分层通讯簿Hierarchical address books

通过使用分层通讯簿 (HAB),最终用户可以利用组织的分层结构查找通讯簿中的收件人。通常,用户仅限于默认全局地址列表 (GAL) 及其收件人属性,GAL 的结构通常不会反映组织中收件人的管理或资历关系。能够自定义 HAB 以反映您的组织独特的业务结构,这可以为您的用户提供查找内部收件人的高效方法。The hierarchical address book (HAB) allows end users to look for recipients in their address book using an organizational hierarchy. Normally, users are limited to the default global address list (GAL) and its recipient properties and the structure of the GAL often doesn't reflect the management or seniority relationships of recipients in your organization. Being able to customize an HAB that maps to your organization's unique business structure provides your users with an efficient method for locating internal recipients.

使用分层通讯簿Using hierarchical address books

在 HAB 中,根组织(例如,Contoso, Ltd)用作顶层。在该顶层下面,可以添加若干子层来创建按分部、部门或其他任何要指定的组织层划分的自定义 HAB。下图使用以下结构说明 Contoso, Ltd 的 HAB:In an HAB, your root organization (for example, Contoso, Ltd) is used as the top-level tier. Under this top-level tier, you can add several child tiers to create a customized HAB that's segmented by division, department, or any other organizational tier you want to specify. The following figure illustrates an HAB for Contoso, Ltd with the following structure:

  • 顶层代表根组织 Contoso, Ltd。The top-level tier represents the root organization Contoso, Ltd.

  • 第二级子层代表 Contoso,Ltd 内的业务分部: Corporate Office、 Product Support Organization 和 Sales & Marketing Organization。The second-level child tiers represent the business divisions within Contoso, Ltd: Corporate Office, Product Support Organization, and Sales & Marketing Organization.

  • 第三级子层代表 Corporate Office 分部内的部门:Human Resources、Accounting Group 和 Administration Group。The third-level child tiers represent departments within the Corporate Office division: Human Resources, Accounting Group, and Administration Group.

Contoso, Ltd 的示例 HABExample HAB for Contoso, Ltd

分层通讯簿对话框

您可以通过使用_SeniorityIndex_参数提供额外的层次结构级别。创建 HAB 时, 使用这些组织层中的高低排名的单个收件人或组织组_SeniorityIndex_参数。此排名指定在其中的收件人或组的显示的顺序中 HAB例如,在上述示例中,Corporate Office 分部中的收件人的_SeniorityIndex_参数设置为以下:You can provide an additional level of hierarchical structure by using the SeniorityIndex parameter. When creating an HAB, use the SeniorityIndex parameter to rank individual recipients or organizational groups by seniority within these organizational tiers. This ranking specifies the order in which the recipients or groups are displayed in the HAB. For example, in the preceding example, the SeniorityIndex parameter for the recipients in the Corporate Office division is set to the following:

  • 100David Hamilton 为100 for David Hamilton

  • 50为 Rajesh M.Patel50 for Rajesh M. Patel

  • 25Amy alberts25 for Amy Alberts

备注

如果_SeniorityIndex_参数未设置,或者是相等的两个或多个用户,HAB 排序顺序使用_PhoneticDisplayName_参数值列表中按字母顺序排列的升序的用户。如果未设置_PhoneticDisplayName_参数值,HAB 排序顺序将默认为_DisplayName_参数值,并列出按升序按字母顺序排列的用户。If the SeniorityIndex parameter isn't set or is equal for two or more users, the HAB sorting order uses the PhoneticDisplayName parameter value to list the users in ascending alphabetical order. If the PhoneticDisplayName parameter value isn't set, the HAB sorting order defaults to the DisplayName parameter value and lists the users in ascending alphabetical order.

配置分层通讯簿Configuring hierarchical address books

有关创建 HABs 详细的说明,包括主题启用或禁用分层通讯簿中。常规步骤如下所示:Detailed instructions for creating HABs are included in the topic Enable or disable hierarchical address books. The general steps are as follows:

  1. 创建将用于 (顶级层) 的根组织的通讯组。如果需要,可以在您的 Exchange 林中使用现有的组织单位,为通讯组。Create a distribution group that will be used for the root organization (top-level tier). If desired, you can use an existing organizational unit in your Exchange forest for the distribution group.

  2. 创建子层的通讯组,并指定其作为成员的 HAB.修改这些组的_SeniorityIndex_参数以便它们根组织内适当分层顺序列出。Create distribution groups for the child tiers and designate them as members of the HAB. Modify the SeniorityIndex parameter of these groups so they're listed in the proper hierarchical order within the root organization.

  3. 添加组织成员。修改成员的_SeniorityIndex_参数,所以它们子层中正确分层顺序列出。Add organization members. Modify the SeniorityIndex parameter of the members so they're listed in the proper hierarchical order within the child tiers.

  4. 对于辅助功能的目的,您可以使用_PhoneticDisplayName_参数,它指定了_DisplayName_参数的拼音发音。For accessibility purposes, you can use the PhoneticDisplayName parameter, which specifies a phonetic pronunciation of the DisplayName parameter.