如何:合并委托(多播委托)(C# 编程指南)How to: Combine Delegates (Multicast Delegates)(C# Programming Guide)

此示例演示如何创建多播委托。This example demonstrates how to create multicast delegates. 委托对象的一个有用属性在于可通过使用 + 运算符将多个对象分配到一个委托实例。A useful property of delegate objects is that multiple objects can be assigned to one delegate instance by using the + operator. 多播委托包含已分配委托列表。The multicast delegate contains a list of the assigned delegates. 此多播委托被调用时会依次调用列表中的委托。When the multicast delegate is called, it invokes the delegates in the list, in order. 仅可合并类型相同的委托。Only delegates of the same type can be combined.

- 运算符可用于从多播委托中删除组件委托。The - operator can be used to remove a component delegate from a multicast delegate.

示例Example

using System;

// Define a custom delegate that has a string parameter and returns void.
delegate void CustomDel(string s);

class TestClass
{
    // Define two methods that have the same signature as CustomDel.
    static void Hello(string s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"  Hello, {s}!");
    }

    static void Goodbye(string s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"  Goodbye, {s}!");
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        // Declare instances of the custom delegate.
        CustomDel hiDel, byeDel, multiDel, multiMinusHiDel;

        // In this example, you can omit the custom delegate if you 
        // want to and use Action<string> instead.
        //Action<string> hiDel, byeDel, multiDel, multiMinusHiDel;

        // Create the delegate object hiDel that references the
        // method Hello.
        hiDel = Hello;

        // Create the delegate object byeDel that references the
        // method Goodbye.
        byeDel = Goodbye;

        // The two delegates, hiDel and byeDel, are combined to 
        // form multiDel. 
        multiDel = hiDel + byeDel;

        // Remove hiDel from the multicast delegate, leaving byeDel,
        // which calls only the method Goodbye.
        multiMinusHiDel = multiDel - hiDel;

        Console.WriteLine("Invoking delegate hiDel:");
        hiDel("A");
        Console.WriteLine("Invoking delegate byeDel:");
        byeDel("B");
        Console.WriteLine("Invoking delegate multiDel:");
        multiDel("C");
        Console.WriteLine("Invoking delegate multiMinusHiDel:");
        multiMinusHiDel("D");
    }
}
/* Output:
Invoking delegate hiDel:
  Hello, A!
Invoking delegate byeDel:
  Goodbye, B!
Invoking delegate multiDel:
  Hello, C!
  Goodbye, C!
Invoking delegate multiMinusHiDel:
  Goodbye, D!
*/

请参阅See also