Exchange Online 中的通讯簿Address books in Exchange Online

Exchange Online 可以将邮件传递或路由到具有电子邮件地址的任何收件人。人员、资源(例如业务设备或会议室)和组均可具有电子邮件地址。通讯簿可帮助您查找所需的电子邮件地址,并且可以使用多种方法组织以满足您的业务需求。本主题将为负责管理组织的电子邮件通讯簿的 Office 365 管理员提供帮助。请参阅关键术语获取有关通讯簿功能的描述。Exchange Online can deliver or route messages to any recipient that has an email address. People, resources (such as a business device or a conference room), and groups can all have email addresses. Address books help you find the email address that you need and can be organized in multiple ways to suit your business. This topic helps Office 365 administrators who manage email address books for an organization. See Key terminology for descriptions of address book features.

若要获取有关日常电子邮件任务(如在 Outlook 中整理联系人)的帮助,请访问 Office 365 学习中心。可以获取以下帮助,包括:For help with everyday email tasks, such as organizing your contacts in Outlook, check the Office 365 Learning Center. You can find help including:

关键术语Key terminology

以下术语定义了与 Exchange Online 中的电子邮件地址和通讯簿关联的各个核心组件。The following terms define the core components associated with email addresses and address books in Exchange Online.

通讯簿策略address book policies

通过通讯簿策略 (ABP),可以将用户分割成特定的组,以提供组织全局通讯簿 (GAL) 的自定义视图。在创建 ABP 时,可以为策略指定一个 GAL、一个脱机通讯簿 (OAB)、一个房间列表以及一个或多个地址列表。然后,可以将 ABP 指定给邮箱用户,向他们提供对 Outlook 和 Outlook Web App 中的自定义 GAL 的访问权限。目的是提供一种更简单的机制为需要多个 GAL 的内部部署组织实现 GAL 分段。Address book policies (ABPs) allow you to segment users into specific groups to provide customized views of your organization's global address list (GAL). When creating an ABP, you assign a GAL, an offline address book (OAB), a room list, and one or more address lists to the policy. You can then assign the ABP to mailbox users, providing them with access to a customized GAL in Outlook and Outlook Web App. The goal is to provide a simpler mechanism to accomplish GAL segmentation for on-premises organizations that require multiple GALs.

地址列表address lists

地址列表是 GAL 的子集。每个地址列表是由一个或多个类型的已启用邮件功能的收件人组成的集合(例如,用户、联系人、组、公用文件夹、会议,以及其他资源)。您可以使用地址列表对收件人和资源进行组织,使用户更轻松地查找所需的收件人和资源。地址列表是动态更新的。因此,当新收件人添加到组织中时,他们会自动添加到相应的地址列表中。An address list is a subset of a GAL. Each address list is a collection of one or more types of mail-enabled recipients (for example, users, contacts, groups, public folders, conferencing, and other resources). You can use address lists to organize recipients and resources, making it easier for users to find the recipients and resources they need. Address lists are updated dynamically. Therefore, when new recipients are added to your organization, they're automatically added to the appropriate address lists.

脱机通讯簿offline address books

脱机通讯簿 (OAB) 是已下载的地址列表集合的副本,通过此通讯簿,Microsoft Outlook 用户可以在与服务器断开连接的情况下访问它所包含的信息。An offline address book (OAB) is a copy of a collection of address lists that has been downloaded so that a Microsoft Outlook user can access the information it contains while disconnected from the server.

分层通讯簿hierarchical address books

分层通讯簿 (HAB) 允许最终用户使用组织层次结构(例如资历或管理结构)在通讯簿中查找收件人。通常,用户仅限于默认 GAL 及其相关收件人属性,GAL 的结构通常不会准确反映组织中收件人的管理或资历关系。能够自定义 HAB 以反映您的组织独特的业务结构,这可以为您的用户提供查找内部收件人的高效方法。The hierarchical address book (HAB) enables end users to look for recipients in their address book using an organizational hierarchy, such as seniority or management structure. Normally, users are limited to the default GAL and its associated recipient properties and the structure of the GAL often doesn't accurately reflect the management or seniority relationships for recipients in your organization. Being able to customize an HAB that maps to your organization's unique business structure provides your users with an efficient method for locating internal recipients.