电话系统直接路由Phone System Direct Routing

你已完成了入门You've completed Get started. 你已在整个组织中部署了具有聊天、团队、频道和应用的 Teams。You've rolled out Teams with chat, teams, channels, & apps across your organization. 也许你已将会议部署 & 会议Maybe you've deployed Meetings & conferencing. 现在,你已准备好添加云语音工作负载,并且你已决定通过使用电话系统直接路由将自己的电话运营商用于公共交换电话网络(PSTN)连接。Now you're ready to add cloud voice workloads, and you've decided to use your own telephony carrier for Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) connectivity by using Phone System Direct Routing. 使用直接路由,可以结合使用电话系统与几乎任何电话运营商。With Direct Routing, you can use Phone System with virtually any telephony carrier.

本文介绍直接路由的核心部署决策,以及你可能希望考虑的基于组织需求的其他注意事项。This article describes core deployment decisions for Direct Routing as well as additional considerations you may want to think about, based on your organization's needs. 您还应阅读Microsoft 团队中的云语音,了解有关 Microsoft 云语音服务的详细信息。You should also read Cloud Voice in Microsoft Teams for more information about Microsoft's cloud voice offerings.

了解有关直接路由的详细信息Learn more about Direct Routing

以下文章提供了有关配置和使用 "电话系统直接路由" 的详细信息。The following articles provide more information about configuring and using Phone System Direct Routing. 配置直接路由需要了解 PSTN 路由设计。Configuring Direct Routing requires understanding of PSTN routing design. 您应阅读所有这些文章,以了解如何规划和配置直接路由:You should read all of these articles to understand how to plan and configure Direct Routing:

此外,你可能需要根据你的要求阅读以下文章:In addition, you might want to read the following articles depending on your requirements:

核心部署决策Core deployment decisions

以下是直接路由的核心决策。These are the core decisions to consider for Direct Routing.

询问你自己Ask yourself 操作Action
哪些用户将启用直接路由?For which users will I enable Direct Routing? 有关详细信息,请参阅为直接路由服务启用用户For more information, see Enable users for Direct Routing Service.
是否有直接路由所需的许可证?Do I have the required licenses for Direct Routing? 有关详细信息,请参阅许可和其他要求For more information, see Licensing and other requirements.

会话边框控制器(SBC)注意事项Session Border Controller (SBC) considerations

通过直接路由,你可以将自己的会话边界控制器(SBC)直接连接到电话系统。With Direct Routing, you connect your own Session Border Controller (SBC) directly to Phone System. 有关已验证的 SBCs 的列表,请参阅支持的会话边界控制器For a list of certified SBCs, see Supported Session Border Controllers.

询问你自己Ask yourself 操作Action
我将在哪里以及如何部署 SBCs?Where and how will I deploy SBCs? 有关详细信息,请参阅配置直接路由For more information, see Configure Direct Routing
我有多个租户吗?Do I have multiple tenants? 有关详细信息,请参阅为多个租户配置会话边框控制器For more information, see Configure a Session Border Controller for multiple tenants.

语音路由注意事项Voice routing considerations

您需要配置电话系统以将呼叫路由到特定的 SBCs。You'll need to configure Phone System to route the calls to the specific SBCs.

询问你自己Ask yourself 操作Action
我需要创建哪些语音路由策略、PSTN 使用和语音路由?What voice routing policies, PSTN usage, and voice routes do I need to create? 有关语音路由信息,请参阅配置语音路由For voice routing information, see Configure Voice Routing.
哪些用户将分配给我定义的语音路由策略?Which users will be assigned to the voice routing policy that I define? 请参阅配置语音路由中的示例。See the examples in Configure Voice Routing.

使用 TeamsUpgradePolicy 在团队客户端中确保传入呼叫土地Ensure incoming calls land in the Teams client using TeamsUpgradePolicy

直接路由仅受 Microsoft 团队支持。Direct Routing is only supported with Microsoft Teams. 要通过直接路由接收 PSTN 呼叫,您需要配置 TeamsUpgradePolicy 以确保在团队中接收传入呼叫。To receive PSTN calls through Direct Routing, you need to configure TeamsUpgradePolicy to ensure incoming calls are received in Teams. 用户必须位于 "仅团队" 模式下,你可以通过为其分配 TeamsUpgradePolicy 的 "UpgradeToTeams" 实例来执行此操作。Users must be in Teams Only mode, which you can do by assigning them the "UpgradeToTeams" instance of TeamsUpgradePolicy.

询问你自己Ask yourself 操作Action
团队的唯一模式意味着什么?What does Teams Only mode mean? 有关详细信息,请参阅与 Skype For business 一起使用团队的组织的迁移和互操作指南For more information, see Migration and interoperability guidance for organizations using Teams together with Skype for Business.

其他部署注意事项Additional deployment considerations

根据组织的需要和配置,您可能需要考虑以下事项:You may want to consider the following, based on your organization's needs and configuration:

询问你自己Ask yourself 操作Action
是否有配置了混合连接的现有 Skype for Business 服务器部署?Do you have an existing Skype for Business Server deployment with hybrid connectivity configured? 若要了解如何设置和管理混合环境中的用户帐户,请参阅具有 PSTN 连接的混合环境中的用户帐户To understand how user accounts in a hybrid environment are provisioned and managed, see User accounts in a hybrid environment with PSTN connectivity.
您是否正在迁移以直接从呼叫计划或 Skype for business 内部部署环境中路由?Are you migrating to Direct Routing from Calling Plan or from a Skype for Business on-premises environment? 若要了解有关从现有环境迁移到直接路由的详细信息,请参阅迁移到直接路由To understand more about migrating to Direct Routing from an existing environment, see Migrating to Direct Routing.