|适用于：经典控制台中的 IntuneApplies to: Intune in the classic console|
|正在查找有关 Azure 中的 Intune 的文档？Looking for documentation about Intune on Azure? 请转到此处。Go here.|
本主题说明一些在开始使用 Microsoft Intune 部署应用之前需要了解的概念。This topic explains some of the concepts you need to understand before you start deploying apps with Microsoft Intune.
应用部署操作App deployment actions
在部署应用时，你可以从以下部署操作中进行选择:When you deploy apps, you can choose from one of the following deployment actions:
所需的安装 – 应用安装在设备上，无需用户干预。Required install – The app is installed onto the device with no user intervention required.
对于未处于监督模式的 iOS 设备，以及对于所有 Android 设备，用户在安装应用之前必须接受应用付费。For iOS devices that are not in supervised mode, and for all Android devices, the user must accept the app offer before it is installed.
如果用户卸载部署为必需安装的应用，则 Intune 将在下一清单周期之后自动重新安装该应用，该周期通常为 7 天。If a user uninstalls an app that you deployed as a required install, Intune automatically reinstalls the app after the next inventory cycle, which typically occurs every seven days.
可用安装 – 应用显示在公司门户中，最终用户可根据需要安装。Available install – The app is displayed in the company portal, and users can install it on demand.
“卸载” – 应用从设备上卸载。Uninstall – The app is uninstalled from the device.
不适用 – 应用不在公司门户中显示，并且未安装到任何设备。Not applicable – The app is not displayed in the company portal and is not installed on any devices.
了解可用于每种安装程序类型的部署操作Understand which deployment actions are available for each installer type
|安装程序类型Installer type||“必需安装”Required install||“可用安装”Available install||卸载Uninstall||“不适用”Not applicable|
|Windows 应用包（已部署到用户组）Windows app package (deployed to a user group)||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes|
|Windows 应用包（部署到设备组）Windows app package (deployed to a device group)||是Yes||否No||是Yes||是Yes|
|移动设备的应用包（已部署到用户组）App package for mobile devices (deployed to a user group)||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes|
|移动设备的应用包（已部署到设备组）App package for mobile devices (deployed to a device group)||是Yes||否No||是Yes||是Yes|
|Windows 安装程序（已部署到用户组）Windows Installer (deployed to a user group)||否No||是Yes||否No||是Yes|
|Windows 安装程序（已部署到设备组）Windows Installer (deployed to a device group)||是Yes||否No||是Yes||是Yes|
|外部链接（已部署到用户组）External link (deployed to a user group)||否No||是Yes||否No||是Yes|
|外部链接（已部署到设备组）External link (deployed to a device group)||否No||否No||否No||否No|
|来自应用商店的托管 iOS 应用程序（已部署到用户组）Managed iOS app from the app store (deployed to a user group)||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes||是Yes|
|来自应用商店的托管 iOS 应用程序（已部署到设备组）Managed iOS app from the app store (deployed to a device group)||是Yes||否No||是Yes||是Yes|
部署应用时，如果你同时选择用户和设备组，你只能将应用作为可用安装进行部署。When you deploy apps, if you select both user and device groups, you can only deploy the app as an Available install.
如果某一设备收到具有相同部署操作的两个部署，则适用以下规则：When two deployments with the same deployment action are received by a device, the following rules apply:
对设备组的部署优先于对用户组的部署。Deployments to a device group take precedence over deployments to a user group. 但是，如果使用“可用”部署操作将应用部署到用户组，并且使用“不适用”部署操作将同一应用部署到设备组，则在公司门户中向用户提供此应用以供安装。However, if an app is deployed to a user group with a deployment action of Available, and the same app is also deployed to a device group with a deployment action of Not Applicable, the app will be made available in the company portal for users to install.
所有安装操作优先于卸载操作。An install action takes precedence over an uninstall action.
如果一台设备同时收到所需安装和可用安装，则合并两个操作。If both a required and an available install are received by a device, the actions are combined. 换言之，用户可以在所需安装开始之前从公司门户安装可用的应用。In other words, the user can install the available app from the company portal before the required install begins.