GRANT XML 架构集合权限 (Transact-SQL)GRANT XML Schema Collection Permissions (Transact-SQL)

适用对象: 是SQL Server 否Azure SQL 数据库 否Azure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) 否并行数据仓库 APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server noAzure SQL Database noAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) noParallel Data Warehouse

授予对 XML 架构集合的权限。Grants permissions on an XML schema collection.

主题链接图标 TRANSACT-SQL 语法约定Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

语法Syntax

  
GRANT permission  [ ,...n ] ON   
    XML SCHEMA COLLECTION :: [ schema_name . ]  
    XML_schema_collection_name  
    TO <database_principal> [ ,...n ]  
    [ WITH GRANT OPTION ]  
    [ AS <database_principal> ]   
  
<database_principal> ::=   
        Database_user   
    | Database_role   
    | Application_role   
    | Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_User   
    | Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_Group   
    | Database_user_mapped_to_certificate   
    | Database_user_mapped_to_asymmetric_key   
    | Database_user_with_no_login  

参数Arguments

permission permission
指定可对 XML 架构集合授予的权限。Specifies a permission that can be granted on an XML schema collection. 有关权限的列表,请参阅本主题后面的“备注”部分。For a list of the permissions, see the Remarks section later in this topic.

ON XML SCHEMA COLLECTION :: [ schema_name .ON XML SCHEMA COLLECTION :: [ schema_name. ] XML_schema_collection_name ] XML_schema_collection_name
指定要授予对其的权限的 XML 架构集合。Specifies the XML schema collection on which the permission is being granted. 需要作用域限定符 ::。The scope qualifier (::) is required. 如果未指定 schema_name,则使用默认架构 。If schema_name is not specified, the default schema will be used. 如果指定了 schema_name,则需要使用架构作用域限定符 (.) 。If schema_name is specified, the schema scope qualifier (.) is required.

<database_principal> 指定要向其授予权限的主体。<database_principal> Specifies the principal to which the permission is being granted.

WITH GRANT OPTIONWITH GRANT OPTION
指示该主体还可以向其他主体授予所指定的权限。Indicates that the principal will also be given the ability to grant the specified permission to other principals.

AS <database_principal> 指定一个主体,执行该查询的主体从该主体获得授予该权限的权利。AS <database_principal> Specifies a principal from which the principal executing this query derives its right to grant the permission.

Database_user Database_user
指定数据库用户。Specifies a database user.

Database_role Database_role
指定数据库角色。Specifies a database role.

Application_role Application_role
指定应用程序角色。Specifies an application role.

Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_User Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_User
指定映射到 Windows 用户的数据库用户。Specifies a database user mapped to a Windows user.

Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_Group Database_user_mapped_to_Windows_Group
指定映射到 Windows 组的数据库用户。Specifies a database user mapped to a Windows group.

Database_user_mapped_to_certificate Database_user_mapped_to_certificate
指定映射到证书的数据库用户。Specifies a database user mapped to a certificate.

Database_user_mapped_to_asymmetric_key Database_user_mapped_to_asymmetric_key
指定映射到非对称密钥的数据库用户。Specifies a database user mapped to an asymmetric key.

Database_user_with_no_login Database_user_with_no_login
指定无相应服务器级主体的数据库用户。Specifies a database user with no corresponding server-level principal.

RemarksRemarks

可以在 sys.xml_schema_collections 目录视图中查看 XML 架构集合的有关信息。Information about XML schema collections is visible in the sys.xml_schema_collections catalog view.

XML 架构集合是架构级的安全对象,包含于权限层次结构中作为其父级的架构中。An XML schema collection is a schema-level securable contained by the schema that is its parent in the permissions hierarchy. 下表列出了可授予的对 XML 架构集合最为具体的限定权限,以及隐含这些权限的更为通用的权限。The most specific and limited permissions that can be granted on an XML schema collection are listed in the following table, together with the more general permissions that include them by implication.

XML 架构集合权限XML schema collection permission XML 架构集合权限隐含的权限Implied by XML schema collection permission 架构权限隐含的权限Implied by schema permission
ALTERALTER CONTROLCONTROL ALTERALTER
CONTROLCONTROL CONTROLCONTROL CONTROLCONTROL
在运行 CREATE 语句前执行EXECUTE CONTROLCONTROL 在运行 CREATE 语句前执行EXECUTE
REFERENCESREFERENCES CONTROLCONTROL REFERENCESREFERENCES
TAKE OWNERSHIPTAKE OWNERSHIP CONTROLCONTROL CONTROLCONTROL
VIEW DEFINITIONVIEW DEFINITION CONTROLCONTROL VIEW DEFINITIONVIEW DEFINITION

权限Permissions

授权者(或用 AS 选项指定的主体)必须具有带 GRANT OPTION 的相同权限,或具有隐含所授予权限的更高权限。The grantor (or the principal specified with the AS option) must have either the permission itself with GRANT OPTION, or a higher permission that implies the permission being granted.

若要使用 AS 选项,还必须满足以下附加要求:If you are using the AS option, the following additional requirements apply.

ASAS 所需的其他权限Additional permission required
数据库用户Database user 对用户的 IMPERSONATE 权限、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。IMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
映射到 Windows 登录名的数据库用户Database user mapped to a Windows login 对用户的 IMPERSONATE 权限、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。IMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
映射到 Windows 组的数据库用户Database user mapped to a Windows group Windows 组的成员身份、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。Membership in the Windows group, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
映射到证书的数据库用户Database user mapped to a certificate db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。Membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
映射到非对称密钥的数据库用户Database user mapped to an asymmetric key db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。Membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
未映射到任何服务器主体的数据库用户Database user not mapped to any server principal 对用户的 IMPERSONATE 权限、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。IMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
数据库角色Database role 对角色的 ALTER 权限、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。ALTER permission on the role, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
应用程序角色Application role 对角色的 ALTER 权限、db_securityadmin 固定数据库角色的成员身份、db_owner 固定数据库角色的成员身份或 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。ALTER permission on the role, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.

示例Examples

以下示例授予用户 EXECUTE 对 XML 架构集合 Invoices4Wanida 权限。The following example grants EXECUTE permission on the XML schema collection Invoices4 to the user Wanida. XML 架构集合 Invoices4 位于 Sales 数据库的 AdventureWorks2012 架构中。The XML schema collection Invoices4 is located inside the Sales schema of the AdventureWorks2012 database.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GRANT EXECUTE ON XML SCHEMA COLLECTION::Sales.Invoices4 TO Wanida;  
GO

另请参阅See Also

DENY XML 架构集合权限 (Transact-SQL) DENY XML Schema Collection Permissions (Transact-SQL)
REVOKE XML 架构集合权限 (Transact-SQL) REVOKE XML Schema Collection Permissions (Transact-SQL)
sys.xml_schema_collections (Transact-SQL) sys.xml_schema_collections (Transact-SQL)
CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION (Transact-SQL) CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION (Transact-SQL)
权限(数据库引擎) Permissions (Database Engine)
主体(数据库引擎)Principals (Database Engine)