仪表板和报表的使用指标Usage metrics for dashboards and reports

如果你创建仪表板和报表,使用指标可帮助你了解它们的影响。If you create dashboards and reports, usage metrics help you understand their impact. 运行仪表板使用情况指标或报表使用情况指标时,可查看整个组织使用这些仪表板和报表的情况 - 正在使用的内容、使用人员以及使用目的。When you run either dashboard usage metrics or report usage metrics, you discover how those dashboards and reports are being used throughout your organization; what is being used, by whom, and for what purpose.

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使用情况指标将跟踪 SharePoint Online 中嵌入的报表的使用情况。Usage metrics will track usage of reports that are embedded in SharePoint Online. 它们还通过“用户拥有凭据”和“应用拥有凭据”流来跟踪仪表板和报表的嵌入。They will also track embedding of dashboards and reports via both the “user owns credentials” and “app owns credentials” flow. 使用情况指标将不跟踪通过发布到 Web 嵌入的报表的使用情况。Usage metrics will not track usage of reports embedding via publish to web.

这些使用情况指标报表是只读的。These usage metrics reports are read-only. 但是,可以通过使用“另存为”对使用情况指标报表进行个性化处理。However, you can personalize a usage metrics report by using "Save as." 这将创建全新的数据集,并将只读报表转换为功能齐全的可编辑 Power BI 报表。This creates a brand new dataset and converts the read-only report to a full-featured Power BI report that you can edit. 不仅个性化报表包含所选仪表板或报表的指标,而且通过删除默认筛选器,现在还可以访问所选工作区中所有仪表板或所有报表的使用情况指标。Not only does the personalized report contain metrics for the selected dashboard or report, but by removing the default filter, you now have access to usage metrics for all dashboards or all reports in the selected workspace.

为什么使用指标对我而言非常重要?Why are usage metrics important to me?

了解内容的使用方式有助于说明影响,并划分工作的优先级。Knowing how your content is being used helps you demonstrate your impact and prioritize your efforts. 使用指标可能会显示组织的大部分部门每天会使用其中一个报表,还可能会显示根本没人查看你创建的某个仪表板。Your usage metrics may show that one of your reports is used daily by a huge segment of the organization and it may show that a dashboard you created isn't being viewed at all. 这种类型的反馈在指导工作方面极其重要。This type of feedback is invaluable in guiding your work efforts.

仅可在 Power BI 服务中运行使用情况指标报表。Running usage metrics reports is only available in Power BI service. 但是,如果保存使用情况指标报表或将其固定到仪表板,则可在移动设备上打开该报表并与其交互。However, if you save a usage metrics report or pin it to a dashboard, you will be able to open and interact with that report on mobile devices.

先决条件Prerequisites

  • 使用情况指标功能可捕获所有用户的使用情况信息,无论用户使用的是 Power BI(免费)还是 Power BI Pro。The usage metrics feature captures usage information from all users, both Free and Pro. 不过,必须有 Power BI Pro 许可证才能运行和访问使用情况指标数据。However, a Pro license is required to run and access the usage metrics data.
  • 所选工作区中的仪表板或报表中提供使用情况指标。Usage metrics are provided on dashboards or reports in the selected workspace. 若要访问特定仪表板或报表的使用情况指标,必须满足以下条件:To access usage metrics for a particular dashboard or report, you must:
    • 拥有对仪表板或报表的编辑权限• Have edit access to that dashboard or report
    • 拥有 Power BI Pro 许可证• Have a Pro license

关于使用情况指标报表About the Usage Metrics report

选择“使用情况指标”或图标 后,Power BI 会生成包含相应内容在过去 90 天内的使用情况指标的预生成报表。When you select Usage metrics or the icon , Power BI generates a pre-built report with usage metrics for that content for the last 90 days. 此报表与已熟悉的 Power BI 报表较为相似,不同之处在于此报表仅供参考,无法进行交互。The report looks similar to the Power BI reports you're already familiar with, but it's designed to be informational -- not interactive. 基于最终用户接收访问权限的方式以及他们是通过 Web 还是移动应用等方式访问,可以进行切片。仪表板和报表发生更改时,使用情况指标报表也会随之更改(使用情况指标报表每天更新新数据)。You’ll be able to slice based on how your end users received access, whether they were accessing via the web or mobile app, etc. As your dashboards and reports evolve, so too will the usage metrics report, which updates every day with new data.

使用情况指标报表不会显示在“最新动态”、“工作区”、“收藏夹”或其他内容列表中。Usage metrics reports won't show up in Recent, Workspaces, Favorites, or other content lists. 不能将使用情况指标报表添加到应用。They cannot be added to an app. 如果将使用情况指标报表中的磁贴固定到仪表板,则该仪表板无法添加到应用或内容包中。If you pin a tile from a usage metrics report to a dashboard, that dashboard cannot be added to an app or content pack.

若要深入挖掘报表数据,或要根据数据集生成自己的报表,可使用“另存为”(请参阅将使用情况指标报表另存为功能齐全的 Power BI 报表)。To dig down into the report data, or to build your own reports against the dataset, use Save as (see Save the Usage Metrics report as a full-featured Power BI report.

打开包含使用情况指标的仪表板或报表Open a Usage Metrics report for a dashboard or report

  1. 首先,转到包含仪表板或报表的工作区。Start in the workspace that contains the dashboard or report.
  2. 在“工作区”内容列表或仪表板/报表本身中,选择“使用情况指标”图标 From either the workspace content list or from the dashboard or report itself, select the icon for Usage metrics .

  3. 首次执行此操作时,Power BI 会创建使用情况指标报表,并在创建完成后通知你。The first time you do this, Power BI creates the usage metrics report and lets you know when it's ready.

  4. 要打开结果,请选择“查看使用情况指标”。To open the results, select View usage metrics.

    部署或维护 Power BI 仪表板和报表时,使用情况指标将发挥巨大作用。Usage metrics will be a powerful ally as you work to deploy and maintain Power BI dashboards and reports. 想知道报表的哪些页面最有用,哪些页面应该逐渐淘汰?Wondering which pages of your report are most useful, and which ones you should phase out? 按“报表页”进行切片,即可找到答案。想知道是否应为仪表板生成移动布局?Slice by Report page to find out. Wondering if you should build a mobile layout for your dashboard? 按“平台”进行切片,了解通过移动应用与通过 Web 浏览器访问内容的用户数。Slice by Platforms to discover how many users are accessing your content via the mobile apps vs. via web browser.

  5. (可选)将鼠标悬停在可视化效果之上,再选择“固定”图标,将可视化效果添加到仪表板。Optionally, hover over a visualization and select the pin icon to add the visualization to a dashboard. 也可以选择顶部菜单栏中的“固定活动页面”,将整个页面添加到仪表板。Or, from the top menubar, select Pin Live Page to add the entire page to a dashboard. 在仪表板中,可以更轻松地监视使用情况指标,或将它们与其他人共享。From the dashboard you can monitor the usage metrics more-easily or share them with others.

    请注意:如果将使用情况指标报表中的磁贴固定到仪表板,则该仪表板无法添加到应用或内容包中。NOTE: If you pin a tile from a usage metrics report to a dashboard, that dashboard cannot be added to an app or content pack.



报表中包含哪些指标?What metrics are reported?

指标Metric 仪表板Dashboard 报表Report 说明Description
分发方法切片器Distribution method slicer yes yes 用户获取内容访问权限的方式。How users got access to the content. 用户访问仪表板或报表的方式可能有以下 3 种:成为应用工作区的成员、将内容与他们共享或安装内容包/应用。There are 3 possible methods: users can access the dashboard or report by being members of an app workspace, by having the content shared with them, or by installing a content pack/app. 请注意,通过应用的查看数被视为“内容包”。Note that views through an app are counted as "content pack."
平台切片器Platforms slicer yes yes 是通过 Power BI 服务 (powerbi.com),还是通过移动设备访问仪表板或报表?Was the dashboard or report accessed via the Power BI service (powerbi.com) or a mobile device? 移动应用包括所有 iOS、Android 和 Windows 应用。Mobile includes all our iOS, Android, and Windows apps.
报表页切片器Report page slicer no yes 如果报表有多页,按已查看的一个或多个报表页对报表进行切片。If the report has more than 1 page, slice the report by the page(s) that was viewed. 如果看到列表选项为“空白”,这意味着报表页为最近添加(新页的实际名称将在 24 小时内显示在切片器列表),并且/或者报表页已删除。If you see a list option for "Blank," that means a report page was recently added (within 24 hours the actual name of the new page will appear in the slicer list) and/or report pages have been deleted. “空白”可捕获此类情况。"Blank" captures these types of situations.
每日查看次数Views per day yes yes 每日总查看次数 - 查看的定义为用户加载报表页或仪表板。Total number of views per day - a view is defined as a user loading a report page or dashboard.
每日的唯一身份查看者Unique viewers per day yes yes 查看了仪表板或报表的唯一身份用户数(以 AAD 用户帐户为依据)。Number of different users who viewed the dashboard or report (based on the AAD user account).
每用户查看次数Views per user yes yes 过去 90 天内的查看次数,按各用户细分。Number of views in the past 90 days, broken down by individual users.
每日共享次数Shares per day yes no 仪表板与其他用户或组进行共享的次数。Number of times the dashboard was shared with another user or group.
总查看次数Total views yes yes 过去 90 天内的查看次数。Number of views in the past 90 days.
查看者总数Total viewers yes yes 过去 90 天内的唯一身份查看者人数。Number of unique viewers in the past 90 days.
总共享次数Total shares yes no 仪表板或报表在过去 90 天内的共享次数。Number of times the dashboard or report was shared in the past 90 days.
组织中的总数Total in organization yes yes 最近 90 天里整个组织中至少被查看过一次的所有仪表板或报表的计数。Count of all dashboards or reports in the entire organization which had at least one view in the past 90 days. 用于计算级别。Used to calculate rank.
级别:总查看次数Rank: Total views yes yes 根据过去 90 天内组织中所有仪表板或报表的总查看次数,确定此仪表板或报表的级别。For total views of all dashboards or reports in the organization over the past 90 days, where does this dashboard or report rank.
级别:总共享次数Rank: Total shares yes no 根据过去 90 天内组织中所有仪表板的总共享次数,确定此仪表板或报表的级别。For total shares of all dashboards in the organization over the past 90 days, where does this dashboard or report rank.

仪表板使用情况指标报表Dashboard Usage Metrics report

报表使用情况指标报表Report Usage Metrics report

使用“另存为”可以将使用情况指标报表转换成功能齐全的 Power BI 报表,从而可以进行自定义和共享。Use Save as to convert the usage metrics report to a full-featured Power BI report that can be customized and shared. 创建个性化副本后,即会获得对基础数据集的完全访问权限,这样就可以根据特定需求自定义使用情况指标报表。Once you’ve created a personalized copy, you’ll get full access to the underlying dataset, allowing you to customize the usage metrics report to your specific needs. 甚至可以通过实时连接到 Power BI 服务功能,使用 Power BI Desktop 生成自定义使用情况指标报表。You can even use Power BI Desktop to build custom usage metrics reports using the live connection to Power BI service feature.

更好的一点是,基础数据集包含工作区中所有仪表板或报表的使用情况详细信息。Better yet, the underlying dataset includes the usage details for all dashboards or reports in the workspace. 这便释放出了许多其他可能性。This opens up yet another world of possibilities. 例如,可以创建基于使用情况对工作区中的所有仪表板进行对比的报表。You could, for example, create a report which compares all dashboards in your workspace based on usage. 或者,通过聚合 Power BI 应用中所有分发内容的使用情况,为此应用创建使用情况指标仪表板。Or, you could create a usage metrics dashboard for your Power BI app by aggregating usage across all the content distributed within that app. 请参阅下面的删除页面级别筛选器See remove the Page level filter below.

使用“另存为”创建的内容是什么?What is created when using "Save as"?

创建功能齐全的报表时,Power BI 还会新建一个数据集,该数据集包含在过去 90 天里当前工作区中被访问的所有仪表板或所有报表。When Power BI creates the full-featured report, it also creates a new dataset made up of all the dashboards or all the reports contained in the current workspace that have been accessed in the last 90 days. 例如,假设有一个名为“销售额”的工作区,包含 3 个仪表板和 2 个报表,你在“东北”仪表板上创建了使用情况指标报表。For example, say you have a workspace named "Sales" and it contains three dashboards and two reports, and you create a usage metrics report on the "Northeast" dashboard. 然后你使用“另存为”进行个性化设置,将其转换为功能完备的报表。And then you use Save as to personalize and convert it to a full-featured report. 此新报表的数据集不仅包含名为“东北”的仪表板的使用情况指标,还包含“销售额”工作区中所有 3 个仪表板的使用情况指标。The dataset for that new report contains the usage metrics not only for that one dashboard named "Northeast" but for all three dashboards in the "Sales" workspace. 默认情况下,报表将显示“东北”仪表板的数据,需要删除筛选器(单击)才能显示所有 3 个仪表板的数据。By default, the report will display data for the "Northeast" dashboard and you'll need to remove a filter (single click) to display data for all three dashboards.

使用“另存为”创建使用情况报表的副本Create a copy of the usage report using "Save as"

使用“另存为”创建副本(个性化)时,Power BI 会将只读的预生成报表转换为功能齐全的报表。When you create a copy using "Save as" (personalize), Power BI converts the read-only pre-built report to a full-featured report. 从表面看,报表看上去完全相同。At first glance, it looks exactly the same. 但是,现在能在编辑视图中打开报表,添加新的可视化效果、筛选器和页面,以及修改或删除现有可视化效果等。However, you can now open the report in Editing view, add new visualizations, filters, and pages, modify or delete existing visualizations, and so much more. Power BI 将全新报表和数据集保存到当前工作区中。Power BI saves the brand new report and dataset in the current workspace. 在下面的示例中,当前工作区是 mihart。In the example below, the current workspace is mihart.

  1. 在预生成的使用情况指标报表中,依次选择“文件”>“另存为”。From the pre-built usage metrics report, select File > Save As. 此时,Power BI 会将使用情况指标报表转换成功能齐全的 Power BI 报表。Power BI converts the usage metrics report into a full-featured Power BI report. 这称为个性化使用情况指标报表。This is called a personalized usage metrics report. 个性化使用情况报表和数据集保存到当前工作区 *mihart中。The personalized usage report and dataset are saved in the current workspace which is named *mihart.

  2. 在编辑视图中打开报表,与报表进行交互,就像与其他任何 Power BI 报表进行交互一样Open the report in Editing view and interact with it as you would with any other Power BI report. 例如,添加新页面和生成新的可视化效果、添加筛选器、设置字体和颜色等。For example, add new pages and build new visualizations, add filters, format the fonts and colors, etc.

  3. 也可以从新数据集入手,从头开始生成报表。Alternately, start with the new dataset and build a report from scratch.

  4. 新建的报表会保存到当前工作区 mihart 中,并还会添加到“最近的创建”内容列表中。The new report is saved in the current workspace (mihart) and also added to the Recent content list.

删除筛选器以查看工作区中的所有使用情况指标数据Remove the filter to see all the usage metrics data in the workspace

若要查看工作区中所有仪表板或所有报表的指标,必须删除筛选器。To see the metrics for all the dashboards or for all the reports in the workspace, you'll have to remove a filter. 默认情况下,个性化报表会进行筛选,仅显示用于创建它的仪表板或报表的指标。By default, the personalized report is filtered to display metrics for only the dashboard or report that was used to create it.

例如,如果使用名为“欧洲销售额”的仪表板创建此新的个性化报表,则仅显示“欧洲销售额”仪表板中的使用情况数据。If, for example, you used the dashboard named "European sales" to create this new personalized report, only usage data from the "European sales" dashboard will display. 若要删除筛选器,并启用该工作区中所有仪表板中的数据:To remove the filter, and enable data from all the dashboards in that workspace:

  1. 在编辑视图中打开个性化报表。Open the personalized report in Editing view.

  2. 在“筛选器”窗格中,找到“报表级别筛选器”桶,然后选择“x”将筛选器删除。In the Filters pane, locate the Report level filters bucket and remove the filter by selecting the "x".

    现在个性化报表将显示整个工作区的指标。Now your personalized report displays metrics for the entire workspace.

管理员对使用情况指标的控制 - 适用于 Power BI 管理员Admin controls for usage metrics - for Power BI administrators

使用情况指标报表是 Power BI 或 Office 365 管理员可以启用或禁用的一项功能。Usage metrics reports are a feature that the Power BI or Office 365 administrator can turn on or off. 管理员可以精确控制哪些用户可以访问使用指标;默认情况下,对于组织中的所有用户,它们都处于“启用”状态。Administrators have granular control over which users have access to usage metrics; they are On by default for all users in the organization.

  1. 依次选择 Power BI 服务右上角的齿轮图标和“管理门户”,打开“管理门户”。Open the Admin portal by selecting the gear icon in the top-right-corner of Power BI service and choosing Admin portal.

  2. 在“管理门户”中,依次选择“租户设置”和“面向内容创建者的使用情况指标”。From the Admin portal, select Tenant settings and choose Usage metrics for content creators.

  3. 启用(或禁用)使用情况指标,然后选择“应用”。Enable (or disable) usage metrics and select Apply.

当禁用其整个组织的使用指标时,管理员可以使用“删除所有现有的使用指标内容”选项删除通过使用指标报表和数据集构建的所有现有报表和仪表板磁贴。When disabling usage metrics for their entire organization, admins can use the delete all existing usage metrics content option to delete all existing reports and dashboard tiles that were built using the usage metrics reports and datasets. 此选项可以删除组织中可能已在使用的所有用户对使用指标数据的所有访问内容。This option removes all access to usage metrics data for all users in the organization who may already be using it. 请谨慎操作,因为删除现有的使用指标内容是不可逆转的操作。Be careful, because deleting existing usage metrics content is irreversible.

注意事项和限制Considerations and limitations

问:我无法在仪表板或报表上运行使用情况指标Q: I can't run usage metrics on a dashboard or report
答:你只能看到自己拥有或有权编辑的内容的使用情况指标。A: You can only see usage metrics for content you own or have permissions to edit.

问:使用情况指标会从嵌入的仪表板和报表中捕获视图吗?Q: Will usage metrics capture views from embedded dashboards and reports?
答:使用情况情况指标目前不支持捕获嵌入的仪表板和报表的使用情况,包括用户拥有数据流,应用拥有数据流和发布到 Web 流。A: Usage metrics currently does not support capturing usage for embedded dashboards and reports, including the user owns data flow, the app owns data flow and the publish to web flow. 在这些情况下,我们建议使用现有的 Web 分析平台来跟踪托管应用或门户的使用情况。In those cases, we recommend using existing web analytics platforms to track usage for the hosting app or portal.

问:我根本无法对任何内容生成使用情况指标。Q: I can't run usage metrics on any content at all.
A1:管理员可以为组织关闭此功能。A1: Admins can turn off this feature for their organization. 请联系管理员以确定是否属于这种情况。Contact your Admin to see if this is the case.
A2:使用指标是 Power BI Pro 的一项功能。A2: Usage metrics is a Power BI Pro feature.

问:数据好像不是最新的。Q: The data doesn't seem up-to-date. 例如,没有显示分发方法、缺少报表页等。For example, distribution methods don't show up, report pages are missing, etc.
答:数据更新最长可能需要 24 小时才能完成。A: It can take up to 24 hours for data to update.

问:工作区中有 4 个报表,但使用情况指标报表只显示 3 个。Q: There are four reports in the workspace but the usage metrics report only displays 3.
答:使用情况指标报表仅包括在过去 90 天内访问过的报表(或仪表板)。A: The usage metrics report only includes reports (or dashboards) that have been accessed in the past 90 days. 如果不显示某个报表(或仪表板),很可能此报表已超过 90 天未被使用。If a report (or dashboard) does not show up, likely it hasn't been used in more than 90 days.

后续步骤Next steps

收藏仪表板Favorite a dashboard

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