区域云部署National cloud deployments

除了全球的数据中心网络外,Microsoft 云服务还可用于三个独立的区域云。In addition to our global network of datacenters, Microsoft cloud services are available in three separate national clouds. 这些国家/地区云版本是物理和逻辑网络隔离的 Microsoft 企业云服务实例, 这些实例限制在特定国家/地区的地理边界内, 并由当地人员运营。These national cloud versions are physical and logical network-isolated instances of Microsoft enterprise cloud services that are confined within the geographic borders of specific countries and operated by local personnel.

当前区域云包括:Current national clouds include:

  • Microsoft Cloud for US GovernmentMicrosoft Cloud for US Government
  • Microsoft 云德国Microsoft Cloud Germany
  • 由中国的世纪互联运营的 Azure 和 Office 365Azure and Office 365 operated by 21Vianet in China

每个国家/地区云环境都是唯一的, 与 Microsoft 全局环境不同。Each national cloud environment is unique and different than the Microsoft global environment. 在开发适用于国家/地区云环境的应用程序时, 请务必注意其中的一些关键区别;例如, 注册应用程序、获取令牌和调用 Microsoft Graph API 可能会有所不同。It is important to be aware of some of these key differences when you develop applications for national cloud environments; for example, registering applications, acquiring tokens, and calling the Microsoft Graph API can be different.

本文提供了有关不同 Microsoft Graph 国家云部署的信息, 以及每个区域中的开发人员可用的功能。This article provides information about the different Microsoft Graph national cloud deployments and the capabilities that are available to developers within each.

注意:Microsoft Graph 数据连接不支持任何国家云部署。Note: Microsoft Graph data connect does not support any of the national cloud deployments.

应用注册和令牌服务根终结点App registration and token service root endpoints

在调用 Microsoft Graph Api 之前, 应先注册您的应用程序并获取一个令牌。Before calling the Microsoft Graph APIs, you should first register your application and acquire a token. 下表列出了 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 终结点的基 Url, 这些终结点用于注册应用程序并获取每个国家/地区云的令牌。The following table lists the base URLs for the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) endpoints to register your application and acquire tokens for each national cloud.

国家云National cloud Azure AD 门户终结点Azure AD portal endpoint Azure AD 终结点Azure AD endpoint
Azure AD for US GovernmentAzure AD for US Government https://portal.azure.us https://login.microsoftonline.us
Azure AD 德国Azure AD Germany https://portal.microsoftazure.de https://login.microsoftonline.de
由世纪互联运营的 Azure AD 中国Azure AD China operated by 21Vianet https://portal.azure.cn https://login.chinacloudapi.cn
Azure AD(全局服务)Azure AD (global service) https://portal.azure.com https://login.microsoftonline.com

若要了解有关 Azure AD 访问令牌和 Microsoft Graph 的详细信息, 请参阅身份验证基础To learn more about Azure AD access tokens and Microsoft Graph, see authentication basics. 对于 Azure AD 身份验证方案, 请参阅AZURE ad 身份验证基础For Azure AD authentication scenarios, see Azure AD authentication basics.

Microsoft Graph 和 Graph 浏览器服务根终结点Microsoft Graph and Graph Explorer service root endpoints

下表显示了每个国家/地区群的 Microsoft Graph 和Graph 浏览器的服务根终结点。The following table shows the service root endpoints for Microsoft Graph and Graph Explorer for each national cloud.

区域云National Cloud Microsoft GraphMicrosoft Graph Graph 浏览器Graph Explorer
适用于美国政府 L4 的 Microsoft GraphMicrosoft Graph for US Government L4 https://graph.microsoft.us 不支持。Not supported.
Microsoft Graph for 美国政府版 L5 (DOD)Microsoft Graph for US Government L5 (DOD) https://dod-graph.microsoft.us 不支持。Not supported.
Microsoft Graph 德国Microsoft Graph Germany https://graph.microsoft.de 不支持。Not supported.
由世纪互联运营的 Microsoft Graph 中国Microsoft Graph China operated by 21Vianet https://microsoftgraph.chinacloudapi.cn https://developer.microsoft.com/zh-cn/graph/graph-explorer-china
Microsoft Graph 全局服务Microsoft Graph global service https://graph.microsoft.com https://developer.microsoft.com/graph/graph-explorer

重要说明: 如果你已在美国政府版中使用了一个应用程序, 并且你https://graph.microsoft.com使用的是全球终结点, https://graph.microsoft.us我们建议切换到新终结点。Important: If you already have an app in US Government and you're using the worldwide endpoint https://graph.microsoft.com, we recommend switching to the new https://graph.microsoft.us endpoint. 使用全球终结点访问美国政府数据当前可以正常运行, 但在不久的将来将被禁用。Access to US Government data using worldwide endpoint is currently functional but will be disabled in near future.

注意:应用只能通过区域云终结点访问组织数据。Note: Apps can only access organizational data through the national cloud endpoints. 这意味着应用只能访问在特定国家云中注册的租户中的数据。This means that apps can only access data in tenants that are registered in the specific national cloud. 尝试通过 Microsoft Graph 访问与 Microsoft 个人帐户关联的用户数据的应用程序应使用全局服务https://graph.microsoft.comApps that are trying to access consumer data associated with Microsoft personal accounts through Microsoft Graph should use the global service https://graph.microsoft.com. 为国家云部署获取的访问令牌与为全局服务或任何其他国家云获取的访问令牌不可互换。Access tokens acquired for a national cloud deployment are not interchangeable with those acquired for the global service or any other national cloud.

支持的功能Supported features

以下 Microsoft Graph 功能在/v1.0终结点上通常在所有国家/地区云部署上可用, 除非另有说明。The following Microsoft Graph features are generally available on the /v1.0 endpoint across all national cloud deployments, except where noted.

Microsoft Graph 功能Microsoft Graph features Microsoft Cloud for US GovernmentMicrosoft Cloud for US Government 由世纪互联运营的 Microsoft 云中国Microsoft Cloud China operated by 21Vianet Microsoft 云德国Microsoft Cloud Germany
用户Users
Groups
ExcelExcel ✔*✔*
OneDriveOneDrive ✔*✔*
Outlook 邮件Outlook Mail
Outlook 日历Outlook Calendar
个人联系人Personal Contacts
SharePointSharePoint
PlannerPlanner
报表Reports
更改通知 (webhook)Change notifications (webhooks) ✔*✔* ✔*✔*
Delta 查询Delta query
目录架构扩展Directory schema extensions
开放类型扩展Open type extensions

以下其他 Microsoft Graph 功能在所有国家/地区云部署的/beta预览 (在终结点上) 中可用, 但在另有说明的情况除外:The following additional Microsoft Graph features are available in preview (on the /beta endpoint) across all national cloud deployments, except where noted:

  • 组织联系人Organizational Contacts
  • 应用程序Applications
  • 服务主体Service Principals
  • 更改通知 (webhook)Change notifications (webhooks)

(*)仅对 Exchange 和 OneDrive 服务的有限支持。(*) Limited support for Exchange and OneDrive services only. Azure AD services 不受支持。Azure AD services are not supported.

重要说明: 全局服务特定区域中的某些服务和功能在所有国家/地区群中可能不可用。IMPORTANT: Certain services and features that are in specific regions of the global service might not be available in all of the national clouds. 若要了解哪些服务可用, 请参阅地区提供的产品To find out what services are available, see products available by region.

若要了解有关国家/地区云的详细信息, 请参阅下列主题:To learn more about National clouds, see the following topics: