SharePoint 网站权限SharePoint site permissions

虽然 SharePoint 允许对网站权限进行相当多的自定义,但我们强烈建议使用内置 SharePoint 组来实现通信网站权限,并通过关联的 Microsoft 365 组管理团队网站权限。While SharePoint allows considerable customization of site permissions, we highly recommend using the built-in SharePoint groups for communication site permissions and managing team site permissions through the associated Microsoft 365 group. 有关在 SharePoint 新式体验中管理权限的信息,请参阅 sharepoint 新式体验中的共享和权限For information about managing permissions in the SharePoint modern experience, see Sharing and permissions in the SharePoint modern experience.

如果确实需要自定义 SharePoint 组,本文将介绍如何操作。If you do need to customize SharePoint groups, this article describes how.

自定义网站权限Customize site permissions

SharePoint 组是对网站和内容具有相同权限集的用户的集合。A SharePoint group is a collection of users who all have the same set of permissions to sites and content. 您可以使用组轻松地将相同的权限级别一次性分配给多个用户,而不是一次向一个人分配权限。Rather than assign permissions one person at a time, you can use groups to conveniently assign the same permission level to many people at once.

备注

若要执行以下步骤,您需要具有权限级别,其中包括 创建组管理权限 的权限。To do the following steps, you need a permission level that includes permissions to Create Groups and Manage Permissions . 完全控制级别有两个。The Full Control level has both. 有关详细信息,请参阅 了解 SharePoint 中的权限级别For more information, see Understanding permission levels in SharePoint.

创建群组Create a group

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 " 设置  设置" 图标。 ,然后单击 " 网站权限"。On your website or team site, click Settings Settings icon., and click Site permissions.

  2. 在 " 权限 " 页上,单击 " 高级权限设置"。On the Permissions page, click Advanced Permissions Settings.

将打开 "权限" 页。The permissions page opens.

  1. 在 " 权限 " 选项卡上,单击 " 创建组"。On the Permissions tab, click Create Group.

  2. 在 " 创建组 " 页上的 " 名称 " 和 " About me " 框中,键入此 SharePoint 组的名称和说明。On the Create Group page, in the Name and About me boxes, type a name and description for this SharePoint group.

  3. 在 " 所有者 " 框中,指定此安全组的单个所有者。In the Owner box, specify a single owner of this security group.

  4. 在 " 组设置 " 部分中,指定谁可以查看和编辑此组的成员身份。In the Group Settings section, specify who can view and edit the membership of this group.

  5. 在 " 成员资格请求 " 部分,选择要用于请求加入或离开组的设置。In the Membership Requests section, select the settings that you want for requests to join or leave the group. 您可以指定应将请求发送到的电子邮件地址。You can specify the email address to which requests should be sent.

  6. 在 " 授予组对此网站的权限 " 部分,选择此组的权限级别。In the Give Group Permissions to this Site section, choose a permission level for this group.

  7. 单击“创建”。Click Create.

将用户添加到组Add users to a group

您可以随时将用户添加到组中。You can add users to a group at any time.

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 "共享"On your website or team site, click Share

    单击 "共享" 按钮以向新成员发送邀请

    如果看到 成员 而不是 共享,请单击 " 成员",然后单击 " 添加成员"。If you see Members instead of Share, click Members, and then click Add members.

  2. 默认情况下,显示的 " 共享 " 对话框显示邮件 邀请人员编辑邀请人员By default, the Share dialog that appears displays the message Invite people to Edit or Invite people. 此邀请您添加的用户加入 SharePoint 成员组。This invites the users who you add to join the SharePoint Members group. 若要选择不同的组和权限级别,请单击 " 显示选项 ",然后在 " 选择组或权限级别" 下选择不同的 SharePoint 组或权限级别。To choose a different group and permission level, click Show options and then choose a different SharePoint group or permission level under Select a group or permission level.

    将成员添加到组对话框

  3. 在 " 输入名称、电子邮件地址或所有人 " 框中,输入要添加的用户或组的名称或电子邮件地址。In the Enter names, email addresses, or Everyone box, enter the name or email address of the user or group that you want to add. 当名称显示在输入项下方的确认框中时,选择要添加到文本框中的名称。When the name appears in a confirmation box below your entry, select the name to add it to the text box.

  4. 如果要添加更多的名称,请重复这些步骤。If you want to add more names, repeat these steps.

  5. (可选) 在中输入要发送给新用户的个性化邮件。在 此邀请中包含个人消息(Optional) Enter a personalized message to send to the new users in Include a personal message with this invitation.

  6. 单击“共享”。Click Share.

从组中删除用户Remove users from a group

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 " 设置  设置" 图标。 ,然后单击 " 网站设置"。On your website or team site, click Settings Settings icon., and click Site settings. 如果看不到 " 网站设置",请单击 " 网站信息",然后单击 " 查看所有网站设置"。If you don't see Site settings, click Site information, and then click View all site settings. 在某些页面上,您可能需要单击 " 网站内容",然后单击 " 网站设置"。On some pages, you may need to click Site contents, then click Site settings.

  2. 在 " 网站设置 " 页上的 " 用户和权限" 下,单击 " 人员和组"。On the Site Settings page, under Users and Permissions, click People and Groups.

  3. 在 " 人员和组 " 页上的 "快速启动" 中,单击要从中删除用户的组的名称。On the People and Groups page, in the Quick Launch, click the name of the group that you want to remove users from.

  4. 选中要删除的用户旁边的复选框,单击 " 操作",然后单击 " 从组中删除用户"。Select the check boxes next to the users who you want to remove, click Actions, and then click Remove Users from Group.

  5. 在确认窗口中,单击 "确定"In the confirmation window, click OK.

授予对组的网站访问权限Grant site access to a group

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 " 设置  设置" 图标。 ,然后单击 " 网站设置"。On your website or team site, click Settings Settings icon., and click Site settings. 如果看不到 " 网站设置",请单击 " 网站信息",然后单击 " 查看所有网站设置"。If you don't see Site settings, click Site information, and then click View all site settings. 在某些页面上,您可能需要单击 " 网站内容",然后单击 " 网站设置"。On some pages, you may need to click Site contents, then click Site settings.

  2. 在 " 网站设置 " 页上的 " 用户和权限" 下,单击 " 网站权限"。On the Site Settings page, under Users and Permissions, click Site Permissions.

  3. 在 " 权限 " 选项卡上,单击 " 授予权限"。On the Permissions tab, click Grant Permissions.

  4. 在 " 共享 " 对话框中,键入要向其授予访问权限的 SharePoint 组的名称。In the Share dialog, type the name of the SharePoint group that you want to give access to.

  5. 默认情况下," 共享 " 对话框会显示消息 " 邀请用户编辑邀请 用户 可以编辑 权限"。By default, the Share dialog displays the message Invite people to Edit or Invite people with Can edit permissions. 这将在 SharePoint 成员组中授予权限。This grants permissions in the SharePoint Members group. 若要选择其他权限级别,请单击 " 显示选项 ",然后选择 " 选择权限级别 " 或 " 选择组或权限级别" 下的其他 SharePoint 组或权限级别。To choose a different permission level, click Show options and then choose a different SharePoint group or permission level under Select a permission level or Select a group or permission level. 下拉框同时显示组和各个权限级别,如 " 编辑 " 或 " 仅查看"。The drop down box shows both groups and individual permission levels, like Edit or View Only.

  6. 单击 " 共享"。Click Share.

删除组Delete a group

注意

我们建议您不要删除任何默认 SharePoint 组,因为这可能会导致系统不稳定。We recommend that you don't delete any of the default SharePoint groups, because this can make the system unstable. 您只应删除已创建且不再要使用的组 () 。You should only delete group(s) you have created and no longer want to use.

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 " 设置  设置" 图标。 ,然后单击 " 网站设置"。On your website or team site, click Settings Settings icon., and click Site settings. 如果看不到 " 网站设置",请单击 " 网站信息",然后单击 " 查看所有网站设置"。If you don't see Site settings, click Site information, and then click View all site settings. 在某些页面上,您可能需要单击 " 网站内容",然后单击 " 网站设置"。On some pages, you may need to click Site contents, then click Site settings.

  2. 在 " 网站设置 " 页上的 " 用户和权限" 下,单击 " 人员和组"。On the Site Settings page, under Users and Permissions, click People and Groups.

  3. 在 "人员和组" 页上,单击要删除的 SharePoint 组的名称。On the People and Groups page, click the name of the SharePoint group that you want to delete.

  4. 单击 " 设置",然后单击 " 组设置"。Click Settings, and then click Group Settings.

  5. 在 " 更改组设置 " 页的底部,单击 " 删除"。At the bottom of the Change Group Settings page, click Delete.

  6. 在确认窗口中,单击 "确定" In the confirmation window, click OK .

向组分配新的权限级别Assign a new permission level to a group

如果已自定义权限级别或创建了新的权限级别,则可以将其分配给组或用户。If you have customized a permission level or created a new permission level, you can assign it to groups or users.

  1. 在网站或团队网站上,单击 " 设置  设置" 图标。 ,然后单击 " 网站设置"。On your website or team site, click Settings Settings icon., and click Site settings. 如果看不到 " 网站设置",请单击 " 网站信息",然后单击 " 查看所有网站设置"。If you don't see Site settings, click Site information, and then click View all site settings. 在某些页面上,您可能需要单击 " 网站内容",然后单击 " 网站设置"。On some pages, you may need to click Site contents, then click Site settings.

  2. 在 " 网站设置 " 页上的 " 用户和权限" 下,单击 " 网站权限"。On the Site Settings page, under Users and Permissions, click Site Permissions.

  3. 选中要向其分配新权限级别的用户或组旁边的复选框。Select the check box next to the user or group to which you want to assign the new permission level.

  4. 在 " 权限 " 选项卡上,单击 " 编辑用户权限"。On the Permissions tab, click Edit User Permissions.

  5. 在 " 编辑权限 " 页上,选中新权限级别的名称旁边的复选框。On the Edit Permissions page, select the check box next to the name of the new permission level. 如果选择了多个权限级别,则分配给该组的权限级别是不同级别中的各个权限的联合。If you select multiple permission levels, the permission level assigned to the group is the union of the individual permissions in the different levels. 也就是说,如果一个级别包含 (A、B、C) 的权限,而另一个级别包含 (C、D) 的权限,则该组的新级别包括权限 (A、B、C、D) 。That is, if one level includes permissions (A, B, C), and the other level includes permissions (C, D), the new level for the group includes permissions (A, B, C, D).

  6. 单击“确定”****。Click OK.

备注

无法修改连接到 Microsoft 365 组的工作组网站 (所有者、成员和访问者) 的默认 SharePoint 组的权限。Permissions for the default SharePoint groups (Owners, Members, and Visitors) for Team sites that are connected to a Microsoft 365 group can't be modified.

添加、更改或删除网站集管理员Add, change, or remove a site collection administrator

  1. 在网站上,单击 " 设置  设置 " 图标,然后单击 " 网站设置"。On the site, click Settings Settings icon, and click Site settings. 如果看不到 " 网站设置",请单击 " 网站信息",然后单击 " 查看所有网站设置"。If you don't see Site settings, click Site information, and then click View all site settings. 在某些页面上,您可能需要单击 " 网站内容",然后单击 " 网站设置"。On some pages, you may need to click Site contents, then click Site settings.

  2. 在 " 网站设置 " 页上的 " 用户和权限" 下,单击 " 网站集管理员"。On the Site Settings page, under Users and Permissions, click Site Collection Administrators.

  3. 在 " 网站集管理员 " 框中,执行下列操作之一:In the Site Collection Administrators box, do one of the following:

    • 若要添加网站集管理员,请输入要添加的用户的名称或用户别名。To add a site collection administrator, enter the name or user alias of the person who you want to add.

    • 若要更改网站集管理员,请单击该人员姓名旁边的 X ,然后输入新名称。To change a site collection administrator, click the X next to the name of the person, and then enter a new name.

    • 若要删除网站集管理员,请单击该人员姓名旁边的 " X "。To remove a site collection administrator, click the X next to the name of the person.

  4. 单击“确定”****。Click OK.

    备注

    若要查看 "网站集管理员" 链接,您必须是组织中的网站集管理员或全局管理员或 SharePoint 管理员。To see the Site Collection Administrators link, you must be a site collection administrator, or a global or SharePoint admin in your organization. 此链接不会显示给网站所有者。This link is not displayed to site owners.