush object, making deep copies of this object's current values. 不复制资源引用、数据绑定和动画,而是复制其当前值。Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.

CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable)

使用当前属性值使该实例成为指定 Freezable 的可修改克隆(深层复制)。Makes the instance a modifiable clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using current property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty)

对指定依赖属性的值进行强制。Coerces the value of the specified dependency property. 通过对调用方 DependencyObject 上存在的依赖属性的属性元数据中所指定的任何 CoerceValueCallback 函数进行调用来完成此操作。This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
CreateInstance() CreateInstance() CreateInstance() CreateInstance()

初始化 Freezable 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the Freezable class.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore()

在派生类中实现时,创建 Freezable 派生类的新实例。When implemented in a derived class, creates a new instance of the Freezable derived class.

(Inherited from Freezable)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

确定提供的 DependencyObject 是否等效于当前 DependencyObjectDetermines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Freeze() Freeze() Freeze() Freeze()

使当前对象不可修改,并且将其 IsFrozen 属性设置为 trueMakes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true.

(Inherited from Freezable)
FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean)

使此 Animatable 对象成为不可修改的对象,或确定是否可使其成为不可修改的对象。Makes this Animatable object unmodifiable or determines whether it can be made unmodifiable.

(Inherited from Animatable)
GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty)

返回指定的 DependencyProperty 的未经过动画处理的值。Returns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty.

(Inherited from Animatable)
GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen()

使用基(未经过动画处理的)属性值创建 Freezable 的冻结副本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. 由于副本已冻结,因此将通过引用复制任何冻结的子对象。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

使用基(未经过动画处理的)属性值使该实例成为指定的 Freezable 的冻结复本。Makes the instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen()

使用当前属性值创建 Freezable 的冻结副本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. 由于副本已冻结,因此将通过引用复制任何冻结的子对象。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

使当前实例成为指定的 Freezable 的冻结复本。Makes the current instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable. 如果对象具有经过动画处理的依赖项对象,则复制这些属性当前经过动画处理的值。If the object has animated dependency properties, their current animated values are copied.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

获取此 DependencyObject 的哈希代码。Gets a hash code for this DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator()

创建一个专用的枚举数,用于确定哪些依赖项属性在此 DependencyObject 上具有以本地方式设置的值。Creates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty)

DependencyObject 的此实例返回依赖属性的当前有效值。Returns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty)

重新计算指定依赖项属性的有效值Re-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
OnChanged() OnChanged() OnChanged() OnChanged()

修改当前 Freezable 对象时调用。Called when the current Freezable object is modified.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject)

确保为刚刚设置的 DependencyObjectType 数据成员建立适当的上下文指针。Ensures that appropriate context pointers are established for a DependencyObjectType data member that has just been set.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty)

此成员支持 Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) 基础结构,但不能在代码中直接使用。This member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)

重写 OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)DependencyObject 实现,以同时调用任何响应类型 Freezable 不断变化的依赖属性的 Changed 处理程序。Overrides the DependencyObject implementation of OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) to also invoke any Changed handlers in response to a changing dependency property of type Freezable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty)

如果存在,则返回依赖属性的本地值。Returns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble()

确保正在从有效的线程访问 FreezableEnsures that the Freezable is being accessed from a valid thread. Freezable 的继承者必须在任何 APIAPI 一开始读取不属于依赖项对象的数据成员时调用此方法。Inheritors of Freezable must call this method at the beginning of any APIAPI that reads data members that are not dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)
SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

设置依赖属性的值而不更改其值源。Sets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

设置依赖属性的本地值,该值由其依赖属性标识符指定。Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)

设置一个只读依赖属性的本地值,该值由依赖属性的 DependencyPropertyKey 标识符指定。Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty)

返回一个值,该值指示序列化进程是否应序列化所提供的依赖属性的值。Returns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

返回此 Brush 的字符串表示形式。Return string representation of this Brush.

ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider)

基于指定的区域性特定格式设置信息创建此对象的字符串表示形式。Creates a string representation of this object based on the specified culture-specific formatting information.

VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess()

强制调用线程具有此 DispatcherObject 的访问权限。Enforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
WritePostscript() WritePostscript() WritePostscript() WritePostscript()

引发 FreezableChanged 事件并调用其 OnChanged() 方法。Raises the Changed event for the Freezable and invokes its OnChanged() method. Freezable 派生的类应在修改的类成员不存储为依赖属性的任何 API 的末尾调用此方法。Classes that derive from Freezable should call this method at the end of any API that modifies class members that are not stored as dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)
WritePreamble() WritePreamble() WritePreamble() WritePreamble()

验证 Freezable 是否未被冻结,并且是否正在从有效的线程上下文中访问它。Verifies that the Freezable is not frozen and that it is being accessed from a valid threading context. Freezable 的继承项应当在任何 APIAPI 一开始写入不属于依赖项属性的数据成员时调用此方法。Freezable inheritors should call this method at the beginning of any APIAPI that writes to data members that are not dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)

显式界面实现

IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定的格式格式化当前实例的值。Formats the value of the current instance using the specified format.

事件

Changed Changed Changed Changed

在修改 Freezable 或其包含的对象时发生。Occurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified.

(Inherited from Freezable)

适用于

另请参阅