WdfCommonBufferCreate function (wdfcommonbuffer.h)

[Applies to KMDF only]

The WdfCommonBufferCreate method creates a memory buffer that both the driver and a direct memory access (DMA) device can access simultaneously.

Syntax

NTSTATUS WdfCommonBufferCreate(
  WDFDMAENABLER          DmaEnabler,
  size_t                 Length,
  PWDF_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES Attributes,
  WDFCOMMONBUFFER        *CommonBuffer
);

Parameters

DmaEnabler

[in] A handle to a DMA enabler object that the driver obtained by a previous call to WdfDmaEnablerCreate.

Length

[in] The desired size, in bytes, of the new buffer. The maximum allowed buffer size is (MAXULONG - PAGE_SIZE) bytes.

Attributes

[in, optional] A pointer to a WDF_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES structure that specifies object attributes for the common buffer object. (The structure's ParentObject member must be NULL.) This parameter is optional and can be WDF_NO_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES.

CommonBuffer

[out] A pointer to a WDFCOMMONBUFFER-typed variable that receives a handle to a common buffer object.

Return value

WdfCommonBufferCreate returns STATUS_SUCCESS if the operation succeeds. Otherwise, this method might return one of the following values:

Return code Description
STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER
The driver supplied an invalid parameter.
STATUS_INSUFFICIENT_RESOURCES
The framework could not allocate a common buffer object, or the system could not allocate a buffer.
 

A bug check occurs if the driver supplies an invalid object handle.

Remarks

The WdfCommonBufferCreate method allocates memory and maps it so that both the driver and a device can access it simultaneously for DMA operations. After your driver calls WdfCommonBufferCreate, the driver must:

A driver typically calls WdfCommonBufferCreate from within its EvtDriverDeviceAdd callback function.

Before the driver calls WdfDmaEnablerCreate, it can call WdfDeviceSetAlignmentRequirement to set a buffer alignment requirement. If the driver does not call WdfDeviceSetAlignmentRequirement, buffers are aligned on word boundaries. If your driver creates multiple DMA enablers, each with a different buffer alignment requirement, the driver can call WdfDeviceSetAlignmentRequirement before each call to WdfDmaEnablerCreate.

To create a common buffer that has an alignment requirement that is different from the alignment requirement that the driver specified with WdfDeviceSetAlignmentRequirement, the driver can call WdfCommonBufferCreateWithConfig instead of WdfCommonBufferCreate.

The operating system determines whether to enable cached memory in the common buffer that is to be allocated. That decision is based on the processor architecture and device bus.

On computers with x86-based, x64-based, and Itanium-based processors, cached memory is enabled. On computers with ARM or ARM 64-based processors, the operating system does not automatically enable cached memory for all devices. The system relies on the ACPI_CCA method for each device to determine whether the device is cache-coherent.

The DMA enabler object that the DmaEnabler parameter of WdfCommonBufferCreate specifies becomes the parent object for the new common buffer object. The driver cannot change this parent, and the ParentObject member of the WDF_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES structure must be NULL. The framework deletes each common buffer object when it deletes the parent DMA enabler object. Alternatively, you can delete the common buffer object explicitly by calling WdfObjectDelete.

For more information about common buffers, see Using Common Buffers.

Examples

The following code example shows how to obtain a common buffer. The example stores information about the common buffer in driver-defined context space that is identified by the DevExt pointer.

DevExt->CommonBufferSize = sizeof(COMMON_BUFFER_STRUCT);  // Your structure size
status = WdfCommonBufferCreate(
                               DevExt->DmaEnabler,
                               DevExt->CommonBufferSize,
                               WDF_NO_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES,
                               &DevExt->CommonBuffer
                               );
if (status == STATUS_SUCCESS) {
    DevExt->CommonBufferBaseVA = 
        WdfCommonBufferGetAlignedVirtualAddress(DevExt->CommonBuffer);
    DevExt->CommonBufferBaseLA =
        WdfCommonBufferGetAlignedLogicalAddress(DevExt->CommonBuffer); 
}

Requirements

   
Target Platform Universal
Minimum KMDF version 1.0
Header wdfcommonbuffer.h (include WdfCommonBuffer.h)
Library Wdf01000.sys (see Framework Library Versioning.)
IRQL PASSIVE_LEVEL
DDI compliance rules DriverCreate, KmdfIrql, KmdfIrql2

See also

EvtDriverDeviceAdd

WDF_OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES

WdfCommonBufferCreateWithConfig

WdfCommonBufferGetAlignedLogicalAddress

WdfCommonBufferGetAlignedVirtualAddress

WdfDeviceSetAlignmentRequirement

WdfDmaEnablerCreate