管理的 UM IP 网关Manage a UM IP gateway

创建一个统一消息 (UM) IP 网关之后,您可以查看或配置各种设置。例如,您可以配置的 IP 地址或完全限定的域名 (FQDN)、 配置传出呼叫设置,并启用或禁用消息等待指示器。After you create a Unified Messaging (UM) IP gateway, you can view or configure a variety of settings. For example, you can configure the IP address or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN), configure outgoing call settings, and enable or disable Message Waiting Indicator.

有关与 UM IP 网关相关的其他管理任务,请参阅UM IP 网关过程For additional management tasks related to UM IP gateways, see UM IP gateway procedures.

在开始之前,您需要知道什么?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 估计完成时间:5 分钟。Estimated time to complete: 5 minutes.

  • 您需要执行此过程之前为其分配权限。若要查看所需的权限,请参阅Messaging Permissions主题中的"UM IP 网关"条目。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "UM IP gateways" entry in the Unified Messaging Permissions topic.

  • 在执行这些过程之前,请确认已创建 UM 拨号计划。有关详细步骤,请参阅创建 UM 拨号计划Before you perform these procedures, confirm that a UM dial plan has been created. For detailed steps, see Create a UM dial plan.

  • 在执行这些过程之前,请确认已创建一个 UM IP 网关。有关详细步骤,请参阅创建一个 UM IP 网关Before you perform these procedures, confirm that a UM IP gateway has been created. For detailed steps, see Create a UM IP gateway.

  • 若要了解可能适用于此主题中过程的键盘快捷键,请参阅 Exchange 管理中心内的键盘快捷键For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

有问题?寻求帮助 Exchange 论坛。访问在Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online Protection论坛正在Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at Exchange Server,Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection..

您想执行什么操作?What do you want to do?

使用 EAC 查看或配置 UM IP 网关属性Use the EAC to view or configure UM IP gateway properties

  1. 在 EAC 中,导航到统一消息 > UM IP 网关。在列表视图中,选择您想要管理的 UM IP 网关,然后单击编辑编辑图标In the EAC, navigate to Unified Messaging > UM IP Gateways. In the list view, select the UM IP gateway that you want to manage, and then click EditEdit icon.

  2. 使用UM IP 网关页上查看和配置 UM IP 网关的设置。您可以查看或配置以下设置:Use the UM IP Gateway page to view and configure settings for the UM IP gateway. You can view or configure the following settings:

    • 状态此仅显示字段显示 UM IP 网关的状态。Status This display-only field shows the status of the UM IP gateway.

    • 名称使用此框可以指定的 UM IP 网关的唯一名称。这是在 EAC 中显示的显示名称。如果您需要更改 UM IP 网关的显示名称,在创建后,您必须首先删除现有的 UM IP 网关,,然后创建另一个 UM IP 网关具有适当的名称。UM IP 网关名称是必需的但它用于显示仅。因为您的组织可以使用多个 UM IP 网关,我们建议您使用您的 UM IP 网关的有意义的名称。UM IP 网关名称的最大长度为 64 个字符,并且可以包含空格。Name Use this box to specify a unique name for the UM IP gateway. This is a display name that appears in the EAC. If you have to change the display name of the UM IP gateway after it's been created, you must first delete the existing UM IP gateway, and then create another UM IP gateway that has the appropriate name. The UM IP gateway name is required, but it's used for display purposes only. Because your organization may use multiple UM IP gateways, we recommend that you use meaningful names for your UM IP gateways. The maximum length of a UM IP gateway name is 64 characters, and it can include spaces.

    • 地址您可以配置 UM IP 网关与 IP 地址或完全限定的域名 (FQDN)。使用此框可以指定的 IP 地址或 FQDN 配置 VoIP 网关、 启用 SIP 的 PBX、 IP PBX 或 SBC 上。Address You can configure a UM IP gateway with either an IP address or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). Use this box to specify the IP address or FQDN configured on the VoIP gateway, SIP-enabled PBX, IP PBX, or SBC.

      您可以在此框中输入字母和数字字符。支持 IPv4 地址、 IPv6 地址和 Fqdn。如果您使用 FQDN,您必须还请确保您已正确配置 VoIP 网关的 DNS 主机记录以便正确解析为 IP 地址的主机名称。此外,如果您使用 FQDN 而不是 IP 地址,并更改 UM IP 网关的 DNS 配置,您必须禁用,然后再启用的 UM IP 网关,以确保正确更新后的 UM IP 网关的配置信息。You can enter alphabetical and numeric characters in this box. IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and FQDNs are supported. If you use an FQDN, you must also make sure that you have correctly configured a DNS host record for the VoIP gateway so that the host name will be correctly resolved to an IP address. Also, if you use an FQDN instead of an IP address, and the DNS configuration for the UM IP gateway is changed, you must disable and then enable the UM IP gateway to make sure that configuration information for the UM IP gateway is updated correctly.

      如果您想要使用相互传输层安全 (相互 TLS) 之间的 UM IP 网关和拨号计划在操作系统 SIP 安全或安全模式,您必须配置 UM IP 网关 fqdn。您还必须配置它侦听端口 5061 并验证的任何 IP 网关或 IP Pbx 还已配置为侦听端口 5061 上的相互 TLS 请求。若要配置的 UM IP 网关,请运行以下命令: Set-UMIPGateway -identity MyUMIPGateway -Port 5061If you want to use mutual Transport Layer Security (mutual TLS) between a UM IP gateway and a dial plan operating in either SIP secured or Secured mode, you must configure the UM IP gateway with an FQDN. You must also configure it to listen on port 5061 and verify that any IP gateways or IP PBXs have also been configured to listen for mutual TLS requests on port 5061. To configure a UM IP gateway, run the following command: Set-UMIPGateway -identity MyUMIPGateway -Port 5061.

    • 允许通过此 UM IP 网关的传出呼叫选中此复选框可允许接受和处理传出呼叫的 UM IP 网关。此设置不影响呼叫转移或来自 VoIP 网关的传入呼叫。Allow outgoing calls through this UM IP gateway Select this check box to allow the UM IP gateway to accept and process outgoing calls. This setting doesn't affect call transfers or incoming calls from a VoIP gateway.

      默认情况下创建 UM IP 网关时,则启用此设置。如果您禁用此设置,与拨号计划关联的用户将无法发起传出呼叫通过 VoIP 网关、 IP PBX 或在地址字段中定义的 SBC。By default, when the UM IP gateway is created, this setting is enabled. If you disable this setting, users associated with the dial plan won't be able to make outgoing calls through the VoIP gateway, IP PBX, or SBC defined in the Address field.

    • 允许消息等待指示器选中此复选框可允许语音邮件通知所需的 UM IP 网关的呼叫发送给用户。此设置允许的 UM IP 网关接收和发送用户的 SIP 通知的消息。此设置默认情况下启用并允许等待通知发送给用户的消息。Allow message waiting indicator Select this check box to allow voice mail notifications to be sent to users for calls taken by the UM IP gateway. This setting allows the UM IP gateway to receive and send SIP NOTIFY messages for users. This setting is enabled by default and allows message waiting notifications to be sent to users.

      指示存在新的或未收听的任何的邮件机制可以引用消息等待指示器。如 Outlook 和 Outlook Web App 客户端中的收件箱中,可以找到新的语音邮件已到达指示。它可以采用短消息服务 (SMS) 或发送到注册移动电话,出站呼叫从 Exchange 服务器到预先配置的号码或亮起的桌面电话灯用户进行的短信的形式。Message Waiting Indicator can refer to any mechanism that indicates the existence of a new or unheard message. The indication that a new voice message has arrived can be found in the Inbox in clients such as Outlook and Outlook Web App. It can take the form of a Short Messaging Service (SMS) or text message sent to a registered mobile phone, an outbound call made from an Exchange server to a preconfigured number, or a lighted desktop phone lamp for a user.

使用命令行管理程序可以配置 UM IP 网关属性Use the Shell to configure UM IP gateway properties

本示例修改名为 UM IP 网关的 IP 地址MyUMIPGatewayThis example modifies the IP address of a UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway.

Set-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway -Address 10.10.10.1

此示例防止名为 UM IP 网关MyUMIPGateway接受传入呼叫并禁止传出呼叫。This example prevents the UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway from accepting incoming calls and prevents outgoing calls.

Set-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway -Address voipgateway.contoso.com -Status 2 -OutcallsAllowed $false

此示例将使 UM IP 网关能够充当 VoIP 网关模拟器,并可与 Test-UMConnectivity cmdlet 一起使用。This example enables the UM IP gateway to function as a VoIP gateway simulator and can be used with the Test-UMConnectivity cmdlet.

Set-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway -Simulator $true

重要

在将对 UM IP 网关配置进行的所有更改复制到与 UM IP 网关同一 UM 拨号计划中的 Exchange 服务器之前,存在一个延迟期。There is a period of latency before all changes that you make to the configuration of a UM IP gateway replicate to all Exchange servers in the same UM dial plan as the UM IP gateway.

此示例防止名为 UM IP 网关MyUMIPGateway接受传入呼叫并禁止传出呼叫、 设置 IPv6 地址,并且允许的 UM IP 网关使用 IPv4 和 IPV6 地址。This example prevents the UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway from accepting incoming calls and prevents outgoing calls, sets an IPv6 address, and allows the UM IP gateway to use IPv4 and IPV6 addresses.

Set-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway -Address fe80::39bd:88f7:6969:d223%11 -IPAddressFamily Any -Status Disabled -OutcallsAllowed $false

使用命令行管理程序可以查看 UM IP 网关属性Use the Shell to view UM IP gateway properties

本示例显示在 Active Directory 林中所有 UM IP 网关的格式化的列表。This example displays a formatted list of all the UM IP gateways in the Active Directory forest.

Get-UMIPGateway |Format-List

本示例显示名为 UM IP 网关的属性MyUMIPGatewayThis example displays the properties for a UM IP gateway named MyUMIPGateway.

Get-UMIPGateway -Identity MyUMIPGateway

本示例显示在 Active Directory 林中包括 VoIP 网关模拟器在内的所有 UM IP 网关。This example displays all the UM IP gateways including VoIP gateway simulators in the Active Directory forest.

Get-UMIPGateway -IncludeSimulator $true