在 Configuration Manager 中升级客户端Upgrade clients in Configuration Manager

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

可以使用不同的方法在 Windows 计算机和 Mac 计算机上升级 Configuration Manager 客户端软件。You can use different methods to upgrade the Configuration Manager client software on Windows computers and Mac computers. 以下是每种方法的优缺点。Here are the advantages and disadvantages of each method.

提示

如果是从以前版本的 Configuration Manager(例如 Configuration Manager 2007 或 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager)升级服务器基础结构,我们建议你先完成服务器升级(包括安装所有当前分支更新),然后再升级 Configuration Manager 客户端。If you are upgrading your server infrastructure from a previous version of Configuration Manager (such as Configuration Manager 2007 or System Center 2012 Configuration Manager), we recommend that you complete the server upgrades including installing all current branch updates, before upgrading the Configuration Manager clients. 这样,你还将具有最新版本的客户端软件。This way, you'll also have the most recent version of the client software.

组策略安装Group Policy installation

支持的客户端平台: WindowsSupported client platform: Windows

优点Advantages

  • 在可以升级客户端之前,无需发现计算机。Does not require computers to be discovered before the client can be upgraded.

  • 可用于安装新客户端或执行升级。Can be used for new client installations or for upgrades.

  • 计算机可以读取已发布到 Active Directory 域服务的客户端安装属性。Computers can read client installation properties that have been published to Active Directory Domain Services.

  • 你无需为目标客户端计算机配置和维护安装帐户。Does not require you to configure and maintain an installation account for the intended client computer.

缺点Disadvantages

  • 如果升级大量客户端,则会导致较高的网络流量。Can cause high network traffic if you're upgrading a lot of clients.

  • 如果没有为 Configuration Manager 扩展 Active Directory 架构,则必须使用组策略设置将客户端安装属性添加到站点中的计算机。If the Active Directory schema is not extended for Configuration Manager, you must use Group Policy settings to add client installation properties to computers in your site.

登录脚本安装Logon script installation

支持的客户端平台: WindowsSupported client platform: Windows

优点Advantages

  • 在可以安装客户端之前,无需发现计算机。Does not require computers to be discovered before the client can be installed.

  • 可用于安装新客户端或执行升级。Can be used for new client installations or for upgrades.

  • 支持使用 CCMSetup 的命令行属性。Supports using command-line properties for CCMSetup.

缺点Disadvantages

手动安装Manual installation

支持的客户端平台: Windows、macOS XSupported client platform: Windows, macOS X

优点Advantages

  • 在可以升级客户端之前,无需发现计算机。Does not require computers to be discovered before the client can be upgraded.

  • 可用于测试目的。Can be useful for testing purposes.

  • 支持使用 CCMSetup 的命令行属性。Supports using command-line properties for CCMSetup.

缺点Disadvantages

升级安装(应用程序管理)Upgrade installation (application management)

支持的客户端平台: WindowsSupported client platform: Windows

备注

无法使用此方法升级 Configuration Manager 2007 客户端。You cannot upgrade Configuration Manager 2007 clients with this method. 在此情况下,可以从 Configuration Manager 2007 站点中以包的形式部署 Configuration Manager 客户端,或者可以使用自动客户端升级,这种方法可自动创建和部署包含客户端最新版本的包。In this scenario, you can deploy the Configuration Manager client as a package from the Configuration Manager 2007 site, or you can use automatic client upgrade which automatically creates and deploys a package that contains the latest version of the client.

优点Advantages

  • 支持使用 CCMSetup 的命令行属性。Supports using command-line properties for CCMSetup.

缺点Disadvantages

自动客户端升级Automatic client upgrade

备注

可用于将 Configuration Manager 2007 客户端升级到 Configuration Manager Current Branch 客户端。Can be used to upgrade Configuration Manager 2007 clients to Configuration Manager current branch clients. Configuration Manager 2007 客户端可分配给 Configuration Manager 站点,但无法执行自动客户端升级外的任何操作。A Configuration Manager 2007 client can assign to a Configuration Manager site, but cannot perform any actions besides automatic client upgrade.

支持的客户端平台: WindowsSupported client platform: Windows

优点Advantages

  • 由于指定时间段内存在随机选择,所以只有自动升级才适合大规模客户端升级。Because of the randomization over the specified period, only auto-upgrade is suitable for large-scale client upgrades. 其他方法对于大规模客户端升级来说,要么太慢,要么不具备随机选择。Other methods are either too slow on large scale, or don't have randomization.

    备注

    客户端试验不适合大规模客户端升级,因为它根本不会进行随机选择。Client piloting isn't good for large scale as it doesn't randomize at all.

  • 可用于自动让站点中的客户端的版本保持最新。Can be used to automatically keep clients in your site at the latest version.

  • 所需管理最少。Requires minimal administration.

缺点Disadvantages

  • 只能用于升级客户端软件,不能用于安装新客户端。Can only be used to upgrade the client software and cannot be used to install a new client.

  • 适用于层次结构中分配到站点的所有客户端。Applies to all clients in the hierarchy that are assigned to a site. 无法按集合来限定范围。Cannot be scoped by collection.

  • 有限的计划选项。Limited scheduling options.

    有关详细信息,请参阅如何升级 Windows 计算机的客户端For more information, see How to upgrade clients for Windows computers.

客户端测试Client testing

支持的客户端平台: WindowsSupported client platform: Windows

优点Advantages

  • 可用于在较小的预生产集合中测试新的客户端版本。Can be used to test new client versions in a smaller pre-production collection.

  • 测试完成后,预生产中的客户端将被提升到生产,并将在整个 Configuration Manager 站点中自动进行升级。When testing is complete, clients in pre-production are promoted to production and automatically upgraded across the Configuration Manager site.

缺点Disadvantages