Microsoft 项目服务说明Microsoft Project service description

概述Overview

Microsoft Project 提供了以下应用程序,以帮助满足组织对项目和工作管理的需求:Microsoft Project offers the following applications to help meet your organization's needs for project and work management:

  • Project 网页版Project for the web
  • Project OnlineProject Online
  • Project Online 桌面客户端Project Online desktop client

本文将帮助您了解每个项目订阅中提供了哪些应用程序,以及每个应用程序提供了哪些功能。This article will help you understand which applications are provided in each Project subscription and what capabilities each application offers.

Project 网页版Project for the web

针对基于云的工作和项目管理,web 的 Project 是 Microsoft 的最新产品。Project for the web is Microsoft's most recent offering for cloud-based work and project management. Web 项目为满足大多数需求和角色提供了简单、强大的工作管理功能。Project for the web provides simple, powerful work management capabilities to meet most needs and roles. 项目经理和工作组成员可以使用 web 项目来规划和管理任何规模的工作。Project managers and team members can use Project for the web to plan and manage work of any size.

Web 的项目是基于 Microsoft Power Platform 建立的。Project for the web is built on the Microsoft Power Platform. 电源平台由 PowerApps、电源自动化、Power BI 和通用数据服务(CD)组成。The Power Platform consists of PowerApps, Power Automate, Power BI, and the Common Data Service (CDS). Web 数据的项目存储在 CD 中。Project for the web data is stored in CDS.

可通过三个订阅(项目计划1、项目计划3和项目计划5)获取 web 的项目。Project for the web is available through three subscriptions: Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5. " Web 功能的项目" 部分中列出的功能仅与 web 数据存储的项目中的数据进行交互。Features listed in the Project for the web features section interact only with data in the Project for the web data store.

Project OnlineProject Online

Project Online 是用于项目组合管理(PPM)和日常工作的灵活联机解决方案。Project Online is a flexible online solution for Project Portfolio Management (PPM) and everyday work. Project Online 提供强大的项目管理功能,以便在 — 几乎任何设备上的几乎任何位置规划、确定项目和项目组合投资的优先级并对其进行管理。Project Online provides powerful project management capabilities for planning, prioritizing, and managing projects and project portfolio investments—from almost anywhere on almost any device. Project Online 适用于管理员、项目组合经理、项目组合查看者、项目经理、资源经理、工作组领导和成员。Project Online can be used by administrators, portfolio managers and viewers, project and resource managers, and team leads and members.

Project Online 在 SharePoint 平台上构建,并将数据存储在 SharePoint 数据存储中。Project Online is built on the SharePoint platform, and it stores data in the SharePoint data store.

Project Online 可通过以下两项订阅进行:项目计划3和项目计划5。Project Online is available through two subscriptions: Project Plan 3 and Project Plan 5. Project online 功能部分中列出的功能仅与 Project online SharePoint 数据存储中的数据进行交互。Features listed in the Project Online features section interact only with data in the Project Online SharePoint data store.

Project Online 的工作组成员功能通过 Project Online Essentials 订阅提供。Team member functionality for Project Online is available through a Project Online Essentials subscription. Project Online Essentials 是 add-on   针对具有项目计划3或项目计划5订阅的客户的工作组成员附加订阅。Project Online Essentials is a team member add-on subscription for customers who have Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscriptions. 它为团队成员提供了一个 web 界面,用于对 Project Online 中管理的项目执行任务和时间更新。It gives team members a web interface to perform task and time updates to projects managed in Project Online.

具有 Project Online Essentials 的团队成员可以执行以下 Project Online 函数:Team members with Project Online Essentials can perform the following Project Online functions:

  • 使用基于 web 的界面Use a web-based interface
  • 更新任务、问题和风险Update tasks, issues, and risks
  • 提交时间表Submit timesheets
  • 共享文档并与 Microsoft 团队或 Skype for Business 用户协作Share documents and collaborate with Microsoft Teams or Skype for Business users

Project Online Essentials 不包含 web 的项目。Project Online Essentials does not include Project for the web.

Project Online 桌面客户端Project Online desktop client

Microsoft Project Online 桌面客户端是一个项目管理程序,可提供自动化的日程安排、项目资源管理和内置报告功能。Microsoft Project Online desktop client is a project management program that features automated scheduling, project resource management, and built-in reporting. Project Online 桌面客户端可用作独立的应用程序,也可以连接到 Project Online。Project Online desktop client can be used as a standalone application or it can connect to Project Online. Project Online 桌面客户端是 Project Professional 桌面客户端的订阅版本,可在项目计划3和项目计划5订阅中使用。Project Online desktop client is the subscription version of the Project Professional desktop client and is available in Project Plan 3 and Project Plan 5 subscriptions.

结合使用 web 项目和 Project OnlineUsing Project for the web and Project Online together

尽管 Project for web 和 Project Online 是独立的应用程序,但您可以并排使用它们。Although Project for the web and Project Online are separate applications, you can use them side-by-side. 您可以在项目主页中查看这两个应用程序中的所有项目。You can see all your projects from both applications in Project Home. 您可以使用项目路线图功能构建包含来自这两个应用程序的项目的路线图。You can use the Project Roadmap capability to build roadmaps that include projects from both applications. 您可以使用 Power BI 和 Project for web Power BI 内容包获取跨两个应用程序的项目和资源的见解。3And you can use Power BI and the Project for the web Power BI content pack to gain insights into projects and resources across the two applications.3

此图显示了应用程序可以并排协作的方式。This diagram shows how the applications can work together side-by-side.

在 web 和 Project Online 上一起显示项目的关系图

今后,Microsoft 将重点关注 web 创新的项目。Going forward, Microsoft will focus on Project for the web innovations. 不过,你可以继续使用 Project Online,因为它将继续获得关键性能和安全性改进。However, you can continue using Project Online with confidence as it will continue to receive key performance and security improvements.

Microsoft Project 订阅Microsoft Project subscriptions

Microsoft Project 可通过三种不同的订阅使用,以最大限度地满足组织的需求。Microsoft Project is available through three different subscriptions to best meet the needs of your organization. 这些订阅是项目计划1、项目计划3和项目计划5。These subscriptions are Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5. 若要在各个订阅之间比较功能,请参阅跨应用程序和订阅的功能可用性To compare features across subscriptions, see Feature availability across applications and subscriptions.

产品Product 计划 1Plan 1 计划3Plan 3 计划5Plan 5
Project 网页版Project for the web xx x xx x x xx x
Project OnlineProject Online x xx x x x xx x x
Project Online 桌面客户端Project Online desktop client xx xx

在上表中,检查次数(x)指示计划提供的常规级别的功能。In the table above, the number of checks (x) indicates the general level of capabilities provided by a plan. 例如,对于 Project Online,计划5提供更多功能,然后计划3。For example, for Project Online, Plan 5 provides more capabilities then Plan 3.

跨应用程序和订阅的功能可用性Feature availability across applications and subscriptions

Web 功能的项目Project for the web features

本部分中列出的功能仅与 web 数据存储的项目中的数据交互。Features listed in this section interact only with data in the Project for the web data store. 所有这些功能均可用于所有 Microsoft Project 订阅: Project Plan 1、Project Plan 3 和 Project Plan 5。All these features are available in all Microsoft Project subscriptions: Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, and Project Plan 5.

功能Feature 说明Description Office 365 许可证Office 365 licenses 计划 1Plan 1 计划3Plan 3 计划5Plan 5
项目、任务和时间管理Project, task, and time management
母板视图Board view 通过使用现成的和自定义的任务板,以可视方式跟踪项目任务,以改进工作流和状态监控。Track project tasks visually for improved workflow and status monitoring by using out-of-the-box and custom task boards. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
相关性Dependencies 设置并直观地跟踪任务之间的相关性。Set and visually track dependencies between tasks. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
网格视图Grid view 使用任务的分层网格视图规划和管理项目。Plan and manage projects by using a hierarchical grid view of tasks. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
按时Milestones 建立和跟踪重要的项目和任务里程碑。Establish and track important project and task milestones. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
项目主页Project Home 使用开始日期和结束日期以及自动计划来跟踪和管理可交付结果。Track and manage deliverables using start and end dates and automated scheduling. Yes Yes Yes Yes
任务计划Task scheduling 获取最近使用过的项目的鸟瞰视图,以及需要密切监视的重要项目。Get a birds-eye view of projects that you've worked on recently, as well as important projects that you need to monitor closely. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
"日程表" 视图(甘特条形图)Timeline view (Gantt chart) 在分层的日程表视图中直观地跟踪和了解项目日期、依赖项和工作分配。Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a hierarchical timeline view. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
摘要任务Summary tasks 通过使用摘要任务来规划、管理和跟踪可交付结果和阶段。Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases by using summary tasks. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
协作Collaboration
Microsoft 团队集成Microsoft Teams integration 在 Microsoft 团队中对项目进行协作。1Collaborate on projects in Microsoft Teams.1 Yes Yes Yes Yes
资源和程序管理Resource and program management
项目团队设置Project team setup 通过添加和删除成员并设置工作日历来管理项目团队。Manage a project team by adding and removing members and setting the working calendar. No 可访问Yes Yes Yes
路线图Roadmaps 在 Microsoft Project Online、Microsoft Project for web 和 Azure 董事会项目中跨项目构建直观、交互式路线图。2  通过项目计划1,可以获取对路线图的只读访问权限。Build visual, interactive roadmaps across projects from Microsoft Project Online, Microsoft Project for the web, and Azure Boards projects.2 With Project Plan 1 you get read-only access to roadmaps. 对于项目计划3或项目计划5,您还可以创建路线图。With Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 you can also create roadmaps. 仅查看View only 仅查看View only Yes Yes
报告3Reporting3
开箱即用报告Out-of-the-box reporting 使用预建的报告来了解项目、项目群、项目组合和资源数据。Use pre-built reports to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data. No 可访问Yes Yes Yes
自定义报告Custom reports 通过基于现成报告或从头开始构建自定义报告,了解对您的组织至关重要的数据。Understand the data important to your organization by building custom reports based on out-of-the-box reports or from scratch. No 可访问Yes Yes Yes
仪表板和门户Dashboards and portals 构建自定义仪表板和门户,以帮助满足特定的组织需求。Build custom dashboards and portals to help meet specific organizational needs. No 可访问Yes Yes Yes
可用性Usability
共同创作Coauthoring 与风险承担者和工作组成员共同构建、编辑和更新任务列表、项目日程等。Work together with stakeholders and team members to simultaneously build, edit, and update task lists, project schedules, and more. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
图形标记Graphical indicators 使用图形标记了解任务状态、工作分配等。Understand task status, assignments, and more with graphical indicators. 仅查看View only Yes Yes Yes
移动性Mobility
移动应用程序Mobile applications 使用 PowerApps 生成自定义移动应用程序。4Build custom mobile applications with PowerApps.4 No No 可访问Yes Yes
自定义和集成Customization and integration
PowerAppsPowerApps 在 PowerApps 中构建和使用适用于 web 和移动解决方案的解决方案。4Build and consume solutions for web and mobile with PowerApps.4 No No 可访问Yes Yes
工作流Workflows 自动化并将业务流程与电源自动化相集成。5Automate and integrate business processes with Power Automate.5 No No 可访问Yes Yes
Microsoft 集成Microsoft integration 使用熟悉的 Microsoft 工具和应用程序进行协作、管理文档等。1Collaborate, manage documents, and more by using familiar Microsoft tools and applications.1 Yes Yes Yes Yes
安全性和用户管理Security and user management
Office 新式组Office Modern Groups 构建项目工作组以与团队成员协作并轻松地设置要共享的工作组成员的资源集合。Build a project team to collaborate with and easily set up a collection of resources for team members to share. Yes Yes Yes Yes

Project Online 功能Project Online features

本部分中列出的功能仅与 Project Online SharePoint 数据存储中的数据交互。Features listed in this section interact only with data in the Project Online SharePoint data store.

功能Feature 说明Description 项目计划3Project Plan 3 项目计划5Project Plan 5
项目、任务和时间管理Project, task, and time management
通知和提醒Alerts and reminders 使用 Outlook 和 Microsoft 团队中的提醒保持对重要即将开始的任务和项目事件的日程安排。1Stay on schedule for important upcoming tasks and project events with reminders in Outlook and Microsoft Teams.1 Yes Yes
基线Baselines 使用 Project Web App 设置项目比较基准,以监视当前性能与以前的性能。Set project baselines to monitor current performance against past performance using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
母板视图Board view 直观地跟踪项目任务以改进工作流和状态监控。Visually track project tasks for improved workflow and status monitoring. Yes Yes
关键路径Critical path 使用 Project Web App 在项目中直观地跟踪表示最长路径的任务。Visually track the tasks that represent the longest path through the project using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
可交付结果管理Deliverable management 使用开始日期和结束日期以及自动计划来跟踪和管理可交付结果。Track and manage deliverables using start and end dates and automated scheduling. Yes Yes
相关性Dependencies 设置并直观地跟踪任务之间的相关性。Set and visually track dependencies between tasks. Yes Yes
甘特图视图Gantt view 使用 Project Web App 直观地跟踪和了解分层甘特图上的项目日期、依赖项和工作分配。Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments on a hierarchical Gantt chart using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
网格视图Grid view 使用 Project Web App 的任务的分层网格视图规划和管理项目。Plan and manage projects using a hierarchical grid view of tasks using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
问题和风险管理Issue and risk management 确定并跟踪项目和任务级别的问题和风险。Identify and track issues and risks at the project and task level. Yes Yes
主项目Master projects 使用 Project Web App 在单个主项目下分组较小的相关项目。Group smaller related projects under a single master project using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
NotificationsNotifications 使用 Outlook 和团队通知保持任务分配、状态和重要项目事件的最上面。1Stay on top of task assignments, status, and important project events with Outlook and Teams notifications.1 Yes Yes
项目主页Project Home 获取最近使用过的项目的鸟瞰视图,以及需要密切监视的重要项目。Get a birds-eye view of projects that you've worked on recently, as well as important projects that you need to monitor closely. Yes Yes
项目版本控制Project versioning 将项目的不同版本与显示版本之间的变化的报告进行比较。Compare different versions of a project with a report that shows what changed between versions. Yes Yes
摘要任务Summary tasks 使用 Project Web App 中的摘要任务规划、管理和跟踪可交付结果和阶段。Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases using summary tasks in the Project Web App. Yes Yes
任务计划Task scheduling 使用 Project Web App,可使用任务开始日期和结束日期、工作量、工作、潜在顾客和延隔时间以及相关项来获取项目日期的准确计划。Use task start and end dates, effort, work, lead and lag times, and dependencies to get an accurate schedule of project dates using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
任务更新Task updates 捕获有关项目任务、非项目工作和非工作时间的注释的时间和状态。Capture time and status with comments on project tasks, non-project work, and non-working time. Yes Yes
日程表Timelines 在使用 Project Web App 的日程表视图中直观地跟踪和理解项目日期、依赖项和工作分配。Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments on a timeline view using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
时间表Timesheets 工作组成员可以针对任务、非项目工作和非工作时间输入时间和状态。Team members can enter time and status against tasks, non-project work, and non-working time. Yes Yes
时间表审批Timesheet approvals 工作组成员可以提交时间表以供审批。Team members can submit timesheets for approval. 资源经理和主管可以审阅、批准和拒绝已提交的时间表。Resource managers and supervisors can review, approve, and decline submitted timesheets. Yes Yes
非工作时间设置Non-working time setup 将假期、假日、病假以及其他非工作时间添加到项目计划中。Add vacation, holidays, medical leave, and other nonworking time into your project schedule. No 可访问Yes
协作Collaboration
AttachmentsAttachments 在团队、项目或任务级别附加文档、图像和其他文件。Attach documents, images, and other files at the team, project, or task level. 在团队或项目级别的中央库中管理这些附件。Manage these attachments in a central library at the team or project level. Yes Yes
外部团队成员External team members 通过授予用户查看和交互项目、任务和文档的访问权限,可与组织外部的人员进行协作。6Collaborate with people from outside of your organization by granting them access to view and interact with your projects, tasks, and documents.6 Yes Yes
项目网站Project sites 为项目创建和自定义协作和文档的中心。Create and customize a hub for collaboration and documents for a project. Yes Yes
Microsoft 团队集成Microsoft Teams integration 在 Microsoft 团队中对项目进行协作。1Collaborate on projects in Microsoft Teams.1 Yes Yes
需求管理Demand management
项目请求审批工作流设置Project request approval workflow setup 构建评估、设置优先级和批准传入需求所需的工作流。Build the workflows you need to evaluate, prioritize, and approve incoming demand. No 可访问Yes
项目请求表单创建Project request forms creation 捕获有关传入请求的重要数据,以帮助您评估新工作并确定其优先级。Capture important data about incoming demand to help you evaluate and prioritize new work. No 可访问Yes
项目请求Project requests 从组织内部和外部客户和合作伙伴跟踪、管理、评估传入要求并确定其优先级。Track, manage, evaluate, and prioritize incoming demand from within your organization and from external customers and partners. Yes Yes
资源、程序和项目组合管理Resource, program, and portfolio management
项目成本核算和预算Project costing and budgeting 使用 Project Web App 将计划的进度和预算与实际时间和成本进行比较。Compare planned progress and budget against actual time and costs using the Project Web App. Yes Yes
项目团队设置Project team setup 通过添加和删除成员、设置分配级别和添加外部成员来管理项目团队。Manage a project team by adding and removing members, setting allocation levels, and adding external members. Yes Yes
资源容量视图Resource capacity views 在项目、团队和组织级别跟踪和管理资源容量。Track and manage resource capacity at the project, team, and organization level. Yes Yes
资源成本核算Resource costing 跟踪和管理项目的资源成本。Track and manage the resource costs of your project. Yes Yes
资源预订(预订)Resource engagements (bookings) 项目经理可以按角色、技能或名称提交对资源的请求。Project managers can submit requests for resources by role, skills, or name. 资源管理者可以查看请求并分配最合适的可用资源。Resource managers can review requests and assign the best resources available. 7Yes7 8Yes8
资源容量规划Resource capacity planning 在项目、团队和组织级别跟踪和管理资源容量。Track and manage resource capacity at the project, team, and organization level. No 可访问Yes
路线图Roadmaps 在 Microsoft Project Online、Microsoft Project for web 和 Azure 董事会项目中跨项目构建直观、交互式路线图。2Build visual, interactive roadmaps across projects from Microsoft Project Online, Microsoft Project for the web, and Azure Boards projects.2 Yes Yes
项目组合分析和优先顺序Portfolio analysis and prioritization 确定、选择和交付最适合您的组织的业务战略的项目组合,并最大化投资回报率(ROI)。Identify, select, and deliver project portfolios that best align with your organization's business strategy and maximize your return on investment (ROI). No 可访问Yes
仪表板/门户Dashboards/portals 使用实时交互式仪表板,了解项目组合、计划、项目、任务、团队和资源水平的状态、优先顺序和详细信息。Understand status, prioritization, and more at the portfolio, program, project, task, team, and resource level with real-time interactive dashboards. Yes Yes
Work, generic, and material resourcesWork, generic, and material resources 将资源添加到项目中,如人员等工时资源、通用资源(例如,水泥等)和材料资源(如计算机和)。Add resources to a project, such as work resources like people, generic resources like carpenters, and materials resources like computers and cement. Yes Yes
报告3Reporting3
开箱即用报告Out-of-box reporting 使用预建的报告来了解项目、项目群、项目组合和资源数据。Use pre-built reports to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data. Yes Yes
自定义报告Custom reports 通过基于现成报告或从头开始构建自定义报告,了解对您的组织至关重要的数据。Understand the data important to your organization by building custom reports based on out-of-box reports or from scratch. Yes Yes
仪表板和门户Dashboards and portals 构建自定义仪表板和门户,以帮助满足特定的组织需求。Build custom dashboards and portals to help meet specific organizational needs. Yes Yes
自定义和集成Customization and integration
自定义品牌塑造Custom branding 使用自己的品牌、徽标和颜色自定义项目部署。Customize your Project deployment using your own brand, logo, and colors. No 可访问Yes
Custom fieldsCustom fields 在项目、任务和资源级别添加自定义字段,以跟踪对组织和项目重要的数据。Add custom fields at the project, task, and resource level to track data important to your organization and projects. Yes Yes
公式Formulas 在任务和项目中使用公式计算和捕获重要数据。Calculate and capture important data using formulas across tasks and projects. Yes Yes
PowerAppsPowerApps 在 PowerApps 中构建和使用适用于 web 和移动的解决方案(通过 OData)。4Build and consume solutions for web and mobile (through OData) with PowerApps.4 Yes Yes
工作流Workflows 自动化和集成使用电源自动化的业务流程(通过 OData)。5Automate and integrate business processes (through OData) with Power Automate.5 Yes Yes
Microsoft 365 集成Microsoft 365 integration 协作、管理文档,以及使用熟悉的 Microsoft 工具和应用程序。1Collaborate, manage documents, and more using familiar Microsoft tools and applications.1 Yes Yes
Microsoft Planner 集成Microsoft Planner integration 将项目任务连接到 Planner 计划并跟踪 Planner 中的详细工作。1Connect Project tasks to a Planner plan and track detailed work in Planner.1 Yes Yes
安全性、用户和服务管理Security, user, and service management
Active Directory integrationActive Directory integration 根据组织的 Active Directory 中的任何成员生成团队。9Build teams from any member of your organization's Active Directory.9 Yes Yes
用户管理User management 管理项目、团队和组织级别的用户和组角色以及权限。Manage user and group roles and permissions at the project, team, and organization level. No 可访问Yes
服务管理Service administration 在 Office 3651环境中规划、安装和配置、维护和扩展 Microsoft Project 环境。Plan, install and configure, maintain, and extend your Microsoft Project environment as part of your Office 3651 environment. No 可访问Yes

注释Notes

1需要 Office 或 Microsoft 365 商业版订阅。1 Requires an Office or Microsoft 365 commercial subscription.
2个独立购买的 Azure 主板。2 Azure Boards acquired separately.
3可通过使用 Power BI 获取 Web 和 project Online 的 project 的报告。3 Reporting for Project for the web and Project Online is available by using Power BI. 查看、编辑和创建报告需要 Power BI 订阅。Viewing, editing, and creating reports requires a Power BI subscription. Microsoft 提供了一组预建的 Power BI 报告。Microsoft provides a pre-built set of Power BI reports. 用户可以使用 Power BI 来自定义这些报告或生成其他报告。Users can customize these reports or build additional reports using Power BI.
4生成和使用访问 web 数据的项目的自定义 powerapps 移动应用程序需要 PowerApps 订阅和项目计划3或项目计划5订阅。 4 Building and using custom PowerApps mobile applications that access Project for the web data requires a PowerApps subscription and a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription.
5通过使用 web 数据的 Project 自动执行自动化和集成业务流程的过程需要使用 power 自动化订阅和项目计划3或项目计划5订阅。5 Automating and integrating business processes with Power Automate with Project for the web data requires a Power Automate subscription and a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription.
6外部用户的 Project Online 许可遵循与内部用户相同的策略。6 Project Online licensing for external users follows the same policy as that for internal users. 在 Project Online 网站上进行任何交互都需要项目计划3或项目计划5订阅。Any interaction on a Project Online site requires a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription.
7具有项目计划3或项目计划5订阅的用户可以提交资源预订请求。7 Users with a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription can submit resource engagement requests. 他们无法查看、履行或批准资源预订请求。They cannot review, fulfill, or approve resource engagement requests.
8个具有项目计划5订阅的用户可以查看、履行和批准资源预订请求。8 Users with a Project Plan 5 subscription can review, fulfill, and approve resource engagement requests.
9 Active Directory 需要单独的订阅。9 Active Directory requires a separate subscription.

Project Online 桌面客户端功能Project Online desktop client features

功能Feature 说明Description
项目和任务管理Project and task management
基线Baselines 设置项目比较基准以监视当前性能与以前的性能。Set project baselines to monitor current performance against past performance.
日历视图Calendar view 在每周或每月日历视图上跟踪重要的项目和任务截止日期和里程碑。Track important project and task deadlines and milestones on a weekly or monthly calendar view.
关键路径Critical path 直观地跟踪表示通过项目的最长路径的任务。Visually track the tasks that represent the longest path through the project.
DeadlinesDeadlines 建立和跟踪重要的项目和任务截止时间。Establish and track important project and task deadlines.
相关性Dependencies 设置并直观地跟踪任务之间的相关性。Set and visually track dependencies between tasks.
甘特图视图Gantt view 在 "分层甘特图" 视图中直观地跟踪和了解项目日期、依赖项和工作分配。Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a hierarchical Gantt view.
网格视图Grid view 使用任务的分层网格视图规划和管理项目。Plan and manage projects using a hierarchical grid view of tasks.
主项目Master projects 在单个主项目下对较小的相关项目进行分组。Group smaller related projects under a single master project.
按时Milestones 建立和跟踪重要的项目和任务里程碑。Establish and track important project and task milestones.
网络图Network diagram 在 "网络图" 视图中查看项目的任务、依赖项和关键路径。View tasks, dependencies, and the critical path of your project in a network diagram view.
任务计划Task scheduling 使用任务开始和结束日期、工作、工作、前置重叠时间和延隔时间以及依赖项来获取项目日期的准确日程Use task start and end dates, effort, work, lead and lag times, and dependencies to get an accurate schedule of project dates
工作组规划器Team planner 跟踪所有项目团队成员的分配和容量,包括非项目工作和非工作时间。Track the allocation and capacity of all project team members, including non-project work and non-working time.
日程表Timelines 在 "日程表" 视图中直观地跟踪和了解项目日期、依赖项和工作分配。Visually track and understand project dates, dependencies, and assignments in a timeline view.
非活动任务Inactive tasks 使用非活动任务跟踪工作而不影响资源可用性或分配,而不影响项目日程。Use inactive tasks to track work without affecting resource availability or allocation and without affecting the project schedule.
摘要任务Summary tasks 使用摘要任务规划、管理和跟踪可交付结果和阶段。Plan, manage, and track deliverables and phases using summary tasks.
任务检查器Task inspector 查看影响计划任务的因素,例如:开始日期已更改或出现错误消息。View factors that affect the scheduling of a task, such as a changed start date or error messages.
任务路径分析Task path analysis 通过突出显示任务在整个项目中的路径,查看一个任务与其他任务的关联。See how one task connects to other tasks by highlighting its task path throughout the project.
资源和财务管理Resource and financial management
Resource levelingResource leveling 通过自动调配工作分配解决资源冲突或过度分配情况。Resolve resource conflicts or overallocations by automatically leveling the assignments.
Work, generic, and material resourcesWork, generic, and material resources 将资源添加到项目中,如人员等工时资源、通用资源(例如,水泥等)和材料资源(如计算机和)。Add resources to a project, such as work resources like people, generic resources like carpenters, and materials resources like computers and cement.
项目成本核算和预算Project costing and budgeting 将计划的进度和预算与实际时间和成本进行比较。Compare planned progress and budget to actual time and costs.
资源成本核算Resource costing 跟踪和管理项目的资源成本。Track and manage the resource costs of your project.
报告Reporting
自定义报告Custom reports 为项目、项目群、项目组合和资源生成自定义报告。Build custom reports for projects, programs, portfolios, and resources.
开箱即用报告Out-of-box reporting 使用预建的报告来了解项目、项目群、项目组合和资源数据。Use pre-built reports to understand project, program, portfolio, and resource data.
PDF and XPS outputPDF and XPS output 将项目文件另存为 PDF 或 XPS 文件。Save a Project file as a PDF or XPS file.
可用性Usability
自动完成Auto-complete 键入时,获取有关任务或资源名称和依赖项的建议。Get suggestions for task or resource names and dependencies as you type.
筛选视图Filtered views 按计划中的任何值筛选项目计划Filter project plans by any value in the plan
图形标记Graphical indicators 使用图形标记了解任务状态、工作分配等。Understand task status, assignments, and more with graphical indicators.
多级别撤消Multi-level undo 使用 "撤消" 菜单同时撤消多个更改。Undo multiple changes at the same time by using the Undo menu.
排序和分组Sorting and grouping 使用自定义排序和分组可获得项目、任务和资源的重点视图。Use custom sorting and grouping to get a focused view of your project, tasks, and resources.
自定义和集成Customization and integration
自定义域Custom fields 在项目、任务和资源级别添加自定义字段,以跟踪对组织和项目重要的数据。Add custom fields at the project, task, and resource level to track data important to your organization and projects.
FormsForms 创建和部署自定义表单以捕获重要的项目数据。Create and deploy custom forms to capture important project data.
公式Formulas 在任务和项目中使用公式计算和捕获重要数据。Calculate and capture important data using formulas across tasks and projects.
模板Templates 为常见项目(包括项目计划、团队和工作分配)创建模板。Create templates for common projects including project plans, teams, and assignments.
mpp 导入/导出.mpp import/export 从现有的 mpp 文件创建新项目或创建现有项目的 mpp 文件。Create new projects from existing .mpp files or create an .mpp file of an existing project.
Excel 导入/导出Excel import/export 从 Excel 文件创建新项目或创建现有项目的 Excel 文件。Create new projects from Excel files or create an Excel file of an existing project.

服务注意事项Service considerations

备注

适用于 web 的 Project 当前不可用于 GCC、GCC 高和 DoD。Project for the web is currently unavailable for GCC, GCC High, and DoD. 我们正在努力为你提供 web 项目,但目前无法共享一个固定的时间范围。We're working on delivering Project for the web to you but are unable to share a firm timeframe at this time.

许可注意事项Licensing considerations

  • 在 Project Online 网站上进行任何交互都需要项目计划3或项目计划5订阅。Any interaction on a Project Online site requires a Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription.
  • 当您的最后一个项目计划1、项目计划3或项目计划5订阅过期时,将在120天后删除 web 实例的项目。When your last Project Plan 1, Project Plan 3, or Project Plan 5 subscription expires, your Project for the web instances will be deleted after 120 days.
  • 当您的最后一个项目计划3或项目计划5订阅过期时,Project Online 实例将在120天后删除。When your last Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscription expires, your Project Online instances will be deleted after 120 days.
  • 对于 web 和 Project Online 试用订阅的 Project,在试用期结束后30天内将删除试用实例。For Project for the web and Project Online trial subscriptions, your trial instances will be deleted 30 days after your trial period ends.

使用 SharePoint OnlineUse of SharePoint Online

Project Online 要求使用 SharePoint Online,这是作为 Project Online 的一部分进行设置的。Project Online requires the use of SharePoint Online, which is provisioned as part of Project Online. 与项目计划3或项目计划5订阅一起提供的 SharePoint Online 功能的权限仅限于存储和访问数据以支持 Project Online。Rights to the SharePoint Online functionality provided with Project Plan 3 or Project Plan 5 subscriptions are limited to storing and accessing data to support Project Online.

项目路线图和电源自动化Project Roadmap and Power Automate

项目路线图要求使用 Power 自动功能,这是作为项目订阅的一部分进行预配的。Project Roadmap requires the use of Power Automate, which is provisioned as part of your Project subscription. 对电源自动化功能的权限仅限于项目路线图所需的电源自动功能。Rights to Power Automate functionality are limited to those Power Automate capabilities required by Project Roadmap. 在 Microsoft 365 管理中心的 "应用程序" 部分中,"项目路线图" 所需的电力自动化功能显示为 "具有流服务计划的项目的数据集成"。Power Automate functionality required by Project Roadmap appears as the Data Integration for Project with Flow service plan in the Apps section of the Microsoft 365 admin center.

Web 和常见数据服务的项目Project for the web and Common Data Service

Web 的项目要求使用通用数据服务(CD)存储其数据。Project for the web requires the use of the Common Data Service (CDS) for storing its data. 将 CD 作为项目订阅的一部分进行预配。CDS is provisioned as part of your Project subscription. 对 CD 功能的权限仅限于存储和访问数据以支持 web 的 Project。Rights to CDS functionality are limited to storing and accessing data to support Project for the web. Project 所需的 CD 功能在 Microsoft 365 管理中心的 "应用程序" 部分显示为 project service Plan 的通用数据服务CDS functionality required by Project appears as the Common Data Service for Project service plan in the Apps section of the Microsoft 365 admin center.

数据备份和保留Data backup and retention

Web 和 Project Online 的项目与 Office 365 具有相同的数据备份和保留策略。Project for the web and Project Online both have the same data backup and retention policy as Office 365. 有关详细信息,请参阅Office 365 中的数据保留、删除和销毁For details, see Data Retention, Deletion, and Destruction in Office 365.

用于 web 边界和限制的项目Project for the web boundaries and limitations

Web 的项目有一些限制,如下表所述。Project for the web has some limitations, which are described in the following table.

实体/字段Entity/field 限制Limit
TaskTask
最大Max. 任务的层次结构级别hierarchy level for task 10个级别10 levels
最大Max. 任务的链接(后续 + 前置任务)links (successor + predecessor) for a task 2020
最大Max. 叶任务的持续时间duration of leaf task 1250天1250 days
最大Max. 摘要任务的持续时间duration of summary task 3650天(10年)3650 days (10 years)
最大Max. 可分配给任务的资源resources that can be assigned to a task 20个资源20 resources
任务的受支持日期范围Supported date range for task 1/1/1984 – 12/31/21491/1/1984 – 12/31/2149
项目Project
最大Max. 项目的任务总数total tasks for the project 500500
最大Max. 项目的总持续时间total duration of the project 3650天(10年)3650 days (10 years)
最大Max. 项目的总资源total resources for the project 150150
最大Max. 项目的总链接数(仅限后续任务)total links (successor only) for the project 600600

Project Online 边界和限制Project Online boundaries and limitations

Project Online 有一些限制。Project Online has some limitations. 有关详细信息,请参阅Project Online:软件边界和限制For details, see Project Online: software boundaries and limits.