与组织外部人员进行协作Collaborating with people outside your organization

Microsoft 365中的外部共享功能为组织内部人员提供了与合作伙伴、供应商、客户以及目录中没有帐户的其他人进行协作的机会。The external sharing capabilities in Microsoft 365 provide an opportunity for people in your organization to collaborate with partners, vendors, customers, and others who don't have an account in your directory. 可以与组织外部人员共享整个团队或网站,也可以只共享单个文件。You can share entire teams or sites with people outside your organization, or just individual files.

与组织外部人员协作由两个主要部分组成:Collaborating with people outside your organization consists of two major components:

  • 启用共享- 配置跨 Azure Active Directory、Teams、Microsoft 365 组和 SharePoint 的共享控件SharePoint以允许组织的共享级别。Enable sharing - Configure the sharing controls across Azure Active Directory, Teams, Microsoft 365 Groups, and SharePoint to allow the level of sharing that you want for your organization.
  • 启用 其他 安全性 - 虽然基本共享功能可以配置为要求组织外部人员进行身份验证,Microsoft 365 提供了许多其他安全性和合规性功能,以帮助您在外部共享时保护数据和维护管理策略。Enable additional security - While the basic sharing features can be configured to require people outside your organization to authenticate, Microsoft 365 provides many additional security and compliance features to help you protect your data and maintain your governance policies while sharing externally.

阅读设置安全协作与Microsoft 365和Microsoft Teams了解外部共享如何与整体Microsoft 365协作指南。Read Set up secure collaboration with Microsoft 365 and Microsoft Teams to learn how external sharing ties in with the overall Microsoft 365 collaboration guidance.

启用共享Enable sharing

默认情况下,在Microsoft 365,将启用与组织外部人员共享。By default, in Microsoft 365, sharing with people outside your organization is enabled. 许多外部共享方案无需进一步配置即可工作。Many external sharing scenarios work without further configuration. 若要确认你使用的方案的设置或启用新方案,请从以下选项中进行选择:To confirm the settings for a scenario that you're using, or enable a new one, choose from the following options:

  • 协作处理文档 - 了解如何配置 Microsoft 365 以允许与组织外部人员共享和协作 (来宾和未经身份验证的用户) 文件和文件夹。Collaborate on documents - Learn how to configure Microsoft 365 to allow sharing and collaboration with people outside your organization (both guests and unauthenticated users) on files and folders.
  • 在网站中协作- 了解如何配置Microsoft 365以启用与SharePoint共享网站。Collaborate in a site - Learn how to configure Microsoft 365 to enable sharing SharePoint sites with guests.
  • 以团队方式协作- 了解如何配置Microsoft 365以在团队中启用来宾Teams。Collaborate as a team - Learn how to configure Microsoft 365 to enable guest collaboration in Teams.

有关跨组织提供的来宾共享设置的全面Microsoft 365,请参阅Microsoft 365来宾共享设置参考For a comprehensive look at the guest sharing settings available across Microsoft 365, see Microsoft 365 guest sharing settings reference.

启用其他安全性Enable additional security

启用要用于与组织外部人员共享的方案后,请考虑其他安全措施来帮助保护内容,防止意外或有意不当共享。Once you've enabled the scenario that you want to use for sharing with people outside your organization, consider additional safeguards to help protect your content from accidental or intentional inappropriate sharing.

与合作伙伴公司协作Collaborate with partner companies

当你正在处理涉及来自另一个组织的许多来宾的大型项目时,或者如果你具有经常更改来宾的供应商关系,可以使用 Azure Active Directory 中的权利管理来简化来宾管理并允许合作伙伴公司共同承担该责任。When you're working on a large project that involves many guests from another organization, or if you have an ongoing vendor relationship in which guests are often changing, you can use entitlement management in Azure Active Directory to simplify guest management and allow the partner company to share in that responsibility. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用托管来宾创建 B2B Extranet。See Create a B2B extranet with managed guests for details.

限制共享Limit sharing

如果网站中的某些共享功能Microsoft 365管理策略冲突,请参阅限制共享Microsoft 365了解限制共享的选项。If some of the sharing features in Microsoft 365 conflict with your governance policies, see Limit sharing in Microsoft 365 to learn about options for limiting sharing.

文件协作简介Microsoft 365Intro to file collaboration in Microsoft 365

在文件中规划文件SharePoint与Microsoft 365Plan file collaboration in SharePoint with Microsoft 365