创建发现邮箱Create a discovery mailbox

Microsoft Exchange Server 安装程序创建默认发现邮箱。在 Exchange Online 中,默认情况下还创建发现邮箱。发现邮箱用作目标邮箱的 Exchange 管理员中心 (EAC) 中的就地电子数据展示搜索。您可以创建所需的其他发现邮箱。创建新的发现邮箱后,您将需要为相应的用户分配完全访问权限,以便他们可以访问复制到发现邮箱的电子数据展示搜索结果。Microsoft Exchange Server Setup creates a discovery mailbox by default. In Exchange Online, a discovery mailbox is also created by default. Discovery mailboxes are used as target mailboxes for In-Place eDiscovery searches in the Exchange admin center (EAC). You can create additional discovery mailboxes as required. After you create a new discovery mailbox, you will have to assign Full Access permissions to the appropriate users so they can access eDiscovery search results that are copied to the discovery mailbox.

小心

发现管理员将电子数据展示搜索结果复制到发现邮箱后,该邮箱可能包含敏感信息。您需要控制对发现邮箱的访问,确保只有授权用户才可以访问。After a discovery manager copies the results of an eDiscovery search to a discovery mailbox, the mailbox can potentially contain sensitive information. You should control access to discovery mailboxes and make sure only authorized users can access them.

有关详细信息,请参阅发现邮箱For more information, see Discovery mailboxes.

在开始之前,您需要知道什么?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 估计完成时间:3 分钟。Estimated time to complete: 3 minutes.

  • 邮件策略和遵从性权限 主题中的您必须先获得权限,然后才能执行此过程或多个过程。若要查看所需的权限,请参阅"创建发现邮箱"条目。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "Creating discovery mailboxes" entry in Messaging policy and compliance permissions topic.

  • 发现邮箱的邮箱存储配额为 50 千兆字节 (GB)。不能增加此存储配额。Discovery mailboxes have a mailbox storage quota of 50 gigabytes (GB). This storage quota can't be increased.

  • 您无法使用 EAC 创建发现邮箱或分配访问该邮箱的权限。您必须使用命令行管理程序。在 Office 365 中,使用远程 PowerShell 连接到您的 Exchange Online 组织。You can't use the EAC to create a discovery mailbox or assign permissions to access it. You have to use the Shell. In Office 365, use Remote PowerShell connected to your Exchange Online organization.

  • 若要了解可能适用于此主题中过程的键盘快捷键,请参阅 Exchange 管理中心内的键盘快捷键For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

遇到问题了吗?请在 Exchange 论坛中寻求帮助。 请访问以下论坛:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online ProtectionHaving problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at Exchange Server,Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection.

您想执行什么操作?What do you want to do?

(可选)步骤 1:使用远程 PowerShell 连接到 Exchange Online(Optional) Step 1: Connect to Exchange Online using remote PowerShell

您只需执行此步骤,如果您拥有 Exchange Online 或 Office 365 组织。如果您拥有 Exchange Server 组织,转到下一步和 Exchange 命令行管理程序中运行命令。You only need to perform this step if you have an Exchange Online or Office 365 organization. If you have an Exchange Server organization, go to the next step and run the command in the Exchange Management Shell.

  1. 在本地计算机上,打开 Windows PowerShell 并运行以下命令。On your local computer, open Windows PowerShell and run the following command.

    $UserCredential = Get-Credential
    

    Windows PowerShell 凭据请求对话框中,键入用户名和密码的 Office 365 全局管理员帐户,,然后单击确定In the Windows PowerShell Credential Request dialog box, type user name and password for an Office 365 global admin account, and then click OK.

  2. 运行以下命令。Run the following command.

    $Session = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://outlook.office365.com/powershell-liveid/ -Credential $UserCredential -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection
    
  3. 运行以下命令。Run the following command.

    Import-PSSession $Session
    
  4. 要验证您是否已连接至您的 Exchange Online 组织,请运行以下命令获取组织中所有邮箱的列表。To verify that you're connected to your Exchange Online organization, run the following command to get a list of all the mailboxes in your organization.

    Get-Mailbox
    

有关详细信息,或者如果您在连接到 Exchange Online 组织时遇到问题,请参阅使用远程 PowerShell 连接到 Exchange OnlineFor more information or if you have problems connecting to your Exchange Online organization, see Connect to Exchange Online using remote PowerShell.

步骤 2:创建发现邮箱Step 2: Create a discovery mailbox

本示例创建名为"SearchResults"的发现邮箱。This example creates a discovery mailbox named SearchResults.

New-Mailbox -Name SearchResults -Discovery 

有关语法和参数的详细信息,请参阅new-MailboxFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see new-Mailbox.

若要显示 Exchange 组织中的所有发现邮箱列表,请运行以下命令:To display a list of all discovery mailboxes in an Exchange organization, run the following command:

Get-Mailbox -Resultsize unlimited -Filter {RecipientTypeDetails -eq "DiscoveryMailbox"}

有关语法和参数的详细信息,请参阅 Get-MailboxFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see Get-Mailbox.

步骤 3:分配发现邮箱的权限Step 3: Assign permissions to a discovery mailbox

您必须明确地将打开所创建发现邮箱所需的权限分配给用户或群组。若要为用户或群组分配打开发现邮箱和查看搜索结果所需的权限,请使用以下语法:You have to explicitly assign users or groups the necessary permissions to open a discovery mailbox that you've created. Use the following syntax to assign a user or group permissions to open a discovery mailbox and view search results:

Add-MailboxPermission <Name of the discovery mailbox> -User <Name of user or group> -AccessRights FullAccess -InheritanceType all

例如,以下命令为"Litigation Managers"群组分配了"完全访问"权限,因此该群组中的所有成员都可以打开"Fabrikam Litigation"发现邮箱。For example, the following command assigns the Full Access permission to the Litigation Managers group, so members of the group can open the Fabrikam Litigation discovery mailbox.

Add-MailboxPermission "Fabrikam Litigation" -User "Litigation Managers" -AccessRights FullAccess -InheritanceType all

有关语法和参数的详细信息,请参阅 Add-MailboxPermissionFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see Add-MailboxPermission.

详细信息More information

  • 默认情况下,只有发现管理角色组的成员具有打开默认发现搜索邮箱的“完全访问”权限。如果您希望“发现管理”角色组的成员可以打开您创建的发现邮箱,则必须明确地为该组分配“完全访问”权限。By default, members of the Discovery Management role group only have Full Access permission to the default Discovery Search Mailbox. You will have to explicitly assign the Full Access permission to the Discovery Management role group if you want members to open a discovery mailbox that you've created.

  • 虽然电子邮件在 Exchang 地址列表中可见,但用户不能将其发送至发现邮箱。使用传递限制来禁止对发现邮箱进行电子邮件传递。这可保持复制到发现邮箱的搜索结果的完整性。Although visible in Exchange address lists, users can't send email to a discovery mailbox. Email delivery to discovery mailboxes is prohibited with delivery restrictions. This preserves the integrity of search results copied to a discovery mailbox.

  • 发现邮箱将不能用作其他用途或转换为其他类型的邮箱。A discovery mailbox can't be repurposed or converted to another type of mailbox.

  • 您可以像删除任何其他类型邮箱那样删除发现邮箱。You can remove a discovery mailbox as you would any other type of mailbox.