XmlElementEventArgs.LineNumber 属性

定义

如果 XML 读取器为 XmlTextReader,则在遇到未知元素的位置获取行号。Gets the line number where the unknown element was encountered if the XML reader is an XmlTextReader.

public:
 property int LineNumber { int get(); };
public int LineNumber { get; }
member this.LineNumber : int
Public ReadOnly Property LineNumber As Integer

属性值

如果 XML 读取器为 XmlTextReader,则为遇到未知元素的位置处的行号;否则为 -1。The line number where the unknown element was encountered if the XML reader is an XmlTextReader; otherwise, -1.

示例

下面的示例从名为 UnknownElements 的文件中对名为 Group 的类进行反序列化。The following example deserializes a class named Group from a file named UnknownElements.xml. 只要在文件中找到了类中没有相应成员的元素,就会发生 UnknownElement 事件。Whenever an element is found in the file that has no corresponding member in the class, the UnknownElement event occurs. 若要尝试该示例,请将以下 XML 代码粘贴到名为 UnknownElements 的文件中。To try the example, paste the following XML code into a file named UnknownElements.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
  <GroupName>MyGroup</GroupName>  
  <GroupSize>Large</GroupSize>  
  <GroupNumber>444</GroupNumber>  
  <GroupBase>West</GroupBase>  
</Group>  
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;
};

public ref class Test
{
private:
   void Serializer_UnknownElement( Object^ sender, XmlElementEventArgs^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Unknown Element" );
      Console::Write( "\t {0}", e->Element->Name );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0}", e->Element->InnerXml );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LineNumber: {0}", e->LineNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LinePosition: {0}", e->LinePosition );
      Group^ x = dynamic_cast<Group^>(e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine( x->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( sender );
   }

public:
   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser->UnknownElement += gcnew XmlElementEventHandler( this, &Test::Serializer_UnknownElement );

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      Group^ g = dynamic_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
      fs->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test^ t = gcnew Test;

   // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   t->DeserializeObject( "UnknownElements.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownElements.xml");
   }
   private void Serializer_UnknownElement(object sender, XmlElementEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element");
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + e.Element.Name + " " + e.Element.InnerXml);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LineNumber: " + e.LineNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LinePosition: " + e.LinePosition);
      
      Group x  = (Group) e.ObjectBeingDeserialized;
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString());
   }
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser.UnknownElement+=new XmlElementEventHandler(Serializer_UnknownElement);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
     fs.Close();
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = new Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownElements.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub Serializer_UnknownElement _
   (sender As Object , e As XmlElementEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.Element.Name + " " & e.Element.InnerXml)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LineNumber & ":"  & e.LineNumber)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LinePosition & ":"   & e.LinePosition)
      
      Dim x As Group = CType( e.ObjectBeingDeserialized, Group)
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString())
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      AddHandler ser.UnknownElement, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnknownElement 
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream  = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g  As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs),Group)
     fs.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

注解

仅当基础 XML 读取器为 XmlTextReader时,LineNumber 属性才返回值。The LineNumber property returns a value only if the underlying XML reader is an XmlTextReader.

适用于