Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 混合部署中的边缘传输服务器Edge Transport servers in Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 hybrid deployments

在组织的内部部署外围网络中部署 Microsoft Exchange 中的边缘传输服务器。它们非加入域的计算机的处理面向 Internet 的邮件流,并用作 SMTP 中继和您的内部网络中的 Exchange 服务器智能主机。Edge Transport servers in Microsoft Exchange are deployed in an organization's on-premises perimeter network. They're non-domain-joined computers that handle Internet-facing mail flow and act as an SMTP relay and smart host for Exchange servers in your internal network.

想要使用边缘传输服务器的 Exchange 2013 组织拥有部署 Exchange Server 2013 边缘传输服务器或 Exchange 2010 的运行 Service Pack 3 (SP3) 的 Exchange 2010 边缘传输服务器的选项。如果您不希望公开直接到 Internet 的内部 Exchange 2013 客户端访问或邮箱服务器,请使用边缘传输服务器。Exchange 2013 organizations that want to use Edge Transport servers have the option of deploying either Exchange Server 2013 Edge Transport servers or Exchange 2010 Edge Transport servers running Service Pack 3 (SP3) for Exchange 2010. Use Edge Transport servers if you don't want to expose internal Exchange 2013 Client Access or Mailbox servers directly to the Internet.

了解有关在边缘传输服务器角色概述了 Exchange 2013 边缘传输服务器角色的详细信息。Learn more about the Exchange 2013 Edge Transport server role at Overview of the Edge Transport Server Role.

了解有关在边缘传输服务器角色概述了 Exchange 2010 边缘传输服务器角色的详细信息。Learn more about the Exchange 2010 Edge Transport server role at Overview of the Edge Transport Server Role.

基于 Exchange 2013 的混合部署组织中的边缘传输服务器Edge Transport servers in Exchange 2013-based hybrid deployment organizations

路由内部部署和混合部署中的 Exchange Online 组织之间的邮件要求的 Microsoft Exchange Online Protection (EOP) 服务,代表 Exchange Online 中,直接连接到运行 Exchange 2013 边缘传输服务器或Exchange 2010 SP3。Messages routed between on-premises and Exchange Online organizations in a hybrid deployment require that Microsoft Exchange Online Protection (EOP) service, on behalf of Exchange Online, connects directly to Edge Transport servers that run Exchange 2013 or Exchange 2010 SP3.

重要

如果您有其他 Exchange 2010 边缘传输服务器将不会处理混合传输其他位置,它们不需要升级到 Exchange 2010 SP3。但是,如果将来您希望 EOP 连接到其他边缘传输服务器为混合传输,它们必须与 Exchange 2010 SP3 升级或升级到 Exchange 2013 边缘传输服务器。If you have other Exchange 2010 Edge Transport servers in other locations that won't handle hybrid transport, they don't need to be upgraded to Exchange 2010 SP3. However, if in the future you want EOP to connect to additional Edge Transport servers for hybrid transport, they must be upgraded with Exchange 2010 SP3 or upgraded to Exchange 2013 Edge Transport servers.

向混合部署添加边缘传输服务器Adding an Edge Transport server to a hybrid deployment

配置混合部署时,您可以视需要选择在本地组织中部署边缘传输服务器。配置混合部署时,您可以使用混合配置向导,选择一个或多个客户端访问和邮箱服务器用于混合邮箱传输,或选择一个或多个本地边缘传输服务器处理 Exchange Online 组织的混合邮件传输。Deploying an Edge Transport server in your on-premises organization when you configure a hybrid deployment is optional. When configuring your hybrid deployment, the Hybrid Configuration wizard allows you to either select one or more Client Access and Mailbox servers for hybrid mail transport, or to select one or more on-premises Edge Transport servers handle hybrid mail transport with the Exchange Online organization.

在向混合部署添加边缘传输服务器时,它会代表内部 Exchange 2013 客户端访问和邮箱服务器与 EOP 进行通信。边缘传输服务器用作本地邮箱服务器和 EOP 之间的中继,适用于从本地组织到 Exchange Online 的出站邮件。边缘传输服务器还用作本地客户端访问服务器之间的中继,适用于从 Exchange Online 组织到本地组织的入站邮件。所有以前由客户端访问服务器处理的连接安全均由边缘传输服务器进行处理。收件人查找、合规性策略和其他邮件检查继续由客户端访问服务器处理。When you add an Edge Transport server to your hybrid deployment, it communicates with EOP on behalf of the internal Exchange 2013 Client Access and Mailbox servers. The Edge Transport server acts as a relay between the on-premises Mailbox server and EOP for outbound messaging from the on-premises organization to Exchange Online. The Edge Transport server also acts as a relay between the on-premises Client Access server for inbound messaging from the Exchange Online organization to the on-premises organization. All connection security previously handled by the Client Access server is handled by the Edge Transport server. Recipient lookup, compliance policies, and other message inspection, continue to be done on the Client Access server.

不使用边缘传输服务器的邮件流Mail flow without an Edge Transport server

下面的过程和关系图介绍时没有部署边缘传输服务器邮件采取内部部署组织和 Exchange Online 之间的路径:The following process and diagram describes the path messages take between an on-premises organization and Exchange Online when there isn't an Edge Transport server deployed:

  1. 从内部部署组织到 Exchange Online 组织中的收件人的出站邮件从 Exchange 2007 邮箱服务器上的邮箱发送到 Exchange 2007 集线器传输服务器。Outbound messages from the on-premises organization to recipients in the Exchange Online organization are sent from a mailbox on an Exchange 2007 Mailbox server to an Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server.

  2. Exchange 2007 集线器传输服务器将邮件发送到 Exchange 2013 邮箱服务器。The Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server sends the message to the Exchange 2013 Mailbox server.

  3. Exchange 2013 邮箱服务器直接向 Exchange Online EOP 公司发送邮件。The Exchange 2013 Mailbox server sends the message directly to the Exchange Online EOP company.

  4. EOP 将邮件传递到 Exchange Online 组织。在此示例中,客户端访问和邮箱服务器角色安装在同一 Exchange 2013 服务器上。EOP delivers the message to the Exchange Online organization. In this example, the Client Access and Mailbox server roles are installed on the same Exchange 2013 server.

从 Exchange Online 组织发送到内部部署组织中的收件人的邮件执行反向路由。Messages sent from the Exchange Online organization to recipients in the on-premises organization follow the reverse route.

未部署边缘传输服务器的混合部署中的邮件流Mail flow in a hybrid deployment without an Edge Transport server deployed

没有边缘服务器的内部部署组织

使用边缘传输服务器的邮件流Mail flow with an Edge Transport server

下面的过程介绍部署边缘传输服务器时,消息将采用内部部署组织和 Exchange Online 之间的路径。从 Exchange 2007 邮箱服务器发送来自内部部署组织到 Exchange Online 组织中的收件人的邮件:The following process describes the path messages take between an on-premises organization and Exchange Online when there is an Edge Transport server deployed. Messages from the on-premises organization to recipients in the Exchange Online organization are sent from the Exchange 2007 Mailbox server:

  1. 从内部部署组织到 Exchange Online 组织中的收件人的出站邮件从 Exchange 2007 邮箱服务器上的邮箱发送到 Exchange 2007 集线器传输服务器。Outbound messages from the on-premises organization to recipients in the Exchange Online organization are sent from a mailbox on an Exchange 2007 Mailbox server to an Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server.

  2. Exchange 2007 集线器传输服务器将邮件发送到 Exchange 2013 邮箱服务器。The Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server sends the message to the Exchange 2013 Mailbox server.

  3. Exchange 2013 邮箱服务器将邮件发送到 Exchange 2013 或 Exchange 2010 SP3 边缘传输服务器。The Exchange 2013 Mailbox server sends the message to an Exchange 2013 or Exchange 2010 SP3 Edge Transport server.

  4. 边缘传输服务器将邮件发送到 Exchange Online EOP 公司。The Edge Transport server sends the message to the Exchange Online EOP company.

  5. EOP 将邮件传递到 Exchange Online 组织。在此示例中,客户端访问和邮箱服务器角色安装在同一 Exchange 2013 服务器上。EOP delivers the message to the Exchange Online organization. In this example, the Client Access and Mailbox server roles are installed on the same Exchange 2013 server.

从 Exchange Online 组织发送到内部部署组织中的收件人的邮件执行反向路由。Messages sent from the Exchange Online organization to recipients in the on-premises organization follow the reverse route.

部署了 Exchange 2013 或 2010 SP3 边缘传输服务器的混合部署中的邮件流Mail flow in a hybrid deployment with an Exchange 2013 or 2010 SP3 Edge Transport server deployed

具有边缘服务器的内部部署组织