报表服务器的 Web 门户(SSRS 本机模式)The web portal of a report server (SSRS Native Mode)

适用对象:APPLIES TO: SQL Server 2016 Reporting Services 及更高版本 Power BI 报表服务器 SQL Server 2016 Reporting Services 及更高版本 Power BI 报表服务器

Reporting Services 报表服务器的 Web 门户基于 Web 体验。The web portal of a Reporting Services report server is a web-based experience. 在门户中,可以查看报表、移动报表、KPI,并浏览报表服务器实例中的元素。In the portal, you can view reports, mobile reports, KPIs, and navigate through the elements in your report server instance. 还可以使用 Web 门户管理单个报表服务器实例。You can also use the web portal to administer a single report server instance.

显示 SQL Server Reporting Services 门户的屏幕截图。

什么是 Web 门户What is the web portal

可以使用 Web 门户执行以下任务:You can use the web portal to perform the following tasks:

  • 查看、搜索、打印和订阅报表。View, search, print, and subscribe to reports.
  • 创建、保护和维护文件夹层次结构,以便组织服务器上的项。Create, secure, and maintain the folder hierarchy to organize items on the server.
  • 配置基于角色的安全性,确定对项和操作的访问权限。Configure role-based security that determines access to items and operations. 有关详细信息,请参阅角色定义 - 预定义角色See Role definitions - predefined roles for details.
  • 配置报表执行属性、报表历史记录和报表参数。Configure report execution properties, report history, and report parameters.
  • 创建共享计划和共享数据源,以提高计划和数据源连接的可管理性。Create shared schedules and shared data sources to make schedules and data source connections more manageable.
  • 创建可以将报表展开为大型收件人列表的数据驱动订阅。Create data-driven subscriptions that role out reports to a large recipient list.
  • 创建链接报表,以便按不同方式重用现有报表和重新确定其用途。Create linked reports to reuse and repurpose an existing report in different ways.
  • 下载常用工具,如报表生成器和移动报表发布服务器。Download common tools such as Report Builder and Mobile Report Publisher.
  • 创建 KPICreate KPIs.
  • 发送反馈或提出功能请求。Send feedback or make feature requests.

使用 Web 门户可以浏览报表服务器文件夹或搜索特定报表。You can use the web portal to browse the report server folders or search for specific reports. 可以查看报表、报表的常规属性以及在报表历史记录中捕获的报表以前的副本。You can view a report, its general properties and past copies of the report that are captured in report history. 根据权限,可能还可以订阅报表,以便将其传递到电子邮件收件箱或文件系统中的共享文件夹。Depending on your permissions, you might also be able to subscribe to reports for delivery to an e-mail inbox or a shared folder on the file system.

备注

有关支持的浏览器和版本的信息,请参阅 Reporting Services 浏览器支持计划For information on supported browsers and versions, see Planning for Reporting Services Browser Support.

Web 门户仅适用于在本机模式下运行的报表服务器。The web portal is used only for a report server that runs in native mode. 配置为 SharePoint 集成模式的报表服务器不支持报表管理器。It is not supported for a report server that you configure for SharePoint integrated mode.

仅在特定的 SQL ServerSQL Server 版本中才提供某些 Web 门户功能。Some web portal features are only available in specified editions of SQL ServerSQL Server. 有关详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 各个版本支持的 Reporting Services 功能For more information, see Reporting Services Features supported by the Editions of SQL Server.

如果是全新安装,则只有本地管理员有足够的权限来处理内容和设置。On a new installation, only local administrators have sufficient permissions to work with content and settings. 若要对其他用户授予权限,本地管理员必须创建角色分配,以便提供对报表服务器的访问权限。To grant permissions to other users, a local administrator must create role assignments that provide access to the report server. 用户随后可以访问的应用程序页和任务将取决于该用户的角色分配。The application pages and tasks that a user can subsequently access will depend on the role assignments for that user. 有关详细信息,请参阅授予用户报表服务器的访问权限For more information, see Grant User Access to a Report Server

备注

如果浏览至服务器正在其上运行的本地计算机上的 Web 门户,你可能会看到一条消息指示你不能查看此文件夹。If you are browsing to the web portal on the local machine that the server is running on, you may see a message indicating that you are not allowed to view this folder. 这是由于通用访问控制 (UAC) 以及你未以管理员身份运行浏览器的原因造成的。你不能以管理员身份运行 Microsoft Edge。你将需要使用 Internet Explorer。This is due to Universal Access Control (UAC) and that you are not running the browser as an admin. You are not able to run Microsoft Edge as an admin. You will need to use Internet Explorer. 你可以远程浏览至服务器,或以管理员身份启动 Internet Explorer 并浏览至 Web 门户。You can either browser to the server remotely, or launch Internet Explorer as admin and browser to the web portal. 如果想要远程使用 Web 门户,则需要给为你的帐户授予文件夹的内容管理者权限。If you want to use the web portal remotely, you will need to give your account content manager rights on the folder.

启动和使用 Web 门户Start and use the web portal

Web 门户是一种 Web 应用程序,可通过在浏览器窗口的地址栏中键入 Web 门户web portal URL 将其打开。The web portal is a web application that you open by typing the Web 门户web portal URL in the address bar of the browser window. 启动 Web 门户web portal 时,基于在报表服务器中拥有的权限,你所看到的页面、链接和选项会有所不同。When you start the Web 门户web portal, the pages, links, and options that you see will vary based on the permissions you have on the report server. 若要执行某项任务,必须为自己分配包括该任务的角色。To perform a task, you must be assigned to a role that includes the task. 如果为某用户分配了具有完整权限的角色,则该用户可以访问用来管理报表服务器的所有应用程序菜单和页。A user who is assigned to a role that has full permissions has access to the complete set of application menus and pages available for managing a report server. 如果为某用户分配的角色具有查看和运行报表的权限,则该用户只能看到支持这些活动的菜单和页。A user assigned to a role that has permissions to view and run reports sees only the menus and pages that support those activities. 对于不同的报表服务器,甚至对于存储在单个报表服务器上的不同报表和文件夹,每个用户可以具有不同的角色分配。Each user can have different role assignments for different report servers, or even for the various reports and folders that are stored on a single report server.

有关角色的详细信息,请参阅 授予对本机模式报表服务器的权限For more information about roles, see Granting Permissions on a Native Mode Report Server.

启动 Web 门户Start the web portal

若要从浏览器启动 Web 门户,请执行以下操作:To start the web portal from a browser, follow these steps:

  1. 打开 Web 浏览器。Open your web browser. 有关支持的 Web 浏览器的列表,请参阅 Reporting Services 浏览器支持计划For a list of supported web browsers, see Planning for Reporting Services Browser Support.

  2. 在 Web 浏览器的地址栏中,键入 Web 门户 URL。In the address bar of the web browser, type the web portal URL.

    默认情况下,该 URL 为 https://[ComputerName]/reports。By default, the URL is https://[ComputerName]/reports.

    报表服务器可能已配置为使用特定的端口。The report server might be configured to use a specific port. 例如, https://[ComputerName]:80/reports 或 https://[ComputerName]:8080/reports。For example, https://[ComputerName]:80/reports or https://[ComputerName]:8080/reports.

按类别分组Grouping by categories

Web 门户将项按不同的类别分组。The web portal will group items into different categories. 可用类别如下。The available categories are the following.

  • KPIKPIs
  • 移动报表Mobile Reports
  • 分页报表Paginated Reports
  • Power BI 桌面报表Power BI Desktop Reports
  • Excel 工作薄Excel Workbooks
  • 数据集Datasets
  • “数据源”Data Sources
  • 资源Resources

通过选择右上方的“视图”可以控制显示的内容。You can control what is displayed by selecting View in the upper right. 如果选择“显示隐藏项”,这些项将以较浅的颜色显示出来。If you select Show Hidden, those items will be displayed in a lighter color.

“视图”下拉列表的屏幕截图,其中已选择“显示隐藏项”选项。

屏幕截图:不可用的“分页报表”选项。

Power BI 桌面报表和 Excel 工作薄Power BI Desktop Reports and Excel Workbooks

可以上传、组织和管理 Power BI 桌面报表和 Excel 工作薄的权限。You can upload, organize, and manage permissions for Power BI Desktop reports and Excel workbooks. 它们会在 Web 门户中被分组到一起。They will be grouped together within the web portal.

显示“Power BI Desktop 报表”部分和“Excel 工作簿”部分的屏幕截图。

与其他资源文件类似,文件将存储在 Reporting Services 内。The files are stored within Reporting Services, similar to other resource files. 选择其中一项会将它们下载到本地桌面。Selecting one of these items will download them locally to your desktop. 可以通过将更改重新上传到报表服务器来保存已做更改。You can save changes you've made by reuploading them to the report server.

搜索项目Search for items

输入搜索术语,并查看可以访问的所有内容。Enter a search term, and see everything you can access. 结果分为 KPI、报表、数据集和其他项。The results are categorized into KPIs, reports, datasets, and other items. 然后可以对结果进行交互并将它们添加到你的收藏夹。You can then interact with the results and add them to your favorites.

SQL Server Reporting Services 门户的屏幕截图,其中已调出搜索文本框。

Web 门户任务Web portal tasks

设置 Web 门户的品牌Branding the web portal

处理 KPIWorking with KPIs

使用共享数据集Working with shared datasets

另请参阅See also

使用 SQL Server 移动报表发布服务器创建移动报表Create mobile reports with SQL Server Mobile Report Publisher
配置 URL(报表服务器配置管理器)Configure a URL (Report Server Configuration Manager)
Reporting Services 工具Reporting Services Tools
Reporting Services 浏览器支持计划Planning for Reporting Services Browser Support
SQL Server 各个版本支持的 Reporting Services 功能Reporting Services Features supported by the Editions of SQL Server

更多疑问?More questions? 请访问 Reporting Services 论坛Try the Reporting Services forum