部署概述Deployment overview

Microsoft 团队聊天室的部署实质上分为几个阶段:Deployment of Microsoft Teams Rooms essentially breaks down into phases:

AV techs 可用于最后一项任务,但你所在组织的 IT 部门将需要执行该过程的其他部分。AV techs can be used for the last task, but your organization's IT department will need to do the other parts of the process.

网站准备情况Site readiness

当已订购的设备正在发送给你的组织时,请与你的网络和设备和 AV 团队协作,以确保满足部署依赖关系,并且每个网站和聊天室均可在 power、网络和显示器方面随时准备就绪。While the ordered devices are being delivered to your organization, work with your networking and facilities and AV teams to make sure that deployment dependencies are met and each site and room is ready in terms of power, networking, and display. 此外,请确保满足物理安装要求。In addition, make sure the physical installation requirements are met. 有关物理安装的注意事项,请访问供应商的网站,在安装和装入屏幕以及运行缆线时充分利用 AV 团队的体验。For physical installation considerations, please visit the vendor's site and leverage the experience of your AV team when installing and mounting screens and running cabling.

你可以在下面的规划指南链接中了解有关这些依赖关系的详细信息:You can find out more about these dependencies in the planning guidance links below:

Pro 提示-如果你打算使用代理服务器提供对团队或 Skype For business Online 的访问权限,请先查看本文Pro Tip - If you intend to use proxy servers to provide access to Teams or Skype for Business Online, first review this article. 请注意,当通过代理服务器上的 Skype for business 通信时,我们建议完全跳过代理服务器。Note that when it comes to Skype for Business traffic over proxy servers, we recommend bypassing proxy servers altogether. Skype for business 通信已加密,因此代理服务器不会使其更安全。Skype for Business traffic is already encrypted, so proxy servers don't make it more secure. 作为更宽部署的一部分,我们建议你按照为团队进行带宽规划和评估你的网络对实时流量的适用性中的指南进行操作。As part of your wider deployment, we recommend that you follow the guidance in Prepare your network for Teams for bandwidth planning and assessing your network's suitability for real-time traffic.


决策点Decision points
  • 确认您的网站满足 Microsoft 团队聊天室的关键要求。Confirm that your sites meet the key requirements for Microsoft Teams Rooms.
  • 确认您是否为每个网站都提供了足够的带宽。Confirm that you've provided sufficient bandwidth for each site.

后续步骤Next steps
  • 开始规划设备部署和配置。Start to plan your device deployment and configuration.

服务就绪Service readiness

若要准备 Microsoft 团队聊天室部署,请执行以下关键的中央任务:To prepare for your Microsoft Teams Rooms deployment, do the following key, central tasks:

  • 定义 Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户功能。Define Microsoft Teams Rooms service account features.
  • 准备组织单元和 Active Directory 组以保存 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机和服务帐户,并(可选)准备组策略对象(Gpo)以启用 PowerShell 远程处理。Prepare an organizational unit and Active Directory group to hold your Microsoft Teams Rooms machine and service accounts, and—optionally—prepare Group Policy objects (GPOs) to enable PowerShell remoting.

定义 Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户功能Define Microsoft Teams Rooms service account features

根据你使用 Microsoft 团队聊天室部署确定要启用的协作方案,你需要确定分配给你启用的每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户的功能和功能。Depending on the collaboration scenarios that you've decided to enable with your Microsoft Teams Rooms deployment, you'll need to determine the features and capabilities that you assign to each Microsoft Teams Rooms service account that you enable.

使用场景Scenario 说明Description Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户功能Microsoft Teams Rooms service account feature
交互式会议Interactive meetings 使用语音、视频和屏幕共享;使 Microsoft 团队聊天室成为 bookable 资源Using voice, video, and screen sharing; making the Microsoft Teams Rooms a bookable resource 已启用 Skype for Business,支持 Exchange (资源邮箱)Enabled for Skype for Business, enabled for Exchange (Resource Mailbox)
电话拨入式会议Dial-in conferencing 使用电话拨入式会议坐标直接从 Microsoft 团队聊天室控制台开始会议Enable meetings started directly from the Microsoft Teams Rooms console with dial-in conferencing coordinates 已启用音频会议Enabled for Audio Conferencing
出站/入站 PSTN 呼叫Outbound/inbound PSTN Calling 启用 Microsoft 团队聊天室控制台以拨打和接收 PSTN 呼叫Enable the Microsoft Teams Rooms console to make and receive PSTN calls 已启用电话系统Enabled for Phone System

有关 Microsoft 团队聊天室帐户的详细信息,请参阅为 Microsoft 团队聊天室配置帐户For more information about Microsoft Teams Rooms accounts, see Configure accounts for Microsoft Teams Rooms.


决策点Decision points
  • 确定你将支持哪些方案,并确定你的 Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户的授权要求。Decide which scenarios you'll support, and identify licensing requirements for your Microsoft Teams Rooms service accounts.

后续步骤Next steps
  • 准备托管计算机和服务帐户。Prepare to host machine and service accounts.

Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户规划表示例Sample Microsoft Teams Rooms service account planning table

站点Site 聊天室名称Room name 会议室类型Room type 未来的会议室功能Future room capabilities Microsoft 团队聊天室帐户功能Microsoft Teams Rooms account features
伦敦总部London HQ CurieCurie Medium 1屏幕,音频和视频以及演示文稿1 screen, audio and video plus presentation
电话拨入式会议访问Dial-in conferencing access
PSTN 访问PSTN access
已启用 Skype for Business,支持 Exchange (资源邮箱)Enabled for Skype for Business, enabled for Exchange (Resource Mailbox)
已启用音频会议Enabled for Audio Conferencing
已启用电话系统Enabled for Phone System
悉尼总部Sydney HQ Hill Large 2屏、音频和视频以及演示文稿2 Screens, audio and video plus presentation
电话拨入式会议访问Dial-in conferencing access
PSTN 访问PSTN access
已启用 Skype for Business,支持 Exchange (资源邮箱)Enabled for Skype for Business, enabled for Exchange (Resource Mailbox)
已启用音频会议Enabled for Audio Conferencing
已启用电话系统Enabled for Phone System

准备托管 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机和服务帐户(可选)Prepare to host Microsoft Teams Rooms machine and service accounts (optional)

若要使你能够在 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机和服务帐户上管理和报告,请准备你的本地 Active Directory 或 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)。To enable you to manage and report on your Microsoft Teams Rooms machine and service accounts, prepare your on-premises Active Directory or Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).

定义本地 Active Directory 或 Azure AD 组以将所有 Microsoft 团队聊天室服务(用户)帐户添加到,然后通过在 Microsoft 团队聊天室部署中使用 CSUserSession PowerShell cmdlet 创建使用情况报告。Define an on-premises Active Directory or Azure AD group to add all Microsoft Teams Rooms service (user) accounts to, and then create usage reports by using the Get-CSUserSession PowerShell cmdlet across your Microsoft Teams Rooms deployment. 例如,创建名为 "SkypeRoomSystemsv2" 的组-"服务帐户"。For example, create a group named SkypeRoomSystemsv2-Service-Accounts.

在本地 Active Directory 或 Azure AD 层次结构中定义一个组织单位,以容纳所有 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机帐户(如果它们已加入域)和一个组织单位以保存所有 Microsoft 团队聊天室用户帐户。Define one organizational unit in your on-premises Active Directory or Azure AD hierarchy to hold all Microsoft Teams Rooms machine accounts (if they're joined to the domain) and one organizational unit to hold all the Microsoft Teams Rooms user accounts. 如果你为 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机帐户创建了一个组织单元,请考虑禁用继承,以确保仅将你打算应用的策略应用到加入域的 Microsoft 团队聊天室。If you do create an organizational unit for the Microsoft Teams Rooms machine accounts, consider disabling inheritance to ensure that you apply only the policies you intended to apply to the domain-joined Microsoft Teams Rooms.

创建分配给包含您的 Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机帐户的组织单位的组策略对象。Create a Group Policy object assigned to the organization unit that contains your Microsoft Teams Rooms computer accounts. 使用此内容可以:Use this to:

你可以使用 PowerShell 执行大量远程管理活动,包括获取和设置配置信息。You can use PowerShell to perform a number of remote management activities, including getting and setting configuration information. 必须启用 powershell remoting,然后才能执行任何 powershell 远程管理,并将其视为部署过程的一部分或通过组策略进行配置。PowerShell remoting must be enabled before any PowerShell remote management can take place and should be considered as part of your deployment processes or configured via Group Policy. 有关这些功能和启用这些功能的详细信息,请参阅维护和操作For more information about these capabilities and enabling them, see Maintenance and operations.

配置和部署Configuration and deployment

规划配置和部署涵盖以下主要方面:Planning for configuration and deployment covers the following key areas:

  • 帐户预配Account provisioning
  • 设备软件安装Device software installation
  • 设备部署Device deployment
  • Microsoft 团队聊天室应用程序和外围设备配置Microsoft Teams Rooms application and peripheral device configuration
  • 测试Testing
  • 资产管理Asset management

帐户预配Account provisioning

每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备都需要一个专用且唯一的资源帐户,该帐户必须同时为 Microsoft 团队或 Skype for business 和 Exchange 启用。Each Microsoft Teams Rooms device requires a dedicated and unique resource account that must be enabled for both Microsoft Teams or Skype for Business and Exchange. 此帐户必须具有 Exchange 托管的聊天室邮箱,并且在团队或 Skype for business 部署中作为会议室启用。This account must have a room mailbox hosted on Exchange and be enabled as a meeting room in the Teams or Skype for Business deployment. 在 Exchange 面上,必须配置日历处理,以便设备可以自动接受传入的会议请求。On the Exchange side, calendar processing must be configured so that the device can automatically accept incoming meeting requests. 有关创建这些帐户的详细信息,请参阅为 Microsoft 团队聊天室配置帐户For more information about creating these accounts, see Configure accounts for Microsoft Teams Rooms.

Pro 提示-使这些帐户的显示名称具有描述性且易于理解。Pro Tip – Make the display names for these accounts descriptive and easy to understand. 这些是用户在搜索和将 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统添加到会议时将看到的名称。These are the names that users will see when searching for and adding Microsoft Teams Rooms systems to meetings. 某些组织使用约定网站 - 聊天室名称最大房间容量)-rs,例如 Curie ———伦敦的12人会议室,可能会有显示名称 LON-Curie (12)-RS。Some organizations use the convention Site-Room Name(Max Room Capacity)-RS, so for example Curie—a 12-person conference room in London—might have the display name LON-CURIE(12)-RS.


决策点Decision points
  • 确定 Microsoft 团队聊天室帐户的命名约定。Decide the naming convention for your Microsoft Teams Rooms accounts.
  • 确定是创建单个帐户还是使用批量预配脚本。Decide whether you'll create individual accounts or use bulk-provisioning scripts.

后续步骤Next steps
  • 开始规划设备部署。Start to plan your device deployment.

设备软件安装Device software installation

当规划部署 Microsoft 团队聊天室时,您有许多选项可考虑安装所需的软件。When planning to deploy Microsoft Teams Rooms, you have a number of options to consider to install the required software. 下表介绍了常见的方案和方法。Common scenarios and approaches are described in the following table.

使用场景Scenario 实现Approach
部署少量 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备(<10)。Deploying a small number of Microsoft Teams Rooms devices (<10). 如果使用基于 Surface Pro 的 Microsoft 团队会议室,请遵循针对每台设备安装的安装说明If using Surface Pro–based Microsoft Teams Rooms, follow the installation instructions for a per-device install. 此方便的视频可引导你完成此过程。This handy video walks you through the process. 如果使用集成的解决方案,请使用供应商映像部署,并根据需要配置设置。If using an integrated solution, deploy by using the vendor image and configure settings as required.
从单个供应商的10和50设备之间进行部署。Deploying between 10 and 50 devices from a single vendor. 创建基于 WIM 的映像,在指南中的步骤 6之后暂停,并捕获要与你的克隆分发技术一起使用的分发映像。Create a WIM-based image, pause after step 6 in the guidance, and capture a distribution image to be used with your cloning distribution technology.
部署50多个 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备,从多个供应商处部署设备,或者要求组织特定的代理作为部署的一部分。Deploying more than 50 Microsoft Teams Rooms devices, deploying devices from more than one vendor, or requiring organization-specific agents as part of the deployment. 使用基于任务排序器的软件内部版本和分发平台,如Microsoft 终结点配置管理器Use a task sequencer–based software build and distribution platform, such as Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager.

Pro 提示-每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室必须在您的网络上拥有一个有效且唯一的计算机名称。Pro Tip - Each Microsoft Teams Rooms must have a valid and unique machine name on your network. 许多监视和警报系统将计算机名称显示为密钥标识符,因此开发 Microsoft 团队会议室部署的命名约定非常重要,这使支持人员能够轻松找到已标记为需要操作的 Microsoft 团队聊天室。Many monitoring and alerting systems display the machine name as a key identifier, so it's important to develop a naming convention for Microsoft Teams Rooms deployments that allows support personnel to easily locate the Microsoft Teams Rooms that has been flagged as requiring an action. 示例可能使用了MTR 的模式 - Room Name (MTR-CURIE)。An example might be using a pattern of MTR-Site-Room Name (MTR-LON-CURIE).

作为部署的一部分,你还需要考虑管理和配置由 Microsoft 团队聊天室应用程序安装程序创建的本地帐户的策略。As part of the deployment, you'll also need to consider your strategy for managing and configuring the local accounts that are created by the Microsoft Teams Rooms application installer.

我们提供有关如何使用Microsoft Azure 监视器监视 Microsoft 团队聊天室部署和报告可用性、硬件/软件错误和 Microsoft 团队聊天室应用程序版本的指南。We provide guidance on how to use the Microsoft Azure Monitor to monitor the Microsoft Teams Rooms deployment and report on availability, hardware/software errors, and Microsoft Teams Rooms application version. 如果你决定使用 Microsoft Operations Management Suite,则应安装 Operations Management Suite 代理作为软件安装过程的一部分,并为你的工作区配置工作区连接信息。If you decide to use Microsoft Operations Management Suite, you should install the Operations Management Suite agent as part of the software installation process and configure the workspace connection information for your workspace.

另一个考虑因素是,Microsoft 团队聊天室是否将加入域。An additional consideration is whether the Microsoft Teams Rooms will be domain-joined. 有关域加入的好处的信息可以在Skype 会议室系统领域的 "加入注意事项" 中找到。Information about the benefits of domain joining can be found in Skype Room System domain joining considerations.


决策点Decision points
  • 确定要在部署期间使用的 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备命名约定。Decide the Microsoft Teams Rooms device-naming convention to be used during your deployment.
  • 确定你是否要将 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备加入你的域,以及如何管理和配置本地帐户。Decide whether you'll join Microsoft Teams Rooms devices to your domain, and how to manage and configure local accounts.
  • 确定是否使用 Operations Management Suite 监视 Microsoft 团队会议室部署。Decide whether you'll use Operations Management Suite to monitor the Microsoft Teams Rooms deployment.
  • 确定你将使用哪种方法将软件和代理部署到 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统,以便为设备部署做好准备。Decide which method you'll use to deploy the software and agents to the Microsoft Teams Rooms system in preparation for the device deployment.

后续步骤Next steps
  • 开始规划设备部署方法。Start to plan your device deployment approach.

设备部署Device deployment

将软件部署到 Microsoft 团队会议室后,请创建你的计划以将设备和分配的外围设备发送到你的聊天室,然后继续安装和配置。After you've deployed your software to the Microsoft Teams Rooms units, create your plan to ship the devices and their assigned peripheral devices to your rooms, and then proceed to installation and configuration.


决策点Decision points
  • 确定由谁来管理网站的网站部署。Decide who will manage the site-by-site deployment.
  • 确定将在网站上安装 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备并执行配置和测试的资源。Identify the resources who will install the Microsoft Teams Rooms devices on site and undertake the configuration and testing.

后续步骤Next steps
  • 开始设备测试。Start device testing.

示例部署表Sample deployment table

站点Site 聊天室名称Room name 会议室类型Room type Microsoft 团队会议室系统Microsoft Teams Rooms system 外围设备Peripheral devices Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机名Microsoft Teams Rooms computer name Microsoft 团队聊天室资源帐户Microsoft Teams Rooms resource account
伦敦总部London HQ CurieCurie Medium
悉尼总部Sydney HQ Hill Large

Microsoft 团队聊天室应用程序和外围设备配置Microsoft Teams Rooms application and peripheral device configuration

在每个 Microsoft 团队会议室系统均已进行物理部署且支持的外围设备已连接后,你需要配置 Microsoft 团队聊天室应用程序以分配之前创建的 Microsoft 团队聊天室资源帐户和密码,以使 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统能够登录到 Microsoft 团队或 Skype for business 和 Exchange。After each Microsoft Teams Rooms system has been physically deployed and the supported peripheral devices connected, you'll need to configure the Microsoft Teams Rooms application to assign the Microsoft Teams Rooms resource account and password created earlier, to enable the Microsoft Teams Rooms system to sign in to Microsoft Teams or Skype for Business and Exchange. 利用在文档中其他位置链接的认证 USB 音频和视频设备的关键。It's key to leverage certified USB audio and video peripherals linked elsewhere in the document. 不要这样做可能会导致不可预测的行为。Not doing so can result in unpredictable behavior.

你可以手动配置每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统。You can manually configure each Microsoft Teams Rooms system. 或者,你可以使用集中存储的每个-Microsoft 团队聊天室 XML 配置文件来管理应用程序设置,并利用启动 GPO 脚本重新应用所需的配置,每次 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统启动。Alternatively, you can use a centrally stored, per–Microsoft Teams Rooms XML configuration file to manage the application settings and leverage a start-up GPO script to reapply the configuration you want, each time the Microsoft Teams Rooms system boots.

有关如何使用 XML 配置文件的详细信息,请参阅使用 xml 配置文件远程管理 Microsoft 团队聊天室控制台设置For more information about how to use the XML configuration file, see Manage a Microsoft Teams Rooms console settings remotely with an XML configuration file.

你可以使用远程 PowerShell来获取 Microsoft 团队聊天室配置,以满足报告需求。You can use remote PowerShell to pull the Microsoft Teams Rooms configuration for reporting needs.


决策点Decision points
  • 确定你是否要手动配置每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统或使用中央 XML 文件(每个 Microsoft 团队聊天室设备一个)。Decide whether you'll manually configure each Microsoft Teams Rooms system or use a central XML file (one per Microsoft Teams Rooms device).

后续步骤Next steps
  • 定义您的远程管理方法。Define your remote management approach.

测试Testing

部署 Microsoft 团队聊天室系统后,应进行测试。After the Microsoft Teams Rooms system has been deployed, you should test it. 检查Microsoft 团队聊天室帮助中列出的功能是否在部署的设备上工作。Check that the capabilities listed in Microsoft Teams Rooms help are working on the deployed device. 我们强烈建议部署团队验证 Microsoft 团队聊天室是否正在记录到 Microsoft Operations Management Suite (如果使用)。We highly recommend that the deployment team verify that the Microsoft Teams Rooms is logging to Microsoft Operations Management Suite (if used). 您必须进行大量测试通话和会议才能查看质量。It's also important that you make a number of test calls and meetings to check quality. 有关详细信息,请参阅此有用的部署清单For more information, see this useful deployment checklist.

我们建议作为常规团队或 Skype for business 推出的一部分,配置为通话质量仪表板(CQD)生成文件、监控质量趋势以及参与体验审核流程。We recommend that as part of the general Teams or Skype for Business rollout, you configure building files for Call Quality Dashboard (CQD), monitor quality trends, and engage in the Quality of Experience Review process. 有关详细信息,请参阅改善和监控团队的通话质量For more information, see Improve and monitor call quality for Teams.

资产管理Asset management

作为部署的一部分,你将需要使用房间名称、Microsoft 团队聊天室设备名称、登录的 Microsoft 团队聊天室资源帐户和分配的外围设备(以及它们使用的 USB 端口)更新资产注册。As part of the deployment, you'll want to update your asset register with the room name, Microsoft Teams Rooms device name, signed-in Microsoft Teams Rooms resource account, and assigned peripheral devices (and which USB ports they use).

示例资产表Sample asset table

站点Site 聊天室名称Room name 会议室类型Room type Microsoft 团队聊天室序列号Microsoft Teams Rooms serial no. 外围设备/串行 nos./端口Peripheral devices/ Serial nos./ Ports Microsoft 团队聊天室计算机名Microsoft Teams Rooms computer name Microsoft 团队聊天室服务帐户Microsoft Teams Rooms service account 部署日期Date deployed
伦敦总部London HQ CurieCurie Medium
悉尼总部Sydney HQ Hill Large