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概述Overview

此页面介绍了 Visual Studio 2019 系列产品的最低系统要求。This page contains the minimum system requirements for the Visual Studio 2019 family of products. 有关兼容性的信息,请参阅 Visual Studio 2019 的平台目标以及兼容性For information on compatibility, see Visual Studio 2019 Platform Targeting and Compatibility. 如需获取性能提升方面的帮助,请参阅 Visual Studio 性能提示和技巧If you need help with improving performance, see Visual Studio performance tips and tricks.

新增功能What's New

看一看 Visual Studio 2019 的最近更新!See what's new in Visual Studio 2019!

下载Download


单击按钮即可下载最新版 Visual Studio 2019。Click a button to download the latest version of Visual Studio 2019. 有关如何安装和更新 Visual Studio 2019 的说明,请参阅将 Visual Studio 2019 更新到最新版本For instructions on installing and updating Visual Studio 2019, see the Update Visual Studio 2019 to the most recent release. 另请参阅如何脱机安装的说明。Also, see instructions on how to install offline.

Community Download Button Professional Download Button Enterprise Download Button


提示

对于 Visual Studio 的早期版本,请参阅 Visual Studio 2017Visual Studio 2015Visual Studio 2013Visual Studio 2012 的系统要求。For older versions of Visual Studio, see the system requirements for Visual Studio 2017, Visual Studio 2015, Visual Studio 2013, or Visual Studio 2012.


我们做得怎么样?How are we doing?

我们期待你的宝贵意见和建议!We would love to hear from you! 如有问题,请通过安装程序或 Visual Studio IDE 右上角的“报告问题”选项告知我们。For issues, let us know through the Report a Problem option in the upper right-hand corner of either the installer or the Visual Studio IDE itself. 必须向The Feedback Icon 图标位于右上角。icon is located in the upper right-hand corner. 可在 Visual Studio 开发者社区中跟踪问题,也可在其中提出问题、找到答案并提交产品建议。You can track your issues in the Visual Studio Developer Community, where you can ask questions, find answers and submit product suggestions. 可通过实时聊天支持获得免费安装帮助。You can get free installation help through our Live Chat support.


Visual Studio 2019 系统要求Visual Studio 2019 System Requirements

以下产品支持下面的最低系统要求:The following products support the minimum system requirements below:

  • Visual Studio Enterprise 2019Visual Studio Enterprise 2019
  • Visual Studio Professional 2019Visual Studio Professional 2019
  • Visual Studio Community 2019Visual Studio Community 2019
  • Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Office 集成 2019Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Office Integration 2019

支持的操作系统Supported Operating Systems

Visual Studio 2019 将在以下操作系统上安装并运行(建议使用 64 位;不支持 ARM):Visual Studio 2019 will install and run on the following operating systems (64 bit recommended; ARM is not supported):

  • Windows 10 版本 1703 或更高版本:家庭版、专业版、教育版和企业版(不支持 LTSC 和 Windows 10 S)Windows 10 version 1703 or higher: Home, Professional, Education, and Enterprise (LTSC and S are not supported)
  • Windows Server 2019:Standard 和 DatacenterWindows Server 2019: Standard and Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2016:Standard 和 DatacenterWindows Server 2016: Standard and Datacenter
  • Windows 8.1(带有更新 2919355):核心板、专业版和企业版Windows 8.1 (with Update 2919355): Core, Professional, and Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2012 R2(更新 2919355):Essentials、Standard、DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 (with Update 2919355): Essentials, Standard, Datacenter
  • Windows 7 SP1(带有最新的 Windows 更新):家庭高级版、专业版、企业版、旗舰版Windows 7 SP1 (with latest Windows Updates): Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, Ultimate

硬件Hardware

  • 1.8 GHz 或更快的处理器。1.8 GHz or faster processor. 推荐使用四核或更好的内核Quad-core or better recommended
  • 2 GB RAM;建议 8 GB RAM(如果在虚拟机上运行,则最低 2.5 GB)2 GB of RAM; 8 GB of RAM recommended (2.5 GB minimum if running on a virtual machine)
  • 硬盘空间:800 MB - 210 GB 可用空间,具体取决于安装的功能;典型安装需要 20-50 GB 的可用空间。Hard disk space: Minimum of 800MB up to 210 GB of available space, depending on features installed; typical installations require 20-50 GB of free space.
  • 硬盘速度:要提高性能,请在固态驱动器 (SSD) 上安装 Windows 和 Visual Studio。Hard disk speed: to improve performance, install Windows and Visual Studio on a solid state drive (SSD).
  • 视频卡支持最小显示分辨率 720p (1280×720);Visual Studio 最适宜的分辨率为 WXGA (1366×768) 或更高。Video card that supports a minimum display resolution of 720p (1280 by 720); Visual Studio will work best at a resolution of WXGA (1366 by 768) or higher.

支持的语言Supported Languages

Visual Studio 支持英语、简体中文、繁体中文、捷克语、法语、德语、意大利语、日语、韩语、波兰语、葡萄牙语(巴西)、俄语、西班牙语和土耳其语。Visual Studio is available in English, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Czech, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish, and Turkish.

可在安装过程中选择 Visual Studio 的语言。You can select the language of Visual Studio during installation. Visual Studio 安装程序也提供同样的 14 种语言版本,且将与 Windows 的语言匹配(若可用)。The Visual Studio Installer is available in the same fourteen languages, and will match the language of Windows, if available.

注意:Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Office 集成 2019 提供 Visual Studio Team Foundation Server 2019 支持的 10 种语言版本。Note: Visual Studio Team Foundation Server Office Integration 2019 is available in the ten languages supported by Visual Studio Team Foundation Server 2019.

其他要求Additional Requirements

  • 安装 Visual Studio 需要管理员权限。Administrator rights are required to install Visual Studio.
  • 需要 .NET Framework 4.5.2 或更高版本才能安装 Visual Studio。.NET Framework 4.5.2 or above is required to install Visual Studio. Visual Studio 需要 .NET Framework 4.7.2 才能运行,并将在设置过程中安装它。Visual Studio requires .NET Framework 4.7.2 to run, and this will be installed during setup.
  • 对于 Windows 8.1 及更早版本,.NET Core 具有特定的 Windows 先决条件.NET Core has specific Windows prerequisites for Windows 8.1 and earlier.
  • 不支持使用 Windows 10 企业版 LTSC 版本Windows 10 S 和 Windows 10 Team Edition 进行开发。Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC edition, Windows 10 S and Windows 10 Team Edition are not supported for development. 可使用 Visual Studio 2019 生成在 Windows 10 LTSC、Windows 10 S 和 Windows 10 Team Edition 上运行的应用。You may use Visual Studio 2019 to build apps that run on Windows 10 LTSC, Windows 10 S and Windows 10 Team Edition.
  • 与 Internet 相关的方案都必须安装 Internet Explorer 11 或 Microsoft Edge。Internet Explorer 11 or Edge is required for internet-related scenarios. 某些功能可能无法运行,除非安装了这些程序或更高版本。Some features might not work unless these, or a later version, are installed.
  • 运行 Windows Server 时,不支持服务器核心和最精简的服务器界面选项。The Server Core and Minimal Server Interface options are not supported when running Windows Server.
  • Microsoft App-V for Windows 或第三方应用虚拟化技术等虚拟化环境中不支持 Visual Studio。Visual Studio is not supported in virtualized environments such as Microsoft App-V for Windows or third-party app virtualization technologies.
  • 若要在虚拟机环境中运行 Visual Studio,需使用完整的 Windows 操作系统。Running Visual Studio in a virtual machine environment requires a full Windows operating system.
  • 不支持在 Windows 容器中运行 Visual Studio 2019(Professional、Community 和 Enterprise)。Running Visual Studio 2019 (Professional, Community, and Enterprise) in Windows containers is not supported.
  • 对于 Hyper-V 仿真器支持,需要一个受支持的 64 位操作系统。For Hyper-V emulator support, A supported 64-bit operating system is required. 此外,还需要安装支持客户端 Hyper-V 和二级地址转换 (SLAT) 的处理器。A processor that supports Client Hyper-V and Second Level Address Translation (SLAT) is also required.
  • 对于 Android 仿真器支持,需要一个受支持的处理器和操作系统。For Android Emulator support, a supported processor and operating system is required.
  • Xamarin.Android 需要 64 位版本的 Windows 和 64 位的 Java 开发工具包 (JDK)。Xamarin.Android requires a 64-bit edition of Windows and the 64-bit Java Development Kit (JDK).
  • 通用 Windows 应用开发(包括设计、编辑和调试)需要 Windows 10。Universal Windows app development, including designing, editing, and debugging, requires Windows 10. Windows Server 2019、Windows Server 2016 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 可用于从命令行生成通用 Windows 应用。Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, and Windows Server 2012 R2 may be used to build Universal Windows apps from the command line.
  • Team Foundation Server 2019 Office 集成需要 Office 2016、Office 2013 或 Office 2010。Team Foundation Server 2019 Office Integration requires Office 2016, Office 2013, or Office 2010.
  • Windows 7 SP1 上需要 PowerShell 3.0 或更高版本来安装使用 C++、JavaScript 或 .NET 工作负荷的移动开发。PowerShell 3.0 or higher is required on Windows 7 SP1 to install the Mobile Development with C++, JavaScript, or .NET workloads.

满足 Visual Studio 2019 系统要求的远程工具、性能工具和 IntelliTrace 独立收集器Remote Tools, Performance Tools, and IntelliTrace Standalone Collector for Visual Studio 2019 System Requirements

远程工具、性能工具和 IntelliTrace 独立收集器支持与 Visual Studio 相同的系统要求,但有以下更改:The Remote Tools, Performance Tools, and IntelliTrace Standalone Collector support the same system requirements as Visual Studio with the following changes:

  • 在 ARM 的 Windows 10 上、Windows 10 企业版 LTSC、Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 上也受支持Also supported on Windows 10 on ARM, Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC, Windows Server 2012, and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
  • 如果是 x86 或 AMD64/x64,则需要使用 1.6 GHz 或更快的处理器If x86 or AMD64/x64, requires a 1.6 GHz or faster processor
  • 需要 1 GB 的 RAM(如果在虚拟机上运行则需 1.5 GB)Requires 1 GB of RAM (1.5 GB if running on a virtual machine)
  • 需要 1 GB 的可用硬盘空间Requires 1 GB of available hard disk space
  • 需要 1024 × 768 或更高的显示分辨率Requires 1024 by 768 or higher display resolution
  • 为获得最佳体验,请使用 Visual Studio 版本最新更新的这些诊断工具For the best experience, use the most recent update of these diagnostic tools for your version of Visual Studio

Microsoft Visual Studio 生成工具 2019 系统要求Microsoft Visual Studio Build Tools 2019 System Requirements

生成工具支持与 Visual Studio 相同的系统要求,但有以下更改:The Build Tools support the same system requirements as Visual Studio with the following changes:

  • 也可以安装在 Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 上。Also installs on Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1.
  • 也可以安装在 Windows Server 2016 和 Windows Server 2019 的服务器核心选项上。Also installs on the Server Core option for Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server 2019.
  • 也可以安装到 Windows 容器Also installs into a Windows container.
  • 需要 2.3 GB 到 60 GB 可用硬盘空间,具体取决于安装的功能。Requires 2.3 GB to 60 GB of available hard disk space, depending on installed features.

Microsoft Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable 系统要求Microsoft Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable System Requirements

若要下载 Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable,请访问 visualstudio.microsoft.com/downloads。To download the Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable, see visualstudio.microsoft.com/downloads. visualstudio.microsoft.com/downloads。 Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable 支持与 Visual Studio 相同的系统要求,但有以下更改:visualstudio.microsoft.com/downloads. The Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable supports the same system requirements as Visual Studio with the following changes:

  • 也可以安装在 Windows 10 企业版 LTSC、Windows Server 2012、Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1、Windows Vista SP2、Windows Server 2008 SP2、Windows Server 2003 SP2 和 Windows XP SP3 上,以支持使用 VC++ 2017 和 VC++ 2015 生成工具生成的应用程序Also installs on Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2, Windows Server 2003 SP2, and Windows XP SP3 to support applications built using the VC++ 2017 and VC++ 2015 build tools
  • 需要 1 GB 的 RAM(如果在虚拟机上运行则需 1.5 GB)Requires 1 GB of RAM (1.5 GB if running on a virtual machine)
  • 需要 50 MB 的可用硬盘空间Requires 50 MB of available hard disk space

Microsoft Visual Studio Test Agent 2019 系统要求Microsoft Visual Studio Test Agent 2019 System Requirements

Visual Studio Test Agent 支持与 Visual Studio 相同的系统要求,但有以下更改:Visual Studio Test Agent supports the same system requirements as Visual Studio with the following changes:

  • 需要 2.6GHz 或更快的处理器。Requires a 2.6 GHz or faster processor. 推荐使用四核或更好的内核Quad core or better recommended
  • 必须有 4GB RAM 或更高版本才能生成负载Requires 4 GB of RAM or higher for load generation
  • 需要 10GB 硬盘空间Requires 10 GB of hard disk space

Microsoft Visual Studio Test Controller 2019 系统要求Microsoft Visual Studio Test Controller 2019 System Requirements

Visual Studio Test Controller 支持与 Visual Studio 相同的系统要求,但有以下更改:Visual Studio Test Controller supports the same system requirements as Visual Studio with the following changes:

  • 需要 2.6GHz 或更快的处理器。Requires a 2.6 GHz or faster processor. 推荐使用四核或更好的内核Quad core or better recommended
  • 需要 4GB RAM 或更高版本Requires 4 GB of RAM or higher
  • 需要 10GB 硬盘空间Requires 10 GB of hard disk space

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