计划和部署Planning and deployment

适用于:Exchange Server 2013Applies to: Exchange Server 2013

是否需要指导执行Exchange安装?Do you need guidance doing an Exchange install? 本文提供了规划部署 Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 的指南,以及部署过程中需要的文章的链接。This article provides guidance for planning a deployment of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 as well as links to articles that you'll need during deployment.

以下各节包含一些链接,这些链接指向有关规划 2013 年 2013 Microsoft Exchange Server的信息。The following sections contain links to information about planning for and then deploying Microsoft Exchange Server 2013.

重要

在开始部署之前,请务必阅读Exchange 2013发行说明主题。Make sure you read the Release notes for Exchange 2013 topic before you begin your deployment. 发行说明包含有关在部署期间和之后可能遇到的问题的重要信息。The release notes contain important information on issues you might encounter during and after your deployment.

规划 2013 Exchange 2013Planning for Exchange 2013

使用以下链接访问可帮助您规划 2013 年 Exchange Server部署的信息。Use the following links to access information to help you plan the deployment of Exchange Server 2013 into your organization.

重要

请参阅本主题稍后将介绍在测试环境中安装 Exchange 2013 的测试环境。See Establish a Test Environment later in this topic about installing Exchange 2013 in a test environment.

  • 邮箱和客户端访问服务器:了解 2013 年 10 月版中包含的邮箱和Exchange服务器角色。Mailbox and Client Access servers: Learn about the Mailbox and Client Access server roles that are included with Exchange 2013.

  • Exchange 2013系统要求:了解在安装 2013 年 10 月之前,需要满足Exchange要求。Exchange 2013 system requirements: Understand the system requirements that need to be satisfied in your organization before you can install Exchange 2013.

  • Exchange 2013先决条件:了解需要安装哪些 Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1) 或 Windows Server 2012 功能以及其他需要安装才能成功安装 Exchange 2013 的软件。Exchange 2013 prerequisites: Learn which Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1) or Windows Server 2012 features and the other software that needs to be installed to perform a successful installation of Exchange 2013.

  • Exchange Server部署助理:使用此工具可生成用于规划、安装或升级到 Exchange 2013 的自定义检查表。Exchange Server Deployment Assistant: Use this tool to generate a customized checklist for planning, installing, or upgrading to Exchange 2013. 指南适用于多个场景,包括本地部署、混合部署或云部署。Guidance is available for multiple scenarios, including an on-premises, hybrid, or cloud deployment.

  • Active Directory:阅读本主题,了解 Exchange 2013 如何使用 Active Directory,以及 Active Directory 部署对 Exchange 部署有何影响。Active Directory: Read this topic to learn about how Exchange 2013 uses Active Directory and how your Active Directory deployment affects your Exchange deployment.

  • 反恶意软件保护:阅读本主题,了解 2013 年 10 月Exchange保护选项。Anti-malware protection: Read this topic to understand anti-malware protection options for Exchange 2013.

  • Exchange Server混合部署:阅读本主题有助于规划与 Microsoft Office 365 和本地 Exchange 2013 组织的混合部署。Exchange Server Hybrid Deployments: Read this topic to help you with planning a hybrid deployment with Microsoft Office 365 and your on-premises Exchange 2013 organization.

  • 规划高可用性和站点恢复:阅读本主题有助于规划实现高可用性和业务连续性要求。Planning for high availability and site resilience: Read this topic to help you with planning to achieve your high availability and business continuity requirements.

  • 与 SharePoint和 Lync 集成:阅读本主题,了解如何集成 Exchange 2013、Microsoft SharePoint 2013 和 Microsoft Lync 2013 以启用跨产品存档、保留和电子数据展示;网站邮箱;身份验证;Lync 状态;等。Integration with SharePoint and Lync: Read this topic to learn about integrating Exchange 2013, Microsoft SharePoint 2013, and Microsoft Lync 2013 to enable cross-product archiving, hold, and eDiscovery; site mailboxes; authentication; Lync presence; and more.

  • 规划统一消息:阅读本主题可了解有关规划 2013 Exchange消息的详细信息。Planning for Unified Messaging: Read this topic to learn more about planning for Exchange 2013 Unified Messaging.

  • Exchange 2013存储配置选项:阅读本主题,了解 Exchange 2013 邮箱服务器角色支持的存储体系结构、磁盘类型和存储配置。Exchange 2013 storage configuration options: Read this topic to learn about the storage architectures, disk types, and storage configurations supported by the Exchange 2013 Mailbox server role.

  • Exchange 2013虚拟化:阅读本主题,了解有关如何在虚拟化环境中部署 Exchange 2013 的详细信息。Exchange 2013 virtualization: Read this topic to learn more about how you can deploy Exchange 2013 in a virtualized environment.

  • Exchange 2013中的多租户:阅读本主题可了解有关如何配置 Exchange 2013 以托管多个离散组织或业务单位的详细信息,这些组织或业务单位通常不共享电子邮件、数据、用户、全局地址列表 () 或其他常用的 Exchange 对象。Multi-tenancy in Exchange 2013: Read this topic to learn more about how you can configure Exchange 2013 to host multiple and discrete organizations or business units that ordinarily don't share email, data, users, global address lists (GALs), or other commonly used Exchange objects.

  • Exchange开发技术:本主题包含有关应用程序编程接口 (API) 的重要信息,这些 API 可用于使用 Exchange 2013 的应用程序。Exchange Development Technologies: This topic contains important information about Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) that are available for applications that use Exchange 2013.

建立测试环境Establish a test environment

在首次Exchange安装 2013 之前,我们建议在隔离的测试环境中安装它。Before installing Exchange 2013 for the first time, we recommend that you install it in an isolated test environment. 此方法可降低最终用户发生故障的风险以及对生产环境的负面影响。This approach reduces the risk of end-user downtime and negative ramifications to the production environment.

测试环境将充当新 Exchange 2013 设计的"概念证明",并可以推进或回滚任何实现,然后再部署到生产环境。The test environment will act as your "proof of concept" for your new Exchange 2013 design and make it possible to move forward or roll back any implementations before deploying into your production environments. 采用专门的测试环境进行验证和测试,可针对未来的生产环境进行安装前的检查。Having an exclusive test environment for validation and testing allows you to do pre-installation checks for your future production environments. 通过首先在测试环境中安装,我们相信贵组织更加能够在完全生产实施中获得成功。By installing in a test environment first, we believe that your organization will have a better likelihood of success in a full production implementation.

对于很多组织,由于需要复制生产环境,因此建立测试实验室的成本可能很高。For many organizations, the costs of building a test lab may be high because of the need to duplicate the production environment. 为了降低原型实验室相关的硬件成本,我们建议使用 Windows Server 2008 R2 或 Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V 虚拟化。To reduce the hardware costs associated with a prototype lab, we recommend the use of virtualization by using Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V technologies. Hyper-V 实现了服务器虚拟化,从而使多个虚拟操作系统可运行于一台物理计算机上。Hyper-V enables server virtualization, allowing multiple virtual operating systems to run on a single physical machine.

如需了解 Hyper-V 的更多详情,请参阅 服务器虚拟化For more detailed information about Hyper-V, see Server Virtualization. 有关 Microsoft 支持将 Exchange 2013 用于硬件虚拟化软件生产的信息,请参阅Exchange 2013 system requirements中的"硬件虚拟化"。For information about Microsoft support of Exchange 2013 in production on hardware virtualization software, see "Hardware virtualization" in Exchange 2013 system requirements.

部署 2013 Exchange安装Deploying an installation of Exchange 2013

部署阶段是您将 Exchange 2013 安装到组织的阶段。The deployment phase is the period during which you install Exchange 2013 into your organization. 在开始部署阶段之前,应当先规划 Exchange 组织。Before you begin the deployment phase, you should plan your Exchange organization. 有关详细信息,请参阅本主题前面的Planning一节。For more information, see the Planning section earlier in this topic.

使用以下链接访问在 2013 年部署 Exchange的信息。Use the following links to access the information you need to help you with deploying Exchange 2013.

了解 Exchange 2013 安装程序Understanding Exchange 2013 Setup

您可以使用 2013 安装程序的Exchange和模式来安装和维护 Exchange 2013 的各种版本。You can use different types and modes of Exchange 2013 Setup to install and maintain the various editions and versions of Exchange 2013.

Exchange 版次和版本Exchange editions and versions

Exchange 2013 有两种服务器版本:Standard Edition 和 Enterprise Edition。Exchange 2013 is available in two server editions: Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition. 这是由产品密钥定义的两种授权版本。These are licensing editions that are defined by a product key. 有关详细信息,请参阅 许可常见问题For more information, see Exchange licensing FAQs.

Exchange 安装程序的类型Types of Exchange Setup

对于 2013 安装程序,Exchange选项:You have the following options for Exchange 2013 Setup:

  • Exchange安装程序 UI:Setup.exe 任何命令行开关运行安装程序可提供交互式体验,其中由 Exchange 2013 安装向导指导。Exchange Setup UI: Running Setup.exe without any command-line switches provides an interactive experience where you are guided by the Exchange 2013 Setup wizard.

  • Exchange无人 参与安装:Setup.exe命令行开关运行安装程序使您可以从Exchange命令行或脚本安装安装程序。Exchange Unattended Setup: Running Setup.exe with command-line switches enables you to install Exchange from an interactive command line or through a script.

Setup.exe 2013 DVD Exchange下载的源文件中提供。Setup.exe is available from the Exchange 2013 DVD or the downloaded source files.

Exchange 安装程序的模式Modes of Exchange Setup

2013 Exchange安装程序包括几种安装模式:Setup for Exchange 2013 includes several installation modes:

  • 安装:当正在安装新的服务器角色,或将服务器角色添加到现有的安装(维护模式)时,使用此模式。Install: Use this mode when you're installing a new server role or adding a server role to an existing installation (maintenance mode). 可以通过 Exchange 安装向导和无人值守安装使用此模式。You can use this mode from both the Exchange Setup wizard and the unattended install.

  • 卸载:从计算机中删除安装Exchange使用此模式。Uninstall: Use this mode when you're removing the Exchange installation from a computer. 可以通过 Exchange 安装向导和无人值守安装使用此模式。You can use this mode from both the Exchange Setup wizard and the unattended install.

  • 升级:选择此模式,在安装现有 Exchange安装累积更新或 Service Pack 时。Upgrade: Select this mode used when you have an existing installation of Exchange and you're installing a cumulative update or service pack. 可以通过 Exchange 安装向导和无人值守安装使用此模式。You can use this mode from both the Exchange Setup wizard and the unattended install.

    备注

    Exchange 2013 不支持从早期版本的 Exchange 进行就地升级。Exchange 2013 doesn't support in-place upgrades from previous versions of Exchange. 此模式仅用于安装累积更新或 Service Pack。This mode is used only to install cumulative updates or service packs.

  • RecoverServer:在服务器发生灾难性故障,你需要恢复数据时使用此模式。RecoverServer: Use this mode when there has been a catastrophic failure of a server, and you need to recover data. 必须使用与出现故障的服务器相同的完全限定域名 (FQDN) 来安装服务器,然后使用 /m:RecoverServer 开关运行安装程序。You must install a server using the same fully qualified domain name (FQDN) as the failed server, and then run Setup with the /m:RecoverServer switch. 不要指定要还原的角色。Don't specify the roles to restore. 安装程序在 Active Directory 中检测 Exchange Server 对象,并自动安装相应的文件和配置。Setup detects the Exchange Server object in Active Directory and installs the corresponding files and configuration automatically. 恢复服务器后,可以还原数据库并重新配置其他所有设置。After you recover the server, you can restore databases and reconfigure any additional settings. 若要在 RecoverServer 模式下运行,则服务器上不能安装 Exchange。To run in RecoverServer mode, you can't have Exchange installed on the server. Exchange 服务器对象必须位于 Active Directory 中。The Exchange server object must exist in Active Directory. 只能在无人值守安装过程中使用此模式。You can only use this mode during an unattended installation.

备注

您必须完成一种模式的安装后才能使用另一种模式。You must complete one mode of Setup before you can use another mode.

详细信息For more information

Exchange 2013 中的 IPv6 支持IPv6 support in Exchange 2013

Exchange 2013 中的 Exchange 管理中心Exchange admin center in Exchange 2013

Exchange 2013 语言支持Exchange 2013 language support

Exchange 2013 准备情况检查Exchange 2013 readiness checks