创建 UM IP 网关Create a UM IP gateway

创建一个统一消息 (UM) IP 网关时,您启用 Exchange 服务器连接到了新的 Voice over IP (电话 VoIP) 网关,专用交换机 (PBX) 启用了会话初始协议 (SIP)、 IP PBX 或会话边界控制器 (SBC)。立即创建一个 UM IP 网关之后,应创建新的 UM 智能寻线组,然后将与 UM IP 网关的关联 UM 智能寻。通过创建一个或多个 UM 智能寻线组,您可以与一个或多个 UM 拨号计划关联的 UM IP 网关。When you create a Unified Messaging (UM) IP gateway, you enable Exchange servers to connect to a new Voice over IP (VoIP) gateway, a Private Branch eXchange (PBX) enabled for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), an IP PBX, or a session border controller (SBC). Immediately after you create a UM IP gateway, you should create a new UM hunt group and then associate the UM hunt group with the UM IP gateway. You can associate the UM IP gateway with one or more UM dial plans by creating one or more UM hunt groups.

有关与 UM IP 网关相关的其他管理任务,请参阅UM IP 网关过程For additional management tasks related to UM IP gateways, see UM IP gateway procedures.

在开始之前,您需要知道什么?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 估计完成时间:3 分钟。Estimated time to complete: 3 minutes.

  • 您需要执行此过程之前为其分配权限。若要查看所需的权限,请参阅Messaging Permissions主题中的"UM IP 网关"条目。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "UM IP gateways" entry in the Unified Messaging Permissions topic.

  • 在执行这些过程之前,请确认已创建 UM 拨号计划。有关详细步骤,请参阅创建 UM 拨号计划Before you perform these procedures, confirm that a UM dial plan has been created. For detailed steps, see Create a UM dial plan.

  • 若要了解可能适用于此主题中过程的键盘快捷键,请参阅 Exchange 管理中心内的键盘快捷键For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

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您想执行什么操作?What do you want to do?

使用 EAC 创建 UM IP 网关Use the EAC to create a UM IP gateway

  1. 在 EAC 中,导航到统一消息 > UM IP 网关,然后单击新建添加图标In the EAC, navigate to Unified Messaging > UM IP gateways, and then click NewAdd Icon.

  2. 新建 UM IP 网关页上,输入以下信息:On the New UM IP gateway page, enter the following information:

    • 名称使用此框可以指定的 UM IP 网关的唯一名称。这是在 EAC 中显示的显示名称。如果您需要更改 UM IP 网关的显示名称,在创建后,您必须首先删除现有的 UM IP 网关,,然后创建另一个 UM IP 网关具有所需的名称。UM IP 网关名称是必需的但它用于显示仅。因为您的组织可以使用多个 UM IP 网关,我们建议您使用您的 UM IP 网关的有意义的名称。UM IP 网关名称的最大长度为 64 个字符,并且可以包含空格。但是,不能包含任何以下字符:"/ \ []:; |= , + * ?< >.Name Use this box to specify a unique name for the UM IP gateway. This is a display name that appears in the EAC. If you have to change the display name of the UM IP gateway after it's been created, you must first delete the existing UM IP gateway, and then create another UM IP gateway that has the name that you want. The UM IP gateway name is required, but it's used for display purposes only. Because your organization may use multiple UM IP gateways, we recommend that you use meaningful names for your UM IP gateways. The maximum length of a UM IP gateway name is 64 characters, and it can include spaces. However, it can't include any of the following characters: " / \ [ ] : ; | = , + * ? < >.

    • 地址您可以配置 UM IP 网关与 IP 地址或完全限定的域名 (FQDN)。使用此框可以指定在 VoIP 网关、 启用 SIP 的 PBX、 IP PBX 或 SBC 或 FQDN 上配置的 IP 地址。此框接受有效和格式正确的 Fqdn。Address You can configure a UM IP gateway with either an IP address or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). Use this box to specify the IP address configured on the VoIP gateway, SIP-enabled PBX, IP PBX, or SBC, or an FQDN. This box accepts only FQDNs that are valid and formatted correctly.

      您可以在此框中输入字母和数字字符。支持 IPv4 地址、 IPv6 地址和 Fqdn。如果您想要使用相互传输层安全 (相互 TLS) 之间的 UM IP 网关和拨号计划在操作系统 SIP 安全或安全模式,您必须配置 UM IP 网关 fqdn。您还必须配置它侦听端口 5061 并验证的任何 VoIP 网关或 IP Pbx 还已配置为侦听端口 5061 上的相互 TLS 请求。若要配置的 UM IP 网关,请运行以下命令: Set-UMIPGateway -identity MyUMIPGateway -Port 5061You can enter alphabetical and numeric characters in this box. IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and FQDNs are supported. If you want to use mutual Transport Layer Security (mutual TLS) between a UM IP gateway and a dial plan operating in either SIP secured or Secured mode, you must configure the UM IP gateway with an FQDN. You must also configure it to listen on port 5061 and verify that any VoIP gateways or IP PBXs have also been configured to listen for mutual TLS requests on port 5061. To configure a UM IP gateway, run the following command: Set-UMIPGateway -identity MyUMIPGateway -Port 5061.

      如果您使用 FQDN,您必须还请确保已正确配置 VoIP 网关的 DNS 主机记录以便正确解析为 IP 地址的主机名称。此外,如果您使用 FQDN 而不是 IP 地址,并更改 UM IP 网关的 DNS 配置,您必须禁用,然后再启用的 UM IP 网关,以确保正确更新后的 UM IP 网关的配置信息。If you use an FQDN, you must also make sure that you've correctly configured a DNS host record for the VoIP gateway so that the host name will be correctly resolved to an IP address. Also, if you use an FQDN instead of an IP address, and the DNS configuration for the UM IP gateway is changed, you must disable and then enable the UM IP gateway to make sure that configuration information for the UM IP gateway is updated correctly.

    • UM 拨号计划单击浏览以选择要与 UM IP 网关关联的 UM 拨号计划。如果选择 UM 拨号计划相关联的 UM IP 网关,默认 UM 智能寻还创建并将其与所选的 UM 拨号计划关联。如果未选择 UM 拨号计划,必须手动创建 UM 智能寻,然后将该组 UM 智能寻线与您创建的 UM IP 网关相关联。UM dial plan Click Browse to select the UM dial plan that you want to associate with the UM IP gateway. When you select a UM dial plan to associate with a UM IP gateway, a default UM hunt group is also created and associated with the UM dial plan that you selected. If you don't select a UM dial plan, you must manually create a UM hunt group and then associate that UM hunt group with the UM IP gateway that you create.

  3. 单击“保存”。Click Save.

使用命令行管理程序创建 UM IP 网关Use the Shell to create a UM IP gateway

本示例创建名为 UM IP 网关MyUMIPGateway,使 Exchange 服务器开始接受来自 VoIP 网关、 IP PBX 或 IP 地址为 10.10.10.1 的 SBC SIP 的 PBX 的呼叫。This example creates a UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway that enables Exchange servers to start accepting calls from a VoIP gateway, a PBX enabled for SIP, an IP PBX, or an SBC that has an IP address of 10.10.10.1.

New-UMIPGateway -Name MyUMIPGateway -Address 10.10.10.1

本示例创建名为 UM IP 网关MyUMIPGateway,使 Exchange 服务器开始接受来自 VoIP 网关、 IP PBX 或 SBC 已 MyUMIPGateway.contoso.com 的 FQDN 和端口 5061 侦听 SIP 的 PBX 的呼叫。This example creates a UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway that enables Exchange servers to start accepting calls from a VoIP gateway, a PBX enabled for SIP, an IP PBX, or an SBC that has an FQDN of MyUMIPGateway.contoso.com and listens on port 5061.

New-UMIPGateway -Name MyUMIPGateway -Address "MyUMIPGateway.contoso.com" -Port 5061

本示例创建名为 UM IP 网关MyUMIPGateway和阻止接受传入呼叫或发送的传出呼叫的 UM IP 网关,设置 IPv6 地址,并且允许使用 IPv4 和 IPV6 地址的 UM IP 网关。This example creates a UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway and prevents the UM IP gateway from accepting incoming calls or sending outgoing calls, sets an IPv6 address, and allows the UM IP gateway to use IPv4 and IPV6 addresses.

New-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway -Address fe80::39bd:88f7:6969:d223%11 -IPAddressFamily Any -Status Disabled -OutcallsAllowed $false