Exchange 混合部署中的服务器角色Server roles in Exchange hybrid deployments

您可以配置基于 Exchange 2013 和 Exchange 2016 的混合部署。支持混合部署需要配置的角色取决于您使用的 Exchange 版本。You can configure hybrid deployments based on Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016. The roles that need to be configured to support a hybrid deployment depend on the version of Exchange you're using.

Exchange 2016 混合部署Exchange 2016 hybrid deployment

在 Exchange 2016 组织中配置混合部署时,无需在现有 Exchange 组织中安装任何额外的 Exchange 服务器。您的邮箱服务器将协调现有 Exchange 2016 组织和 Exchange Online 组织之间的通信。此通信包括本地组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的邮件传输和消息功能。我们强烈建议在本地组织中安装多个 Exchange 服务器,以帮助提高混合部署功能的可靠性和可用性。When configuring a hybrid deployment in an Exchange 2016 organization, you don't have to install any additional Exchange servers in your existing Exchange organization. Your Mailbox servers coordinate communications between your existing Exchange 2016 organization and the Exchange Online organization. This communication includes message transport and messaging features between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations. We highly recommend installing more than one Exchange server in your on-premises organization to help increase reliability and availability of hybrid deployment features.

Exchange 2016 只有一个必需的服务器角色 - 邮箱角色。除了托管本地收件人邮箱,邮箱角色还执行所有使用 Exchange Online 支持混合部署所必需的功能。这包括处理本地组织和 Exchange Online 组织之间的安全邮件以及处理传输规则、日志记录策略和向用户的混合部署邮箱中执行的邮件传递操作。所有客户端连接和组织的关系功能(如忙/闲共享)也由邮箱服务器处理。Exchange 2016 only has one required server role, the Mailbox role. In addition to hosting the on-premises recipient mailboxes, the Mailbox role performs all of the functions necessary to support a hybrid deployment with Exchange Online. This includes handling secure mail messages between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations, as well as handling transport rules, journaling policies, and message delivery to user mailboxes in a hybrid deployment. All client connectivity and organization relationship features, such as free/busy sharing, are also handled by the Mailbox server.

了解有关 Exchange 2016 部署的大小调整的 Exchange 2016 容量规划的详细信息。Learn more about Exchange 2016 capacity planning at Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.

Exchange 2013 混合部署Exchange 2013 hybrid deployment

在 Exchange 2013 组织中配置混合部署时,无需在现有 Exchange 组织中安装任何额外的 Exchange 服务器。您的客户端访问和邮箱服务器将协调现有 Exchange 2013 组织和 Exchange Online 组织之间的通信。此通信包括内部部署组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的邮件传输和消息功能。我们强烈建议在内部部署组织中安装多个 Exchange 服务器,以帮助提高混合部署功能的可靠性和可用性。When configuring a hybrid deployment in an Exchange 2013 organization, you don't have to install any additional Exchange servers in your existing Exchange organization. Your Client Access and Mailbox servers coordinate communications between your existing Exchange 2013 organization and the Exchange Online organization. This communication includes message transport and messaging features between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations. We highly recommend installing more than one Exchange server in your on-premises organization to help increase reliability and availability of hybrid deployment features.

下面是混合部署中的 Exchange 2013 服务器角色的快速概述:Here is a quick overview of the Exchange 2013 server roles in a hybrid deployment:

  • 客户端访问服务器角色 客户端访问服务器角色继续提供实际上是 Exchange 2013 组织中的客户端访问服务器提供的相同功能,外加支持混合部署所需的少量其他功能。客户端访问服务器还处理在内部部署和 Exchange Online 组织之间发送的所有安全邮件消息,以及处理混合部署中的传输规则、日记策略和到用户邮箱的邮件传递。默认情况下,在客户端访问服务器上配置有专门的接收连接器以支持安全混合邮件传输。所有客户端连接(包括 Outlook 客户端访问、Outlook Web App 和 Outlook Anywhere)都通过客户端访问服务器角色进行。内部部署组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的组织关系功能(如忙/闲共享)也由客户端访问服务器角色处理。Client Access server role The Client Access server role continues to provide essentially the same functionality typically provided by Client Access servers in your Exchange 2013 organization with a few additions required to support a hybrid deployment. The Client Access server also handles all secure mail messages sent between the on-premises and the Exchange Online organizations, as well as handling transport rules, journaling policies, and message delivery to user mailboxes in a hybrid deployment. By default, a dedicated Receive connector is configured on the Client Access server to support secure hybrid mail transport. All client connectivity, including Outlook client access, Outlook Web App, and Outlook Anywhere goes through the Client Access server role. Organization relationship features between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations, such as free/busy sharing, are also handled by the Client Access server role.

    有关详细信息,请参阅Client Access ServerLearn more at Client Access Server.

  • 邮箱服务器角色邮箱服务器角色承载内部部署收件人邮箱,并与 Exchange Online 组织由代理通过内部部署客户端访问服务器进行通信。默认情况下,在邮箱服务器角色,以支持混合安全邮件传输配置专用的发送连接器。Mailbox server role The Mailbox server role hosts the on-premises recipient mailboxes and communicates with the Exchange Online organization by proxy via the on-premises Client Access server. By default, a dedicated Send connector is configured on the Mailbox server role to support secure hybrid mail transport.

    有关详细信息,请参阅Mailbox ServerLearn more at Mailbox Server.

根据所需的混合部署配置,Exchange 2013 服务器需要安装一个或两个服务器角色:Depending on the hybrid deployment configuration that you want, an Exchange 2013 server requires one or both of the server roles to be installed on it:

  • 单个 Exchange 服务器 如果选择在您的内部部署组织中安装单个 Exchange 服务器,则需要在该单个服务器上同时安装客户端访问和邮箱服务器角色。Single Exchange server If you choose to install a single Exchange server in your on-premises organization, you'll need to install both the Client Access and Mailbox server roles on the single server.

  • 多个 Exchange 服务器 如果选择在您的内部部署组织中安装多个 Exchange 服务器,则可在内部部署组织中的单独服务器上安装服务器角色。例如,可以安装一个安装了邮箱和客户端访问服务器角色的 Exchange 服务器,同时也再安装一个仅安装了客户端访问服务器角色的 Exchange 服务器。但是,最佳实践及推荐的服务器配置是在内部部署组织中部署的 每个服务器上同时安装客户端访问和邮箱服务器。More than one Exchange server If you choose to install more than one Exchange server in your on-premises organization, you can install the server roles on separate servers in your on-premises organization. For example, you could install one Exchange server that has the Mailbox and Client Access roles installed and also install another Exchange server that has only the Client Access server role installed. However, the best practice and recommended server configuration is to install both the Client Access and Mailbox server roles on each server deployed in your on-premises organization.

有关 Exchange 2013 容量规则的详细信息,请参阅了解容量规划中的多个服务器角色配置Learn more about Exchange 2013 capacity planning at Understanding Multiple Server Role Configurations in Capacity Planning.

混合部署中的 Exchange 服务器功能Exchange server functionality in hybrid deployments

Exchange 服务器为混合部署中的内部部署组织提供了几个重要功能:Exchange servers provide several important functions for your on-premises organization in a hybrid deployment:

  • 联合身份验证 使用 Exchange 服务器,可以通过 Microsoft 联合网关为本地组织创建联合身份验证信任。Microsoft 联合网关是 Microsoft 提供的一项基于云的免费服务,该服务可充当本地组织与 Office 365 组织之间的信任代理。联合身份验证是关于在本地组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间创建组织关系的要求。Federation Exchange servers enable you to create a federation trust for your on-premises organization with the Microsoft Federation Gateway. The Microsoft Federation Gateway is a free, cloud-based service offered by Microsoft that acts as the trust broker between your on-premises organization and the Office 365 organization. Federation is a requirement for creating an organization relationship between the on-premises and the Exchange Online organizations.

    有关详细信息,请参阅 Understanding FederationLearn more at Understanding Federation.

  • 组织关系 具有客户端访问角色的 Exchange 2013 服务器和具有邮箱角色的 Exchange 2016 服务器支持创建本地组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的组织关系。混合部署中的许多其他服务(包括日历忙/闲信息共享、邮件跟踪以及本地组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的邮箱移动)需要组织关系。Organization relationships Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access role and Exchange 2016 servers with the Mailbox role enable the creation of organization relationships between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations. Organization relationships are required for many other services in a hybrid deployment, including calendar free/busy information sharing, message tracking, and mailbox moves between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations.

    有关详细信息,请参阅Understanding Federated SharingLearn more at Understanding Federated Sharing.

  • 邮件传输与客户端访问和邮箱服务器角色的 Exchange 服务器负责为混合部署中的邮件传输。使用发送和接收连接器,它们作为外部邮件传入连接终结点,并且还提供出站邮件传递到 Internet 和 Exchange Online 组织。Message transport Exchange servers with the Client Access and Mailbox server roles are responsible for message transport in a hybrid deployment. Using Send and Receive connectors, they serve as the connection endpoints for incoming external messages and also provide outbound message delivery to the Internet and the Exchange Online organization.

    有关详细信息传输选项在 Exchange 混合部署Learn more at Transport options in Exchange hybrid deployments.

  • 邮件传输安全 具有客户端访问和邮箱服务器角色的 Exchange 服务器可使用 Exchange 中的域安全功能,帮助保护内部部署组织与 Exchange Online 组织之间的邮件通信安全。可以通过将相互传输层安全性身份验证和加密用于邮件通信,来增强安全。Message transport security Exchange servers with the Client Access and Mailbox server roles help to secure message communication between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations by using the Domain Security functionality in Exchange. Security can be increased by using mutual transport layer security authentication and encryption for message communications.

    有关更多信息,请参阅了解域安全性Learn more at Understanding Domain Security.

  • Web 上的 Outlook(也称作 Exchange 2013 中的 Outlook Web App) 具有客户端访问角色的 Exchange 2013 服务器和具有邮箱角色的 Exchange 2016 服务器支持为与本地邮箱和 Exchange Online 邮箱之间存在的外部连接配置单个 URL 终结点。对于本地邮箱,Exchange 服务器被配置为 Web 上的 Outlook 请求。对于 Exchange Online 组织邮箱,Exchange 服务器被配置为自动显示到 Exchange Online 组织上的 Web 上的 Outlook 终结点的链接。Outlook on the web (known as Outlook Web App in Exchange 2013) Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access role and Exchange 2016 servers with the Mailbox role support configuring a single URL endpoint for external connections to on-premises and Exchange Online mailboxes. For on-premises mailboxes, Exchange servers are configured to service Outlook on the web requests. For Exchange Online organization mailboxes, Exchange servers are configured to automatically display a link to the Outlook on the web endpoint on the Exchange Online organization.

    有关详细信息web 上的 OutlookLearn more at Outlook on the web.