安装 Skype for Business ServerInstall Skype for Business Server

摘要: 了解如何为安装 Skype for Business 服务器准备环境。Summary: Learn how to prepare your environment for an installation of Skype for Business Server. 从 Microsoft 评估中心下载免费试用版 Skype for Business 服务器, 网址为:https://www.microsoft.com/evalcenter/evaluate-skype-for-business-serverDownload a free trial of Skype for Business Server from the Microsoft Evaluation center at:https://www.microsoft.com/evalcenter/evaluate-skype-for-business-server.

本文将指导你完成 Skype for Business 服务器的安装示例。This article walks you through an example installation of Skype for Business Server. 本文不会尝试涵盖执行完整的 Skype for Business 服务器安装所需的所有过程。This article does not attempt to cover all of the procedures you need to perform a full Skype for Business Server installation. 目的是在包含基本会议和共享功能的狭义定义拓扑中提供过程示例。The goal is to provide example procedures in a narrowly defined topology that includes basic meet-and-share functionality.

Skype for business 服务器安装过程概述Overview of the install process for Skype for Business Server

Skype for business 服务器的安装包括许多不同的过程。An installation of Skype for Business Server includes many different procedures. 获取在环境中运行的 Skype for business 服务器所需的过程取决于你的环境的具体细节。The procedures you need to get Skype for Business Server running in your environment depend on the specifics of your environment. 例如,如果您为 DNS 使用 Windows Server,则可在提供的添加 DNS 条目示例过程中获益。For example, if you are using Windows Server for DNS, you will benefit from the example procedure for adding a DNS entry. 如果您为 DNS 使用其他系统,则需要采用适用于特定 DNS 系统的过程。If you use another system for DNS, you need to follow procedures for your particular DNS system. 本节中介绍的许多过程皆是如此。This is true for many of the procedures in this section.

Skype for business 服务器在标准版和企业版中可用。Skype for Business Server is available in Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition. 主要区别在于,Standard Edition 不支持 Enterprise Edition 中包含的高可用性功能。The main difference is that Standard Edition does not support the high availability features that are included with Enterprise Edition.

Skype for Business 服务器是一种高级产品, 准确的安装过程在特定情况下非常有用。Skype for Business Server is an advanced product, and the exact installation process depends a great deal on your specific circumstances. 本节概述了该产品的一般安装步骤。This section walks you through the general steps to install the product. 但是,每个过程可能都有所不同,具体取决于您的环境和规划决策。However, each procedure might be different depending on your environment and planning decisions. 例如, 对于小型组织, 运行 Skype for business Server Standard Edition 可能是合适的, 而大型跨国组织可能在世界各地的50服务器上专用于产品。For example, for small organizations a single server, running Skype for Business Server Standard Edition might be appropriate, whereas a large multinational organization might have 50 servers at locations around the world dedicated to the product.

备注

若要了解有关累积更新的最新信息, 请参阅Skype For Business 服务器更新To learn about the latest Cumulative Updates, see Updates for Skype for Business Server. 在安装 CU1 修补程序后, 管理员需要执行Update-CsAdminRole cmdlet。After installing the CU1 patch an administrator needs to execute the Update-CsAdminRole cmdlet. 需要此 cmdlet 才能通过远程 PowerShell 访问新的 GCP cmdlet。This cmdlet is required to access the new GCP cmdlets over Remote PowerShell.

重要

本节中的过程仅用作示例,其定义了一组狭窄的要求,并且假定已制定了特定的决策。The procedures in this section serve as an example using a narrowly defined set of requirements and assume specific decisions have already been made. 安装 Skype for Business 服务器所需的实际过程可能会有很大的不同。The actual procedures you need to install Skype for Business Server will likely be very different. 本部分中的过程仅用作示例, 而不是在每个环境中安装 Skype for Business 服务器的分步指南。Use the procedures in this section as an example only and not as a step-by-step guide for installing Skype for Business Server in every environment.

第一次获取 Skype for business 服务器并运行时涉及八个主要步骤。Getting Skype for Business Server up and running for the first time involves eight primary steps. 您应了解本部分中的示例过程不是安装 Skype for Business 服务器所需的唯一过程。You should understand that the example procedures in this section are not the only procedures required for installing Skype for Business Server. 可通过以下八个示例步骤来更好地理解总体流程和让基本的工作环境上线运行。The following eight steps are simply examples to help you better understand the overall process and get a basic working environment up and running. 您可以按照任意顺序完成第 1 步至第 5 步。You can do steps 1 through 5 in any order. 但第 6、7、8 步必须在第 1 步至第 5 步之后按照图表所示顺序依次完成。However, you must do steps 6, 7, and 8 in order, and after steps 1 through 5, as outlined in the diagram. 这八个步骤包括:The eight steps are:

安装过程概述。

  • 安装 skype for Business server 的先决条件: 在组成 Skype For business server 拓扑的所有服务器上安装先决条件。Install prerequisites for Skype for Business Server : Install prerequisites on all servers that make up the Skype for Business Server topology. 注意,所有角色的先决条件并不一定相同。Note that prerequisites are not the same for all roles. 例如,提供前端角色的服务器具备一组先决条件,而提供控制器角色的服务器具备另一组先决条件。For example, servers that provide the front-end role have a set of prerequisites, and servers that provide a director role have a different set of prerequisites. 有关更多详细信息,请参阅先决条件规划文档。See prerequisite planning documentation for more details.

  • 在 skype For Business server 中创建文件共享: 创建将由整个 Skype For business server 拓扑中的服务器使用的文件共享。Create a file share in Skype for Business Server : Create a file share that will be used by servers throughout the Skype for Business Server topology.

  • 在 Skype For Business 服务器中安装管理工具: 管理工具包括拓扑生成器和控制面板。Install administrative tools in Skype for Business Server : The administrative tools include Topology Builder and Control Panel. 必须在拓扑中至少有一台服务器上安装管理工具, 或者在运行 Skype for business 服务器支持的 Windows 操作系统版本的64位管理工作站中安装管理工具。You must install the administrative tools on at least one server in the topology or a 64-bit management workstation running a Windows OS version that is supported for Skype for Business Server.

  • 为 skype for Business 服务器准备 Active directory : skype For business 服务器与 Active directory 密切协作。Prepare Active Directory for Skype for Business Server : Skype for Business Server works closely with Active Directory. 必须准备 Active Directory 域才能使用 Skype for Business 服务器。You must prepare the Active Directory domain to work with Skype for Business Server. 将在部署向导中完成此流程,且仅对该域执行一次该流程。You can do this through the Deployment Wizard, and it is only done once for the domain. 这是因为,该流程会创建组和修改域,您仅需完成一次此项操作。This is because the process creates groups and modifies the domain, and you need to do that only once.

  • 为 skype for Business 服务器创建 DNS 记录: 为了使 Skype For business 服务器正常工作, 必须有大量 DNS 设置。Create DNS records for Skype for Business Server : In order for Skype for Business Server to work properly, a number of DNS settings must be in place. 从而使客户端知道该如何访问服务以及让服务器知道相互之间的情况。This is so that clients know how to access the services and the servers know about each other. 每个部署仅需完成一次此类设置,因为在您分配 DNS 条目之后,该条目便在整个域中可用。These settings only need to be completed once per deployment because once you assign a DNS entry, it is available throughout the domain.

  • 在 Skype For Business server 中创建和发布新拓扑: 在拓扑中的每台服务器上安装 Skype For business Server 系统之前, 必须创建一个拓扑并将其发布。Create and publish new topology in Skype for Business Server : Before you can install the Skype for Business Server system on each of the servers in the topology, you must create a topology and publish it. 发布拓扑时,拓扑信息会载入中央管理存储数据库。When you publish a topology, you are loading the topology information into the Central Management Store database. 如果这是 Enterprise Edition 池,您将在初次发布新拓扑时创建中央管理存储数据库。If this is an Enterprise Edition pool, you are creating the Central Management Store database the first time you publish a new topology. 如果是 Standard Edition,则需要运行部署向导中的“准备第一个 Standard Edition Server”过程,之后才能发布拓扑。If this is Standard Edition, you need to run the Prepare First Standard Edition Server process from the Deployment Wizard before you publish a topology. 这将安装 SQL Server Express Edition 实例,并创建中央管理存储,从而为 Standard Edition 做好准备。This prepares for Standard Edition by installing a SQL Server Express Edition instance and creating the Central Management Store.

  • 拓扑中的服务器上安装 Skype For Business 服务器: 将拓扑加载到中央管理存储并且 Active Directory 知道哪些服务器将执行哪些角色后, 你需要在每个服务器上安装 Skype For business server 系统拓扑中的服务器。Install Skype for Business Server on servers in the topology : Once the topology is loaded into the Central Management Store and Active Directory knows which servers will perform which roles, you need to install the Skype for Business Server system on each of the servers in the topology.

  • 验证 Skype For Business 服务器中的拓扑: 在已发布拓扑以及拓扑中的每台服务器上安装了 Skype For business Server 系统组件后, 即可验证拓扑是否按预期工作。Verify the topology in Skype for Business Server : After you have the topology published and the Skype for Business Server system components installed on each of the servers in the topology, you are ready to verify that the topology is working as expected. 这包括验证配置是否已传播到所有 Active Directory 服务器, 以便整个域知道 Skype for business 在域中可用。This includes verifying that the configuration has propagated out to all of the Active Directory servers so that the entire domain knows that Skype for Business is available in the domain.