规划升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015Plan to upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015

摘要: 了解升级到 Skype 规划业务服务器 2015年时应考虑。Summary: Learn about the things you should consider when you plan an upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015. 下载免费试用版 Skype 业务服务器 2015 从 Microsoft 评估中心,网址为: https://www.microsoft.com/evalcenter/evaluate-skype-for-business-serverDownload a free trial of Skype for Business Server 2015 from the Microsoft Evaluation center at: https://www.microsoft.com/evalcenter/evaluate-skype-for-business-server.

作为升级到 Skype 的业务服务器 2015年您计划的一部分,使用本主题来了解 Skype 的推荐升级路径的业务服务器 2015年如何就地升级的工作原理、 支持的共存方案是什么,和升级过程如下所示。As part of your plan to upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015, use this topic to understand the recommended upgrade paths to Skype for Business Server 2015, how the In-Place Upgrade works, what the supported coexistence scenarios are, and what the upgrade process looks like.

备注

就地升级中的业务服务器 2015 Skype 可用,但业务服务器 2019年不再支持在 Skype。In-place upgrades were available in Skype for Business Server 2015 but are no longer supported in Skype for Business Server 2019. Coexistance 都支持并排,详细信息,请参阅迁移到业务服务器 2019年的 SkypeSide by side coexistance is supported, see Migration to Skype for Business Server 2019 for more information.

若要为业务服务器 2015年从 Lync Server 2013、 Lync Server 2010 或 Office Communications Server 2007 R2 升级到 Skype,使用以下升级途径:To upgrade from Lync Server 2013, Lync Server 2010, or Office Communications Server 2007 R2 to Skype for Business Server 2015, use the following upgrade paths:

小心

就地升级可将会议目录从 Lync Server 2013 自动移至 Skype for Business Server 2015。但是,如果您计划手动移动会议目录,就务必使用 Skype for Business Server 2015 命令行管理程序。如果您尝试使用 Lync Server 2013 命令行管理程序将会议目录从 Lync Server 2013 移至 Skype for Business Server 2015,则可能出现数据丢失。一般来讲,无论您何时使用任意容量的 Skype for Business Server 2015,都应使用 Skype for Business Server 2015 工具集。In-Place Upgrade automatically moves conference directories from Lync Server 2013 to Skype for Business Server 2015. However, if you plan to manually move conference directories it is very important to use the Skype for Business Server 2015 Management Shell. If you try to use the Lync Server 2013 Management Shell to move conference directories from Lync Server 2013 to Skype for Business Server 2015 then data loss can occur. In general, whenever you are working with Skype for Business Server 2015 in any capacity you should use the Skype for Business Server 2015 tool set.

版本Version 建议Recommendations
Lync Server 2013Lync Server 2013
若要升级,用于 Skype 业务 Server 拓扑生成器和上每个服务器与池关联的就地升级的新功能。To upgrade, use the Skype for Business Server Topology Builder and the new In-Place Upgrade feature on each of the servers associated with the pool. 有关详细步骤,请参阅规划 Lync Server 2013 的业务服务器 2015 Skype 以从升级升级到业务服务器 2015年的 Skypesee Plan to upgrade from Lync Server 2013 to Skype for Business Server 2015 and Upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015 for detailed steps.
Lync Server 2010 + Lync Server 2013(双模式)Lync Server 2010 + Lync Server 2013 (dual-mode)
首先,升级到 Lync Server 2013 并升级到 Skype 的业务服务器 2015年使用就地升级的新功能。First, upgrade to Lync Server 2013, and then upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015 by using the new In-Place Upgrade feature. 但是,如果您的拓扑是主要 Lync Server 2010,则您还可以将 Lync Server 2013 组件回滚到 Lync Server 2010,然后直接升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015。However, if your topology is primary Lync Server 2010 you can also roll back the Lync Server 2013 components to Lync Server 2010 and then upgrade directly to Skype for Business Server 2015. 在此情况下,您将不能使用就地升级,而是使用 Lync Server 2010 与 Skype for Business Server 2015 直接共存。In this case you would not be able to take advantage of In-Place Upgrade and would use straight co-existence between Lync Server 2010 and Skype for Business Server 2015. 不支持三项并存,但支持两项共存。Tri-existence is not supported but co-existence is supported.
Lync Server 2010Lync Server 2010
打开新的 Skype for Business Server 2015 池,然后将用户迁移到此新池中。Bring up a new Skype for Business Server 2015 pool and then migrate users to this new pool. 随后即可停用旧的 Lync Server 2010 池。You can then decommission the old Lync Server 2010 pool. 从 Lync Server 2010 升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015 类似于从 Lync Server 2010 升级到 Lync Server 2013。Upgrading from Lync Server 2010 to Skype for Business Server 2015 is similar to upgrading from Lync Server 2010 to Lync Server 2013. 请参阅Migration from Lync Server 2010 to Lync Server 2013See Migration from Lync Server 2010 to Lync Server 2013.
Office Communications Server 2007 R2Office Communications Server 2007 R2
选择两个选项之一:Pick one of two options:
设置新的 Skype 业务服务器 2015年环境。Set up a new Skype for Business Server 2015 environment.
或者,如果您的硬件和软件满足业务服务器 2015 Skype 的要求,升级到 Lync Server 2013 并升级到 Skype 的业务服务器 2015年使用就地升级的新功能。Or if your hardware and software meet the requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015, upgrade to Lync Server 2013, and then upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015 by using the new In-Place Upgrade feature. 有关详细信息,请参阅业务服务器 2015年的 Skype 的服务器要求Migration from Office Communications Server 2007 R2 至 Lync Server 2013For more information, see Server requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015 and Migration from Office Communications Server 2007 R2 to Lync Server 2013.

备注

SQL Server 2014 业务服务器 2015 Skype 中支持,但不是支持在 Lync Server 2013 中。SQL Server 2014 is supported in Skype for Business Server 2015 but is not supported in Lync Server 2013. 如果您想要从 SQL Server 2012 升级到 SQL Server 2014 然后池必须首先升级到 Skype 的业务服务器 2015 使用就地升级方法,如本文档中所述。If you want to upgrade from SQL Server 2012 to SQL Server 2014 then the pool must first be upgraded to Skype for Business Server 2015 using the In-Place Upgrade method as described in this document. 然后可以升级从 SQL Server 2014 到 SQL Server 2012,请参阅升级到 SQL Server 2014You can then upgrade from SQL Server 2012 to SQL Server 2014, see Upgrade to SQL Server 2014. 若要了解有关数据库要求的详细信息,请参阅业务服务器 2015年的 Skype 的服务器要求To learn more about database requirements, see Server requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015.

规划从 Lync Server 2013 升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015Plan to upgrade from Lync Server 2013 to Skype for Business Server 2015

您可以使用就地升级的新功能的业务服务器 2015年的升级到 Skype 的 Lync Server 2013 系统。You can upgrade Lync Server 2013 systems to Skype for Business Server 2015 using the new In-Place Upgrade feature. 在就地升级提供一键式解决方案,备份证书、 卸载服务器组件、 升级本地数据库和安装业务服务器 2015年角色 Skype。In-place upgrade provides a one-click solution that backs up certificates, uninstalls server components, upgrades local databases, and installs the Skype for Business Server 2015 roles. 在就地升级搜寻要保留现有的硬件和服务器上的投资,从而减少了部署业务服务器 2015 Skype 的总成本。In-place upgrade seeks to preserve existing hardware and server investments, reducing the overall cost to deploy Skype for Business Server 2015.

备注

就地升级可以升级到 Skype 业务服务器时使用相同的硬件。In-Place Upgrade allows you to use the same hardware when upgrading to Skype for Business Server. 但是,重用同样的硬件不会转换为同样的性能容量。However, reusing the same hardware does not translate into the same performance capacity. 不应期望 Lync Server 2013 和 Skype 的业务服务器 2015年相同的性能的负载。You should not expect the performance loads for Lync Server 2013 and Skype for Business Server 2015 to be identical.

备注

在就地升级不支持高可用性或灾难恢复的 Skype 业务服务器。In-Place upgrade does not support high availability or disaster recovery for Skype for Business Server.

在就地升级涉及使 Lync Server 2013 池脱机和升级到业务服务器 2015年池 Skype。In-place upgrade involves taking the Lync Server 2013 pool offline and upgrading it to a Skype for Business Server 2015 pool.

创建就地升级计划Create an In-Place Upgrade plan

制定一份包含以下元素的计划:Make a plan that includes:

  1. 了解当前拓扑。An understanding of your current topology.

    备注

    确保运行就地升级之前卸载 Lync Server 2013 的 LRS 管理工具。Be sure to uninstall LRS Admin tool for Lync Server 2013 before running In-Place Upgrade. Lync Server 2013 LRS 管理工具不能与 Skype 的业务服务器 2015年共存。The LRS Admin Tool for Lync Server 2013 cannot coexist with Skype for Business Server 2015. 运行就地升级之后安装新的 LRS 管理工具,请参阅Microsoft Lync 会议室系统管理 Web 门户网站的业务服务器 2015 SkypeAfter running In-Place Upgrade install the new LRS Admin tool, see Microsoft Lync Room System Administrative Web Portal for Skype for Business Server 2015

  2. 升级主池。The primary pool for the upgrade.

  3. 是要升级存档和监控数据库还是新建相应的数据库。Whether you'll upgrade the Archiving and Monitoring databases or create new ones.

  4. 您将使用的就地升级方法:脱机或移动用户。在“移动用户”过程中,您还需要迁移与主池关联的全局会议目录。The In-Place Upgrade method you'll use: Offline or Move Users. As part of Move Users you also will need to migrate the global conference directories associated with the primary pool.

  5. 面向受影响用户的交流计划。A communication plan for impacted users.

  6. 防止升级失败的备用计划。A backup plan in case the upgrades fails.

在升级过程中,主池中的任何用户都无法使用服务,直至升级完成为止。Any users that are in the primary pool while it's being upgraded won't be able to use the services until the upgrade is complete. 如果您有可以使用的辅助池,您可以在升级之前将其迁移到辅助池,避免影响用户。If you have a working secondary pool, you can avoid impacting users by moving them to the secondary pool before the upgrade. 升级后,将用户移到主池。After the upgrade, move the users back to the primary pool.

就地升级方法In-place upgrade methods

有两种就地升级方案:There are two scenarios for In-Place Upgrade:

  • 移动用户方法,无需用户停机。The Move User method, which requires no downtime for users.

  • 脱机方法,需要停机。The Offline method, which requires downtime.

我们推荐在维护时段内安排脱机方法升级,并通知用户注意停机时间。We recommend that an Offline method upgrade be scheduled during a maintenance window and users are notified of the downtime.

备注

升级 Lync Server 2013 上的成对池时,需要将两个池都升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015。请确保在升级第一个池后,马上升级第二个池。如果一个池运行 Lync Server 2013,而第二个池运行 Skype for Business Server 2015,则灾难恢复选项将减到最少。例如,如果一个池运行 2013,第二个运行 2015,那么当灾难来临时,数据可能丢失,因为当成对池版本不同时,灾难模式不支持池故障转移。When upgrading a paired pool on Lync Server 2013 and you want to upgrade both pools to Skype for Business Server 2015. Make sure to upgrade the second pool immediately after upgrading the first pool. When one pool is running Lync Server 2013 and the second pool is running Skype for Business Server 2015 then disaster recovery options are minimized. For example, if one pool is running 2013 and the second is 2015 and there is a disaster then you could experience data loss because pool failover is not supported in disaster mode when paired pools are not the same version.

就地升级脱机方法In-place upgrade Offline method

如果您不想在两个用户池间移动用户,请使用此方法。Use this method if you don't want to move users between user pools. 升级期间,用户将不能用于 Lync 或 Skype 业务服务。During the upgrade, users will not be able to use Lync or Skype for Business services.

下图概述了此流程。The following diagram shows an overview of this process.

Lync 2013 到 Skype 用户脱机

备注

如果采用成对的池,不要在升级之前取消配对。If you have paired pools, do not unpair them before the upgrade.

在开始升级服务器池之前,必须完成整个池的升级。Once you start to upgrade a server pool, you must complete the upgrade of the entire pool. Skype 业务服务器不支持具有仅升级的池的一部分。Skype for Business Server doesn't support having only a portion of the pool upgraded.

移动用户方法(用户无需停机)Move Users method (no user downtime)

要使用这种方法,您要首先将用户移动到另一个池,然后开始升级。To use this method, you move users to another pool before you start the upgrade. 升级期间,用户可以使用 Lync 服务。During the upgrade, users can use Lync services. 它们移动到升级后的池后,他们可以 for Business 使用 Skype。After they're moved to the upgraded pool, they can use Skype for Business. 下图展示了此过程的概况。The following diagram shows an overview of this process.

重要

在“移动用户”过程中,您还需要迁移与主池关联的全局会议目录。As part of Move Users you also will need to migrate the global conference directories associated with the primary pool. PSTN 电话拨入式会议仍会将 ConferenceID 解析到正在升级的池,而不是配对的池。PSTN dial-in conferencing will still resolve ConferenceID to the pool being upgraded, instead of the paired pool. 因此,如果您仍希望在升级期间访问池中安排的 PSTN 会议,则需要移动会议目录。So you need to move Conference Directories, if you still want PSTN conferences scheduled in the pool to be accessible during upgrade.

泳道图,显示在升级池之前将用户迁移到另一个池,然后在升级完毕后再迁回原池。

为硬件升级移动用户Move users for hardware upgrade

如果您的硬件不满足业务服务器 2015年的 Skype 的服务器要求,设置新 Skype 业务服务器 2015年环境,并那里移动用户。If your hardware doesn't meet the Server requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015, set up a new Skype for Business Server 2015 environment, and move users there. 下图概述了从 Lync Server 2010 升级的流程。The following diagram shows an overview of this process for upgrade from Lync Server 2010.

泳道图,显示将 Lync Server 主前端池中的用户迁移到 Skype for Business Server 2015,并且停用 Lync Server 池。

就地升级过程In-place upgrade process

为业务服务器 2015 使用以下步骤从 Lync Server 2013 升级到 Skype:Upgrade from Lync Server 2013 to Skype for Business Server 2015 using the following steps:

  1. 在升级之前备份所有数据库。Back up all databases before the upgrade.

  2. 确保要升级的所有服务都处于运行状态。Make sure all services that are to be upgraded are in a running state.

  3. 使用拓扑生成器升级并发布拓扑文件。Upgrade and publish the topology file using the topology builder.

  4. 停止所有前端服务器上的全部服务。Stop all services on all Front End servers.

  5. 安装新 Skype 业务服务器所需的必备组件。Install new prerequisites required for Skype for Business Server.

  6. 在每台前端服务器上,开始就地升级。On each Front End server, start the In-Place Upgrade.

  7. 升级完成后,重启所有服务。When the upgrade is complete, restart all services.

    • 对于前端池,使用命令 Start-CsPool 重启服务。For the Front End pool, restart services using the command Start-CsPool.

    • 对于非前端服务器,使用 Start-CSWindowsService。For non-Front End servers, use Start-CSWindowsService.

备注

如果不想升级现有存档和监控数据库,请在升级拓扑之前移除依赖关系。If you don't want to upgrade your existing Archiving and Monitoring databases, remove the dependency before you upgrade the topology. 如果想创建新的存档和监控数据库,在升级过程中,可以创建新的 SQL 存储,并将其与池关联。If you want to create new Archiving and Monitoring databases, during the upgrade, you can create a new SQL store and associate it with the pool. 您可以找到有关如何执行此操作在主题中,升级到业务服务器 2015年的 Skype的步骤。You can find the steps on how to do this in the topic,Upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015. > 在就地升级不支持高可用性或灾难恢复的 Skype 业务服务器。> In-place upgrade does not support high availability or disaster recovery for Skype for Business Server. 若要避免中断用户的服务,使用移动用户方法 (没有用户停机时间)升级。 > 在升级过程中 xds 副本处于最大可用空间的磁盘驱动器上的本地共享文件夹。To avoid interrupting users' services, use the Move Users method (no user downtime) to upgrade.> During the upgrade process the xds-replica is placed in the local shared folder on the disk drive with the most free space. 如果该磁盘以后被删除,则您可以遇到服务未启动等问题。If that disk is later removed then you can run into issues such as services not starting.

升级顺序Upgrade order

从内部拓扑升级至外部。Upgrade the topology from the inside to the outside. 所有池首先都升级,然后边缘服务器和最后中央管理存储 (CMS) 池。Upgrade all your pools first, then the edge servers, and finally the Central Management Store (CMS) pool.

Kerberos 身份验证考虑事项Kerberos authentication considerations

如果为 Web 服务使用了 Kerberos 身份验证,则必须在就地升级完成后重新分配 Kerberos 帐户并重置密码。If you use Kerberos authentication for Web Services, you must reassign Kerberos accounts and reset the password after the In-Place Upgrade is complete. 若要了解如何执行此操作,请参阅设置 Kerberos 身份验证To learn how to do this, see Setting up Kerberos authentication.

支持与 Lync Server 2013 和 Lync Server 2010 共存Support for coexistence with Lync Server 2013 and Lync Server 2010

你可以在与 Lync Server 2013 或 Lync Server 2010 相同的拓扑中运行 Skype for Business Server 2015,但是不能将三者同时置于同一个拓扑中。You can run Skype for Business Server 2015 in the same topology as Lync Server 2013 or Lync Server 2010, but you can't have all three in the same topology.

如果 Lync Server 2010 和 Lync Server 2013 同时存在,建议将整个拓扑升级到 Lync Server 2013,然后再使用就地升级来升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015。If you have a co-existence between Lync Server 2010 and Lync Server 2013, it is recommended to upgrade the entire topology to Lync Server 2013, and then upgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015 using the In-Place Upgrade. 有关详细信息,请参阅Migration from Lync Server 2010 to Lync Server 2013For more information, see Migration from Lync Server 2010 to Lync Server 2013.

如果你的拓扑主要是 Lync Server 2010,请在将拓扑升级到 Skype for Business Server 2015 之前,将 Lync Server 2013 组件回退到 Lync Server 2010。在这种情况下,你将丧失就地升级的优势,并且具有 Lync Server 2010 与 Skype for Business Server 2015 同时存在的拓扑。If your topology is primarily Lync Server 2010, roll back the Lync Server 2013 components to Lync Server 2010 before upgrading the topology to Skype for Business Server 2015. In this case, you lose the benefit of the In-Place Upgrade and have a co-existence topology between Lync Server 2010 and Skype for Business Server 2015.

下图显示了使用 Lync Server 2013 和 Lync Server 2010 的业务服务器 2015 Skype 的共存支持。The following diagram shows the coexistence support of Skype for Business Server 2015 with Lync Server 2013 and Lync Server 2010.

显示 Skype for Business Server 2015 与 Lync Server 2013 或 Lync Server 2010 共存支持的图表。

现有 Survivable Branch Appliance 和服务器的升级流程Upgrade process with existing Survivable Branch Appliance and Server

Skype 的业务服务器 2015年不支持就地升级的 Survivable Branch Appliance (SBA) 或 Survivable Branch Server (SBS)。Skype for Business Server 2015 doesn't support an In-Place Upgrade of a Survivable Branch Appliance (SBA) or a Survivable Branch Server (SBS).

但是,我们支持 Skype for Business Server 数据中心与 Lync Server 2010 或 Lync Server 2013 SBA/SBS 共存。However, we do support coexistence of Skype for Business Server datacenters with Lync Server 2010 or Lync Server 2013 SBA/SBS.

规划采用关联分支就地升级 Lync Server 2013 前端 (FE) 池时,可以将现有用户留在 Lync Server 2013 SBA/SBS 上。When planning for an In-Place Upgrade of a Lync Server 2013 Front End (FE) pool with an associated branch, you can leave the existing users on the Lync Server 2013 SBA/SBS. 在升级过程中,SBA/SBS 用户将进入恢复模式,并在升级完成后返回正常功能。During the upgrade, the SBA/SBS users will go in resiliency mode and will return to normal functionality after the upgrade has completed. 恢复能力模式期间用户体验的详细信息,请参阅Lync Server 2013 中的分支站点恢复能力功能For more information about the users' experience during the resiliency mode, please see Branch-site resiliency features in Lync Server 2013.

将 Lync Server 2010 拓扑迁移到 Skype for Business Server 2015 时,与迁移到 Lync Server 2013 类似,必须将 SBA/SBS 重新添加到拓扑。When migrating a Lync Server 2010 topology to Skype for Business Server 2015, the SBA/SBS must re-added to the topology, similar to the migration to Lync Server 2013. 有关所需的步骤,请阅读到 Lync Server 2013 前端池的连接 Survivable Branch ApplianceFor the required steps, please read Connecting Survivable Branch Appliance to Lync Server 2013 Front End pool.

为 Lync Server 2010 和 Lync Server 2013 的共存拓扑,对齐首先给与 Lync Server 2013 和 Lync Server 2010 共存支持一节中所做的建议。For co-existence topologies of Lync Server 2010 and Lync Server 2013, align first to the recommendations made in the section 'Support for coexistence with Lync Server 2013 and Lync Server 2010'.

另请参阅See also

升级到业务服务器 2015 SkypeUpgrade to Skype for Business Server 2015

Skype for Business Server 2015 的环境要求Environmental requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015

Skype for Business Server 2015 的服务器要求Server requirements for Skype for Business Server 2015