创建新的 SQL Server 故障转移群集(安装程序)Create a New SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup)

若要安装或升级 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集,必须在故障转移群集的每个节点上运行安装程序。To install or upgrade a SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, you must run the Setup program on each node of the failover cluster. 若要向现有的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集添加节点,则必须在要添加至 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集实例的节点上运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序。To add a node to an existing SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, you must run SQL ServerSQL Server Setup on the node that is to be added to the SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster instance. 不要在活动节点上运行安装程序以管理其他节点。Do not run Setup on the active node to manage the other nodes.

根据节点建立群集的方式不同,按以下方式配置 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集:Depending on how the nodes are clustered, the SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster is configured in the following ways:

  • 同一子网或同一组子网上的节点 - 对于这些配置类型,将 IP 地址资源依赖关系设置为 AND。Nodes on the same subnet or the same set of subnets - The IP address resource dependency is set to AND for these types of configurations.

  • 不同子网上的节点 - 将 IP 地址资源依赖关系设置为 OR,将此配置称为 SQL ServerSQL Server 多子网故障转移群集配置。Nodes on different subnets - The IP address resource dependency is set to OR and this configuration is called a SQL ServerSQL Server multi-subnet failover cluster configuration. 有关详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 多子网群集 (SQL Server)For more information, see SQL Server Multi-Subnet Clustering (SQL Server).

    对于 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集安装,提供以下选项:The following options are available for SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster installation:

    选项 1:带“添加节点”功能的集成安装Option1: Integration Installation with Add Node

    SQL ServerSQL Server 集成故障转移群集安装包括以下步骤: integrated failover cluster installation consists of the following steps:

  • 创建并配置单节点 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集实例。Create and configure a single-node SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster instance. 该节点配置成功以后,您就会有一个完全能够正常运行的故障转移群集实例。When you configure the node successfully, you have a fully functional failover cluster instance. 由于此处的故障转移群集中只有一个节点,因此,该实例不具有高可用性。At this point, it does not have high availability because there is only one node in the failover cluster.

  • 在要添加到 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集中的每个节点上,运行带“添加节点”功能的安装程序以添加该节点。On each node to be added to the SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, run Setup with Add Node functionality to add that node.

    • 如果要添加的节点具有其他或不同子网,安装程序允许您指定其他 IP 地址。If the node you are adding has additional or different subnets, Setup allows you to specify additional IP addresses. 如果要添加的节点在其他子网上,还需要确认 IP 地址资源依赖关系更改为 OR。If the node you are adding is on a different subnet, you also need to confirm the IP address resource dependency change to OR. 有关在“添加节点”操作期间可能的不同方案的详细信息,请参阅在 SQL Server 故障转移群集中添加或删除节点(安装程序)For more information on the different possible scenarios during Add Node operations, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

    选项 2:高级/企业安装Option 2: Advanced/Enterprise Installation

    SQL ServerSQL Server 高级/企业故障转移群集安装包括以下步骤: Advanced/Enterprise failover cluster installation consists of the following steps:

  • 在有可能加入新的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的每个节点上,按照 “准备”一节中列出的“准备故障转移群集”安装步骤执行操作。On each node that is a possible owner of the new SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, follow the Prepare Failover Cluster setup steps that are listed in the Prepare section. 您在一个节点上运行“准备故障转移群集”之后,安装程序就会创建 Configuration.ini 文件,该文件列出您指定的所有设置。After you run the Prepare Failover Cluster on one node, Setup creates the Configuration.ini file that lists all the settings that you specified. 在要准备的其他节点上,您可以将第一个节点自动生成的 Configuration.ini 文件作为安装程序命令行的输入,而不需要重复执行这些安装步骤。On the additional nodes to be prepared, instead of following these steps, you can supply the autogenerated Configuration.ini file from first node as an input to the Setup command line. 有关详细信息,请参阅 使用配置文件安装 SQL Server 2016For more information, see Install SQL Server 2016 Using a Configuration File. 此步骤将准备好节点使其可以加入群集,但在此步骤结束时不会有可供使用的 SQL ServerSQL Server 实例。This step prepares the nodes ready to be clustered, but there is no operational instance of SQL ServerSQL Server at the end of this step.

  • 在准备好用于群集的节点后,在一个准备好的节点上运行安装程序。After the nodes are prepared for clustering, run Setup on one of the prepared nodes. 此步骤将配置并完成故障转移群集实例。This step configures and finishes the failover cluster instance. 完成此步骤以后,您将有一个可供使用的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集实例,以前为该实例准备的所有节点将作为新建的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的可能节点。At the end of this step, you will have an operational SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster instance and all the nodes that were prepared previously for that instance will be the possible owners of the newly-created SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster.

    如果您要在多个子网上创建群集节点,安装程序将在具有 SQL ServerSQL Server 准备好的故障转移群集实例的所有节点检测所有子网的联合。If you are clustering nodes on multiple subnets, Setup will detect the union of all the subnets across all nodes that have the SQL ServerSQL Server prepared failover cluster instance. 您可以为子网指定多个 IP 地址。You will be able to specify multiple IP addresses for the subnets. 准备好的每个节点应至少是一个 IP 地址的所有者。Each prepared node must be the possible owner of at least one IP address.

    如果在所有准备好的节点上支持为子网指定的每个 IP 地址,则将依赖关系设置为 AND。If each of the IP addresses specified for the subnets are supported on all the prepared nodes, the dependency is set to AND.

    如果并非在所有准备好的节点上支持为子网指定的每个 IP 地址,则将依赖关系设置为 OR。If each of the IP addresses specified for the subnets are not supported on all the prepared nodes, the dependency is set to OR. 有关详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 多子网群集 (SQL Server)For more information, see SQL Server Multi-Subnet Clustering (SQL Server).

    备注

    完成故障转移群集要求基础 Windows 故障转移群集存在。Complete Failover Cluster requires that the underlying Windows failover cluster exists. 如果 Windows 故障转移群集不存在,安装程序将会出错并退出。If the Windows failover cluster does not exist, Setup gives an error and exits.

    有关如何向现有故障转移群集实例添加节点或从中删除节点的详细信息,请参阅在 SQL Server 故障转移群集中添加或删除节点(安装程序)For more information about how to add nodes to or remove nodes from an existing failover cluster instance, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

    有关远程安装的详细信息,请参阅支持的版本升级For more information about remote installation, see Supported Version and Edition Upgrades.

    有关在 Windows 故障转移群集中安装 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 的详细信息,请参阅 如何安装群集 SQL Server Analysis ServicesFor more information about installing Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in a Windows failover cluster, see How to Cluster SQL Server Analysis Services.

先决条件Prerequisites

在开始之前,请查阅以下 SQL ServerSQL Server 联机丛书主题:Before you begin, review the following SQL ServerSQL Server Books Online topics:

备注

在运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序之前,请记录共享驱动器在群集管理器中的位置。Take note of the location of the shared drive in the Cluster Administrator before you run SQL ServerSQL Server Setup. 您必须获得此信息以创建新的故障转移群集。You must have this information to create a new failover cluster.

使用带“添加节点”功能的集成安装来安装新的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集。To install a new SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster using Integrated Install with Add Node.

  1. 插入 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装介质,然后双击根文件夹中的 Setup.exe。Insert the SQL ServerSQL Server installation media, and from the root folder, double-click Setup.exe. 若要从网络共享进行安装,请浏览到共享中的根文件夹,然后双击 Setup.exe。To install from a network share, browse to the root folder on the share, and then double-click Setup.exe. 有关如何安装必备组件的详细信息,请参阅 Before Installing Failover ClusteringFor more information about how to install prerequisites, see Before Installing Failover Clustering.

  2. 安装向导启动 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装中心。The Installation Wizard starts the SQL ServerSQL Server Installation Center. 若要创建 SQL ServerSQL Server 的新群集安装,请单击安装页上的SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集安装To create a new cluster installation of SQL ServerSQL Server, click New SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster installation on the installation page.

  3. 系统配置检查器将在您的计算机上运行发现操作。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要继续, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.To continue, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  4. 若要继续,请单击 “下一步”To continue, click Next.

  5. 在“安装程序支持文件”页,单击 “安装” 以安装安装程序支持文件。On the Setup Support Files page, click Install to install the Setup support files.

  6. 系统配置检查器将在安装继续之前验证计算机的系统状态。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 检查完成后,请单击 “下一步” 继续。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  7. 在“产品密钥”页上,指示您是安装免费版本的 SQL ServerSQL Server,还是您拥有该产品生产版本的 PID 密钥。On the Product key page, indicate whether you are installing a free edition of SQL ServerSQL Server, or whether you have a PID key for a production version of the product. 有关详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 2016 的版本和组件For more information, see Editions and Components of SQL Server 2016.

  8. 在“许可条款”页上阅读许可协议,然后选中相应的复选框以接受许可条款和条件。On the License Terms page, read the license agreement, and then select the check box to accept the license terms and conditions. 为了帮助改进 SQL ServerSQL Server,您还可以启用功能使用情况选项并将报告发送给 MicrosoftMicrosoftTo help improve SQL ServerSQL Server, you can also enable the feature usage option and send reports to MicrosoftMicrosoft. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue. 若要结束安装程序,请单击 “取消”To end Setup, click Cancel.

  9. 在“功能选择”页上,选择要安装的组件。On the Feature Selection page, select the components for your installation. 选择功能名称后,右侧窗格中会显示每个组件组的说明。A description for each component group appears in the right pane after you select the feature name. 您可以选择复选框的任意组合,但仅有 数据库引擎Database Engine、表格模式下的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 和多维模式下的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 支持故障转移群集。You can select any combination of check boxes, but only 数据库引擎Database Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in tabular mode, and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in multidimensional mode support failover clustering. 其他所选组件将作为不带故障转移功能的独立功能在运行安装程序的当前节点上运行。Other selected components will run as a stand-alone feature without failover capability on the current node that you are running Setup on. 有关 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 模式的详细信息,请参阅 确定 Analysis Services 实例的服务器模式For more information on Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services modes, see Determine the Server Mode of an Analysis Services Instance.

    在右侧窗格中显示所选功能的必备组件。The prerequisites for the selected features are displayed on the right-hand pane. SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序将在本过程后面所述的安装步骤中安装尚未安装的必备组件。 Setup will install the prerequisite that are not already installed during the installation step described later in this procedure.

    您可以使用此页底部的字段为共享组件指定自定义目录。You can specify a custom directory for shared components by using the field at the bottom of this page. 若要更改共享组件的安装路径,请更新对话框底部字段中所提供的路径,或单击省略号按钮以浏览到另一个安装目录。To change the installation path for shared components, either update the path in the field provided at the bottom of the dialog box, or click the ellipsis button to browse to an installation directory. 默认安装路径为 C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server \。The default installation path is C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server \.

    SQL ServerSQL Server 还支持在服务器消息块 (SMB) 文件共享上安装系统数据库(Master、Model、MSDB 和 TempDB)以及 数据库引擎Database Engine 用户数据库。 also supports installing system databases (Master, Model, MSDB, and TempDB), and 数据库引擎Database Engine user databases on a Server Message Block (SMB) file share. 有关将 SMB 文件共享作为存储安装 SQL ServerSQL Server 的详细信息,请参阅 安装 SQL Server,并使用 SMB 文件共享作为存储选项For more information on installing SQL ServerSQL Server with SMB file share as a storage, see Install SQL Server with SMB Fileshare as a Storage Option.

    为共享组件指定的路径必须是绝对路径。The path specified for the shared components must be an absolute path. 文件夹不能压缩或加密。The folder must not be compressed or encrypted. 不支持映射的驱动器。Mapped drives are not supported. 如果正在 64 位操作系统上安装 SQL ServerSQL Server ,您将看到以下选项:If you are installing SQL ServerSQL Server on a 64-bit operating system, you will see the following options:

    1. 共享功能目录Shared feature directory

    2. 共享功能目录 (x86)Shared feature directory (x86)

      为以上每个选项指定的路径必须不同。The path specified for each of the above options must be different.

      备注

      选择“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 服务”功能时,复制和全文搜索功能将会被自动选中。When you select the 数据库引擎Database Engine Services feature, both replication and full-text search are selected automatically. 在您选择 数据库引擎Database Engine 服务功能时,也选择了 Data Quality Services (DQS)。Data Quality Services (DQS) is also selected when you select the 数据库引擎Database Engine Services feature. 取消选择这些子功能中的任意一个也会取消选择“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 服务”功能。Unselecting any of these subfeatures also unselects the 数据库引擎Database Engine Services feature.

  10. SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序会再运行一组规则,这些规则基于您选择用于验证配置的功能。 setup runs one more set of rules that are based on the features you selected to validate your configuration.

  11. 在“实例配置”页上指定是安装默认实例还是命名实例。On the Instance Configuration page, specify whether to install a default or a named instance. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Instance ConfigurationFor more information, see Instance Configuration.

    SQL ServerSQL Server 网络名称 - 为新的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集指定网络名称。 SQL ServerSQL Server Network Name — Specify a network name for the new SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster. 此名称用于在网络中标识故障转移群集。This is the name that is used to identify your failover cluster on the network.

    备注

    该名称在 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的早期版本中被称为虚拟 SQL ServerSQL Server 名称。This is known as the virtual SQL ServerSQL Server name in earlier versions of SQL ServerSQL Server failover clusters.

    实例 ID - 默认情况下,实例名称用作实例 ID。Instance ID — By default, the instance name is used as the Instance ID. 这用于标识 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的安装目录和注册表项。This is used to identify installation directories and registry keys for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 默认实例和命名实例的默认方式都是如此。This is the case for default instances and named instances. 对于默认实例,实例名称和实例 ID 为 MSSQLSERVER。For a default instance, the instance name and instance ID would be MSSQLSERVER. 若要使用非默认的实例 ID,请选中 “实例 ID” 框,并提供一个值。To use a nondefault instance ID, select the Instance ID box and provide a value.

    备注

    典型的 SQL ServerSQL Server 独立实例(无论是默认实例还是命名实例)不会对“实例 ID”框使用非默认值。Typical stand-alone instances of SQL ServerSQL Server, whether default or named instances, do not use a nondefault value for the Instance ID box.

    实例根目录 - 默认情况下,实例根目录为 C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\。Instance root directory — By default, the instance root directory is C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\. 若要指定一个非默认的根目录,请使用所提供的字段,或单击省略号按钮以找到一个安装文件夹。To specify a nondefault root directory, use the field provided, or click the ellipsis button to locate an installation folder.

    在该计算机上检测到的 SQL ServerSQL Server 实例和功能 - 该网格将显示运行安装程序的计算机上的 SQL ServerSQL Server 实例。Detected SQL ServerSQL Server instances and features on this computer - The grid shows instances of SQL ServerSQL Server that are on the computer where Setup is running. 如果计算机上已经安装了一个默认实例,则必须安装 SQL ServerSQL Server 的命名实例。If a default instance is already installed on the computer, you must install a named instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  12. 使用“群集资源组”页指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 虚拟服务器资源所在的群集资源组名称。Use the Cluster Resource Group page to specify the cluster resource group name where SQL ServerSQL Server virtual server resources will be located. 若要指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 群集资源组名称,您有两种选择:To specify the SQL ServerSQL Server cluster resource group name, you have two options:

    • 使用下拉框指定一个要使用的现有组。Use the drop-down box to specify an existing group to use.

    • 键入要创建的新组的名称。Type the name of a new group to create. 请注意,名称“Available storage”不是有效的组名。Be aware that the name "Available storage" is not a valid group name.

  13. 在“群集磁盘选择”页上,为您的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集选择共享群集磁盘资源。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, select the shared cluster disk resource for your SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster. 群集磁盘用于存放 SQL ServerSQL Server 数据。The cluster disk is where the SQL ServerSQL Server data will be put. 可以指定多个磁盘。More than one disk can be specified. 可用共享磁盘网格会显示可用磁盘的列表、每个磁盘是否可用作共享磁盘以及每个磁盘资源的说明。The Available shared disks grid displays a list of available disks, whether each is qualified as a shared disk, and a description of each disk resource. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

    备注

    第一个驱动器用作所有数据库的默认驱动器,但是可以在 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置页上更改它。The first drive is used as the default drive for all databases, but can be changed on the 数据库引擎Database Engine or Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services configuration pages.

    在“群集磁盘选择”页上,如果您想要使用 SMB 文件共享作为数据文件夹,则可以选择跳过选择任何共享磁盘。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, you can optionally skip selecting any shared disk if you want to use SMB fileshare as a data folder.

  14. 在“群集网络配置”页上,为故障转移群集实例指定网络资源:On the Cluster Network Configuration page, specify the network resources for your failover cluster instance:

    • 网络设置 - 指定故障转移群集实例的 IP 类型和 IP 地址。Network Settings — Specify the IP type and IP address for your failover cluster instance.

      单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  15. 使用此页以指定群集安全策略。Use this page to specify Cluster Security Policy.

    • Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008 和更高版本 - 服务 SID(服务器安全 ID)是推荐的和默认的设置。 and later versions - Service SIDs (server security IDs) are the recommended and default setting. 没有将此设置更改为安全组的选项。There is no option for changing this to security groups. 有关 Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008的服务 SID 功能的详细信息,请参阅 配置 Windows 服务帐户和权限For information about service SIDs functionality on Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions. 这已在 Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2的独立安装程序和群集安装程序中进行了测试。This has been tested in standalone and cluster setup on Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2.

    • Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003上,为 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务指定域组。On Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003, specify domain groups for SQL ServerSQL Server services. 所有资源权限都是由包括作为组成员的 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务帐户的域级组控制。All resource permissions are controlled by domain-level groups that include SQL ServerSQL Server service accounts as group members.

      单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  16. 本主题中的其余工作流取决于要安装的功能。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不会看到所有的页面,具体取决于您进行的选择( 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis ServicesReporting ServicesReporting Services)。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections ( 数据库引擎Database Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services, and Reporting ServicesReporting Services).

  17. 在“服务器配置 - 服务帐户”页上指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务的登录帐户。On the Server Configuration — Service Accounts page, specify login accounts for SQL ServerSQL Server services. 此页上配置的实际服务取决于您选择安装的功能。The actual services that are configured on this page depend on the features that you selected to install.

    您可以为所有的 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务分配相同的登录帐户,也可以单独配置各个服务帐户。You can assign the same login account to all SQL ServerSQL Server services, or you can configure each service account individually. 将能够识别群集的服务(包括全文搜索和 SQL ServerSQL Server 代理)的启动类型设置为“手动”,且在安装过程中不能进行更改。The startup type is set to manual for all cluster-aware services, including full-text search and SQL ServerSQL Server Agent, and cannot be changed during installation. MicrosoftMicrosoft 建议对各服务帐户进行单独配置,以便为每项服务提供最低特权,即向 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务授予它们完成各自任务所必须拥有的最低权限。 recommends that you configure service accounts individually to provide least privileges for each service, where SQL ServerSQL Server services are granted the minimum permissions they have to have complete their tasks. 有关详细信息,请参阅 服务器配置 - 服务帐户配置 Windows 服务帐户和权限For more information, see Server Configuration - Service Accounts and Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions.

    若要为此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例中的所有服务帐户指定同一个登录帐户,请在该页底部的字段中提供凭据。To specify the same logon account for all service accounts in this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server, provide credentials in the fields at the bottom of the page.

    安全说明 不要使用空密码。Do not use a blank password. 请使用强密码。Use a strong password.Security Note 不要使用空密码。Do not use a blank password. 请使用强密码。Use a strong password.

    SQL ServerSQL Server 服务指定登录信息后,请单击 “下一步”When you are finished specifying login information for SQL ServerSQL Server services, click Next.

  18. 使用“服务器配置 - 排序规则”选项卡为 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 指定非默认的排序规则。Use the Server Configuration - Collation tab to specify nondefault collations for the 数据库引擎Database Engine and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services.

  19. 使用“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 配置 - 帐户设置”页指定以下各项:Use the 数据库引擎Database Engine Configuration — Account Provisioning page to specify the following:

    • 安全模式 - 为您的 SQL ServerSQL Server实例选择 Windows 身份验证或混合模式身份验证。Security Mode - select Windows Authentication or Mixed Mode Authentication for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 如果选择“混合模式身份验证”,则必须为内置 SQL ServerSQL Server 系统管理员帐户提供一个强密码。If you select Mixed Mode Authentication, you must provide a strong password for the built-in SQL ServerSQL Server system administrator account.

      在设备与 SQL ServerSQL Server成功建立连接之后,用于 Windows 身份验证和混合模式身份验证的安全机制是相同的。After a device establishes a successful connection to SQL ServerSQL Server, the security mechanism is the same for both Windows Authentication and Mixed Mode.

    • SQL ServerSQL Server 管理员 - 必须为 SQL ServerSQL Server实例至少指定一个系统管理员。 Administrators - You must specify at least one system administrator for the instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 若要添加用以运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序的帐户,请单击 “添加当前用户”To add the account under which SQL ServerSQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要向系统管理员列表中添加帐户或从中删除帐户,请单击 “添加”“删除”,然后编辑将拥有 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的管理员特权的用户、组或计算机的列表。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for the instance of SQL ServerSQL Server.

      完成对该列表的编辑后, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 验证配置对话框中的管理员列表。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 完成此列表后,请单击 “下一步”When the list is complete, click Next.

  20. 使用“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 配置 - 数据目录”页指定非默认的安装目录。Use the 数据库引擎Database Engine Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安装到默认目录,请单击 “下一步”To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果指定非默认的安装目录,请确保安装文件夹对于此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 此对话框中的任何目录都不应与其他 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的目录共享。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of SQL ServerSQL Server. 对于故障转移群集,数据目录应位于共享群集磁盘上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

    备注

    若要将服务器消息块 (SMB) 文件服务器指定为数据目录,请将“默认数据根目录”指定为 \\Servername\ShareName\... 格式的文件共享To specify a Server Message Block (SMB) file server as the Data Directory, set default data root directory to the fileshare of the format \\Servername\ShareName\...

  21. 使用“ 数据库引擎Database Engine配置 - FILESTREAM”页对 SQL ServerSQL Server 实例启用 FILESTREAM。Use the 数据库引擎Database Engine Configuration - FILESTREAM page to enable FILESTREAM for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  22. 使用“ Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置 – 帐户设置”页指定将拥有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services的管理员权限的用户或帐户。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration — Account Provisioning page to specify users or accounts that will have administrator permissions for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 您必须为 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services至少指定一个系统管理员。You must specify at least one system administrator for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 若要添加用以运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序的帐户,请单击 “添加当前用户”To add the account under which SQL ServerSQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要向系统管理员列表中添加帐户或从中删除帐户,请单击 “添加”“删除”,然后编辑将拥有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services的管理员特权的用户、组或计算机的列表。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services.

    完成对该列表的编辑后, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 验证配置对话框中的管理员列表。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 完成此列表后,请单击 “下一步”When the list is complete, click Next.

  23. 使用“ Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置 - 数据目录”页指定非默认的安装目录。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration — Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安装到默认目录,请单击 “下一步”To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果指定非默认的安装目录,请确保安装文件夹对于此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 此对话框中的任何目录都不应与其他 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的目录共享。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of SQL ServerSQL Server. 对于故障转移群集,数据目录应位于共享群集磁盘上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

  24. 使用“ Reporting ServicesReporting Services 配置”页指定要创建的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安装类型。Use the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration page to specify the kind of Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation to create. 对于故障转移群集安装,将选项设置为未配置的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安装。For failover cluster installation, the option is set to Unconfigured Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation. 完成安装后必须配置 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 服务。You must configure Reporting ServicesReporting Services services after you complete the installation.

  25. 系统配置检查器将再运行一组规则来针对您指定的 SQL ServerSQL Server 功能验证您的计算机配置。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the SQL ServerSQL Server features that you have specified.

  26. “准备安装”页显示安装期间指定的安装选项的树视图。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要继续,请单击 “安装”To continue, click Install. 安装程序将首先安装所选功能的必备组件,然后安装所选功能。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

  27. 在安装过程中,“安装进度”页会提供相应的状态,因此您可以在安装过程中监视安装进度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues.

  28. 安装完成后, “完成” 页会提供指向安装摘要日志文件以及其他重要说明的链接。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes. 若要完成 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装过程,请单击 “关闭”To complete the SQL ServerSQL Server installation process, click Close.

  29. 如果安装程序指示您重新启动计算机,请立即重新启动。If you are instructed to restart the computer, do so now. 安装完成后,请务必阅读来自安装向导的消息。It is important to read the message from the Installation Wizard when you have finished with Setup. 有关安装程序日志文件的信息,请参阅 查看和阅读 SQL Server 安装程序日志文件For information about Setup log files, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

  30. 若要在您刚刚创建的单节点故障转移中添加节点,则在每个其他节点上运行安装程序,然后遵照 AddNode 操作的步骤。To add nodes to the single-node failover you just created, run Setup on each additional node and follow the steps for AddNode operation. 有关详细信息,请参阅在 SQL Server 故障转移群集中添加或删除节点(安装程序)For more information, see Add or Remove Nodes in a SQL Server Failover Cluster (Setup).

    备注

    若要添加多个节点,则可以使用配置文件来部署该安装。If you are adding more than one node, you can use the configuration file to deploy the installations. 有关详细信息,请参阅 使用配置文件安装 SQL Server 2016For more information, see Install SQL Server 2016 Using a Configuration File.

    您在 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集中的所有节点上安装的 SQL ServerSQL Server 版本必须相同。The SQL ServerSQL Server edition you are installing must match across all the nodes in a SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster. 若要向现有的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集添加新节点,务必使安装的版本与现有故障转移群集的版本相同。When you add a new node to an existing SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, make sure that you specify that the edition matches the edition of the existing failover cluster.

准备 Prepare

高级/企业故障转移群集安装步骤 1:准备Advanced/Enterprise Failover Cluster Install Step 1: Prepare

  1. 插入 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装介质,然后双击根文件夹中的 Setup.exe。Insert the SQL ServerSQL Server installation media, and from the root folder, double-click Setup.exe. 若要从网络共享进行安装,请浏览到共享中的根文件夹,然后双击 Setup.exe。To install from a network share, browse to the root folder on the share, and then double-click Setup.exe. 有关如何安装必备组件的详细信息,请参阅 Before Installing Failover ClusteringFor more information about how to install prerequisites, see Before Installing Failover Clustering. 如果之前未安装必备组件,可能会要求您安装它们。You may be asked to install the prerequisites, if they are not previously installed.

  2. Windows Installer 4.5 是必需的,并且可能由安装向导进行安装。Windows Installer 4.5 is required, and may be installed by the Installation Wizard. 如果系统提示您重新启动计算机,则重新启动计算机,然后再次启动 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序。If you are prompted to restart your computer, restart and then start SQL ServerSQL Server Setup again.

  3. 必备组件安装完成后,安装向导会启动 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装中心。After the prerequisites are installed, the Installation Wizard starts the SQL ServerSQL Server Installation Center. 要准备加入群集的节点,请移至 “高级” 页,然后单击 “高级群集准备”To prepare the node for clustering, move to the Advanced page and then click Advanced cluster preparation.

  4. 系统配置检查器将在您的计算机上运行发现操作。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要继续, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.To continue, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  5. 在“安装程序支持文件”页,单击 “安装” 以安装安装程序支持文件。On the Setup Support Files page click Install to install the Setup support files.

  6. 系统配置检查器将在安装继续之前验证计算机的系统状态。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 检查完成后,请单击 “下一步” 继续。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  7. 如果您在已本地化的操作系统上进行安装,并且安装介质包括针对英语以及与操作系统相对应的语言的语言包,则您可以在“语言选择”页上为 SQL ServerSQL Server 的实例指定语言。On the Language Selection page, you can specify the language for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server if you are installing on a localized operating system and the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system. 有关跨语言支持和安装注意事项的详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 中的本地语言版本For more information about cross-language support and installation considerations, see Local Language Versions in SQL Server.

    若要继续,请单击 “下一步”To continue, click Next.

  8. 在“产品密钥”页上,指示您是安装免费版本的 SQL ServerSQL Server,还是您拥有该产品生产版本的 PID 密钥。On the Product key page, click to indicate whether you are installing a free edition of SQL ServerSQL Server, or whether you have a PID key for a production version of the product. 有关详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 2016 的版本和组件For more information, see Editions and Components of SQL Server 2016.

    备注

    在为相同故障转移群集准备的所有节点上,您必须指定相同的产品密钥。You must specify the same product key on all the nodes that you are preparing for the same failover cluster.

  9. 在“许可条款”页上阅读许可协议,然后选中相应的复选框以接受许可条款和条件。On the License Terms page, read the license agreement, and then select the check box to accept the license terms and conditions. 为了帮助改进 SQL ServerSQL Server,您还可以启用功能使用情况选项并将报告发送给 MicrosoftMicrosoftTo help improve SQL ServerSQL Server, you can also enable the feature usage option and send reports to MicrosoftMicrosoft. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue. 若要结束安装程序,请单击 “取消”To end Setup, click Cancel.

  10. 在“功能选择”页上,选择要安装的组件。On the Feature Selection page, select the components for your installation. 选择功能名称后,右侧窗格中会显示每个组件组的说明。A description for each component group appears in the right pane after you select the feature name. 您可以选择复选框的任意组合,但仅有 数据库引擎Database Engine、表格模式下的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 和多维模式下的 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 支持故障转移群集。You can select any combination of check boxes, but only 数据库引擎Database Engine, Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in tabular mode, and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services in multidimensional mode support failover clustering. 其他所选组件将作为不带故障转移功能的独立功能在运行安装程序的当前节点上运行。Other selected components will run as a stand-alone feature without failover capability on the current node that you are running Setup on. 有关 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 模式的详细信息,请参阅 确定 Analysis Services 实例的服务器模式For more information on Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services modes, see Determine the Server Mode of an Analysis Services Instance.

    在右侧窗格中显示所选功能的必备组件。The prerequisites for the selected features are displayed on the right-hand pane. SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序将在本过程后面所述的安装步骤中安装尚未安装的必备组件。 Setup will install the prerequisite that are not already installed during the installation step described later in this procedure.

    您可以使用此页底部的字段为共享组件指定自定义目录。You can specify a custom directory for shared components by using the field at the bottom of this page. 若要更改共享组件的安装路径,请更新对话框底部字段中所提供的路径,或单击省略号按钮以浏览到另一个安装目录。To change the installation path for shared components, either update the path in the field provided at the bottom of the dialog box, or click the ellipsis button to browse to an installation directory. 默认安装路径为 C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\。The default installation path is C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\.

    备注

    选择“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 服务”功能时,复制和全文搜索功能将会被自动选中。When you select the 数据库引擎Database Engine Services feature, both replication and full-text search are selected automatically. 取消选择这些子功能中的任意一个也会取消选择“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 服务”功能。Unselecting any of these subfeatures also unselects the 数据库引擎Database Engine Services feature.

  11. 在“实例配置”页上指定是安装默认实例还是命名实例。On the Instance Configuration page, specify whether to install a default or a named instance.

    实例 ID - 默认情况下,实例名称用作实例 ID。Instance ID — By default, the instance name is used as the Instance ID. 这用于标识 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的安装目录和注册表项。This is used to identify installation directories and registry keys for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 默认实例和命名实例的默认方式都是如此。This is the case for default instances and named instances. 对于默认实例,实例名称和实例 ID 为 MSSQLSERVER。For a default instance, the instance name and instance ID would be MSSQLSERVER. 若要使用非默认的实例 ID,请选中 “实例 ID” 文本框,并提供一个值。To use a nondefault instance ID, select the Instance ID text box and provide a value.

    备注

    典型的 SQL ServerSQL Server 独立实例(无论是默认实例还是命名实例)不会对“实例 ID”文本框使用非默认值。Typical stand-alone instances of SQL ServerSQL Server, whether default or named instances, do not use a nondefault value for the Instance ID text box.

    重要

    对于为故障转移群集准备的所有节点,使用相同的实例 IDUse the same InstanceID for all the nodes that are prepared for the failover cluster

    实例根目录 - 默认情况下,实例根目录为 C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\。Instance root directory — By default, the instance root directory is C:\Program Files\ MicrosoftMicrosoft SQL ServerSQL Server\. 若要指定一个非默认的根目录,请使用所提供的字段,或单击省略号按钮以找到一个安装文件夹。To specify a nondefault root directory, use the field provided, or click the ellipsis button to locate an installation folder.

    已安装的实例 - 该网格显示安装程序正在其中运行的计算机上的 SQL ServerSQL Server 实例。Installed instances - The grid shows instances of SQL ServerSQL Server that are on the computer where Setup is running. 如果计算机上已经安装了一个默认实例,则必须安装 SQL ServerSQL Server的命名实例。If a default instance is already installed on the computer, you must install a named instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  12. “磁盘空间要求”页计算指定的功能所需的磁盘空间,并将磁盘空间要求与正在运行安装程序的计算机上的可用磁盘空间进行比较。The Disk Space Requirements page calculates the required disk space for the features that you specify, and compares requirements to the available disk space on the computer where Setup is running.

  13. 使用此页以指定群集安全策略。Use this page to specify Cluster Security Policy.

    • Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008 和更高版本 - 服务 SID(服务器安全 ID)是推荐的和默认的设置。 and later versions - Service SIDs (server security IDs) are the recommended and default setting. 没有将此设置更改为安全组的选项。There is no option for changing this to security groups. 有关 Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008的服务 SID 功能的详细信息,请参阅 配置 Windows 服务帐户和权限For information about service SIDs functionality on Windows Server 2008(可能为英文页面)Windows Server 2008, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions. 这已在 Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2的独立安装程序和群集安装程序中进行了测试。This has been tested in standalone and cluster setup on Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2.

    • Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003上,为 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务指定域组。On Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003, specify domain groups for SQL ServerSQL Server services. 所有资源权限都是由包括作为组成员的 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务帐户的域级组控制。All resource permissions are controlled by domain-level groups that include SQL ServerSQL Server service accounts as group members.

      单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  14. 本主题中的其余工作流取决于要安装的功能。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不会看到所有的页面,具体取决于您进行的选择。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections.

  15. 在“服务器配置 - 服务帐户”页上指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务的登录帐户。On the Server Configuration — Service Accounts page, specify login accounts for SQL ServerSQL Server services. 此页上配置的实际服务取决于您选择安装的功能。The actual services that are configured on this page depend on the features that you selected to install.

    您可以为所有的 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务分配相同的登录帐户,也可以单独配置各个服务帐户。You can assign the same login account to all SQL ServerSQL Server services, or you can configure each service account individually. 将能够识别群集的服务(包括全文搜索和 SQL ServerSQL Server 代理)的启动类型设置为“手动”,且在安装过程中不能进行更改。The startup type is set to manual for all cluster-aware services, including full-text search and SQL ServerSQL Server Agent, and cannot be changed during installation. MicrosoftMicrosoft 建议对各服务帐户进行单独配置,以便为每项服务提供最低特权,即向 SQL ServerSQL Server 服务授予它们完成各自任务所必须拥有的最低权限。 recommends that you configure service accounts individually to provide least privileges for each service, where SQL ServerSQL Server services are granted the minimum permissions they have to have complete their tasks. 有关详细信息,请参阅 配置 Windows 服务帐户和权限For more information, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions.

    若要为此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例中的所有服务帐户指定同一个登录帐户,请在该页底部的字段中提供凭据。To specify the same logon account for all service accounts in this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server, provide credentials in the fields at the bottom of the page.

    安全说明 不要使用空密码。Do not use a blank password. 请使用强密码。Use a strong password.Security Note 不要使用空密码。Do not use a blank password. 请使用强密码。Use a strong password.

    SQL ServerSQL Server 服务指定登录信息后,请单击 “下一步”When you are finished specifying login information for SQL ServerSQL Server services, click Next.

  16. 使用“服务器配置 - 排序规则”选项卡为 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 指定非默认的排序规则。Use the Server Configuration - Collation tab to specify nondefault collations for the 数据库引擎Database Engine and Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services.

  17. 使用 服务器配置 - 文件流SQL ServerSQL Server实例启用 FILESTREAM。Use the Server Configuration - Filestream to enable FILESTREAM for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  18. 使用“ Reporting ServicesReporting Services 配置”页指定要创建的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安装类型。Use the Reporting ServicesReporting Services Configuration page to specify the kind of Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation to create. 对于故障转移群集安装,将选项设置为未配置的 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 安装。For failover cluster installation, the option is set to Unconfigured Reporting ServicesReporting Services installation. 完成安装后必须配置 Reporting ServicesReporting Services 服务。You must configure Reporting ServicesReporting Services services after you complete the installation.

  19. 在“错误报告”页上,指定要发送给 MicrosoftMicrosoft 的信息,这些信息有助于改进 SQL ServerSQL ServerOn the Error Reporting page, specify the information that you want to send to MicrosoftMicrosoft that will help improve SQL ServerSQL Server. 默认情况下,将启用用于错误报告的选项。By default, options for error reporting is enabled.

  20. 系统配置检查器将再运行一组规则来针对您指定的 SQL ServerSQL Server 功能验证您的计算机配置。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the SQL ServerSQL Server features that you have specified.

  21. “准备安装”页显示安装期间指定的安装选项的树视图。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要继续,请单击 “安装”To continue, click Install. 安装程序将首先安装所选功能的必备组件,然后安装所选功能。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

    在安装过程中,“安装进度”页会提供相应的状态,因此您可以在安装过程中监视安装进度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues. 安装完成后, “完成” 页会提供指向安装摘要日志文件以及其他重要说明的链接。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes.

  22. 若要完成 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装过程,请单击 “关闭”To complete the SQL ServerSQL Server installation process, click Close.

  23. 如果安装程序指示您重新启动计算机,请立即重新启动。If you are instructed to restart the computer, do so now. 安装完成后,请务必阅读来自安装向导的消息。It is important to read the message from the Installation Wizard when you have finished with Setup. 有关安装程序日志文件的信息,请参阅 查看和阅读 SQL Server 安装程序日志文件For information about Setup log files, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

  24. 重复以上步骤以准备故障转移群集的其他节点。Repeat the previous steps to prepare the other nodes for the failover cluster. 还可以使用自动生成的配置文件来准备其他节点。You can also use the autogenerated configuration file to run prepare on the other nodes. 有关详细信息,请参阅 使用配置文件安装 SQL Server 2016For more information, see Install SQL Server 2016 Using a Configuration File.

“完成”Complete

高级/企业故障转移群集安装步骤 2:完成Advanced/Enterprise Failover Cluster Install Step 2: Complete

  1. 按照 准备步骤中的说明准备好所有节点后,在某个准备好的节点上运行安装程序,最好是在拥有共享磁盘的节点上运行。After preparing all the nodes as described in the prepare step, run Setup on one of the prepared nodes, preferably the one that owns the shared disk. 在 安装中心的“高级” SQL ServerSQL Server 页上,单击 “高级群集完成”On the Advanced page of the SQL ServerSQL Server Installation Center, click Advanced cluster completion.

  2. 系统配置检查器将在您的计算机上运行发现操作。The System Configuration Checker runs a discovery operation on your computer. 若要继续, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.To continue, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  3. 在“安装程序支持文件”页,单击 “安装” 以安装安装程序支持文件。On the Setup Support Files page, click Install to install the Setup support files.

  4. 系统配置检查器将在安装继续之前验证计算机的系统状态。The System Configuration Checker verifies the system state of your computer before Setup continues. 检查完成后,请单击 “下一步” 继续。After the check is complete, click Next to continue. 您可以通过单击 “显示详细信息”在屏幕上查看详情,或通过单击 “查看详细报告”从而以 HTML 报告的形式进行查看。You can view the details on the screen by clicking Show Details, or as an HTML report by clicking View detailed report.

  5. 如果您在已本地化的操作系统上进行安装,并且安装介质包括针对英语以及与操作系统相对应的语言的语言包,则您可以在“语言选择”页上为 SQL ServerSQL Server 的实例指定语言。On the Language Selection page, you can specify the language for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server if you are installing on a localized operating system and the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system. 有关跨语言支持和安装注意事项的详细信息,请参阅 SQL Server 中的本地语言版本For more information about cross-language support and installation considerations, see Local Language Versions in SQL Server.

    若要继续,请单击 “下一步”To continue, click Next.

  6. 使用“群集节点配置”页来选择为群集准备的实例名称,并指定新 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的网络名称。Use the Cluster node configuration page to select the instance name prepared for clustering, and specify the network name for the new SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster. 此名称用于在网络中标识故障转移群集。This is the name that is used to identify your failover cluster on the network.

    备注

    该名称在 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的早期版本中被称为虚拟 SQL ServerSQL Server 名称。This is known as the virtual SQL ServerSQL Server name in earlier versions of SQL ServerSQL Server failover clusters.

  7. SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序会再运行一组规则,这些规则基于您选择用于验证配置的功能。 setup runs one more set of rules that are based on the features you selected to validate your configuration.

  8. 使用“群集资源组”页指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 虚拟服务器资源所在的群集资源组名称。Use the Cluster Resource Group page to specify the cluster resource group name where SQL ServerSQL Server virtual server resources will be located. 若要指定 SQL ServerSQL Server 群集资源组名称,To specify the SQL ServerSQL Server cluster resource group name. 您有以下两种选择:You have two options:

    • 使用列表指定一个现有组以供使用。Use the list to specify an existing group to use.

    • 键入要创建的新组的名称。Type the name of a new group to create. 请注意,名称“Available storage”不是有效的组名。Be aware that the name "Available storage" is not a valid group name.

  9. 在“群集磁盘选择”页上,为您的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集选择共享群集磁盘资源。On the Cluster Disk Selection page, select the shared cluster disk resource for your SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster. 群集磁盘用于存放 SQL ServerSQL Server 数据。The cluster disk is where the SQL ServerSQL Server data will be put. 可以指定多个磁盘。More than one disk can be specified. 可用共享磁盘网格会显示可用磁盘的列表、每个磁盘是否可用作共享磁盘以及每个磁盘资源的说明。The Available shared disks grid displays a list of available disks, whether each is qualified as a shared disk, and a description of each disk resource. 单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

    备注

    第一个驱动器用作所有数据库的默认驱动器,但是可以在 数据库引擎Database EngineAnalysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置页上更改它。The first drive is used as the default drive for all databases, but can be changed on the 数据库引擎Database Engine or Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services configuration pages.

  10. 在“群集网络配置”页上,为故障转移群集实例指定网络资源:On the Cluster Network Configuration page, specify the network resources for your failover cluster instance:

    • 网络设置 - 为故障转移群集实例的所有节点和子网指定 IP 类型和 IP 地址。Network Settings — Specify the IP type and IP address for all the nodes and subnets for your failover cluster instance. 您可以为一个多子网故障转移群集指定多个 IP 地址,但每个子网只支持一个 IP 地址。You can specify multiple IP addresses for a multi-subnet failover cluster, but only one IP address per subnet is supported. 准备好的每个节点应至少是一个 IP 地址的所有者。Every prepared node should be an owner of at least one IP address. 如果您在 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集中有多个子网,系统将提示您将 IP 地址资源依赖关系设置为 OR。If you have multiple subnets in your SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster, you will be prompted to set the IP address resource dependency to OR.

      单击 “下一步” 继续。Click Next to continue.

  11. 本主题中的其余工作流取决于要安装的功能。Work flow for the rest of this topic depends on the features that you have specified for your installation. 您可能不会看到所有的页面,具体取决于您进行的选择。You might not see all the pages, depending on your selections.

  12. 使用“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 配置 - 帐户设置”页指定以下各项:Use the 数据库引擎Database Engine Configuration — Account Provisioning page to specify the following:

    • 安全模式 - 为您的 SQL ServerSQL Server实例选择 Windows 身份验证或混合模式身份验证。Security Mode - select Windows Authentication or Mixed Mode Authentication for your instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 如果选择“混合模式身份验证”,则必须为内置 SQL ServerSQL Server 系统管理员帐户提供一个强密码。If you select Mixed Mode Authentication, you must provide a strong password for the built-in SQL ServerSQL Server system administrator account.

      在设备与 SQL ServerSQL Server成功建立连接之后,用于 Windows 身份验证和混合模式身份验证的安全机制是相同的。After a device establishes a successful connection to SQL ServerSQL Server, the security mechanism is the same for both Windows Authentication and Mixed Mode.

    • SQL ServerSQL Server 管理员 - 必须为 SQL ServerSQL Server实例至少指定一个系统管理员。 Administrators - You must specify at least one system administrator for the instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 若要添加用以运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序的帐户,请单击 “添加当前用户”To add the account under which SQL ServerSQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要向系统管理员列表中添加帐户或从中删除帐户,请单击 “添加”“删除”,然后编辑将拥有 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的管理员特权的用户、组或计算机的列表。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for the instance of SQL ServerSQL Server.

      完成对该列表的编辑后, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 验证配置对话框中的管理员列表。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 完成此列表后,请单击 “下一步”When the list is complete, click Next.

  13. 使用“ 数据库引擎Database Engine 配置 - 数据目录”页指定非默认的安装目录。Use the 数据库引擎Database Engine Configuration - Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安装到默认目录,请单击 “下一步”To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果指定非默认的安装目录,请确保安装文件夹对于此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 此对话框中的任何目录都不应与其他 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的目录共享。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of SQL ServerSQL Server. 对于故障转移群集,数据目录应位于共享群集磁盘上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

  14. 使用“ Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置 – 帐户设置”页指定将拥有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services的管理员权限的用户或帐户。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration — Account Provisioning page to specify users or accounts that will have administrator permissions for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 您必须为 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services至少指定一个系统管理员。You must specify at least one system administrator for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services. 若要添加用以运行 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装程序的帐户,请单击 “添加当前用户”To add the account under which SQL ServerSQL Server Setup is running, click Add Current User. 若要向系统管理员列表中添加帐户或从中删除帐户,请单击 “添加”“删除”,然后编辑将拥有 Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services的管理员特权的用户、组或计算机的列表。To add or remove accounts from the list of system administrators, click Add or Remove, and then edit the list of users, groups, or computers that will have administrator privileges for Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services.

    完成对该列表的编辑后, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.When you are finished editing the list, 单击“确定”。 Click OK.. 验证配置对话框中的管理员列表。Verify the list of administrators in the configuration dialog box. 完成此列表后,请单击 “下一步”When the list is complete, click Next.

  15. 使用“ Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services 配置 - 数据目录”页指定非默认的安装目录。Use the Analysis ServicesAnalysis Services Configuration — Data Directories page to specify nondefault installation directories. 若要安装到默认目录,请单击 “下一步”To install to default directories, click Next.

    重要

    如果指定非默认的安装目录,请确保安装文件夹对于此 SQL ServerSQL Server实例是唯一的。If you specify nondefault installation directories, make sure that the installation folders are unique to this instance of SQL ServerSQL Server. 此对话框中的任何目录都不应与其他 SQL ServerSQL Server实例的目录共享。None of the directories in this dialog box should be shared with directories from other instances of SQL ServerSQL Server. 对于故障转移群集,数据目录应位于共享群集磁盘上。The data directories should be located on the shared cluster disk for the failover cluster.

  16. 系统配置检查器将再运行一组规则来针对您指定的 SQL ServerSQL Server 功能验证您的计算机配置。The System Configuration Checker runs one more set of rules to validate your configuration with the SQL ServerSQL Server features that you have specified.

  17. “准备安装”页显示安装期间指定的安装选项的树视图。The Ready to Install page displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. 若要继续,请单击 “安装”To continue, click Install. 安装程序将首先安装所选功能的必备组件,然后安装所选功能。Setup will first install the required prerequisites for the selected features followed by the feature installation.

  18. 在安装过程中,“安装进度”页会提供相应的状态,因此您可以在安装过程中监视安装进度。During installation, the Installation Progress page provides status so that you can monitor installation progress as Setup continues.

  19. 安装完成后, “完成” 页会提供指向安装摘要日志文件以及其他重要说明的链接。After installation, the Complete page provides a link to the summary log file for the installation and other important notes. 若要完成 SQL ServerSQL Server 安装过程,请单击 “关闭”To complete the SQL ServerSQL Server installation process, click Close. 完成此步骤后,为同一故障转移群集准备的所有节点就变为完成后的 SQL ServerSQL Server 故障转移群集的一部分。With this step, all the prepared nodes for the same failover cluster are now part of the completed SQL ServerSQL Server failover cluster.

后续步骤Next Steps

配置新安装的 SQL ServerSQL Server - 为了减少系统的可攻击外围应用, SQL ServerSQL Server 将有选择地安装和启用一些关键服务和功能。Configure your new SQL ServerSQL Server installation — To reduce the attackable surface area of a system, SQL ServerSQL Server selectively installs and enables key services and features. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Surface Area ConfigurationFor more information, see Surface Area Configuration.

有关日志文件位置的详细信息,请参阅 查看和阅读 SQL Server 安装程序日志文件For more information about log file locations, see View and Read SQL Server Setup Log Files.

另请参阅See Also

从命令提示符安装 SQL Server 2016Install SQL Server 2016 from the Command Prompt