将驱动程序发布到 Windows 更新Publish a driver to Windows Update

若要将驱动程序发布到 Windows 更新,请创建硬件提交,然后按照下面的步骤操作。To publish a driver to Windows Update, create a hardware submission and then follow the steps below.

  1. 查找硬件提交,其中包含你想要分发的驱动程序。Find the hardware submission that contains the driver you want to distribute.

  2. 转到硬件提交的分配部分,然后选择新发货标签Go to the Distribution section of the hardware submission and select New shipping label.

    显示“新发货标签”按钮的屏幕截图

  3. 在发货标签页面上,转到详细信息部分,然后在发货标签名称字段中输入发货标签的名称。On the shipping label page, go to the Details section and enter a name for the shipping label in the Shipping label name field. 此名称允许你组织和搜索发货标签。This name allows you to organize and search for your shipping labels.

  4. 属性部分中,完成以下信息:In the Properties section, complete the following information:

    字段Field 说明Description

    目标Destination

    选择“发布到 Windows 更新”将驱动程序发布到 Windows 更新。Select Publish to Windows Update to publish your driver to Windows Update. 如果要创建允许你与合作伙伴共享驱动程序的共享发货标签,请参阅与合作伙伴共享驱动程序If you want to create a shared shipping label that allows you to share your driver with a partner, see Share a driver with a partner.

    注意 共享驱动程序只能由最初创建它的组织共享。 Note Shared drivers can only be shared by the organization that originally created it. 接收共享驱动程序的组织无法再次共享它。An organization that receives a shared driver cannot share it again.

    发布日期Release date

    指定希望驱动程序何时在 Windows 更新上可供下载。Specify when you want your driver to be available for download on Windows Update.

    如果要使驱动程序在通过认证后立即发布,请选择通过认证后立即发布驱动程序If you want your driver to be published as soon as it passes certification, select Publish my driver as soon as it passes certification.

    如果不希望驱动程序在特定日期之前发布,请选择“不早于”,然后指定日期。If you do not want your driver to be published before a certain date, select No sooner than and specify the date.

    指定合作伙伴(如果有),使其获得对此请求的可见性Specify the partner (if any) that is allowed visibility into this request

    输入希望其具有驱动程序和发货标签的只读权限的合作伙伴。Enter a partner that you want to have read-only permissions to your driver and shipping label. 希望合作伙伴注意此发货标签请求时(例如当代表他们发布驱动程序时),使用此字段。Use this field when you want a partner to be aware of this shipping label request, such as when you publish a driver on their behalf. 有关详细信息,请参阅代表合作伙伴发布驱动程序For more information, see Publish a driver on behalf of a partner.

    驱动程序推广Driver promotions

    默认情况下,Windows 更新上的驱动程序标记为可选。By default, drivers on Windows Update are marked as Optional. 这意味着,仅在设备尚未安装驱动程序时才交付驱动程序。This means that a driver is only delivered if the device does not have a driver installed already. 这些选项允许你替代默认行为,但需要额外 Microsoft 评估。These options allow you to override the default behavior but require additional Microsoft evaluation.

    选择“在 Windows 升级期间自动交付和安装此驱动程序”推广驱动程序,使其可用于动态更新。Select Automatically deliver and install this driver during Windows Upgrade to promote your driver to be available for Dynamic Update.

    选择“在所有适用的系统上自动交付和安装此驱动程序”将驱动程序推广到“关键”。Select Automatically deliver and install this driver on all applicable systems to promote your driver to Critical.

    显示标签名称和发布属性的屏幕截图

  5. 目标部分中,选择要发布的驱动程序包。In the Targeting section, select the driver package that you want to publish.

  6. 选择驱动程序包后,选择 PNP 变为可用。After you select your driver package, Select PNPs becomes available. 选择要面向的硬件 ID。Select the hardware IDs you want to target. 可使用硬件 ID 列表上方的搜索框搜索特定硬件 ID 或操作系统。You can search for a specific hardware ID or operating system by using the search boxes above the list of hardware IDs.

    若要面向所有列出的硬件 ID,请选择全部发布To target all listed hardware IDs, select Publish All.

    若要面向特定硬件 ID,请查找每个所需的硬件 ID,然后选择发布To target specific hardware IDs, find each desired hardware ID and select Publish.

    如果曾面向所有硬件 ID,但现在希望删除它们,请选择全部过期If you targeted all hardware IDs and want to remove them, select Expire All.

    若要删除对特定硬件 ID 的目标设定,请查找每个硬件 ID,然后选择过期To remove targeting for specific hardware IDs, find each hardware ID and select Expire.

    显示目标部分和 PNP 的屏幕截图

  7. 如果要添加计算机硬件 ID (CHID),请在文本框中输入每个 CHID,然后选择添加 CHIDIf you want to add Computer Hardware IDs (CHIDs), enter each CHID into the text box and select Add CHID(s). 若要批量添加多个 CHID,请确保每个 CHID 都由换行符分隔、选择添加多个 CHID,然后将 CHID 粘贴到文本框。To bulk add multiple CHIDs, ensure that each CHID is separated by a newline, select Add multiple CHIDs, and paste your CHIDs into the text box. 可在文本框下方的列表中查看所有添加的 CHID。You can view all added CHIDs in the list below the text box. 若要从列表中删除 CHID,请选择删除To remove a CHID from the list, select Remove

备注

仅部分 Windows 版本支持 CHID。CHIDs are not supported for all versions of Windows. 如果你的驱动程序面向以下操作系统,请勿添加 CHID:Do not add CHIDs if your driver targets the following operating systems:

  • Windows 8.1 或更低版本Windows 8.1 or earlier
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 或更低版本Windows Server 2012 R2 or earlier
  1. 如果是面向 Windows 10 S 的驱动程序,则必须将两个框都选中,并确认满足以下条件:If your driver targets Windows 10 S, you must select both boxes, confirming the following:

    • 驱动程序遵循 Windows 10 S 驱动程序要求中概述的驱动程序策略。Your driver is compatible with and follows the driver policies outlined in the Windows 10 S Driver Requirements.
    • 确保驱动程序遵循 Windows 10 S 指南中概述的其他代码完整性策略。You verify that your driver follows the additional code integrity policies outlined in the Windows 10 S guidelines.
    • 驱动程序包中不包含任何非 Microsoft UI 组件或应用程序。Your driver does not contain any non-Microsoft UI components or applications in the driver package.

    提交 Windows 10 S 驱动程序时必须选中的两个复选框的屏幕截图

  2. 选择发布,将请求发送到 Windows 更新。Select Publish to send your request to Windows Update. 如果不希望立即发布发货标签,可选择保存If you do not want to publish the shipping label right now, you can select Save. 以后可通过打开发货标签并选择发布来发布发货标签,或者可从硬件提交页面中选择发布所有待处理You can publish the shipping label later by either opening the shipping label and selecting Publish, or you can select Publish all pending from the hardware submission page. 请注意,选择发布所有待处理将发布所有未发布的发货标签。Note that selecting Publish all pending will publish all unpublished shipping labels.

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