XmlElementEventArgs 类


UnknownElement 事件提供数据。Provides data for the UnknownElement event.

public ref class XmlElementEventArgs : EventArgs
public class XmlElementEventArgs : EventArgs
type XmlElementEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class XmlElementEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs


下面的示例从名为 UnknownElements 的文件中对名为 Group 的类进行反序列化。The following example deserializes a class named Group from a file named UnknownElements.xml. 只要在文件中找到了类中没有相应成员的元素,就会发生 UnknownElement 事件。Whenever an element is found in the file that has no corresponding member in the class, the UnknownElement event occurs. 若要尝试该示例,请将以下 XML 代码粘贴到名为 UnknownElements 的文件中。To try the example, paste the following XML code into a file named UnknownElements.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

public ref class Group
   String^ GroupName;

public ref class Test
   void Serializer_UnknownElement( Object^ sender, XmlElementEventArgs^ e )
      Console::WriteLine( "Unknown Element" );
      Console::Write( "\t {0}", e->Element->Name );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0}", e->Element->InnerXml );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LineNumber: {0}", e->LineNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LinePosition: {0}", e->LinePosition );
      Group^ x = dynamic_cast<Group^>(e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine( x->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( sender );

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser->UnknownElement += gcnew XmlElementEventHandler( this, &Test::Serializer_UnknownElement );

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      Group^ g = dynamic_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));

int main()
   Test^ t = gcnew Test;

   // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   t->DeserializeObject( "UnknownElements.xml" );
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   private void Serializer_UnknownElement(object sender, XmlElementEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element");
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + e.Element.Name + " " + e.Element.InnerXml);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LineNumber: " + e.LineNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LinePosition: " + e.LinePosition);
      Group x  = (Group) e.ObjectBeingDeserialized;
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString());
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser.UnknownElement+=new XmlElementEventHandler(Serializer_UnknownElement);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = new Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   End Sub

   Private Sub Serializer_UnknownElement _
   (sender As Object , e As XmlElementEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.Element.Name + " " & e.Element.InnerXml)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LineNumber & ":"  & e.LineNumber)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LinePosition & ":"   & e.LinePosition)
      Dim x As Group = CType( e.ObjectBeingDeserialized, Group)
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString())
   End Sub
   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      AddHandler ser.UnknownElement, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnknownElement 
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream  = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g  As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs),Group)
   End Sub
End Class


有关处理事件的详细信息,请参阅处理和引发事件以及处理和引发事件For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events and Handling and Raising Events.

仅当调用 Deserialize 方法时,才会发生 UnknownElement 事件。The UnknownElement event occurs only when you call the Deserialize method.



获取表示未知 XML 元素的对象。Gets the object that represents the unknown XML element.


获取逗号分隔的 XML 元素名称列表,这些名称应在 XML 文档实例内。Gets a comma-delimited list of XML element names expected to be in an XML document instance.


如果 XML 读取器为 XmlTextReader,则在遇到未知元素的位置获取行号。Gets the line number where the unknown element was encountered if the XML reader is an XmlTextReader.


如果 XML 读取器为 XmlTextReader,则获取未知元素在行中出现的位置。Gets the place in the line where the unknown element occurs if the XML reader is an XmlTextReader.


获取 XmlSerializer 正在反序列化的对象。Gets the object the XmlSerializer is deserializing.



确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)

用作默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)

返回一个表示当前对象的 string。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(继承自 Object)