Microsoft Stream 中的权限和隐私Permissions and privacy in Microsoft Stream

通过 Microsoft Stream,可以使用视频级别权限、组成员身份和组设置组合保护视频安全。Microsoft Stream allows for videos to be secured with a combination of permissions at the video level, group membership, and settings of a group.

视频权限Video permissions

视频级别权限允许你控制哪些人可以查看视频、哪些人可以拥有和编辑视频以及视频将会显示在哪些组和频道中。Permissions at the video level allow you to control who can see your video, who can own and edit it, and which groups and channels it’s displayed in.

视频权限示例

允许公司中的每个人查看此视频Allow everyone in your company to view this video

选中后,组织中的每个人均可查看视频,并且能够将其添加到组和频道。When checked everyone in your organization can see the video and is able to add it to their groups and channels. 这实际上就是使得在全公司内均可查看你的视频。This in effect makes your video available for viewing companywide. 若要将视频添加到某个公司频道,必须选中此复选框。To be able to add a video to a companywide channel this check box must be checked.

共享对象Shared with

可以通过“共享对象”字段决定哪些人可以查看/拥有视频以及视频属于哪些组/频道。The Shared with field is where you determine who can view/own your video and which groups/channels the video is a part of.

使用搜索下拉列表缩小搜索范围,然后选择想要与之共享视频的人员。Use the search drop down list to narrow your search scope and pick who you want to share your video with.

  • 我的组 - 搜索范围,将视频添加到你可以参与的组My groups - search scope to add your video to a group that you can contribute to

  • 频道 - 搜索范围,将视频直接添加到频道,包括公司频道Channels - search scope to add your video to a channel directly, including companywide channels

  • 人员 - 搜索范围,向你未授予权限的个人、AD 安全组和/或 Office 365 组授予权限People - search scope to grant permission to individual people, AD Security Groups, and/or Office 365 Groups that you don't have contribute rights to

查看者Viewers

在视频权限的“共享对象“下添加的任何人或组均会自动获得查看视频的权限。Any person or group added under Shared with for a video's permissions will automatically be granted view permission to your video.

如果将组或 AD 安全组设为查看者,则意味着该组的所有成员均可查看视频。If you make a group or AD security group a viewer it means that all the members of that group will be able to view your video.

所有者Owners

选中“所有者”列中的复选框会将查看者标记为视频所有者。By checking the box in the Owners column you will be making the viewer also an owner of the video.

视频所有者可以获得以下功能:Owners of a video get the following abilities:

  • 编辑视频设置Edit video settings
  • 删除视频Delete video
  • 将视频添加到其他组和频道Add video to other groups and channels
Microsoft Stream 组Microsoft Stream groups

如果 Stream 组(非 AD 安全组)成为视频的所有者,则在决定组中的哪些人成为所有者时将会使用组设置和成员身份。If a Stream group (not an AD Security group) is made an owner of a video the settings and membership of the group will be respected in determining who from the group is made an owner.

在 Stream 组设置中:In the Stream group settings:

  • 允许所有成员参与”设为“启用”:组成员是参与者,因此,组的所有者和成员均拥有视频所有权。Allow all members to contribute is On: Members of the group are contributors, so owners and members of the group will have ownership of the video.
  • 允许成员参与”设为“关闭”:组成员仅是查看者,因此,只有组的所有者拥有视频所有权。Allow members to contribute is Off: Members of the group are viewers only, so only the owners of the group will have ownership of the video.
AD 安全组AD Security groups

如果 AD 安全组为视频所有者,则此安全组内的所有成员均拥有视频所有权。If an AD Security group is made an owner of a video, all people within the security group will have ownership of the video.

显示Display

显示”复选框显示你在其中为参与者的 Stream 组。The Display check box shows up for Stream groups where you are a contributor. 它用于控制视频是否会在 Stream 的组页面中显示。This controls if the video shows up in the group's pages in Stream. 如未选中,则这意味着,当你向组员发送链接或者他们通过搜索找到此视频时,组拥有访问权限,但它不会直接显示在组页面上。If it's not checked, it means that the group has access if you send them a link or, they found the video in search, but it won't show up on their group's pages directly.

上传视频时的默认设置Defaults when uploading videos

提供有多个上传视频的选项。There are several options for uploading videos. 根据开始上传位置的不同,需要对视频设置不同的默认权限,但你可在以后随时进行更改。Depending on where you start your uploads from, different default permissions will be set on the videos, but you can always change them afterwards.

从任何页面上传Upload from any page

从 Microsoft Stream 中的顶部导航栏或“我的视频”页面上传视频时,视频将会自动拥有以下默认设置:When you upload videos from the top navigation bar in Microsoft Stream or the My videos page your videos will have the following defaults set automatically:

  • 已选中“允许公司内的每个人查看此视频”复选框,因此,公司范围内的每个人均可查看视频并将其包括在组和频道中。The Allow everyone in your company to view this video check box will be checked, making your video available companywide for anyone to view and include in their groups and channels.

  • 你将成为视频所有者。You will be the owner of the video.

直接上传至组或频道Upload directly to a group or channel

将视频直接上传至组或频道时,你的视频将拥有不同的默认设置,具体取决于组或频道类型。When you upload videos directly to a group or channel your videos will have different defaults set depending on the group or channel type.

对于公司范围内的频道,将会设置以下默认值:For companywide channels the following defaults will be set:

  • 已选中“允许公司内的每个人查看此视频”复选框,因此,公司范围内的每个人均可查看视频并将其包括在组和频道中。The Allow everyone in your company to view this video check box will be checked, making your video available companywide for anyone to view and include in their groups and channels.

  • 视频将会自动包括在你正在上传的频道中。The video will automatically be included in the channel you are uploading to.

  • 你将成为视频所有者。You will be the owner of the video.

对于组或组频道,将会设置以下默认值:For groups or group channels, the following defaults will be set:

  • 未选中“允许公司中的每个人查看此视频”复选框,因此,视频的查看权限将限制为组成员Allow everyone in your company to view this video check box will NOT be checked, limiting the view permissions of the video to that of the group

  • 视频将会自动包括并显示在你正在上传的组和/或频道中The video will automatically be included in and displayed in the group and/or channel you are uploading to

  • 你和组将成为视频的所有者,这意味着作为该组参与者的任何人均可以修改你的视频。You and the group will be the owners of the video, meaning anyone who is a contributor to the group will be able to modify your video

组权限Group permissions

组具有以下访问权限和特征:Groups have the following access and privacy characteristics:

  • 可为整个组织公用,或者仅为组成员专用Can be public to entire organization or private to members of the group only

  • 由所有者和成员组成Are made up of owners and members

  • 具有用于控制成员是查看者或参与者的设置Has a setting to control if members are viewers or contributors

因此,将 Microsoft Stream 组查看者设为视频查看者或所有者时,需要考虑以上所有方面,以确定哪些人可以访问视频。As such, when you make a Microsoft Stream group a viewer or owner of a video, all of the above is taken into account to determine who will get access to the video.

有关更多信息,请参阅组访问权限设置For more information, see Group access settings.

视频权限示例

频道权限Channel permissions

频道是一种视频组织访问,但不是权限方法。Channels are an organization method for videos, but not a permission method. 频道本身没有任何权限,除非它们包含在组中。Channels don’t have any permissions on their own, unless they are contained in a group. 如果频道包含在组中,则它们会继承组的相应权限和访问权限设置。When they are contained in a group they inherit the permission and access settings of the group.

有关详细信息,请参阅频道For more information, see Channels.

另请参阅See also