XmlAnyAttributeAttribute 类

定义

指定成员(返回 XmlAttribute 对象的数组的字段)可以包含任何 XML 特性。Specifies that the member (a field that returns an array of XmlAttribute objects) can contain any XML attributes.

public ref class XmlAnyAttributeAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, AllowMultiple=false)]
public class XmlAnyAttributeAttribute : Attribute
public class XmlAnyAttributeAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class XmlAnyAttributeAttribute : Attribute
type XmlAnyAttributeAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class XmlAnyAttributeAttribute
Inherits Attribute
继承
XmlAnyAttributeAttribute
属性

示例

下面的示例将所有未知属性收集到 XmlAttribute 对象的数组中。The following example collects all unknown attributes into an array of XmlAttribute objects. 若要尝试该示例,请创建一个名为 UnknownAttributes.xml 的文件,其中包含以下 XML:To try the example, create a file named UnknownAttributes.xml that contains the following XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"   
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"   
GroupType = 'Technical' GroupNumber = '42' GroupBase = 'Red'>  
  <GroupName>MyGroup</GroupName>  
</Group>  
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;

public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;

   // The UnknownAttributes array will be used to collect all unknown
   // attributes found when deserializing.

   [XmlAnyAttributeAttribute]
   array<XmlAttribute^>^XAttributes;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename, Object^ g )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );
   TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   ser->Serialize( writer, g );
   writer->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

   // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
   FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Group^ g = safe_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
   fs->Close();

   // Write out the data, including unknown attributes.
   Console::WriteLine( g->GroupName );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Number of unknown attributes: {0}", g->XAttributes->Length );
   for ( IEnumerator ^ e = g->XAttributes->GetEnumerator(); e->MoveNext();  )
   {
      XmlAttribute^ xAtt = safe_cast<XmlAttribute^>(e->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}: {1}", xAtt->Name, xAtt->InnerXml );
   }
   SerializeObject( "AttributesAdded.xml", g );
}

int main()
{
   // Deserialize the file containing unknown attributes.
   DeserializeObject(  "UnknownAttributes.xml" );
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;
   // The UnknownAttributes array will be used to collect all unknown
   // attributes found when deserializing.
   [XmlAnyAttribute]
    public XmlAttribute[]XAttributes;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown attributes.

      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml");
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
     fs.Close();
     // Write out the data, including unknown attributes.
     Console.WriteLine(g.GroupName);
     Console.WriteLine("Number of unknown attributes: " + 
     g.XAttributes.Length);
     foreach(XmlAttribute xAtt in g.XAttributes){
     Console.WriteLine(xAtt.Name + ": " + xAtt.InnerXml);
     }
     // Serialize the object again with the attributes added.
     this.SerializeObject("AttributesAdded.xml",g);
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename, object g){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
      ser.Serialize(writer, g);
      writer.Close();
   }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
   ' The UnknownAttributes array will be used to collect all unknown
   ' attributes found when deserializing.
   <XmlAnyAttribute> _
    Public UnknownAttributes()As XmlAttribute
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t  As Test = New Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown attributes.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream = New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs), Group)
     fs.Close()
     ' Write out the data, including unknown attributes.
     Console.WriteLine(g.GroupName)
     Console.WriteLine("Number of unknown attributes: " & _ 
     g.UnknownAttributes.Length)
     Dim xAtt As XmlAttribute
     for each xAtt in g.UnknownAttributes
        Console.WriteLine(xAtt.Name & ": " & xAtt.InnerXml)
     Next
     ' Serialize the object again with the attributes added.
     Me.SerializeObject("AttributesAdded.xml",g)
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeObject(filename As String, g As object)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      DIm writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)
      ser.Serialize(writer, g)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

注解

使用 XmlAnyAttributeAttribute 包含作为 XML 文档的一部分发送的任意数据(作为 XML 特性),如作为文档的一部分发送的元数据。Use the XmlAnyAttributeAttribute to contain arbitrary data (as XML attributes) that is sent as part of an XML document, such as, metadata sent as part of the document.

XmlAnyAttributeAttribute 应用到返回 XmlAttributeXmlNode 对象数组的字段。Apply the XmlAnyAttributeAttribute to a field that returns an array of XmlAttribute or XmlNode objects. 调用 XmlSerializer 类的 Deserialize 方法时,数组中将收集在要反序列化的类中没有相应成员的所有 XML 特性。When the Deserialize method of the XmlSerializer class is called, all XML attributes that do not have a corresponding member in the class being deserialized are collected in the array. 反序列化后,可以循环访问 XmlAttribute 项的集合来处理数据。After deserialization, you can iterate through the collection of XmlAttribute items to process the data.

如果将 XmlAnyAttributeAttribute 应用于类的成员,则不会发生 XmlSerializerUnknownNodeUnknownAttribute 事件。The UnknownNode and UnknownAttribute events of the XmlSerializer do not occur if you apply the XmlAnyAttributeAttribute to a member of a class.

备注

您可以在代码中使用 word XmlAnyAttribute 而不是更长的 XmlAnyAttributeAttributeYou can use the word XmlAnyAttribute in your code instead of the longer XmlAnyAttributeAttribute.

有关使用特性的详细信息,请参阅特性For more information about using attributes, see Attributes.

构造函数

XmlAnyAttributeAttribute()

构造 XmlAnyAttributeAttribute 类的新实例。Constructs a new instance of the XmlAnyAttributeAttribute class.

属性

TypeId

在派生类中实现时,获取此 Attribute 的唯一标识符。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(继承自 Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object)

返回一个值,该值指示此实例是否与指定的对象相等。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(继承自 Attribute)
GetHashCode()

返回此实例的哈希代码。Returns the hash code for this instance.

(继承自 Attribute)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

在派生类中重写时,指示此实例的值是否是派生类的默认值。When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(继承自 Attribute)
Match(Object)

当在派生类中重写时,返回一个指示此实例是否等于指定对象的值。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(继承自 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
ToString()

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)

显式接口实现

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

将一组名称映射为对应的一组调度标识符。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

检索对象的类型信息,然后可以使用该信息获取接口的类型信息。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

检索对象提供的类型信息接口的数量(0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(继承自 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供对某一对象公开的属性和方法的访问。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(继承自 Attribute)

适用于

另请参阅