打开 Windows 映像或编录文件Open a Windows Image or Catalog File

在 windows 系统映像管理器 (Windows SIM) 中打开 Windows®映像 ( .wim) 文件时,会自动创建一个目录 () 文件。When you open a Windows® image (.wim) file in Windows System Image Manager (Windows SIM), a catalog (.clg) file is automatically created. 如果目录文件已存在,则 Windows SIM 会根据所选 Windows 映像的内容重新创建编录文件。If a catalog file already exists, Windows SIM re-creates the catalog file based on the contents of the Windows image that you select. 创建编录文件后,它会在 Windows 映像中查询该映像中所有设置的列表。When a catalog file is created, it queries the Windows image for a listing of all the settings in that image.

若要创建应答文件,必须先在 Windows SIM 中打开 Windows 映像文件或目录文件。To create an answer file, you must first open a Windows image file or catalog file in Windows SIM. 有关 Windows 映像文件和目录文件的详细信息,请参阅 Windows 映像文件和目录文件概述For more information about Windows image files and catalog files, see Windows Image Files and Catalog Files Overview.

打开 Windows 映像文件或目录文件Open a Windows image file or catalog file

  1. 将先前创建的目录文件 () 到技术人员计算机上,或将自定义的 Windows 映像文件 () 安装到技术人员计算机。Copy a previously created catalog file (.clg) to the technician computer or copy your customized Windows image file (install.wim) to the technician computer.

    提示

    Install 位于 Sources Windows 安装媒体下载文件夹中。Install.wim is located in the Sources folder of your Windows Installation Media download. 有关创建和部署 Windows 映像的步骤,请参阅适用于 桌面版的 Windows 10 的 OEM 部署See OEM deployment of Windows 10 for desktop editions for steps to make and deploy Windows images.

  2. 在技术人员计算机上,打开 Windows SIM。On the technician computer, open Windows SIM. 执行此操作的一种方法是搜索 "Windows 系统映像管理器"。One way to do this is to search for "Windows System Image Manager".

  3. 在 " 文件 " 菜单上,单击 " 选择 Windows 映像 "。On the File menu, click Select Windows Image.

  4. 在 " 选择 Windows 映像 " 对话框中,在 " 文件类型 " 下拉列表中选择文件类型,然后浏览到 Windows 映像文件或编录文件。In the Select a Windows Image dialog box, select the file type in the Files of type drop-down list, and then browse to a Windows image file or catalog file. 如果打开 Windows 映像文件,Windows SIM 会自动创建该 Windows 映像的目录。If you open a Windows image file, Windows SIM will automatically create a catalog of that Windows image.

  5. 如果文件中有多种类型的 Windows 映像,请在 " 选择映像 " 框中选择特定的 windows 映像。If there is more than one type of Windows image in the file, select a specific Windows image in the Select an Image box. Windows 图像文件或目录文件将显示在 " Windows 映像 " 窗格中。The Windows image file or catalog file appears in the Windows Image pane.

  6. 单击“打开”。Click Open. 如果你之前未打开该 Windows 映像文件或最近未刷新目录文件,Windows SIM 会提示你创建或重新创建目录文件。If you have not previously opened that Windows image file or have not refreshed the catalog file recently, Windows SIM prompts you to create or re-create the catalog file.

创建编录文件Create a catalog file

  1. 打开 Windows SIM。Open Windows SIM.
  2. 在 " 工具 " 菜单上,单击 " 创建目录 "。On the Tools menu, click Create Catalog. 此时将打开 " 打开 Windows 映像 " 对话框。The Open a Windows Image dialog box opens.
  3. 选择 Windows 映像文件,并单击 " 打开 "。Select a Windows image file, and then click Open. 如果选择具有多个 Windows 映像的 Windows 映像文件,则会打开 " 选择图像 " 对话框。If you select a Windows image file that has more than one Windows image, the Select an Image dialog box opens.
  4. 单击以选择图像类型 (例如, Fabrikam 自定义图像 1 ) ,然后单击 "确定"Click to select an image type (for example, Fabrikam Custom Image 1 ), and then click OK. 目录文件在与所选 Windows 映像文件相同的目录中创建。The catalog file is created in the same directory as the Windows image file that you selected.

故障排除Troubleshooting

如果 Windows SIM 不创建编录文件,请尝试以下步骤:If Windows SIM does not create the catalog file, try the following steps:

  • 请确保使用 Windows 评估和部署工具包 (Windows ADK) Windows 8.1 版本。Make sure you are using the Windows 8.1 version of the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK).
  • 若要为32位或基于 ARM 的 Pc 创建编录文件,请使用32位 PC。To create a catalog file for 32-bit or ARM-based PCs, use a 32-bit PC.
  • 请确保 Windows 基准映像文件 (Install) 位于具有读写权限的文件夹中,例如 USB 闪存驱动器或硬盘上。Make sure the Windows base-image file (Install.wim) is in a folder that has read-write privileges, such as a USB flash drive or on your hard drive.

重要

对于不同体系结构类型的某些 Windows 映像,windows SIM 无法创建目录文件。Windows SIM cannot create catalog files for some Windows images of different architecture types. 有关跨平台目录创建的支持的信息,请参阅 Windows 映像文件和目录文件概述For information about the support of cross-platform catalog creation, see Windows Image Files and Catalog Files Overview.

Windows 系统映像管理器操作指南主题Windows System Image Manager How-to Topics