Configuration Manager 1511、1602 和 1606 版的边界组Boundary groups for Configuration Manager version 1511, 1602, and 1606

适用范围: Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

本主题中的信息特定于通过 1511、1602 和 1606 版 Configuration Manager 使用边界组。The information in this topic is specific to using boundary groups with versions 1511, 1602, and 1606 of Configuration Manager. 如果你使用的是版本 1610 或更高版本,请参阅配置边界组,以了解有关使用重新设计的边界组的信息。If you use version 1610 or later, see Configure boundary groups for information about how to use the redesigned boundary groups.

Boundary groupsBoundary groups

将边界组创建为以逻辑方式对相关的网络位置(边界)进行分组,以便可以更轻松的管理你的基础结构。You create boundary groups to logically group related network locations (boundaries) to make it easier to manage your infrastructure. 你必须将边界分配给边界组,然后才能使用边界组。You must assign boundaries to boundary groups before you can use the boundary group. 客户端使用边界组配置用于:Clients use the boundary group configuration for:

  • 自动站点分配Automatic site assignment

  • 内容位置Content location

  • 首选管理点Preferred management points

    若要使用首选管理点,则必须为层次结构启用此选项,但不是从边界组配置中启用。If you will use preferred management points, you must enable this option for the hierarchy and not from within the boundary group configuration. 请稍后参阅本主题中的启用对首选管理点的使用See the To enable use of preferred management points procedure later in this topic.

设置边界组时,可向其添加一个或多个边界。When you set up boundary groups, you add one or more boundaries to the boundary group. 然后可以配置其他的设置,以供位于这些边界上的客户端使用。You then configure additional settings for use by clients that are located on those boundaries.

创建边界组To create a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,选择“管理” > “层次结构配置” > “边界组” 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 在“主页” 选项卡上的“创建” 组中,选择“创建边界组” 。On the Home tab, in the Create group, choose Create Boundary Group.

  3. 在“创建边界组” 对话框中,选择“常规” 选项卡,并为此边界组输入“名称” 。In the Create Boundary Group dialog box, choose the General tab, and then enter a Name for this boundary group.

  4. 选择“确定” 保存新的边界组。Choose OK to save the new boundary group.

设置边界组To set up a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,选择“管理” > “层次结构配置” > “边界组” 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 选择要更改的边界组。Choose the boundary group that you want to change.

  3. 在“主页” 选项卡上的“属性” 组中,选择“属性” 。On the Home tab, in the Properties group, choose Properties.

  4. 在边界组的“属性” 对话框中,选择“常规” 选项卡以更改作为此边界组成员的边界:In the Properties dialog box for the boundary group, choose the General tab to change the boundaries that are members of this boundary group:

    • 若要添加边界,请选择“添加” ,选中一个或多个边界的复选框,并选择“确定” 。To add boundaries, choose Add, check the check box for one or more boundaries, and then choose OK.

    • 若要删除边界,请选择边界并选择“删除” 。To remove boundaries, select the boundary, and then choose Remove.

  5. 选择“引用” 选项卡以更改站点分配和关联的站点系统服务器配置:Choose the References tab to change the site assignment and associated site system server configuration:

    • 若要启用此边界组以供站点分配的客户端使用,请选中“将此边界组用于站点分配” 复选框,然后从“分配的站点” 下拉框中选择一个站点。To enable this boundary group for use by clients for site assignment, check the check box for Use this boundary group for site assignment, and then choose a site from the Assigned site dropdown box.

    • 设置与此边界组关联的可用站点系统服务器:To set up the available site system servers that are associated with this boundary group:

    1. 选择“添加” ,然后选中一个或多个服务器的复选框。Choose Add, and then check the check box for one or more servers. 将服务器添加为此边界组的关联站点系统服务器。The servers are added as associated site system servers for this boundary group. 仅在其上安装有受支持的站点系统角色的服务器可用。Only servers that have supported site system role installed on them are available.

      备注

      你可从层次结构中的任何站点选择可用站点系统的任意组合。You can select any combination of available site systems from any site in the hierarchy. 所选的站点系统列在作为此边界组成员的每个边界的属性中的“站点系统” 选项卡上。Selected site systems are listed on the Site Systems tab in the properties of each boundary that is a member of this boundary group.

    2. 若要从此边界组中删除服务器,请选择该服务器,然后选择“删除” 。To remove a server from this boundary group, choose the server, and then choose Remove.

      备注

      若要停止为关联的站点系统使用此边界组,则必须删除列为关联的站点系统服务器的所有服务器。To stop use of this boundary group for associating site systems, you must remove all servers that are listed as associated site system servers.

    3. 若要更改此边界组站点系统服务器的网络连接速度,请选择该服务器,然后选择“更改连接” 。To change the network connection speed for a site system server for this boundary group, choose the server, and then choose Change Connection.

      默认情况下,每个站点系统的连接速度为“快” ,但可将速度更改为“慢” 。By default, the connection speed for each site system is Fast, but you can change the speed to Slow. 网络连接速度和部署的配置确定客户端是否能够从服务器下载内容。The network connection speed and the configuration of a deployment determine whether a client can download content from the server.

  6. 选择“确定” 关闭边界组属性并保存配置。Choose OK to close the boundary group properties and save the configuration.

将内容部署服务器或管理点与边界组关联To associate a content deployment server or management point with a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,选择“管理” > “层次结构配置” > “边界组” 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 选择要更改的边界组。Choose the boundary group that you want to change.

  3. 在“主页” 选项卡上的“属性” 组中,选择“属性” 。On the Home tab, in the Properties group, choose Properties.

  4. 在边界组的“属性” 对话框中,选择“引用” 选项卡。In the Properties dialog box for the boundary group, choose the References tab.

  5. 在“选择站点系统服务器” 下,选择“添加” ,选中要与此边界组关联的站点系统服务器的复选框,然后选择“确定” 。Under Select site system servers, choose Add, check the check box for the site system servers that you want to associate with this boundary group, and then choose OK.

  6. 选择“确定” 关闭对话框并保存边界组配置。Choose OK to close the dialog box and save the boundary group configuration.

若要启用对首选管理点的使用To enable use of preferred management points

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,选择“管理” > “站点配置” > “站点” ,然后在“主页” 选项卡上选择“层次结构设置” 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Site Configuration > Sites, and then, on the Home tab, choose Hierarchy Settings.

  2. 在“层次结构设置” 的“常规” 选项卡上,选择“客户端首选使用边界组中指定的管理点” 。On the General tab of Hierarchy Settings, choose Clients prefer to use management points specified in boundary groups.

  3. 选择“确定” 关闭对话框并保存配置。Choose OK to close the dialog box and save the configuration.

为自动站点分配设置回退站点To set up a fallback site for automatic site assignment

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,单击“管理” > “站点配置” > “站点” 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Site Configuration > Sites.

  2. 在“主页” 选项卡上的“站点” 组中,选择“层次结构设置” 。On the Home tab, in the Sites group, choose Hierarchy Settings.

  3. 在“常规” 选项卡上,选中“使用回退站点” 的复选框,然后从“回退站点” 下拉列表中选择一个站点。On the General tab, check the check box for Use a fallback site, and then choose a site from the Fallback site drop-down list.

  4. 选择“确定” 保存配置。Choose OK to save the configuration.

    下列部分提供了有关边界组配置的其他详细信息。The following sections provide additional details about boundary group configurations.

有关站点分配About site assignment

可以使用客户端的分配的站点设置每个边界组。You can set up each boundary group with an assigned site for clients.

  • 使用自动站点分配的新安装的客户端将加入具有客户端当前网络位置的边界组的分配的站点。A newly installed client that uses automatic site assignment will join the assigned site of a boundary group that has the client's current network location.

  • 当被分配到站点的客户端更改其网络位置时,此客户端不会更改其站点分配。A client that's assigned to a site does not change its site assignment when the client changes its network location. 例如,如果客户端漫游到由具有不同站点分配的边界组中的某个边界所表示的新网络位置,该客户端的分配的站点则将保持不变。For example, if the client roams to a new network location that is represented by a boundary in a boundary group that has a different site assignment, the client's assigned site will remain unchanged.

  • 当 Active Directory 系统发现发现新资源时,将依据边界组的边界对所发现的资源的网络信息进行评估。When Active Directory System Discovery discovers a new resource, network information for the discovered resource is evaluated against the boundaries in boundary groups. 此过程将新资源与分配的站点关联,以供客户端请求安装方法使用。This process associates the new resource with an assigned site for use by the client push installation method.

  • 当边界是多个边界组(这些边界组具有不同的分配的站点)的成员时,客户端会随机选择其中一个站点。When a boundary is a member of multiple boundary groups that have different assigned sites, clients randomly select one of the sites.

  • 对边界组的分配的站点的更改仅适用于新的站点分配操作。Changes to a boundary group's assigned site apply only to new site assignment actions. 以前分配给站点的客户端不会根据对边界组的配置(或它们自身网络位置)的更改再次评估其站点分配。Clients that were previously assigned to a site do not evaluate their site assignment again based on changes to the configuration of a boundary group (or to their own network location).

有关客户端站点分配的详细信息,请参阅如何将客户端分配到一个站点中的对计算机使用自动站点分配For more about client site assignment, see Using Automatic Site Assignment for Computers in How to assign clients to a site.

有关内容位置About content location

可以使用一个或多个分发点和状态迁移点设置每个边界组,并可将相同的分发点和状态迁移点与多个边界组关联。You can set up each boundary group with one or more distribution points and state migration points, and you can associate the same distribution points and state migration points with multiple boundary groups.

  • 在软件分发过程中,客户端请求用于部署内容的位置。During software distribution, clients request a location for deployment content. Configuration Manager 将向客户端发送包括客户端当前网络位置的每个边界组关联的分发点列表。Configuration Manager sends the client a list of distribution points that are associated with each boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

  • 在操作系统部署期间,客户端请求用以发送或接收其状态迁移信息的位置。During operating system deployment, clients request a location to send or receive their state migration information. Configuration Manager 将向客户端发送包括客户端当前网络位置的每个边界组关联的状态迁移点列表。Configuration Manager sends the client a list of state migration points that are associated with each boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

此行为使客户端能够选择从中传输内容或状态迁移信息的最近的服务器。This behavior lets the client select the nearest server from which to transfer the content or state migration information.

关于首选管理点About preferred management points

首选管理点使客户端能够识别与其当前网络位置(边界)关联的管理点。Preferred management points let a client identify a management point that is associated with its current network location (boundary).

  • 客户端先尝试使用其分配的站点中的首选管理点,然后再使用其分配的站点中未设置为首选的管理点。A client tries to use a preferred management point from its assigned site before it uses a management point from its assigned site that is not set up as preferred.

  • 若要使用此选项,必须为层次结构启用该选项,并在各个主站点上将边界组设置为包括应与该边界组的关联边界相关联的管理点To use this option, you must enable it for the hierarchy and set up boundary groups at individual primary sites to include the management points that should be associated with that boundary group's associated boundaries

  • 设置了首选管理点后,客户端在组织其管理点列表时会将首选管理点放置在其分配的管理点(其中包括该客户端的分配的站点中的所有管理点)列表的顶部。When preferred management points are set up and a client organizes its list of management points, the client places the preferred management points at the top of its list of assigned management points, which includes all management points from the client's assigned site.

备注

当客户端漫游时(例如,笔记本电脑转至远程办公地点,并更改其网络位置),在该客户端尝试使用其分配的站点中的管理点(其中包括首选管理点)之前,它可能会使用来自其新位置的本地站点中的管理点(或代理管理点)。When a client roams, like when a laptop travels to a remote office location and changes its network location, it might use a management point (or proxy management point) from the local site at its new location before it tries to use a management point from its assigned site (which includes the preferred management points). 有关详细信息,请参阅了解客户端如何查找 Configuration Manager 的站点资源和服务See Understand how clients find site resources and services for Configuration Manager for more information.

有关重叠边界About overlapping boundaries

Configuration Manager 对于内容位置支持重叠边界配置:Configuration Manager supports overlapping boundary configurations for content location:

  • 当客户端请求内容,并且客户端网络位置属于多个边界组时,Configuration Manager 将向客户端发送具有内容的所有分发点的列表。When a client requests content, and the client network location belongs to multiple boundary groups, Configuration Manager sends the client a list of all distribution points that have the content.

  • 当客户端请求服务器发送或接收其状态迁移信息,并且客户端网络位置属于多个边界组时,Configuration Manager 将向客户端发送与包括客户端当前网络位置的边界组关联的所有状态迁移点的列表。When a client requests a server to send or receive its state migration information, and the client network location belongs to multiple boundary groups, Configuration Manager sends the client a list of all state migration points that are associated with a boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

此行为使客户端能够选择从中传输内容或状态迁移信息的最近的服务器。This behavior lets the client select the nearest server from which to transfer the content or state migration information.

有关网络连接速度About network connection speed

可以为边界组中的每个站点系统服务器设置网络连接速度。You can set the network connection speed for each site system server in a boundary group. 此设置适用于基于此边界组的配置连接到站点系统的客户端。This setting applies to clients that connect to a site system based on this boundary group's configuration. 同一站点系统服务器在不同的边界组中可设置不同的连接速度。The same site system server can have a different connection speed set for it in different boundary groups.

默认情况下,网络连接速度设置为“快” ,但可将其更改为“慢” 。By default, the network connection speed is set to Fast, but you can change it to Slow. 网络连接速度和部署配置会检查当客户端位于关联的边界组中时它是否能从分发点下载内容。The network connection speed and the deployment configuration check whether a client can download content from a distribution point when the client is in an associated boundary group.

有关网络连接速度配置如何影响客户端获取内容的方式的详细信息,请参阅内容源位置方案For more about how the network connection speed configuration affects how clients get content, see Content source location scenarios.