查询的 CommandText 属性 (Excel)QueryTable.CommandText property (Excel)

返回或设置指定数据源的命令串。Returns or sets the command string for the specified data source. 读/写 VariantRead/write Variant.

语法Syntax

表达式CommandTextexpression.CommandText

_表达式_一个返回一个查询表**** 对象的表达式。expression An expression that returns a QueryTable object.

说明Remarks

对于 OLE DB 源, CommandType 属性描述了CommandText属性的值。For OLE DB sources, the CommandType property describes the value of the CommandText property.

对于 ODBC 源, 设置CommandText会导致刷新数据。For ODBC sources, setting the CommandText causes the data to be refreshed.

如果使用用户界面导入数据, 则会将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为一个查询表**** 对象导入, 而将所有其他外部数据作为**ListObject** 对象导入。If you import data by using the user interface, data from a web query or a text query is imported as a QueryTable object, while all other external data is imported as a ListObject object.

如果使用对象模型导入数据, 则必须将来自 web 查询或文本查询的数据作为查询表导入****, 而所有其他外部数据均可作为ListObject或查询表导入。 ****If you import data by using the object model, data from a web query or a text query must be imported as a QueryTable, while all other external data can be imported as either a ListObject or a QueryTable.

您可以使用ListObject的查询表属性来访问CommandText属性。 You can use the QueryTable property of the ListObject to access the CommandText property.

包含相应查询表的工作表必须为活动状态,才可访问此属性。The sheet that contains the query table must be active to access this property.

示例Example

本示例为第一张查询表的 ODBC 数据源设置命令字符串。This example sets the command string for the first query table's ODBC data source. 注意,该命令字符串是一个 SQL 语句。Note that the command string is an SQL statement.

Set qtQtrResults = _ 
 Workbooks(1).Worksheets(1).QueryTables(1) 
With qtQtrResults 
 .CommandType = xlCmdSQL 
 .CommandText = _ 
 "Select ProductID From Products Where ProductID < 10" 
 .Refresh 
End With

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