管理用户邮箱Manage user mailboxes

创建用户邮箱后,您可以使用 EAC 或命令行管理程序进行更改和设置其他属性。After you create a user mailbox, you can make changes and set additional properties by using the EAC or the Shell.

在开始之前,您需要知道什么?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 完成每个用户邮箱任务的估计时间:2 至 5 分钟。Estimated time to complete each user mailbox task: 2 to 5 minutes.

  • 您必须先获得权限,然后才能执行此过程或多个过程。若要查看所需的权限,请参阅 Mailbox Permissions主题中的"收件人设置权限"部分。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "Recipient Provisioning Permissions" section in the Mailbox Permissions topic.

  • 若要了解可能适用于此主题中过程的键盘快捷键,请参阅 Exchange 管理中心内的键盘快捷键For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

遇到问题了吗?请在 Exchange 论坛中寻求帮助。 请访问以下论坛:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online Protection。.Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at Exchange Server,Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection..

您想执行什么操作?What do you want to do?

更改用户邮箱属性Change user mailbox properties

使用 EAC 更改用户邮箱属性Use the EAC to change user mailbox properties

  1. 在 EAC 中,导航到收件人 > 邮箱In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Mailboxes.

  2. 在用户邮箱列表中,单击您想要更改的属性,邮箱,然后单击编辑编辑图标In the list of user mailboxes, click the mailbox that you want to change the properties for, and then click EditEdit icon.

  3. 在邮箱属性页上,您可以更改任何以下属性。On the mailbox properties page, you can change any of the following properties.

    • 常规General

    • 邮箱用量Mailbox Usage

    • 联系人信息Contact Information

    • 组织Organization

    • 电子邮件地址Email Address

    • 邮箱功能Mailbox Features

    • 成员属于Member Of

    • 邮件提示MailTip

    • 邮箱委派Mailbox Delegation

常规General

使用常规部分可以查看或更改有关用户基本信息。Use the General section to view or change basic information about the user.

  • 缩写姓氏First name, Initials, Last name

  • *名称这是在 Active Directory 中列出的名称。如果更改此名称,它不能超过 64 个字符。* Name This is the name that's listed in Active Directory. If you change this name, it can't exceed 64 characters.

  • *显示名称*** 此名称将出现在贵组织的通讯簿上: 以及从: 在电子邮件,并在邮箱列表中的行。此名称不能包含空格之前, 或之后的显示名称。* Display name **** This name appears in your organization's address book, on the To: and From: lines in email, and in the Mailbox list. This name can't contain empty spaces before or after the display name.

  • *别名此选项指定用户的电子邮件别名。用户的别名是上的左边界的电子邮件地址的部分在 (@) 符号。它必须是唯一的林中。* Alias This specifies the email alias for the user. The user's alias is the portion of the email address on the left side of the at (@) symbol. It must be unique in the forest.

  • *用户登录名这是用户用于登录到其邮箱和登录到域的名称。用户登录名通常包含左侧的用户的别名 @ 符号和域名的用户帐户所在的右侧 @ 符号。* User logon name This is the name that the user uses to sign in to their mailbox and to log on to the domain. Typically the user logon name consists of the user's alias on the left side of the @ symbol, and the domain name in which the user account resides on the right side of the @ symbol.

    备注

    此框被标记为用户 ID In Exchange Online。This box is labeled User ID In Exchange Online.

  • 需要在下次登录的密码更改如果您希望用户的下次登录到其邮箱时重置其密码,请选中此复选框。Require password change on next logon Select this check box if you want the user to reset their password the next time they sign in to their mailbox.

    备注

    此复选框在 Exchange Online 中不可用。This check box isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 地址列表中隐藏选中此复选框以禁止在通讯簿和其他 Exchange 组织中定义的地址列表中显示的收件人。选中此复选框后,用户可以仍发送邮件给收件人使用的电子邮件地址。Hide from address lists Select this check box to prevent the recipient from appearing in the address book and other address lists that are defined in your Exchange organization. After you select this check box, users can still send messages to the recipient by using the email address.

单击更多选项以查看或更改这些附加属性:Click More options to view or change these additional properties:

  • 组织单位此只读框显示包含用户帐户的组织单位 (OU)。您必须使用 Active Directory 用户和计算机的用户帐户移到不同的 OU。Organizational unit This read-only box displays the organizational unit (OU) that contains the user account. You have to use Active Directory Users and Computers to move the user account to a different OU.

    备注

    此框在 Exchange Online 中不可用。This box isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 邮箱数据库此只读框显示承载邮箱的邮箱数据库的名称。要将邮箱移动到其他数据库,在邮箱列表中,选择它,然后单击详细信息窗格中的移动到另一个数据库的邮箱Mailbox database This read-only box displays the name of the mailbox database that hosts the mailbox. To move the mailbox to a different database, select it in the mailbox list, and then click Move mailbox to another database in the Details pane.

    备注

    此选项在 Exchange Online 中不可用。This option isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 自定义属性此部分显示为该用户邮箱定义的自定义属性。若要指定自定义属性的值,请单击编辑。您可以指定收件人的最多包含 15 自定义属性。Custom attributes This section displays the custom attributes defined for the user mailbox. To specify custom attribute values, click Edit. You can specify up to 15 custom attributes for the recipient.

邮箱用量Mailbox Usage

使用邮箱使用情况部分可以查看或更改邮箱存储配额和邮箱的已删除的邮件保留设置。创建邮箱时,将默认情况下配置这些设置。他们使用的邮箱数据库配置,并将应用于该数据库中所有邮箱的值。您可以自定义这些设置每个邮箱而不是使用的邮箱数据库默认值。Use the Mailbox Usage section to view or change the mailbox storage quota and deleted item retention settings for the mailbox. These settings are configured by default when the mailbox is created. They use the values that are configured for the mailbox database and apply to all mailboxes in that database. You can customize these settings for each mailbox instead of using the mailbox database defaults.

  • 上次登录此只读框显示用户登录到其邮箱的最后一次。Last logon This read-only box displays the last time that the user signed in to their mailbox.

  • 邮箱使用情况此区域显示邮箱的总大小和已使用总体邮箱配额的百分比。Mailbox usage This area shows the total size of the mailbox and the percentage of the total mailbox quota that has been used.

备注

为了获取前两个框中显示的信息,EAC 将查询托管邮箱的邮箱数据库。如果 EAC 无法与包含邮箱数据库的 Exchange 存储通信,这些框将为空。如果用户还没有首次登录邮箱,则会显示警告消息。To obtain the information that's displayed in the previous two boxes, the EAC queries the mailbox database that hosts the mailbox. If the EAC is unable to communicate with the Exchange store that contains the mailbox database, these boxes will be blank. A warning message is displayed if the user hasn't signed in to the mailbox for the first time.

单击更多选项以查看或更改邮箱存储配额和邮箱的已删除的邮件保留设置。Click More options to view or change the mailbox storage quota and the deleted item retention settings for the mailbox.

备注

这些设置在 Exchange Online 中的 EAC 中不可用。These settings aren't available in the EAC in Exchange Online.

  • 存储配额设置自定义这些设置的邮箱和未使用的邮箱数据库默认值,单击自定义此邮箱的设置,键入一个新值,然后单击保存Storage quota settings To customize these settings for the mailbox and not use the mailbox database defaults, click Customize the settings for this mailbox, type a new value, and then click Save.

    任何存储配额设置的值范围介于 0 到 2047 千兆字节 (GB) 之间。The value range for any of the storage quota settings is from 0 through 2047 gigabytes (GB).

    • 问题在 (GB) 的警告向用户发出警告之前,此框显示最大存储限制。如果邮箱大小达到或超出指定的值,则 Exchange 向用户发送一条警告消息。Issue a warning at (GB) This box displays the maximum storage limit before a warning is issued to the user. If the mailbox size reaches or exceeds the value specified, Exchange sends a warning message to the user.

    • 禁止发送 (GB) 此框显示邮箱的禁止发送限制。如果邮箱大小达到或超出指定的限制,Exchange 禁止用户发送新邮件,并显示一条描述性错误消息。Prohibit send at (GB) This box displays the prohibit send limit for the mailbox. If the mailbox size reaches or exceeds the specified limit, Exchange prevents the user from sending new messages and displays a descriptive error message.

    • 禁止发送和接收 (GB) 此框显示禁止发送和接收的邮箱的限制。如果邮箱大小达到或超出指定的限制,Exchange 防止邮箱用户发送新邮件,并不会将任何新的邮件传递到邮箱。发送到邮箱任何邮件返回给发件人一条描述性错误消息。Prohibit send and receive at (GB) This box displays the prohibit send and receive limit for the mailbox. If the mailbox size reaches or exceeds the specified limit, Exchange prevents the mailbox user from sending new messages and won't deliver any new messages to the mailbox. Any messages sent to the mailbox are returned to the sender with a descriptive error message.

  • 已删除邮件保留设置自定义这些设置的邮箱和未使用的邮箱数据库默认值,单击自定义此邮箱的设置,键入一个新值,然后单击保存Deleted item retention settings To customize these settings for the mailbox and not use the mailbox database defaults, click Customize the settings for this mailbox, type a new value, and then click Save.

    • 保留已删除项目的期限 (天) 此框显示,它们被永久删除,而且用户将无法恢复之前保留的已删除项的时间长度。创建邮箱后,此值基于配置邮箱数据库的已删除的邮件保留设置。默认情况下的邮箱数据库配置为 14 天保留已删除的邮件。此属性的值范围是从 0 到 24855 天。Keep deleted items for (days) This box displays the length of time that deleted items are retained before they are permanently deleted and can't be recovered by the user. When the mailbox is created, this value is based on the deleted item retention settings configured for the mailbox database. By default, a mailbox database is configured to retain deleted items for 14 days. The value range for this property is from 0 through 24855 days.

    • 不永久删除项目之前备份数据库选中此复选框可阻止邮箱和电子邮件来自邮箱所在的邮箱数据库备份后,才要删除的邮件。Don't permanently delete items until the database is backed up Select this check box to prevent mailboxes and email messages from being deleted until after the mailbox database on which the mailbox is located has been backed up.

联系人信息Contact Information

使用联系人信息部分可以查看或更改用户的联系人信息。在通讯簿中显示此页上的信息。单击更多选项以显示其他框。Use the Contact Information section to view or change the user's contact information. The information on this page is displayed in the address book. Click More options to display additional boxes.

提示

您可以使用州/省框中,创建动态通讯组、 电子邮件地址策略或地址列表的收件人条件。You can use the State/Province box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

邮箱用户可以使用 Outlook 或 Outlook Web App 查看和更改他们自己的联系信息。但不是能更改备注网页框中的信息。Mailbox users can use Outlook or Outlook Web App to view and change their own contact information. But they can't change the information in the Notes and Web page boxes.

组织Organization

组织部分用于组织中记录有关用户的角色的详细的信息。在通讯簿中显示此信息。此外,您可以创建可从如 Outlook 电子邮件客户端访问虚拟组织图表。Use the Organization section to record detailed information about the user's role in the organization. This information is displayed in the address book. Also, you can create a virtual organization chart that is accessible from email clients such as Outlook.

  • 标题使用此框可以查看或更改收件人的职务。Title Use this box to view or change the recipient's title.

  • 部门使用此框可以查看或更改用户工作方式的部门。您可以使用此框创建收件人条件为动态通讯组,电子邮件地址策略或地址列表。Department Use this box to view or change the department in which the user works. You can use this box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

  • 公司使用此框可以查看或更改的公司用户工作方式。您可以使用此框创建收件人条件为动态通讯组,电子邮件地址策略或地址列表。Company Use this box to view or change the company for which the user works. You can use this box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

  • 管理器若要添加管理器,请单击浏览选择管理器中选择的人员,,然后单击确定Manager To add a manager, click Browse. In Select Manager, select a person, and then click OK.

  • 直接下属不能修改此框。直接报表是向特定经理报告的用户。如果已指定用户的管理员,该用户将显示为经理的邮箱的详细信息中的直接报告。例如,付管理 Chris 和 Kate,因此 Chris 的邮箱和 Kate 的邮箱的管理器框中指定付的邮箱和 Chris 并 Kate 付的邮箱的属性中的直接下属框中显示。Direct reports You can't modify this box. A direct report is a user who reports to a specific manager. If you've specified a manager for the user, that user appears as a direct report in the details of the manager's mailbox. For example, Kari manages Chris and Kate, so Kari's mailbox is specified in the Manager box of Chris's mailbox and Kate's mailbox, and Chris and Kate appear in the Direct reports box in the properties of Kari's mailbox.

电子邮件地址Email Address

使用电子邮件地址部分可以查看或更改与用户邮箱关联的电子邮件地址。这包括用户的主 SMTP 地址和任何关联的代理地址。在地址列表中,使用类型列中的大写SMTP值的加粗文本中显示的主 SMTP 地址 (也称为默认答复地址)。Use the Email Address section to view or change the email addresses associated with the user mailbox. This includes the user's primary SMTP address and any associated proxy addresses. The primary SMTP address (also known as the default reply address) is displayed in bold text in the address list, with the uppercase SMTP value in the Type column.

  • 添加单击 * * 添加 * 添加图标添加此邮箱的新电子邮件地址。选择以下地址类型之一:Add* Click ** Add **Add Icon to add a new email address for this mailbox. Select one of following address types:

    • SMTP这是默认地址类型。单击此按钮,然后键入新的 SMTP 地址,在*电子邮件地址框。SMTP This is the default address type. Click this button and then type the new SMTP address in the * Email address box.

    • EUMMicrosoft Exchange 统一消息服务使用的 EUM (Exchange 统一消息) 地址找到 Exchange 组织内的启用 UM 的用户。EUM 地址包含的分机号码,并且的 UM 拨号计划的启用 UM 的用户。单击此按钮,在地址/扩展名框中键入分机号。单击浏览,然后选择用户拨号计划。EUM An EUM (Exchange Unified Messaging) address is used by the Microsoft Exchange Unified Messaging service to locate UM-enabled users within an Exchange organization. EUM addresses consist of the extension number and the UM dial plan for the UM-enabled user. Click this button and type the extension number in the Address/Extension box. Then click Browse and select a dial plan for the user.

    • 自定义地址类型单击此按钮,然后键入中支持的非 SMTP 电子邮件地址类型之一*电子邮件地址框。Custom address type Click this button and type one of the supported non-SMTP email address types in the * Email address box.

      备注

      除 X.400 地址以外,Exchange 不验证自定义地址的格式是否正确。您必须确保所指定的自定义地址符合该地址类型的格式要求。With the exception of X.400 addresses, Exchange doesn't validate custom addresses for proper formatting. You must make sure that the custom address you specify complies with the format requirements for that address type.

    • 使其作为回复地址在 Exchange Online 中,您可以选择此复选框可将新的电子邮件地址的邮箱的主 SMTP 地址。此复选框不可用在 EAC 中在 Exchange 2013。Make this the reply address In Exchange Online, you can select this check box to make the new email address the primary SMTP address for the mailbox. This check box isn't available in the EAC in Exchange 2013.

  • 自动更新基于电子邮件地址策略应用于此收件人的电子邮件地址基于电子邮件地址策略,组织中的所做的更改的情况下选中此复选框进行自动更新的收件人的电子邮件地址。默认情况下,此框为选中状态。Automatically update email addresses based on the email address policy applied to this recipient Select this check box to have the recipient's email addresses automatically updated based on changes made to email address policies in your organization. This box is selected by default.

    备注

    此复选框在 Exchange Online 中不可用。This check box isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 将其作为回复地址Make this the reply address

邮箱功能Mailbox Features

使用邮箱功能部分可以查看或更改下列邮箱功能和设置:Use the Mailbox Features section to view or change the following mailbox features and settings:

  • 共享策略此框显示共享策略应用于邮箱。共享策略控制如何在组织中的用户可与贵 Exchange 组织之外的用户共享日历和联系人信息。在创建时,默认共享策略被分配给邮箱。若要更改分配给用户的共享策略,请选择一个不同从下拉列表。Sharing policy This box shows the sharing policy applied to the mailbox. A sharing policy controls how users in your organization can share calendar and contact information with users outside your Exchange organization. The Default Sharing Policy is assigned to mailboxes when they are created. To change the sharing policy that's assigned to the user, select a different one from the drop-down list.

  • 角色分配策略此框显示分配给邮箱角色分配策略。角色分配策略指定分配给用户和控制特定邮箱和通讯组配置设置用户可以修改的基于角色的访问控制 (RBAC) 角色。若要更改分配给用户的角色分配策略,请选择一个不同从下拉列表。Role assignment policy This box shows the role assignment policy assigned to the mailbox. The role assignment policy specifies the role-based access control (RBAC) roles that are assigned to the user and control what specific mailbox and distribution group configuration settings users can modify. To change the role assignment policy that's assigned to the user, select a different one from the drop-down list.

  • 保留策略此框显示分配给邮箱的保留策略。保留策略是一组应用于用户邮箱的保留标记。它们将允许您控制长用户邮箱中保留项目,并定义项目中的已到达一定期限采取什么操作。在创建时,将保留策略不分配给邮箱。若要将保留策略分配给用户,选择从下拉列表。Retention policy This box shows the retention policy assigned to the mailbox. A retention policy is a group of retention tags that are applied to the user's mailbox. They allow you to control how long to keep items in users' mailboxes and define what action to take on items that have reached a certain age. A retention policy isn't assigned to mailboxes when they are created. To assign a retention policy to the user, select one from the drop-down list.

  • 通讯簿策略此框显示应用于邮箱的通讯簿策略。为特定的组,以提供的通讯簿的自定义的视图中,通讯簿策略允许您向条线段用户。若要应用或更改应用于邮箱的通讯簿策略,请选择从下拉列表。Address book policy This box shows the address book policy applied to the mailbox. An address book policy allows you to segment users into specific groups to provide customized views of the address book. To apply or change the address book policy applied to the mailbox, select one from the drop-down list.

  • 统一消息默认情况下禁用此功能。启用统一消息 (UM) 时,用户将能够使用您的组织的统一消息功能,和一组默认的 UM 属性应用到用户。单击启用以启用 UM 的邮箱。有关如何启用 UM 的信息,请参阅启用语音邮件的用户Unified Messaging This feature is disabled by default. When you enable Unified Messaging (UM), the user will be able to use your organization's UM features and a default set of UM properties are applied to the user. Click Enable to enable UM for the mailbox. For information about how to enable UM, see Enable a user for voice mail.

    备注

    必须有 UM 拨号计划以及 UM 邮箱策略方可启用 UM。A UM dial plan and a UM mailbox policy must exist before you can enable UM.

  • 移动设备使用此部分可以查看和更改 Exchange ActiveSync,默认情况下启用的设置。Exchange ActiveSync 通过移动设备启用对 Exchange 邮箱的访问。单击禁用 Exchange ActiveSync以对该邮箱禁用此功能。Mobile Devices Use this section to view and change the settings for Exchange ActiveSync, which is enabled by default. Exchange ActiveSync enables access to an Exchange mailbox from a mobile device. Click Disable Exchange ActiveSync to disable this feature for the mailbox.

  • Outlook Web App默认情况下启用此功能。Outlook Web App 在 web 浏览器中启用对 Exchange 邮箱的访问。单击禁用为该邮箱禁用 Outlook Web App。单击编辑详细信息要添加或更改邮箱的 Outlook Web App 邮箱策略。Outlook Web App This feature is enabled by default. Outlook Web App enables access to an Exchange mailbox from a web browser. Click Disable to disable Outlook Web App for the mailbox. Click Edit details to add or change an Outlook Web App mailbox policy for the mailbox.

  • IMAP默认情况下启用此功能。单击禁用为该邮箱禁用 IMAP。IMAP This feature is enabled by default. Click Disable to disable IMAP for the mailbox.

  • POP3默认情况下启用此功能。单击禁用为该邮箱禁用 POP3。POP3 This feature is enabled by default. Click Disable to disable POP3 for the mailbox.

  • MAPI默认情况下启用此功能。MAPI 从如 Outlook MAPI 客户端启用对 Exchange 邮箱的访问。单击禁用为该邮箱禁用 MAPI。MAPI This feature is enabled by default. MAPI enables access to an Exchange mailbox from a MAPI client such as Outlook. Click Disable to disable MAPI for the mailbox.

  • 诉讼保留默认情况下禁用此功能。诉讼保留中保留已删除的邮箱项目和记录所做的邮箱项目。发现搜索在搜索返回已删除的项目和更改的项目的所有实例。单击启用该选项将邮箱置于诉讼保留状态。如果邮箱置于诉讼保留状态,请单击禁用以删除诉讼保留。邮箱置于诉讼保留的非活动邮箱,不能删除。若要删除邮箱,删除诉讼保留。如果邮箱置于诉讼保留状态,请单击编辑详细信息查看和更改以下诉讼保留设置:Litigation hold This feature is disabled by default. Litigation hold preserves deleted mailbox items and records changes made to mailbox items. Deleted items and all instances of changed items are returned in a discovery search. Click Enable to put the mailbox on litigation hold. If the mailbox is on litigation hold, click Disable to remove the litigation hold. Mailboxes on litigation hold are inactive mailboxes and can't be deleted. To delete the mailbox, remove the litigation hold. If the mailbox is on litigation hold, click Edit details to view and change the following litigation hold settings:

    • 保留日期此只读框指示的日期和时间邮箱置于诉讼保留的时间。Hold date This read-only box indicates the date and time when the mailbox was put on litigation hold.

    • 保留者此只读框指示的用户的将邮箱置于诉讼保留。Put on hold by This read-only box indicates the user who put the mailbox on litigation hold.

    • 注释使用此框可以通知用户有关诉讼保留、 解释邮箱置于诉讼保留或其他指导信息提供给用户,如告知他们诉讼保留不会影响日常使用的电子邮件。Note Use this box to notify the user about the litigation hold, explain why the mailbox is on litigation hold, or provide additional guidance to the user, such as informing them that the litigation hold won't affect their day-to-day use of email.

    • URL使用此框可以提供邮箱上提供的信息或诉讼保留指导的网站的 URL。URL Use this box to provide a URL to a website that provides information or guidance about the litigation hold on the mailbox.

      备注

      仅当他们使用的 Outlook 2010 或更高版本,这些框中的文本出现在用户邮箱中。它不会出现在 Outlook Web App 或其他电子邮件客户端。若要查看的注释和 URL 的文本框在 Outlook 中,单击文件选项卡,在信息页上的帐户设置下,您将看到诉讼保留批注。The text from these boxes appears in the user's mailbox only if they are using Outlook 2010 or later versions. It doesn't appear in Outlook Web App or other email clients. To view the text from the Note and URL boxes in Outlook, click the File tab, and on the Info page, under Account Settings, you'll see the litigation hold comment.

  • 存档如果存档邮箱不存在用户,此功能将被禁用。若要启用存档邮箱,请单击启用。如果用户具有存档邮箱的存档邮箱大小和显示使用统计信息。单击编辑详细信息查看和更改以下存档邮箱设置:Archiving If an archive mailbox doesn't exist for the user, this feature is disabled. To enable an archive mailbox, click Enable. If the user has an archive mailbox, the size of the archive mailbox and usage statistics are displayed. Click Edit details to view and change the following archive mailbox settings:

    • 状态此只读框指示是否存在存档邮箱。Status This read-only box indicates whether an archive mailbox exists.

    • 数据库此只读框显示承载存档邮箱的邮箱数据库的名称。此框在 Exchange Online 中不可用。Database This read-only box shows the name of the mailbox database that hosts the archive mailbox. This box isn't available in Exchange Online.

    • 名称在此框中键入存档邮箱的名称。此名称将显示在 Outlook 或 Outlook Web App 中的文件夹列表下。Name Type the name of the archive mailbox in this box. This name is displayed under the folder list in Outlook or Outlook Web App.

    • 存档配额 (GB) 此框显示存档邮箱的总大小。若要更改大小,在框中键入新值,或从下拉列表中选择一个值。Archive quota (GB) This box shows the total size of the archive mailbox. To change the size, type a new value in the box or select a value from the drop-down list.

    • 发出警告 (GB) 此框显示存档邮箱的最大存储限制之前向用户发出警告。存档邮箱大小达到或超出指定的值,如果 Exchange 向用户发送一条警告消息。若要更改此限制,在框中键入新值,或从下拉列表中选择一个值。Issue warning at (GB) This box shows the maximum storage limit for the archive mailbox before a warning is issued to the user. If the archive mailbox size reaches or exceeds the value specified, Exchange sends a warning message to the user. To change this limit, type a new value in the box or select a value from the drop-down list.

      备注

      在 Exchange Online 中不能更改存档邮箱的存档配额和警告发出配额。The archive quota and the issue warning quota for the archive mailbox can't be changed in Exchange Online.

  • 传递选项使用转发电子邮件发送给用户到另一个收件人并设置用户可以向其发送邮件的收件人的最大数量。单击查看详细信息,以查看和更改这些设置。Delivery Options Use to forward email messages sent to the user to another recipient and to set the maximum number of recipients that the user can send a message to. Click View details to view and change these settings.

    • 转发地址选择启用转发复选框,然后单击浏览以显示选择邮件用户和邮箱页。使用此页面选择要向其转移到此邮箱发送的所有电子邮件的收件人。Forwarding address Select the Enable forwarding check box and then click Browse to display the Select Mail User and Mailbox page. Use this page to select a recipient to whom you want to forward all email messages that are sent to this mailbox.

    • 传递到转发地址和邮箱的邮件以便邮件将传递到转发地址和用户的邮箱,请选中此复选框。Deliver message to both forwarding address and mailbox Select this check box so that messages will be delivered to both the forwarding address and the user's mailbox.

    • 收件人限制此设置控制用户可以向其发送邮件的收件人的最大数。选择最大收件人复选框,以限制在允许的收件人数:,抄送:,和密件抄送: 框的电子邮件消息,然后指定的最大收件人数。Recipient limit This setting controls the maximum number of recipients the user can send a message to. Select the Maximum recipients check box to limit the number of recipients allowed in the To:, Cc:, and Bcc: boxes of an email message and then specify the maximum number of recipients.

      备注

      对于内部部署 Exchange 组织,收件人数目不受限。对于 Exchange 在线组织,限制是 500 个收件人。For on-premises Exchange organizations, the recipient limit is unlimited. For Exchange Online organizations, the limit is 500 recipients.

  • 邮件大小限制这些设置控制用户可以发送和接收的邮件的大小。单击查看详细信息查看和更改发送和接收消息的最大大小。Message Size Restrictions These settings control the size of messages that the user can send and receive. Click View details to view and change maximum size for sent and received messages.

    备注

    在 Exchange Online 中不能更改这些设置。These settings can't be changed in Exchange Online.

    • 已发送邮件要指定此用户发送的消息的最大大小,请选择最大邮件大小 (KB) 复选框,并在框中键入一个值。邮件大小必须介于 0 到 2,097,151 KB 之间。如果用户发送一条消息大于指定大小,将向条描述性错误消息的用户返回的消息。Sent messages To specify a maximum size for messages sent by this user, select the Maximum message size (KB) check box and type a value in the box. The message size must be between 0 and 2,097,151 KB. If the user sends a message larger than the specified size, the message will be returned to the user with a descriptive error message.

    • 收到的邮件要指定此用户接收消息的最大大小,请选择最大邮件大小 (KB) 复选框,并在框中键入一个值。邮件大小必须介于 0 到 2,097,151 KB 之间。如果用户收到一条消息大于指定大小,将向条描述性错误消息发件人返回的消息。Received messages To specify a maximum size for messages received by this user, select the Maximum message size (KB) check box and type a value in the box. The message size must be between 0 and 2,097,151 KB. If the user receives a message larger than the specified size, the message will be returned to the sender with a descriptive error message.

  • 邮件传递限制这些设置控制可以向此用户发送电子邮件。单击查看详细信息,以查看和更改这些限制。Message Delivery Restrictions These settings control who can send email messages to this user. Click View details to view and change these restrictions.

    • 从接受邮件使用此部分可以指定哪些用户可以向此用户发送邮件。Accept messages from Use this section to specify who can send messages to this user.

    • 所有发件人选择此选项可指定用户可以接受来自所有发件人的邮件。这包括两个发件人在您的 Exchange 组织和外部发件人。默认情况下已选择此选项。仅当您清除要求所有发件人均通过身份验证复选框,则此选项包括外部用户。如果选中此复选框,则将被拒绝来自外部用户的消息。All senders Select this option to specify that the user can accept messages from all senders. This includes both senders in your Exchange organization and external senders. This option is selected by default. This option includes external users only if you clear the Require that all senders are authenticated check box. If you select this check box, messages from external users will be rejected.

    • 仅以下列表中的发件选择此选项可指定用户可以接受只能从一组指定的 Exchange 组织中的发件人的邮件。单击添加添加图标以显示选择收件人页,其中显示 Exchange 组织中的所有收件人的列表。选择您希望的收件人,将其添加到列表中,然后单击确定。此外可以通过在搜索框中键入收件人的姓名,然后单击搜索搜索特定收件人的搜索图标Only senders in the following list Select this option to specify that the user can accept messages only from a specified set of senders in your Exchange organization. Click AddAdd Icon to display the Select Recipients page, which displays a list of all recipients in your Exchange organization. Select the recipients you want, add them to the list, and then click OK. You can also search for a specific recipient by typing the recipient's name in the search box and then clicking SearchSearch icon.

    • 要求所有发件人均通过身份验证选择此选项可防止匿名用户向用户发送邮件。Require that all senders are authenticated Select this option to prevent anonymous users from sending messages to the user.

    • 拒绝来自邮件使用此部分块人将邮件发送至该用户。Reject messages from Use this section to block people from sending messages to this user.

    • 没有发件人选择此选项可指定邮箱不会拒绝来自 Exchange 组织中任何发件人的邮件。默认情况下已选择此选项。No senders Select this option to specify that the mailbox won't reject messages from any senders in the Exchange organization. This option is selected by default.

    • 以下列表中的发件人选择此选项可指定邮箱将拒绝来自一组指定的 Exchange 组织中的发件人的邮件。单击添加添加图标以显示选择收件人页,其中显示 Exchange 组织中的所有收件人的列表。选择您希望的收件人,将其添加到列表中,然后单击确定。此外可以通过在搜索框中键入收件人的姓名,然后单击搜索搜索特定收件人的搜索图标Senders in the following list Select this option to specify that the mailbox will reject messages from a specified set of senders in your Exchange organization. Click AddAdd Icon to display the Select Recipients page, which displays a list of all recipients in your Exchange organization. Select the recipients you want, add them to the list, and then click OK. You can also search for a specific recipient by typing the recipient's name in the search box and then clicking SearchSearch icon.

成员属于Member Of

使用隶属于部分可以查看通讯组或安全组对此用户所属的列表。您无法更改此页上的成员身份信息。请注意,用户可能匹配您的组织中的一个或多个动态通讯组的条件。但是,动态通讯组由于每次计算其成员身份不显示此页上使用它们。Use the Member Of section to view a list of the distribution groups or security groups to which this user belongs. You can't change membership information on this page. Note that the user may match the criteria for one or more dynamic distribution groups in your organization. However, dynamic distribution groups aren't displayed on this page because their membership is calculated each time they are used.

邮件提示MailTip

使用邮件提示部分到此收件人发送邮件时的潜在问题的警报用户添加邮件提示。邮件提示是此收件人添加到收件人、 抄送或密件抄送框中的新电子邮件时,信息栏中显示的文本。Use the MailTip section to add a MailTip to alert users of potential issues if they send a message to this recipient. A MailTip is text that is displayed in the InfoBar when this recipient is added to the To, Cc, or Bcc boxes of a new email message.

备注

邮件提示可包含 HTML 标记,但不允许包含脚本。自定义邮件提示的长度不能超过 175 个显示的字符。此字符限制不计入 HTML 标记。MailTips can include HTML tags, but scripts aren't allowed. The length of a custom MailTip can't exceed 175 displayed characters. HTML tags aren't counted in the limit.

邮箱委派Mailbox Delegation

邮箱委派部分用于将权限分配给其他用户 (也称为代理人) 以允许他们登录到用户的邮箱或代表用户发送邮件。您可以分配以下权限:Use the Mailbox Delegation section to assign permissions to other users (also called delegates) to allow them to sign in to the user's mailbox or send messages on behalf of the user. You can assign the following permissions:

  • 作为发送此权限允许使用邮箱发送邮件的邮箱所有者以外的用户。此权限分配给代理人后,将会出现任何代理从此邮箱发送的消息,就好像它由邮箱所有者发送。但是,此权限不允许代理登录到用户的邮箱。Send As This permission allows users other than the mailbox owner to use the mailbox to send messages. After this permission is assigned to a delegate, any message that a delegate sends from this mailbox will appear as if it was sent by the mailbox owner. However, this permission doesn't allow a delegate to sign in to the user's mailbox.

  • 代表发送此权限还允许代理人使用此邮箱发送邮件。但是,在此权限分配给代理人后,从: 代理发送的任何邮件中的地址指示邮件已发送的代表邮箱所有者的代理人。Send on Behalf Of This permission also allows a delegate to use this mailbox to send messages. However, after this permission is assigned to a delegate, the From: address in any message sent by the delegate indicates that the message was sent by the delegate on behalf of the mailbox owner.

  • 完全访问权限此权限允许代理登录到用户的邮箱和查看邮箱的内容。但是,此权限分配给代理人后,则代理无法从邮箱发送邮件。若要允许从用户的邮箱发送电子邮件的代理人,您仍需要为其分配代理发送为代表权限发送。Full Access This permission allows a delegate to sign in to the user's mailbox and view the contents of the mailbox. However, after this permission is assigned to a delegate, the delegate can't send messages from the mailbox. To allow a delegate to send email from the user's mailbox, you still have to assign the delegate the Send As or the Send on Behalf Of permission.

若要将权限分配给代理人,单击添加添加图标下,您可以分配权限的 Exchange 组织中显示的所有收件人列表页的适当权限。选择您希望的收件人,将其添加到列表中,然后单击确定。此外可以通过在搜索框中键入收件人的姓名,然后单击搜索搜索特定收件人的搜索图标To assign permissions to delegates, click AddAdd Icon under the appropriate permission to display a page that displays a list of all recipients in your Exchange organization that can be assigned the permission. Select the recipients you want, add them to the list, and then click OK. You can also search for a specific recipient by typing the recipient's name in the search box and then clicking SearchSearch icon.

使用命令行管理程序更改用户邮箱属性Use the Shell to change user mailbox properties

使用Get-mailboxSet-mailbox cmdlet 查看和更改用户邮箱的属性。使用命令行管理程序的一个优点是能够更改多个邮箱的属性。有关哪些参数对应于邮箱属性的信息,请参阅以下主题:Use the Get-Mailbox and Set-Mailbox cmdlets to view and change properties for user mailboxes. One advantage of using the Shell is the ability to change the properties for multiple mailboxes. For information about what parameters correspond to mailbox properties, see the following topics:

下面是几个使用命令行管理程序更改用户邮箱属性的示例。Here are some examples of using the Shell to change user mailbox properties.

下例显示如何将 Pat Coleman 的电子邮件转发给 Sunil Koduri 的邮箱 (sunilk@contoso.com)。This example shows how to forward Pat Coleman's email messages to Sunil Koduri's (sunilk@contoso.com) mailbox.

Set-Mailbox -Identity patc -DeliverToMailboxAndForward $true -ForwardingAddress sunilk@contoso.com

本示例使用Get-mailbox命令查找组织中的所有用户邮箱,然后使用Set-mailbox命令将收件人限制设置为 500 个收件人,允许在:,抄送:,和密件抄送: 电子邮件的框。This example uses the Get-Mailbox command to find all user mailboxes in the organization, and then uses the Set-Mailbox command to set the recipient limit to 500 recipients allowed in the To:, Cc:, and Bcc: boxes of an email message.

Get-Mailbox -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'UserMailbox')} | Set-Mailbox -RecipientLimits 500

本示例使用Get-mailbox命令查找市场营销部门中的所有邮箱,然后使用Set-mailbox命令来配置邮箱。自定义警告,禁止发送,并禁止发送和接收限制设置为 200 兆字节 (MB) 250 MB 和 280 MB 分别和邮箱数据库的默认限制将被忽略。此命令可用于配置一组特定的组织中的其他邮箱与具有放大或缩小限制的邮箱。This example uses the Get-Mailbox command to find all the mailboxes in the Marketing organizational unit, and then uses the Set-Mailbox command to configure these mailboxes. The custom warning, prohibit send, and prohibit send and receive limits are set to 200 megabytes (MB), 250 MB, and 280 MB respectively, and the mailbox database's default limits are ignored. This command can be used to configure a specific set of mailboxes to have larger or smaller limits than other mailboxes in the organization.

Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit "Marketing" | Set-Mailbox -IssueWarningQuota 209715200 -ProhibitSendQuota 262144000 -ProhibitSendReceiveQuota 293601280 -UseDatabaseQuotaDefaults $false 

此示例使用Get-mailbox cmdlet 查找客户服务部门中的所有用户,然后使用Set-mailbox cmdlet 更改为 2 MB 发送邮件的最大邮件大小。This example uses the Get-Mailbox cmdlet to find all users in the Customer Service department, and then uses the Set-Mailbox cmdlet to change the maximum message size for sending messages to 2 MB.

Get-Mailbox -Filter "Department -eq 'Customer Service'" | Set-Mailbox -MaxSendSize 2097152

本示例将设置法语和中文的 MailTip 转换。This example sets the MailTip translation in French and Chinese.

Set-Mailbox john@contoso.com -MailTipTranslations ("FR: C'est la langue française", "CHT: 這是漢語語言")

您如何知道这有效?How do you know this worked?

要验证是否已成功更改用户邮箱的属性,请执行以下操作:To verify that you've successfully changed properties for a user mailbox, do the following:

  • 在 EAC 中,选择邮箱,然后单击编辑编辑图标查看属性或更改的功能。根据您更改的属性,它可能在所选邮箱的详细信息窗格中显示。In the EAC, select the mailbox and then click EditEdit icon to view the property or feature that you changed. Depending on the property that you changed, it might be displayed in the Details pane for the selected mailbox.

  • 在命令行管理程序中,使用 Get-Mailbox cmdlet 验证更改。使用命令行管理程序的一个优势是,您可查看多个邮箱的多个属性。在上面收件人限制有所更改的示例中,运行以下命令来验证新值。In the Shell, use the Get-Mailbox cmdlet to verify the changes. One advantage of using the Shell is that you can view multiple properties for multiple mailboxes. In the example above where the recipient limit was changed, run the following command to verify the new value.

    Get-Mailbox -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'UserMailbox')} | fl Name,RecipientLimits
    

    对于上面更改邮件限制的示例,请运行此命令。For the example above where the message limits were changed, run this command.

    Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit "Marketing" | fl Name,IssueWarningQuota,ProhibitSendQuota,ProhibitSendReceiveQuota,UseDatabaseQuotaDefaults
    

批量编辑用户邮箱Bulk edit user mailboxes

可以使用 EAC 更改多个用户邮箱的属性。从 EAC 中的邮箱列表中选择两个或多个用户邮箱时,"详细信息"窗格中会显示可以批量编辑的属性。在您更改其中一个属性后,所做更改将应用到所有选定的邮箱。You can use the EAC to change the properties for multiple user mailboxes. When you select two or more user mailboxes from the mailbox list in the EAC, the properties that can be bulk edited are displayed in the Details pane. When you change one of these properties, the change is applied to all selected mailboxes.

下面是可以批量编辑的用户邮箱属性和功能的列表。请注意,不是每个区域的所有属性都可以更改。Here's a list of the user mailbox properties and features that can be bulk edited. Note that not all properties in each area are available to be changed.

  • 联系人信息更改共享的属性,如街道、 邮编和城市名称。Contact Information Change shared properties such as street, postal code, and city name.

  • 组织更改共享的属性,如部门名称、 公司名称和选定用户的管理器。Organization Change shared properties such as department name, company name, and the manager that the selected users report to.

  • 自定义属性更改或添加自定义属性 1-15 的值。Custom attributes Change or add values for custom attributes 1 - 15.

  • 邮箱配额更改邮箱配额值和已删除邮件保留期。这不是 Exchange Online 中可用。Mailbox quota Change the mailbox quota values and the retention period for deleted items. This isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 电子邮件连接启用或禁用 Outlook Web App、 POP3、 IMAP、 MAPI 和 Exchange ActiveSync。Email connectivity Enable or disable Outlook Web App, POP3, IMAP, MAPI, and Exchange ActiveSync.

  • 存档启用或禁用存档邮箱。Archive Enable or disable the archive mailbox.

  • 保留策略、 角色分配策略和共享策略更新的各个邮箱功能的设置。Retention policy, role assignment policy, and sharing policy Update the settings for each of these mailbox features.

  • 移动到另一个数据库的邮箱将选定的邮箱移动到其他数据库。Move mailboxes to another database Move the selected mailboxes to a different database.

  • 委派权限为用户或允许其打开或从其他邮箱发送邮件的组分配权限。您可以分配完整备份、 代理发送和代表发送权限向用户或组。有关详细信息,请查看收件人的管理权限Delegate permissions Assign permissions to users or groups that allow them to open or send messages from other mailboxes. You can assign Full, Send As and Send on Behalf permissions to users or groups. Check out Manage permissions for recipients for more details.

备注

完成此任务估计需要 2 分钟时间,但是如果要更改多个属性或功能,时间可能会更长。The estimated time to complete this task is 2 minutes, but may take longer if you change multiple properties or features.

使用 EAC 批量编辑用户邮箱Use the EAC to bulk edit user mailboxes

  1. 在 EAC 中,导航到收件人 > 邮箱In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Mailboxes.

  2. 在邮箱列表中,选择两个或多个邮箱。In the list of mailboxes, select two or more mailboxes.

    提示

    通过按住 Shift 键的同时单击第一个邮箱,然后单击要编辑的最后一个邮箱,可以选择多个相邻的邮箱。按住 Ctrl 键的同时单击要编辑的每个邮箱,也可以选择多个不相邻的邮箱。You can select multiple adjacent mailboxes by holding down the Shift key and clicking the first mailbox, and then clicking the last mailbox you want to edit. You can also select multiple non-adjacent mailboxes by holding down the Ctrl key and clicking each mailbox that you want to edit.

  3. 在详细信息窗格中,在批量编辑中,选择您想要编辑的功能的邮箱属性。In the Details pane, under Bulk Edit, select the mailbox properties or feature that you want to edit.

  4. 更改属性页面,然后保存所做的更改。Make the changes on the properties page and then save your changes.

您如何知道这有效?How do you know this worked?

要验证是否已成功批量编辑用户邮箱,请执行以下操作之一:To verify that you've successfully bulk edited user mailboxes, do one of the following:

  • 在 EAC 中,选择每个要批量编辑的邮箱,然后单击编辑编辑图标查看属性或更改的功能。In the EAC, select each of the mailboxes that you bulk edited and then click EditEdit icon to view the property or feature that you changed.

  • 在 Exchange 命令行管理程序,使用Get-mailbox cmdlet 来验证所做的更改。使用命令行管理程序的一个优点是,您可以查看多个邮箱的多个属性。例如,假设您批量编辑功能中使用 EAC 启用存档邮箱和您的组织中向所有用户分配将保留策略。若要验证这些更改,您可以运行以下命令:In the Exchange Management Shell, use the Get-Mailbox cmdlet to verify the changes. One advantage of using the Shell is that you can view multiple properties for multiple mailboxes. For example, say you used the bulk edit feature in the EAC to enable the archive mailbox and assign a retention policy to all users in your organization. To verify these changes, you could run the following command:

    Get-Mailbox -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'UserMailbox')} | fl Name,ArchiveDatabase,RetentionPolicy
    

    有关Get-mailbox cmdlet 的可用参数的详细信息,请参阅Get-mailboxFor more information about the available parameters for the Get-Mailbox cmdlet, see Get-Mailbox.