SpotLight 类

定义

沿指定方向将其效果投射到一个锥形区域的光对象。Light object that projects its effect in a cone-shaped area along a specified direction.

public ref class SpotLight sealed : System::Windows::Media::Media3D::PointLightBase
public sealed class SpotLight : System.Windows.Media.Media3D.PointLightBase
type SpotLight = class
    inherit PointLightBase
Public NotInheritable Class SpotLight
Inherits PointLightBase
继承

示例

下面的示例演示如何 SpotLight 在三维场景中创建。The following example shows how to create a SpotLight in a 3-D scene.

<!-- A SpotLight is used to light the scene. The InnerConeAngle and OuterConeAngle are used
     to control the size of the light cone created by the SpotLight. The Direction and Position
     properties determine where the SpotLight is pointing in the scene. In this example, the Position
     of the SpotLight is set so that the SpotLight is only illuminating the upper right-hand corner
     of the 3D object. -->
<ModelVisual3D>
  <ModelVisual3D.Content>
    <SpotLight x:Name="mySpotLight" InnerConeAngle="20" OuterConeAngle="20" Color="#FFFFFF" Direction="0,0,-1" 
      Position="1,1,6" Range="20"/>
  </ModelVisual3D.Content>
</ModelVisual3D>

下面的代码显示了整个示例。The following code shows the entire sample.

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" >
  <DockPanel>
    <Viewbox>
      <Canvas Width="321" Height="201">

        <!-- The Viewport3D provides a rendering surface for 3-D visual content. -->
        <Viewport3D ClipToBounds="True" Width="150" Height="150" Canvas.Left="0" Canvas.Top="10">

          <!-- Defines the camera used to view the 3D object. -->
          <Viewport3D.Camera>
            <PerspectiveCamera Position="0,0,2" LookDirection="0,0,-1" FieldOfView="60" />
          </Viewport3D.Camera>

          <!-- The ModelVisual3D children contain the 3D models -->
          <Viewport3D.Children>
            <!-- A SpotLight is used to light the scene. The InnerConeAngle and OuterConeAngle are used
                 to control the size of the light cone created by the SpotLight. The Direction and Position
                 properties determine where the SpotLight is pointing in the scene. In this example, the Position
                 of the SpotLight is set so that the SpotLight is only illuminating the upper right-hand corner
                 of the 3D object. -->
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <SpotLight x:Name="mySpotLight" InnerConeAngle="20" OuterConeAngle="20" Color="#FFFFFF" Direction="0,0,-1" 
                  Position="1,1,6" Range="20"/>
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <GeometryModel3D>

                  <!-- The geometry specifies the shape of the 3D plane. In this sample, a flat sheet is created. -->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Geometry>
                    <MeshGeometry3D
                     TriangleIndices="0,1,2 3,4,5 "
                     Normals="0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 "
                     TextureCoordinates="0,0 1,0 1,1 1,1 0,1 0,0 "
                     Positions="-0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,-0.5,0.5 " />
                  </GeometryModel3D.Geometry>

                  <!-- The material specifies the material applied to the 3D object. In this sample a linear gradient 
                       covers the surface of the 3D object.-->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Material>
                    <MaterialGroup>
                      <DiffuseMaterial>
                        <DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                          <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0.5" EndPoint="1,0.5">
                            <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                              <GradientStop Color="Yellow" Offset="0" />
                              <GradientStop Color="Red" Offset="0.25" />
                              <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.75" />
                              <GradientStop Color="LimeGreen" Offset="1" />
                            </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                          </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                      </DiffuseMaterial>
                    </MaterialGroup>
                  </GeometryModel3D.Material>
                </GeometryModel3D>
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
          </Viewport3D.Children>

        </Viewport3D>
      </Canvas>
    </Viewbox>
  </DockPanel>
</Page>

注解

SpotLight 是一种 PointLight ,因为它具有位置、范围和衰减。SpotLight is a kind of PointLight, since it has a position, range, and attenuation. 但是, SpotLight 您还可以控制光效果的圆锥方向、形状和其他属性。However, SpotLight also allows you to control the direction, shape, and other properties of the cone of the light's effect.

指定 (的值 OuterConeAngle ,而不会有任何反应) , InnerConeAngle (其中所有内容都完全发亮) 以更改 spotlighting 效果。Specify values for OuterConeAngle (beyond which nothing is illuminated), and InnerConeAngle (within which everything is fully illuminated) to change the spotlighting effect.

内部锥外和外部圆锥之间的光线线性关闭。Lighting between the outside of the inner cone and the outer cone falls off linearly.

聚光灯示意图Spotlight diagram

构造函数

SpotLight()

初始化 SpotLight 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the SpotLight class.

SpotLight(Color, Point3D, Vector3D, Double, Double)

使用指定的颜色、位置、方向和锥角初始化 SpotLight 类的一个新实例。Initializes a new instance of the SpotLight class using the specified color, position, direction, and cone angles.

字段

DirectionProperty

标识 Direction 依赖项属性。Identifies the Direction dependency property.

InnerConeAngleProperty

标识 InnerConeAngle 依赖项属性。Identifies the InnerConeAngle dependency property.

OuterConeAngleProperty

标识 OuterConeAngle 依赖项属性。Identifies the OuterConeAngle dependency property.

属性

Bounds

获取一个 Rect3D,它指定此 Model3D 的轴对齐的边界框。Gets a Rect3D that specifies the axis-aligned bounding box of this Model3D.

(继承自 Model3D)
CanFreeze

获取一个值,该值指示是否可将对象变为不可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable.

(继承自 Freezable)
Color

获取或设置线的颜色。Gets or sets the color of the light.

(继承自 Light)
ConstantAttenuation

获取或设置光强度按其随距离减弱的常数值。Gets or sets a constant value by which the intensity of the light diminishes over distance.

(继承自 PointLightBase)
DependencyObjectType

获取对此实例的 CLRCLR 类型进行包装的 DependencyObjectTypeGets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLRCLR type of this instance.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
Direction

获取或设置用于指定 Vector3D 投射其光线的方向的 SpotLightGets or sets a Vector3D that specifies the direction in which the SpotLight projects its light.

Dispatcher

获取与此 Dispatcher 关联的 DispatcherObjectGets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with.

(继承自 DispatcherObject)
HasAnimatedProperties

获取一个值,该值指示一个或多个 AnimationClock 对象是否与此对象的任何依赖项属性相关联。Gets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties.

(继承自 Animatable)
InnerConeAngle

获取或设置用于指定 SpotLight 的锥形投影部分的角度,场景中此部分内的对象会被光线完全照亮。Gets or sets an angle that specifies the proportion of a SpotLight's cone-shaped projection in which the light fully illuminates objects in the scene.

IsFrozen

获取一个值,该值指示对象当前是否可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable.

(继承自 Freezable)
IsSealed

获取一个值,该值指示此实例当前是否为密封的(只读)。Gets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only).

(继承自 DependencyObject)
LinearAttenuation

获取或设置指定光强度随距离线性减弱的值。Gets or sets a value that specifies the linear diminution of the light's intensity over distance.

(继承自 PointLightBase)
OuterConeAngle

获取或设置一个指定 SpotLight 的锥形投影部分的角度,场景中此部分外的对象不会被光线照亮。Gets or sets an angle that specifies the proportion of a SpotLight's cone-shaped projection outside which the light does not illuminate objects in the scene.

Position

获取或设置指定光在自然空间中的位置的 Point3DGets or sets a Point3D that specifies the light's position in world space.

(继承自 PointLightBase)
QuadraticAttenuation

获取或设置指定光效果随距离而减弱的值(由二次运算计算所得)。Gets or sets a value that specifies the diminution of the light's effect over distance, calculated by a quadratic operation.

(继承自 PointLightBase)
Range

获取或设置光产生效果的最大距离。Gets or sets the distance beyond which the light has no effect.

(继承自 PointLightBase)
Transform

获取或设置在模型上设置的 Transform3DGets or sets the Transform3D set on the model.

(继承自 Model3D)

方法

ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)

AnimationClock 应用到指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果该属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(继承自 Animatable)
ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)

AnimationClock 应用到指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果该属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(继承自 Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定属性已进行动画处理,则使用 SnapshotAndReplace 切换行为。If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(继承自 Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

将动画应用于指定 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 动画会在呈现下一帧时启动。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定的属性已进行动画处理,则使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(继承自 Animatable)
CheckAccess()

确定调用线程是否可以访问此 DispatcherObjectDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(继承自 DispatcherObject)
ClearValue(DependencyProperty)

清除属性的本地值。Clears the local value of a property. 要清除的属性由 DependencyProperty 标识符指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)

清除只读属性的本地值。Clears the local value of a read-only property. 要清除的属性由 DependencyPropertyKey 指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
Clone()

创建此 SpotLight 的可修改克隆,从而深度复制此对象的值。Creates a modifiable clone of this SpotLight, making deep copies of this object's values. 在复制依赖项属性时,此方法会复制资源引用和数据绑定(但可能不再解析),但不复制动画或其当前值。When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.

CloneCore(Freezable)

使用基(未经过动画处理的)属性值使该实例成为指定 Freezable 的克隆(深层复制)。Makes the instance a clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(继承自 Freezable)
CloneCurrentValue()

创建此 SpotLight 对象的可修改复本,从而深度复制此对象的当前值。Creates a modifiable clone of this SpotLight object, making deep copies of this object's current values. 不复制资源引用、数据绑定和动画,而是复制其当前值。Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.

CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable)

使用当前属性值使该实例成为指定 Freezable 的可修改克隆(深层复制)。Makes the instance a modifiable clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using current property values.

(继承自 Freezable)
CoerceValue(DependencyProperty)

对指定依赖属性的值进行强制。Coerces the value of the specified dependency property. 通过对调用方 DependencyObject 上存在的依赖属性的属性元数据中所指定的任何 CoerceValueCallback 函数进行调用来完成此操作。This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
CreateInstance()

初始化 Freezable 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the Freezable class.

(继承自 Freezable)
CreateInstanceCore()

在派生类中实现时,创建 Freezable 派生类的新实例。When implemented in a derived class, creates a new instance of the Freezable derived class.

(继承自 Freezable)
Equals(Object)

确定提供的 DependencyObject 是否等效于当前 DependencyObjectDetermines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
Freeze()

使当前对象不可修改,并且将其 IsFrozen 属性设置为 trueMakes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true.

(继承自 Freezable)
FreezeCore(Boolean)

使此 Animatable 对象成为不可修改的对象,或确定是否可使其成为不可修改的对象。Makes this Animatable object unmodifiable or determines whether it can be made unmodifiable.

(继承自 Animatable)
GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty)

返回指定的 DependencyProperty 的未经过动画处理的值。Returns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty.

(继承自 Animatable)
GetAsFrozen()

使用基(未经过动画处理的)属性值创建 Freezable 的冻结副本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. 由于副本已冻结,因此将通过引用复制任何冻结的子对象。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(继承自 Freezable)
GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

让该实例成为指定的 Freezable 的冻结克隆,前者使用基(非动画的)属性值。Makes the instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(继承自 Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozen()

使用当前属性值创建 Freezable 的冻结副本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. 由于副本已冻结,因此将通过引用复制任何冻结的子对象。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(继承自 Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

使当前实例成为指定 Freezable 的冻结克隆。Makes the current instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable. 如果对象具有动画依赖属性,则复制其当前的动画值。If the object has animated dependency properties, their current animated values are copied.

(继承自 Freezable)
GetHashCode()

获取此 DependencyObject 的哈希代码。Gets a hash code for this DependencyObject.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
GetLocalValueEnumerator()

创建一个专用的枚举数,用于确定哪些依赖项属性在此 DependencyObject 上具有以本地方式设置的值。Creates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
GetValue(DependencyProperty)

DependencyObject 的此实例返回依赖属性的当前有效值。Returns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty)

重新评估指定依赖属性的有效值。Re-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
OnChanged()

修改当前 Freezable 对象时调用。Called when the current Freezable object is modified.

(继承自 Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject)

确保为刚刚设置的 DependencyObjectType 数据成员建立适当的上下文指针。Ensures that appropriate context pointers are established for a DependencyObjectType data member that has just been set.

(继承自 Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty)

此成员支持 Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) 基础结构,但不能在代码中直接使用。This member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.

(继承自 Freezable)
OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)

重写 OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)DependencyObject 实现,以同时调用任何响应类型 Freezable 不断变化的依赖属性的 Changed 处理程序。Overrides the DependencyObject implementation of OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) to also invoke any Changed handlers in response to a changing dependency property of type Freezable.

(继承自 Freezable)
ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty)

如果存在,则返回依赖属性的本地值。Returns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
ReadPreamble()

确保正在从有效的线程访问 FreezableEnsures that the Freezable is being accessed from a valid thread. Freezable 的继承者必须在任何 API 一开始读取不属于依赖项对象的数据成员时调用此方法。Inheritors of Freezable must call this method at the beginning of any API that reads data members that are not dependency properties.

(继承自 Freezable)
SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

设置依赖属性的值而不更改其值源。Sets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

设置依赖属性的本地值,该值由其依赖属性标识符指定。Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)

设置一个只读依赖属性的本地值,该值由依赖属性的 DependencyPropertyKey 标识符指定。Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty)

返回一个值,该值指示序列化进程是否应序列化所提供的依赖属性的值。Returns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property.

(继承自 DependencyObject)
ToString()

创建 Model3D 的字符串表示形式。Creates a string representation of the Model3D.

(继承自 Model3D)
ToString(IFormatProvider)

创建 Model3D 的字符串表示形式。Creates a string representation of the Model3D.

(继承自 Model3D)
VerifyAccess()

强制调用线程具有此 DispatcherObject 的访问权限。Enforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(继承自 DispatcherObject)
WritePostscript()

引发 FreezableChanged 事件并调用其 OnChanged() 方法。Raises the Changed event for the Freezable and invokes its OnChanged() method. Freezable 派生的类应在修改的类成员不存储为依赖属性的任何 API 的末尾调用此方法。Classes that derive from Freezable should call this method at the end of any API that modifies class members that are not stored as dependency properties.

(继承自 Freezable)
WritePreamble()

验证 Freezable 是否未被冻结,并且是否正在从有效的线程上下文中访问它。Verifies that the Freezable is not frozen and that it is being accessed from a valid threading context. Freezable 的继承项应当在任何 API 一开始写入不属于依赖项属性的数据成员时调用此方法。Freezable inheritors should call this method at the beginning of any API that writes to data members that are not dependency properties.

(继承自 Freezable)

事件

Changed

在修改 Freezable 或其包含的对象时发生。Occurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified.

(继承自 Freezable)

显式接口实现

IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定格式对当前实例的值设置格式。Formats the value of the current instance using the specified format.

(继承自 Model3D)

适用于