在 Configuration Manager 中规划迁移作业策略Plan a migration job strategy in Configuration Manager

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

使用迁移作业来配置要迁移到 Configuration Manager Current Branch 环境的特定数据。Use migration jobs to configure the specific data that you want to migrate to your Configuration Manager current branch environment. 迁移作业确定你计划迁移的对象,并且在目标层次结构中的顶层站点上运行。Migration jobs identify the objects that you plan to migrate, and they run at the top-level site in your destination hierarchy. 可为每个源站点设置一个或多个迁移作业。You can set up one or more migration jobs per source site. 这可以实现一次迁移所有对象,或迁移每个作业的有限数据子集。This lets you migrate all objects at one time or limited subsets of data with each job.

可以在 Configuration Manager 从源层次结构中的一个或多个站点成功收集数据后创建迁移作业。You can create migration jobs after Configuration Manager has successfully gathered data from one or more sites from the source hierarchy. 你可以按任何顺序从收集了数据的源站点中迁移数据。You can migrate data in any sequence from the source sites that have gathered data. 对于 Configuration Manager 2007 源站点,只能从在其中创建了对象的站点中迁移数据。With a Configuration Manager 2007 source site, you can migrate data only from the site where an object was created. 对于运行 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或更高版本的源站点,可迁移的所有数据均位于源层次结构的顶层站点上。With source sites that run System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or later, all data that you can migrate is available at the top-level site of the source hierarchy.

在层次结构之间迁移客户端之前,请确保客户端使用的对象已迁移,并且这些对象在目标层次结构中可用。Before you migrate clients between hierarchies, ensure that the objects that clients use have migrated and that these objects are available in the destination hierarchy. 例如,当从 Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 源层次结构中迁移时,可能有部署到带有客户端的自定义集合的内容播发。For example, when you migrate from a Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 source hierarchy, you might have an advertisement for content that is deployed to a custom collection that has a client. 在这种情况下,建议在迁移客户端之前迁移集合、播发和关联的内容。In this scenario, we recommend that you migrate the collection, the advertisement, and the associated content before you migrate the client. 如果在客户端迁移之前未迁移内容、集合和播发,则此数据无法与目标层次结构中的客户端关联。This data cannot be associated with the client in the destination hierarchy if the content, collection, and advertisement are not migrated before the client migrates. 如果客户端未与之前运行的播发和内容的相关数据关联,则可能会为客户端提供用于在目标层次结构中安装的内容,而这可能是不必要的。If a client is not associated with the data related to a previously run advertisement and content, the client can be offered the content for installation in the destination hierarchy, which might be unnecessary. 如果客户端在数据已迁移之后迁移,则客户端将与此内容和播发关联,并且,除非播发是重复进行的,否则不会再次为客户端提供已迁移播发的此内容。When the client migrates after the data has migrated, the client is associated with this content and advertisement, and unless the advertisement is recurring, is not offered this content for the migrated advertisement again.

某些对象需要将数据多次从源层次结构迁移到目标层次结构。Some objects require more than the migration of data from the source hierarchy to the destination hierarchy. 例如,为了成功将客户端的软件更新迁移到目标层次结构,必须在目标层次结构中部署一个活动软件更新点、配置产品的目录,并将该软件更新点与 Windows Server 更新服务 (WSUS) 同步。For example, to successfully migrate software updates for your clients to your destination hierarchy, you must deploy an active software update point, configure the catalog of products, and synchronize the software update point with Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) in the destination hierarchy.

迁移作业的类型Types of migration jobs

Configuration Manager支持以下类型的迁移作业。Configuration Manager supports the following types of migration jobs. 每种作业类型都旨在帮助定义你可包括在该作业中的对象。Each job type is designed to help define the objects that you can include in that job.

集合迁移(仅当从 Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 迁移时支持):迁移与所选集合相关的对象。Collection migration (only supported when migrating from Configuration Manager 2007 SP2): Migrate objects that are related to collections you select. 默认情况下,集合迁移包括与集合成员关联的所有对象。By default, collection migration includes all objects that are associated with members of the collection. 在使用集合迁移作业时,你可以排除特定对象实例。You can exclude specific object instances when you use a collection migration job.

对象迁移:迁移所选的单独对象。Object migration: Migrate individual objects that you select. 仅选择你希望迁移的特定数据。You select only the specific data that you want to migrate.

以前迁移的对象迁移:如果以前迁移的对象在迁移之后已在源层次结构中更新,则迁移这些对象。Previously migrated object migration: Migrate objects that you previously migrated when they have updated in the source hierarchy after they were last migrated.

可迁移的对象Objects that you can migrate

并非每个对象都可通过特定类型的迁移作业进行迁移。Not every object can migrate by a specific type of migration job. 以下列表确定你可以使用每种类型的迁移作业迁移的对象的类型。The following list identifies the type of objects that you can migrate with each type of migration job.

备注

只有在从 Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 源层次结构中迁移对象时,集合迁移作业才可用。Collection migration jobs are available only when you migrate objects from a Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 source hierarchy.

可以用于迁移每个对象的作业类型Job types you can use to migrate each object

  • 播发(可从支持的 Configuration Manager 2007 源站点中迁移)Advertisements (available to migrate from supported Configuration Manager 2007 source sites)

    • 集合迁移Collection migration
  • 资产智能目录Asset Intelligence catalog

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 资产智能硬件要求Asset Intelligence hardware requirements

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 资产智能软件列表Asset Intelligence software list

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 边界Boundaries

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 配置基线Configuration baselines

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 配置项目Configuration items

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 维护时段Maintenance windows

    • 集合迁移Collection migration
  • 操作系统部署启动映像Operating system deployment boot images

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 操作系统部署驱动程序包Operating system deployment driver packages

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 操作系统部署驱动程序Operating system deployment drivers

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 操作系统部署映像Operating system deployment images

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 操作系统部署包Operating system deployment packages

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 软件分发包Software distribution packages

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 软件计数规则Software metering rules

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 软件更新部署包Software update deployment packages

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 软件更新部署模板Software update deployment templates

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 软件更新部署Software update deployments

    • 集合迁移Collection migration
  • 软件更新列表Software update lists

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 任务序列Task sequences

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    • 以前迁移的对象迁移Previously migrated object migration

  • 虚拟应用程序包Virtual application packages

    • 集合迁移Collection migration

    • 对象迁移Object migration

    重要

    尽管可通过使用对象迁移来迁移虚拟应用程序包,但无法使用迁移作业类型“以前迁移的对象迁移” 来迁移这些包。Although you can migrate a virtual application package by using object migration, the packages cannot be migrated by using the migration job type of Previously Migrated Object Migration. 作为替代,你必须从目标站点中删除迁移的虚拟应用程序包,然后创建一个新迁移作业来迁移虚拟应用程序。Instead, you must delete the migrated virtual application package from the destination site and then create a new migration job to migrate the virtual application.

所有迁移作业的一般规划General planning for all migration jobs

使用创建迁移作业向导来创建迁移作业以将对象迁移到目标层次结构。Use the Create Migration Job wizard to create a migration job to migrate objects to your destination hierarchy. 你创建的迁移作业的类型确定哪些对象可供迁移。The type of the migration job that you create determines which objects are available to migrate. 可创建和使用多个迁移作业以从同一源站点或多个源站点中迁移数据。You can create and use multiple migration jobs to migrate data from the same source site or from multiple source sites. 使用一种类型的迁移作业并不会妨碍使用其他类型的迁移作业。The use of one type of migration job does not block the use of a different type of migration job.

一个迁移作业运行成功后,其状态将列为“已完成” ,并且无法再次运行。After a migration job runs successfully, its status is listed as Completed and it cannot be run again. 但是,你可以创建一个新迁移作业来迁移已由原始作业迁移的任何对象,并且新迁移作业也可包括其他对象。However, you can create a new migration job to migrate any of the objects that were migrated by the original job, and the new migration job can include additional objects as well. 创建其他迁移作业时,之前已迁移的对象会显示状态“已迁移” 。When you create additional migration jobs, the objects that have been previously migrated show the state of Migrated. 可选择这些对象以再次迁移它们,但是除非对象在源层次结构中已更新,否则再次迁移这些对象是不必要的。You can select these objects to migrate them again, but unless the object has been updated in the source hierarchy, migrating these objects again is not necessary. 如果对象在最初迁移后已在源层次结构中更新,你可以在使用迁移作业类型“迁移之后修改的对象” 时标识该对象。If the object has been updated in the source hierarchy after it was originally migrated, you can identify that object when you use the migration job type of Objects modified after migration.

你可以在迁移作业运行之前将其删除。You can delete a migration job before it runs. 但是,在迁移作业完成之后,它将一直在 Configuration Manager 控制台中显示,并且无法删除。However, after a migration job finishes, it remains visible in the Configuration Manager console and cannot be deleted. 每个已完成或尚未运行的迁移作业会一直在 Configuration Manager 控制台中显示,直至完成迁移过程并清理迁移数据为止。Each migration job that has finished or has not yet run remains visible in the Configuration Manager console until you finish the migration process and clean up migration data.

备注

通过使用“清理迁移数据” 操作完成迁移之后,可重新配置与当前源层次结构相同的层次结构,以使之前迁移的对象再次显示。After you have finished migration by using the Clean Up Migration Data action, you can reconfigure the same hierarchy as the current source hierarchy to restore visibility to the objects you previously migrated.

可在 Configuration Manager 控制台中查看任何迁移作业中包含的对象,方式是选中迁移作业,然后选择“作业对象” 选项卡。You can view the objects contained in any migration job in the Configuration Manager console by selecting the migration job and then choosing the Objects in Job tab.

使用下列部分中的信息来帮助你规划所有迁移作业。Use the information in the following sections to help you plan for all migration jobs.

数据选择Data selection

在创建集合迁移作业时,你必须选择一个或多个集合。When you create a collection migration job, you must select one or more collections. 选择集合之后,创建迁移作业向导将显示与集合关联的对象。After you select the collections, the Create Migration Job wizard shows the objects that are associated with the collections. 默认情况下会迁移与所选集合关联的所有对象,但可取消选中不希望使用该作业迁移的对象。By default, all objects associated with the selected collections are migrated, but you can uncheck the objects that you do not want to migrate with that job. 取消选中具有依赖对象的对象时,这些依赖对象也将被取消选中。When you uncheck an object that has dependent objects, those dependent objects are also unchecked. 会将所有取消选中的对象添加到排除列表。All unchecked objects are added to an exclusion list. 将来的迁移作业将不会自动选择排除列表中的对象。Objects on an exclusion list are removed from automatic selection for future migration jobs. 你必须手动编辑排除列表以删除要为在将来创建的迁移作业中的迁移自动选择的对象。You must manually edit the exclusion list to remove objects that you want to have automatically selected for migration in migration jobs you create in the future.

已迁移内容的站点所有权Site ownership for migrated content

在为部署迁移内容时,你必须将内容对象分配给目标层次结构中的站点。When you migrate content for deployments, you must assign the content object to a site in the destination hierarchy. 此站点随后将成为目标层次结构中该内容的所有者。This site then becomes the owner for that content in the destination hierarchy. 尽管目标层次结构的顶层站点是实际迁移内容元数据的站点,但却是分配的站点在网络上访问内容的原始源文件。Although the top-level site of your destination hierarchy is the site that actually migrates the metadata for content, it is the assigned site that accesses the original source files for the content across the network.

为了最大限度地减少迁移期间使用的网络带宽,请考虑将内容的所有权转让给最近的可用站点。To minimize the network bandwidth that is used during migration, consider transferring ownership of content to the closest available site. 由于有关内容的信息是在 Configuration Manager 中全局共享的,因此该信息将在每个站点上可用。Because information about the content is shared globally in Configuration Manager, it will be available at every site.

有关内容的信息通过使用数据库复制共享到目标层次结构中的所有站点。Information about content is shared to all sites in the destination hierarchy by using database replication. 但是,分配给主站点并随后部署到其他主站点上的分发点的任何内容将通过使用基于文件的复制传输。However, any content that you assign to a primary site and then deploy to distribution points at other primary sites transfers by using file-based replication. 此传输将经过管理中心站点,并随后传送到每个其他主站点。This transfer is routed through the central administration site and then to each additional primary site. 在分配站点作为内容所有者时,通过在迁移之前或在迁移过程中将你打算分发到多个主站点的包集中在一起,可减少低带宽网络上的数据传输。By centralizing packages that you plan to distribute to multiple primary sites before or during migration when you assign a site as the content owner, you can reduce data transfers across low-bandwidth networks.

迁移数据的基于角色的管理安全作用域Role-based administration security scopes for migrated data

在将数据迁移到目标层次结构时,你必须为迁移其数据的对象分配一个或多个基于角色的管理安全作用域。When you migrate data to a destination hierarchy, you must assign one or more role-based administration security scopes to the objects whose data is migrated. 这可确保只有适当的管理用户才能在数据迁移后访问此数据。This ensures that only the appropriate administrative users have access to this data after it is migrated. 你指定的安全作用域由迁移作业定义,并应用于通过该作业迁移的每个对象。The security scopes that you specify are defined by the migration job and are applied to each object that is migrated by that job. 如果需要应用于不同对象集的不同安全作用域,并且要在迁移期间分配这些作用域,则必须通过使用不同的迁移作业迁移不同的对象集。If you require different security scopes to be applied to different sets of objects and you want to assign those scopes during migration, you must migrate the different sets of objects by using different migration jobs.

在设置迁移作业之前,请查看 Configuration Manager 中基于角色的管理的工作方式。Before you set up a migration job, review how role-based administration works in Configuration Manager. 在必要时为迁移的数据设置一个或多个安全作用域,以控制谁将具有目标层次结构中已迁移对象的访问权限。If necessary, set up one or more security scopes for the data that you migrate to control who will have access to the migrated objects in the destination hierarchy.

若要深入了解安全作用域和基于角色的管理,请参阅 Configuration Manager 的基于角色的管理基础For more about security scopes and role-based administration, see Fundamentals of role-based administration for Configuration Manager.

查看迁移操作Review migration actions

在设置迁移作业时,创建迁移作业向导将显示为确保成功迁移所必须执行的操作的列表,以及 Configuration Manager 在所选数据的迁移过程中执行的操作的列表。When you set up a migration job, the Create Migration Job wizard shows a list of actions that you must take to ensure a successful migration and a list of actions that Configuration Manager takes during the migration of the selected data. 请仔细查看此信息以检查预期结果。Review this information carefully to check the expected outcome.

计划迁移作业Schedule migration jobs

默认情况下,迁移作业将在创建后立即运行。By default, a migration job runs immediately after it is created. 但是,可在创建作业时指定或通过编辑作业的属性来指定迁移作业何时运行。However, you can specify when the migration job runs when you create the job or by editing the properties of the job. 可计划迁移作业运行方式,如下所示:You can schedule the migration job to run as follows:

  • 立即运行作业Run the job now

  • 在特定的开始时间运行作业Run the job at a specific start time

  • 不运行作业Not run the job

为迁移的数据指定冲突解决方案Specify conflict resolution for migrated data

默认情况下,除非你将迁移作业配置为跳过或覆盖之前已迁移到目标数据库的数据,否则迁移作业不会覆盖目标数据库中的数据。By default, migration jobs do not overwrite data in the destination database unless you configure the migration job to skip or overwrite data that has previously been migrated to the destination database.

规划集合迁移作业Plan for collection migration jobs

只有在从运行受支持的 Configuration Manager 2007 版本的源层次结构中迁移数据时,集合迁移作业才可用。Collection migration jobs are available only when you migrate data from a source hierarchy that runs a supported version of Configuration Manager 2007. 按集合迁移数据时,必须指定一个或多个要迁移的集合。You must specify one or more collections to migrate when you migrate by collection. 对于你指定的每个集合,迁移作业会自动选择要迁移的所有相关对象。For each collection that you specify, the migration job automatically selects all related objects for migration. 例如,你选择特定的用户集合,那么,之后会识别集合成员,而且你可以迁移与该集合关联的部署。For example, if you select a specific collection of users, the collection members are then identified, and you can migrate the deployments associated with that collection. 可以根据需要选择与这些成员关联的、要迁移的其他部署对象。Optionally, you can select other deployment objects to migrate that are associated with those members. 所有这些选定的项目都将添加到可以迁移的对象的列表中。All these selected items are added to the list of objects that can be migrated.

迁移集合时,Configuration Manager 也会迁移集合设置(包括维护时段和集合变量),但无法迁移 AMT 客户端设置的集合设置。When you migrate a collection, Configuration Manager also migrates collection settings, including maintenance windows and collection variables, but it cannot migrate collection settings for AMT client provisioning.

使用下列部分中的信息来了解可以应用于基于集合的迁移作业的其他配置。Use the information in the following sections to learn about additional configurations that can apply to collection-based migration jobs.

从集合迁移作业中排除对象Exclude objects from collection migration jobs

可以从集合迁移作业中排除特定的对象。You can exclude specific objects from a collection migration job. 从集合迁移作业中排除特定的对象时,会将该对象添加到全局排除列表中,此列表包含你已经从为当前源层次结构中的任何源站点创建的迁移作业中排除的所有对象。When you exclude a specific object from a collection migration job, that object is added to a global exclusion list that has all the objects that you have excluded from migration jobs created for any source site in the current source hierarchy. 在未来的作业中,仍然可以迁移排除列表上的对象,但在你创建新的基于集合的迁移作业时,不会自动包括这些对象。Objects on the exclusion list are still available for migration in future jobs but are not automatically included when you create a new collection-based migration job.

可以编辑排除列表,以删除以前排除的对象。You can edit the exclusion list to remove objects that you have previously excluded. 从排除列表中删除对象之后,在创建新的迁移作业期间,如果指定关联的集合,则会自动选择该对象。After you remove an object from the exclusion list, it is then automatically selected when an associated collection is specified during the creation of a new migration job.

不支持的集合Unsupported collections

Configuration Manager 可以从 Configuration Manager 2007 源层次结构中迁移任何默认的用户集合、设备集合和大部分自定义集合。Configuration Manager can migrate any of the default user collections, device collections, and most custom collections from a Configuration Manager 2007 source hierarchy. 但是,Configuration Manager 无法迁移包含相同集合中的用户和设备的集合。However, Configuration Manager cannot migrate collections that contain users and devices in the same collection.

无法迁移下列集合:The following collections cannot be migrated:

  • 包含用户和设备的集合。A collection that has users and devices.

  • 包含对不同资源类型的集合的引用的集合。A collection that has a reference to a collection of a different resource type. 例如,某个基于设备的集合具有子集合,或者包含指向基于用户的集合的链接。For example, a device-based collection that has either a subcollection or a link to a user-based collection. 在此例中,只会迁移顶层集合。In this example, only the top-level collection migrates.

  • 具有将未知计算机包括在内的规则的集合。A collection that has a rule to include unknown computers. 可以迁移此类集合,但不会迁移将未知计算机包括在内的规则。The collection migrates, but the rule to include unknown computers does not migrate.

空集合Empty collections

空集合是指没有关联的资源的集合。An empty collection is a collection that has no resources associated with it. Configuration Manager 迁移空集合时,它会将集合转换为不包含用户或设备的组织文件夹。When Configuration Manager migrates an empty collection, it converts the collection to an organizational folder that has no users or devices. 此文件夹使用“用户集合” 或“设备集合” 节点下的空集合的名称创建而成,而该节点位于 Configuration Manager 控制台的“资产和符合性” 工作区中。This folder is created with the name of the empty collection under the User Collections or Device Collections node in the Assets and Compliance workspace in the Configuration Manager console.

已链接的集合和子集合Linked collections and subcollections

在迁移链接到其他集合或具有子集合的集合时,除了链接的集合和子集合,Configuration Manager 还在“用户集合” 或“设备集合” 节点下创建一个文件夹。When you migrate collections that are linked to other collections or that have subcollections, Configuration Manager creates a folder under the User Collections or Device Collections node in addition to the linked collections and subcollections.

集合依赖项和包括对象Collection dependencies and include objects

在“创建迁移作业向导”中指定要迁移的集合时,会自动选择将包括在作业中的任何依赖的集合。When you specify a collection to migrate in the Create Migration Job wizard, any dependent collections are automatically selected to be included with the job. 此行为确保在迁移后可以获得所有必需的资源。This behavior ensures that all necessary resources are available after migration.

例如:你为运行 Windows 10 的设备选择了一个名为 Win_10 的集合 。For example: You select a collection for devices that run Windows 10 and is named Win_10. 此集合受到包含所有客户端操作系统的集合(命名为 All_Clients)的限制。This collection is limited to a collection that has all your client operating systems and is named All_Clients. 在迁移时,将会自动选择 All_Clients 集合。The collection All_Clients will be automatically selected for migration.

集合限制Collection limiting

凭借 Configuration Manager Current Branch,集合是全局数据,且在层次结构的每个站点上接受评估。With Configuration Manager current branch, collections are global data and are evaluated at each site in the hierarchy. 因此,计划如何在迁移后限制集合的范围。Therefore, plan how to limit the scope of a collection after it is migrated. 在迁移期间,可以标识要使用的目标层次结构中的集合,以限制你要迁移的集合的范围,从而确保迁移后的集合不会包含意料之外的成员。During migration, you can identify a collection from the destination hierarchy to use to limit the scope of the collection that you are migrating so that the migrated collection does not include unanticipated members.

例如,在 Configuration Manager 2007 中,将在创建集合的站点和子站点上评估集合。For example, in Configuration Manager 2007, collections are evaluated at the site that creates them and at child sites. 可以将播发仅部署到一个子站点,这会将播发的范围限制为该子站点。An advertisement might be deployed to only a child site, and this would limit the scope for that advertisement to that child site. 相比之下,凭借 Configuration Manager Current Branch,可在每个站点上评估集合,然后为每个站点评估关联的播发。In comparison, with Configuration Manager current branch, collections are evaluated at each site and associated advertisements are then evaluated for each site. 集合限制可让你根据另一个集合来精简集合成员,以免加入意外的集合成员。Collection limiting lets you refine the collection members based on another collection to avoid the addition of unexpected collection members.

站点代码替换Site code replacement

在迁移集合时,如果它包含用于标识 Configuration Manager 2007 站点的条件,则必须指定目标层次结构中的特定站点。When you migrate a collection that has criteria that identifies a Configuration Manager 2007 site, you must specify a specific site in the destination hierarchy. 这确保迁移后的集合在目标层次结构中仍然能够正常工作,而且不会扩大作用域。This ensures that the migrated collection remains functional in your destination hierarchy and does not increase in scope.

为迁移的播发指定行为Specify behavior for migrated advertisements

默认情况下,基于集合的迁移作业会禁用迁移到目标层次结构的播发。By default, collection-based migration jobs disable advertisements that migrate to the destination hierarchy. 这包括与播发关联的任何程序。This includes any programs that are associated with the advertisement. 在创建包含播发且基于集合的迁移作业时,会在“创建迁移作业向导”的“设置” 页上看到“迁移播发后允许在 Configuration Manager 中部署程序” 选项。When you create a collection-based migration job that has advertisements, you see the Enable programs for deployment in Configuration Manager after an advertisement is migrated option on the Settings page of the Create Migration Job wizard. 如果选择此选项,则在播发迁移后会启用与播发关联的程序。If you select this option, programs that are associated with the advertisements are enabled after they have migrated. 最好不要选择此选项。As a best practice, do not select this option. 而是改为在播发迁移后且可以验证将接收播发的客户端时启用这些程序。Instead, enable the programs after they have migrated when you can verify the clients that will receive them.

备注

仅在创建基于集合的迁移作业且迁移作业包含播发时,你才会看到“在迁移播发后允许在 Configuration Manager 中部署程序” 选项。You see the Enable programs for deployment in Configuration Manager after an advertisement is migrated option only when you are creating a collection-based migration job and the migration job contains advertisements.

若要在迁移后启用某个程序,请在该程序的属性的“高级” 选项卡上清除“在播发此程序的计算机上禁用此程序” 。To enable a program after migration, clear Disable this program on computers where it is advertised on the Advanced tab of the program properties.

规划对象迁移作业Plan for object migration jobs

与集合迁移不同的是,你必须选择要迁移的每个对象和对象实例。Unlike collection migration, you must select each object and object instance that you want to migrate. 可以选择单个对象(例如 Configuration Manager 2007 层次结构中的播发或者 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或 Configuration Manager Current Branch 层次结构中的发布),以添加到要为特定迁移作业迁移的对象的列表中。You can select the individual objects (like advertisements from a Configuration Manager 2007 hierarchy or a publication from a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or Configuration Manager current branch hierarchy) to add to the list of objects to migrate for a specific migration job. 对象迁移作业不会将你未添加到迁移列表中的任何对象迁移到目标站点。Any objects that you do not add to the migration list are not migrated to the destination site by the object migration job.

除了那些适用于所有迁移作业的配置之外,基于对象的迁移作业并没有任何其他配置需要你加以规划。Object-based migration jobs do not have any additional configurations to plan for beyond those applicable to all migration jobs.

规划以前迁移的对象迁移作业Plan for previously migrated object migration jobs

在源层次结构中更新你已迁移到目标层次结构的某个对象时,你可以使用“迁移之后修改的对象” 作业类型重新迁移该对象。When an object that you have already migrated to the destination hierarchy is updated in the source hierarchy, you can migrate that object again by using the Objects modified after migration job type. 例如,在源层次结构中重命名或更新某个包的源文件时,此包的版本在源层次结构中会递增。For example, when you rename or update the source files for a package in the source hierarchy, the package version increments in the source hierarchy. 在此包的版本递增之后,该作业类型能够确定要迁移此包。After the package version increments, the package can be identified for migration by this job type.

该作业类型与对象迁移类型相似,但有一点不同:当你选择要迁移的对象时,只能选择那些在由以前的迁移作业迁移后已更新的对象。This job type is similar to the object migration type except that when you select objects to migrate, you can only select from objects that have been updated after they were migrated by a previous migration job.

如果选择该作业类型,“创建迁移作业向导”的“设置” 页上的冲突解决行为会配置为覆盖以前迁移的对象。When you select this job type, the conflict resolution behavior on the Settings page of the Create Migration Job wizard is configured to overwrite previously migrated objects. 无法更改此设置。This setting cannot be changed.

备注

该迁移作业可以识别源层次结构自动更新的对象,以及管理用户更新的对象。This migration job can identify objects that are automatically updated by the source hierarchy and objects that an administrative user updates.