Power BI Desktop 隐私级别Power BI Desktop privacy levels

Power BI Desktop 中,隐私级别指定隔离级别,该隔离级别定义一个数据源与其他数据源的隔离程度。In Power BI Desktop, privacy levels specify an isolation level that defines the degree that one data source will be isolated from other data sources. 尽管严格的隔离级别能阻止数据源之间的信息交换,但也可能降低功能和影响性能。Although a restrictive isolation level blocks information from being exchanged between data sources, it may reduce functionality and impact performance.

可通过选择“文件 > 选项和设置 > 选项”,然后选择“当前文件 > 隐私”找到“隐私级别”设置。该设置确定 Power BI Desktop 合并数据时是否使用你的隐私级别设置。The Privacy Levels setting, found in File > Options and settings > Options and then Current File > Privacy determines whether Power BI Desktop uses your Privacy Level settings while combining data. 此对话框包含指向 Power BI Desktop 有关隐私级别和隐私级别(本文)的文档的链接。This dialog includes a link to Power BI Desktop documentation about Privacy Levels and Privacy Levels (this article).

每个数据源的隐私设置对话框可在文件 > 选项和设置 > 数据源设置中找到。The Privacy settings dialog for each data source is found File > Options and settings > Data source settings. 选择数据源,然后选择编辑Select the data source, then select Edit. 数据源设置对话框出现时,你可以从对话框底部的下拉菜单中选择适当的隐私级别,如下图所示。The Data Source Settings dialog appears, from which you can select the appropriate privacy level from the drop-down menu at the bottom of the dialog, as shown in the following image.

小心

应将包含高度敏感或机密数据的数据源配置为“隐私”。You should configure a data source containing highly sensitive or confidential data as Private.

配置隐私级别Configure a privacy level

使用隐私级别设置,你可以指定隔离级别,该隔离级别定义一个数据源必须与其他数据源隔离的程度。With privacy level settings, you can specify an isolation level that defines the degree that one data source must be isolated from other data sources.

设置Setting 说明Description 示例数据源Example Data Sources
私有数据源Private data source 隐私数据源包含敏感或机密信息,并且数据源的查看权限可能仅限于授权用户。A Private data source contains sensitive or confidential information, and the visibility of the data source may be restricted to authorized users. 隐私数据源与其他数据源完全隔离。A private data source is completely isolated from other data sources. Facebook 数据、包含股票奖励的文本文件或包含员工查看信息的工作簿。Facebook data, a text file containing stock awards, or a workbook containing employee review information.
组织数据源Organizational data source 组织数据源将数据源的可见性限制为仅受信任的人员组。An Organizational data source limits the visibility of a data source to a trusted group of people. 组织数据源与所有公共数据源隔离,但对于其他组织数据源可见。An Organizational data source is isolated from all Public data sources, but is visible to other Organizational data sources. 位于受信任的 intranet SharePoint 站点,向受信任的组启用了权限的 Microsoft Word 文档。A Microsoft Word document on an intranet SharePoint site with permissions enabled for a trusted group.
公共数据源Public data source 公共数据源给予每个人对数据源中包含的数据的查看权限。A Public data source gives everyone visibility to the data contained in the data source. 只有文件、Internet 数据源或工作簿数据可以标记为公共Only files, internet data sources or workbook data can be marked Public. 来自 Microsoft Azure Marketplace 的免费数据、来自维基百科页的数据或包含从公共网页复制的数据的本地文件Free data from the Microsoft Azure Marketplace, data from a Wikipedia page, or a local file containing data copied from a public web page

配置隐私级别设置Configure privacy level settings

每个数据源的隐私设置对话框可在文件 > 选项和设置 > 数据源设置中找到。The Privacy settings dialog for each data source is found File > Options and settings > Data source settings.

若要配置数据源的隐私级别,请选择数据源,然后选择编辑To configure a data source privacy level, select the data source, then select Edit. 数据源设置对话框出现时,你可以从对话框底部的下拉菜单中选择适当的隐私级别,如下图所示。The Data Source Settings dialog appears, from which you can select the appropriate privacy level from the drop-down menu at the bottom of the dialog, as shown in the following image.

小心

应将包含高度敏感或机密数据的数据源配置为“隐私”。You should configure a data source containing highly sensitive or confidential data as Private.

配置隐私级别Configure Privacy Levels

隐私级别是一种设置,默认情况下它被设置为根据每个源的隐私级别设置合并数据,这表示隐私级别未启用。Privacy Levels is a setting that is set to Combine data according to your Privacy Level settings for each source by default, which means that Privacy Levels is not enabled.

设置Setting 说明Description
根据每个源的隐私级别设置合并数据(处于打开状态且为默认设置)Combine data according to your Privacy Level settings for each source (on, and the default setting) 隐私级别设置用于确定合并数据时数据源的隔离级别。Privacy level settings are used to determine the level of isolation between data sources when combining data.
忽略隐私级别并潜在地提高性能(处于关闭状态)Ignore the Privacy levels and potentially improve performance (off) 合并数据时不考虑隐私级别,可能会提高数据的性能和功能。Privacy levels are not considered when combining data, however; performance and functionality of the data may increase.

安全说明:通过选择隐私级别对话框中的忽略隐私级别并潜在地提高性能来启用隐私级别,可能会向未经授权的人员泄露敏感或机密数据。Security Note: Enabling Privacy Levels by selecting Ignore the Privacy levels and potentially improve performance in the Privacy Levels dialog could expose sensitive or confidential data to an unauthorized person. 除非确信数据源不包含敏感或机密数据,否则请不要启用隐私级别Do not enable Privacy Levels unless you are confident that the data source does not contain sensitive or confidential data.

配置隐私级别Configure Privacy Levels

在 Power BI Desktop 或在查询编辑器中,选择文件 > 选项和设置 > 选项然后选择当前文件 > 隐私In Power BI Desktop or in Query Editor, select File > Options and settings > Options and then Current File > Privacy.

a.a. 当选择根据每个源的隐私级别设置合并数据时,数据将根据你的隐私级别设置进行合并。When Combine data according to your Privacy Level settings for each source is selected, data will be combined according to your Privacy Levels setting. 跨隐私隔离区域合并数据会导致某些数据缓冲。Merging data across Privacy isolation zones will result in some data buffering.

b.b. 当选择忽略隐私级别并潜在地提高性能时,数据合并时将忽略隐私级别,这可能会向未经授权的用户泄漏敏感或机密数据。When Ignore the Privacy levels and potentially improve performance is selected, the data will be combined ignoring your Privacy Levels which could reveal sensitive or confidential data to an unauthorized user. 该设置可能会提高性能和功能。The setting may improve performance and functionality.

安全说明:选择忽略隐私级别并潜在地提高性能可能会提高性能;不过,Power BI Desktop 不能保证合并到 Power BI Desktop 文件中的数据的隐私。Security Note: Selecting Ignore the Privacy levels and potentially improve performance may improve performance; however, Power BI Desktop cannot ensure the privacy of data merged into the Power BI Desktop file.