在拓扑中为 Lync Server 2013 定义可选控制器拓扑Define optional Director topologies in your topology for Lync Server 2013

 

上次修改的主题: 2012-09-08Topic Last Modified: 2012-09-08

Lync Server 2013 控制器可以是单实例服务器,也可以将其作为多个控制器的负载平衡池进行安装,以实现更高的可用性和容量。Lync Server 2013 Directors can be single-instance servers or they can be installed as a load-balanced pool of multiple Directors for higher availability and capacity. 支持硬件负载平衡和域名系统 (DNS) 负载平衡。Both hardware load balancing and Domain Name System (DNS) load balancing are supported. 本主题介绍如何为控制器池配置 DNS 负载平衡。This topic explains how to configure DNS load balancing for Director pools.

要在添加或删除服务器角色后成功发布、启用或禁用拓扑,您应该以 RTCUniversalServerAdminsDomain Admins 组成员的用户身份登录。To successfully publish, enable, or disable a topology when you add or remove a server role, you should be logged on as a user who is a member of the RTCUniversalServerAdmins and Domain Admins groups. 还可以委派适当的管理员权限,以添加服务器角色。You can also delegate the proper administrator rights and permissions for adding server roles. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Standard Edition server 或 Enterprise Edition server Deployment 文档中的 " 在 Lync Server 2013 中委派安装程序权限 "。For details, see Delegate setup permissions in Lync Server 2013 in the Standard Edition server or Enterprise Edition server Deployment documentation. 对于其他配置更改,只需要“RTCUniversalServerAdmins”**** 组的成员身份。For other configuration changes, only membership in the RTCUniversalServerAdmins group is required.

本主题介绍为两个控制器拓扑定义和发布拓扑的步骤:This topic describes the steps to define and publish the topology for the two Director topologies:

  • 定义控制器(单实例)To define the Director (single instance)

  • 定义控制器(多控制器池)To define the Director (multiple Director pool)

定义控制器(单实例)To define the Director (single instance)

  1. 启动拓扑生成器:依次单击 " 开始"、" 所有程序"、" Microsoft Lync server 2013",然后单击 " Lync server 拓扑生成器"。Start Topology Builder: Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft Lync Server 2013, and then click Lync Server Topology Builder.

  2. 在欢迎页上,单击“从现有部署下载拓扑”****。On the welcome page, click Download Topology from Existing Deployment.

  3. 在“将拓扑另存为”**** 对话框中,键入现有拓扑的本地副本的名称和位置,然后单击“保存”****。In the Save Topology As dialog box, type the name and location of the local copy of the existing topology, and then click Save.

  4. 展开计划向其中添加控制器的站点,右键单击“控制器池”****,然后单击“新建控制器池”****。Expand the site in which you plan to add the Director, right-click Director pools, and then click New Director Pool.

  5. 在“定义控制器池 FQDN”**** 对话框中,执行以下操作:In the Define the Director pool FQDN dialog box, do the following:

    • 在“池 FQDN”**** 中,键入控制器池的 FQDN。In Pool FQDN, type the FQDN for the Director pool.

    • 单击“单个计算机池”****,然后单击“下一步”****。Click Single computer pool, and then click Next.

  6. 在“定义文件共享”**** 对话框中,执行下列操作之一:In the Define the file share dialog box, do one of the following:

    1. 要使用现有的文件共享,请单击“使用先前定义的文件共享”****,从列表中选择一个文件共享,然后单击“下一步”****。To use an existing file share, click Use a previously defined file share, select a file share from the list, and then click Next.

    2. 要创建新的文件共享,请单击“定义新的文件共享”****,在“文件服务器 FQDN”**** 中键入文件共享位置的 FQDN,在“文件共享”**** 中键入共享的名称,然后单击“下一步”****。To create a new file share, click Define a new file share, type the FQDN for the location of the file share in File Server FQDN, type the name of the share in File Share, and then click Next.

    重要

    在发布拓扑前,此步骤中指定或创建的文件共享必须已存在或已创建。The file share that you specify or create in this step must exist or be created prior to publishing the topology.
    实际上未使用分配给控制器的文件共享,因此可以分配组织中任何池的文件共享。The file share assigned to a Director is not actually used, so you can assign the file share of any pool in the organization.

  7. 在“指定 Web 服务 URL”**** 对话框的“外部基 URL”**** 中,指定控制器的 FQDN,然后单击“完成”****。In the Specify the Web Services URL dialog box, in External Base URL, specify the FQDN for the Directors, and then click Finish.

    重要

    该名称必须可以从 Internet DNS 服务器进行解析并指向反向代理的公共 IP 地址,以侦听对该 URL 的 HTTP/HTTPS 请求,并将其代理到该控制器上的外部 Web 服务虚拟目录中。The name must be resolvable from Internet DNS servers and point to the public IP address of the reverse proxy, which listens for HTTP/HTTPS requests to that URL and proxies them to the external Web Services virtual directory on that Director.

    警告

    如果您有多个前端池或前端服务器,则外部 Web 服务 FQDN 必须是唯一的。If you have more than one Front End pool or Front End Server the external Web services FQDN must be unique. 例如,如果将前端服务器的外部 Web 服务 FQDN 定义为 pool01.contoso.com,则不能将 pool01.contoso.com 用于另一个前端池或前端服务器。For example, if you define the external Web services FQDN of a Front End Server as pool01.contoso.com, you cannot use pool01.contoso.com for another Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果还部署控制器,则为任何控制器或控制器池定义的外部 Web 服务 FQDN 必须与任何其他控制器或控制器池以及任何前端池或前端服务器都是唯一的。If you are also deploying Directors, the external Web services FQDN defined for any Director or Director pool must be unique from any other Director or Director pool as well as any Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果决定使用自定义的 FQDN 覆盖内部 web 服务,则每个 FQDN 必须与任何其他前端池、控制器或控制器池都是唯一的。If decide to override the Internal web services with a self-defined FQDN, each FQDN must be unique from any other Front End pool, Director or a Director pool.

  8. 发布拓扑。Publish the topology.

定义控制器(多控制器池)To define the Director (multiple Director pool)

  1. 启动拓扑生成器:依次单击 " 开始"、" 所有程序"、" Microsoft Lync server 2013",然后单击 " Lync server 拓扑生成器"。Start Topology Builder: Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft Lync Server 2013, and then click Lync Server Topology Builder.

  2. 在欢迎页上,单击“从现有部署下载拓扑”****。On the welcome page, click Download Topology from Existing Deployment.

  3. 在“将拓扑另存为”**** 对话框中,键入现有拓扑的本地副本的名称和位置,然后单击“保存”****。In the Save Topology As dialog box, type the name and location of the local copy of the existing topology, and then click Save.

  4. 展开计划向其中添加控制器的站点,右键单击“控制器池”****,然后单击“新建控制器池”****。Expand the site in which you plan to add the Director, right-click Director pools, and then click New Director Pool.

  5. 在“定义控制器池 FQDN”**** 对话框中,执行以下操作:In the Define the Director pool FQDN dialog box, do the following:

    • 在“池 FQDN”**** 中,键入控制器池的 FQDN。In Pool FQDN, type the FQDN for the Director pool.

    • 单击“多个计算机池”****,然后单击“下一步”****。Click Multiple computer pool, and then click Next.

  6. 在“定义此池中的计算机”**** 对话框中,执行以下操作:In the Define the computers in this pool dialog box, do the following:

    • 指定第一个池成员的计算机 FQDN,然后单击“添加”****。Specify the computer FQDN of the first pool member, and then click Add.

    • 为想要添加的每台计算机重复以上步骤。完成后,单击“下一步”****。Repeat the previous step for each computer that you want to add. When you are finished, click Next.

  7. 在“定义文件共享”**** 对话框中,执行下列操作之一:In the Define the file share dialog box, do one of the following:

    • 要使用现有的文件共享,请单击“使用先前定义的文件共享”****,从列表中选择一个文件共享,然后单击“下一步”****。To use an existing file share, click Use a previously defined file share, select a file share from the list, and then click Next.

    • 要创建新的文件共享,请单击“定义新的文件共享”****,在“文件服务器 FQDN”**** 中键入文件共享位置的 FQDN,在“文件共享”**** 中键入共享的名称,然后单击“下一步”****。To create a new file share, click Define a new file share, type the FQDN for the location of the file share in File Server FQDN, type the name of the share in File Share, and then click Next.

    重要

    在发布拓扑前,此步骤中指定或创建的文件共享必须已存在或已创建。The file share that you specify or create in this step must exist or be created prior to publishing the topology.
    实际上未使用分配给控制器的文件共享,因此可以分配组织中任何池的文件共享。The file share assigned to a Director is not actually used, so you can assign the file share of any pool in the organization.

  8. 在“指定 Web 服务 URL”**** 对话框的“外部基 URL”**** 中,指定控制器的 FQDN,然后单击“完成”****。In the Specify the Web Services URL dialog box, in External Base URL, specify the FQDN for the Directors, and then click Finish.

    重要

    该名称必须可从 Internet DNS 服务器解析,并指向反向代理的公用 IP 地址,该代理侦听发送到该 URL 的 HTTP/HTTPS 请求,并将其代理到该控制器池上的外部 Web 服务虚拟目录。The name must be resolvable from Internet DNS servers and point to the public IP address of the reverse proxy, which listens for HTTP/HTTPS requests sent to that URL and proxies them to the external Web Services virtual directory on that Director pool.

    警告

    如果您有多个前端池或前端服务器,则外部 Web 服务 FQDN 必须是唯一的。If you have more than one Front End pool or Front End Server the external Web services FQDN must be unique. 例如,如果将前端服务器的外部 Web 服务 FQDN 定义为 pool01.contoso.com,则不能将 pool01.contoso.com 用于另一个前端池或前端服务器。For example, if you define the external Web services FQDN of a Front End Server as pool01.contoso.com, you cannot use pool01.contoso.com for another Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果还部署控制器,则为任何控制器或控制器池定义的外部 Web 服务 FQDN 必须与任何其他控制器或控制器池以及任何前端池或前端服务器都是唯一的。If you are also deploying Directors, the external Web services FQDN defined for any Director or Director pool must be unique from any other Director or Director pool as well as any Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果决定使用自定义的 FQDN 覆盖内部 web 服务,则每个 FQDN 必须与任何其他前端池、控制器或控制器池都是唯一的。If decide to override the Internal web services with a self-defined FQDN, each FQDN must be unique from any other Front End pool, Director or a Director pool.

  9. 发布拓扑。Publish the topology.