查看和管理更新Viewing and Managing Updates

适用于:Windows Server(半年频道)、Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

你可以使用 WSUS 控制台来查看和管理更新。You can use the WSUS console to view and manage updates.

查看更新Viewing Updates

在 " 更新 " 页上,你可以执行以下操作:On the Updates page, you can do the following:

  • 查看更新。View updates. 更新概述显示已从更新源同步到 WSUS 服务器并且可供批准的更新。The update overview displays updates that have been synchronized from the update source to your WSUS server and are available for approval.

  • 筛选更新。Filter updates. 在默认视图中,你可以按批准状态和安装状态筛选更新。In the default view you can filter updates by approval status and installation status. 默认设置适用于某些客户端需要的未批准的更新,或在某些客户端上安装失败的更新。The default setting is for unapproved updates that are needed by some clients or that have had installation failures on some clients. 可以通过更改 "审批状态" 和 "安装状态筛选器",然后单击 " 刷新" 来更改此视图。You can change this view by changing the approval status and installation status filters, and then clicking Refresh.

  • 创建新的更新视图。Create new update views. 在 " 操作 " 窗格中,单击 " 新建更新视图"。In the Actions pane, click New Update View. 你可以按分类、产品、已批准的组和同步日期筛选更新。You can filter updates by classification, product, the group for which they have been approved, and synchronization date. 可以通过单击标题栏中的相应列标题对列表进行排序。You can sort the list by clicking the appropriate column heading in the title bar.

  • 搜索更新。Search for updates. 你可以按标题、说明、知识库文章或 Microsoft 安全响应中心编号来搜索更新的单个更新或更新集。You can search for an individual update or set of updates by title, description, Knowledge Base article, or the Microsoft Security Response Center number for the update.

  • 查看每个更新的详细信息、状态和修订历史记录。View details, status, and revision history for each update.

  • 批准和拒绝更新。Approve and Decline updates.

查看更新To view updates

  1. 在 WSUS 管理控制台中,展开 "更新" 节点,然后单击 "所有更新"。In the WSUS administration console, expand the Updates node, and then click All Updates.

  2. 默认情况下,将以其标题、分类、已安装/不适用百分比和审批状态显示更新。By default, updates are displayed with their title, classification, installed/not applicable percentage, and approval status. 如果希望显示更多或不同的更新属性,请右键单击列标题栏,然后选择相应的列。If you wish to display more or different update properties, right-click the column heading bar and select the appropriate columns.

  3. 若要按不同的条件排序,如 "下载状态"、"标题"、"分类"、"发布日期" 或 "批准状态",请单击相应的列标题。To sort by different criteria, such as download status, title, classification, release date, or approval status, click the appropriate column heading.

筛选 "更新" 页上显示的更新列表To filter the list of updates displayed on the Updates page

  1. 在 WSUS 管理控制台中,展开 " 更新",然后单击 " 所有更新"。In the WSUS administration console, expand Updates, and then click All Updates.

  2. 在 " 批准" 旁边的中心窗格中,选择所需的审批状态,然后选择 "状态" 旁边的 " 状态 "。In the center pane next to Approval, select the desired approval status, and next to Status select the desired installation status. 单击“刷新”。Click Refresh.

在 WSUS 上创建新的更新视图To create a new update view on WSUS

  1. 在 WSUS 管理控制台中,展开 " 更新",然后单击 " 所有更新"。In the WSUS administration console, expand Updates, and then click All Updates.

  2. 在 " 操作 " 窗格中,单击 " 新建更新视图"。In the Actions pane, click New Update View.

  3. 在 " 添加更新视图 " 窗口中,在 " 步骤1:选择属性" 下,选择筛选更新视图所需的属性:In the Add Update View window, under Step 1: select properties, select the properties you need to filter the update view:

    • 选择 "更新" 位于特定分类中以筛选属于一个或多个更新分类的更新。Select Updates are in a specific classification to filter on updates belonging to one or more update classifications.

    • 对于特定产品,选择 "更新" 以筛选一个或多个产品或产品系列的更新。Select Updates are for a specific product to filter on updates for one or more products or product families.

    • 选择 "对特定组批准的更新" 可以筛选为一个或多个计算机组批准的更新。Select Updates are approved for a specific group to filter on updates approved for one or more computer groups.

    • 选择 "在特定时间段内同步更新" 以筛选在特定时间同步的更新。Select Updates were synchronized within a specific time period to filter on updates synchronized at a specific time.

    • 选择 "更新" 作为 wsus 更新来筛选 WSUS 更新。Select Updates are WSUS updates to filter on WSUS updates.

  4. 在 " 步骤2:编辑属性" 下,单击带下划线的单词以选取所需的值。Under Step 2: edit the properties, click the underlined words to pick the values you want.

  5. 在 " 步骤3:指定一个名称" 下,为新视图指定一个名称。Under Step 3: Specify a name, give your new view a name.

  6. 单击“确定”。 Click OK.

新视图将显示在 "更新" 下的 "树视图" 窗格中。Your new view will appear in the tree view pane under Updates. 当你选择它时,它将显示在中心窗格中,如标准视图。It will be displayed, like the standard views, in the center pane when you select it.

搜索更新To search for an update

  1. 选择 " 更新 " 节点 (或它) 下的任何节点。Select the Updates node (or any node under it).

  2. 在 " 操作 " 窗格中,单击 " 搜索"。In the Actions pane, click Search.

  3. 在 " 搜索 " 窗口的 " 更新 " 选项卡上,输入搜索条件。In the Search window, on the Updates tab, enter your search criteria. 您可以使用 标题说明Microsoft 知识库 (KB) 文章编号 字段中的文本。You can use text from the Title, Description, and Microsoft Knowledge Base (KB) article number fields. 其中每个项都是 "更新属性" 的 " 详细信息 " 选项卡中列出的属性。Each of these items is a property listed on the details tab in the update properties.

查看更新的属性To view the properties for an update

  1. 在 WSUS 管理控制台中,展开 " 更新",然后单击 " 所有更新"。In the WSUS administration console, expand Updates, and then click All Updates.

  2. 在更新列表中,单击要查看的更新。In the list of updates, click the update you want to view.

  3. 在下面的窗格中,你将看到不同的属性部分:In the lower pane, you will see the different property sections:

    • 标题栏将显示更新的标题;例如,Windows Media Player 9 (KB911565) 的安全更新。The title bar displays the title of the update; for example, Security Update for Windows Media Player 9 (KB911565).

    • "状态" 部分显示更新的安装状态 (需要在其上安装应用程序的计算机、安装了该应用程序的计算机上是否有错误、已安装或不适用的计算机,以及未报告更新) 状态的计算机,以及 (KB 和 MSRC 编号发布日期等 ) 的一般信息。The Status section displays the installation status of the update (the computers on which it needs to be installed, computers on which it was installed with errors, computers on which it has been installed or is not applicable, and computers that have not reported status for the update), as well as general information (KB and MSRC numbers release date, etc.).

    • "描述" 部分显示更新的简短说明。The Description section displays a brief description of the update.

    • "其他详细信息" 部分显示以下信息:The additional details section displays the following information:

      • 更新的安装行为 (是否可移动、请求重启、需要用户输入,或者必须以独占方式安装) 。The installation behavior of the update (whether or not it is removable, requests a restart, requires user input, or must be installed exclusively).

      • 更新是否具有 Microsoft 软件许可条款Whether or not the update has Microsoft Software License Terms

      • 更新适用的产品The products to which the update applies

      • 取代此更新的更新The updates that supersede this update

      • 此更新取代的更新The updates that are superseded by this update

      • 更新支持的语言The languages supported by the update

      • 更新 IDThe update ID

请注意,一次只能对一个更新执行此过程。Note that you can perform this procedure on only one update at a time. 如果选择多个更新,则只会在 " 属性 " 窗格中显示列表中的第一个更新。If you select multiple updates, only the first update in the list will be displayed in the Properties pane.

用 WSUS 管理更新Managing Updates with WSUS

更新用于更新或提供计算机上安装的软件的完整文件替换。Updates are used for updating or providing a full file replacement for software that is installed on a computer. Microsoft 更新上提供的每个更新都由两个组件组成:Every update that is available on Microsoft Update is made up of two components:

  • Metadata:提供有关更新的信息。Metadata: Provides information about the update. 例如,元数据提供更新属性的信息,因此可让你知道该更新的作用。For example, metadata supplies information for the properties of an update, thus enabling you to find out for what the update is useful. 元数据还包括 Microsoft 软件许可条款。Metadata also includes Microsoft Software License Terms. 下载的更新元数据包通常比实际的更新文件包小得多。The metadata package downloaded for an update is typically much smaller than the actual update file package.

  • 更新文件:在计算机上安装更新所需的实际文件。Update files: The actual files required to install an update on a computer.

将更新同步到 WSUS 服务器时,元数据和更新文件存储在两个不同的位置。When updates are synchronized to your WSUS server, the metadata and update files are stored in two separate locations. 元数据存储在 WSUS 数据库中。Metadata is stored in the WSUS database. 更新文件可以存储在 WSUS 服务器上,也可以存储在 Microsoft 更新服务器上,具体取决于你配置同步选项的方式。Update files can be stored either on your WSUS server or on Microsoft Update servers, depending on how you have configured your synchronization options. 如果选择将更新文件存储在 Microsoft 更新服务器上,则在同步时只下载元数据;你通过 WSUS 控制台批准更新,然后客户端计算机将在安装时直接从 Microsoft 更新获取更新文件。If you choose to store update files on Microsoft Update servers, only metadata is downloaded at the time of synchronization; you approve the updates through the WSUS console, and then client computers get the update files directly from Microsoft Update at the time of installation. 有关用于存储更新的选项的详细信息,请参阅 1.3 节。 在 wsus 部署指南中,选择步骤1:准备 Wsus 部署的 wsus 存储策略。For more information about options for storing updates, see section 1.3. Choose a WSUS storage strategy of Step 1: Prepare for Your WSUS Deployment, in the WSUS deployment guide.

你将设置和运行同步、添加计算机和计算机组以及定期部署更新。You will be setting up and running synchronizations, adding computers and computer groups, and deploying updates on a regular basis. 以下列表提供了在通过 WSUS 更新计算机时可能执行的常规任务的示例。The following list gives examples of general tasks you might undertake in updating computers with WSUS.

  • 根据网络拓扑和带宽、公司需求以及组织结构确定总体更新管理计划。Determine an overall update management plan based on your network topology and bandwidth, company needs, and organizational structure.

    • 是否设置 WSUS 服务器的层次结构和层次结构的结构。Whether to set up a hierarchy of WSUS servers and how the hierarchy should be structured.

    • 要创建的计算机组,以及如何将计算机分配到 (服务器端或客户端目标) 。What computer groups to create, and how to assign computers to them (server-side or client-side targeting).

    • 用于更新元数据的数据库 (例如,Windows 内部数据库、SQL Server) 。Which database to use for update metadata (for example, Windows Internal Database, SQL Server).

    • 更新是否应自动同步,以及及时同步的时间。Whether updates should be synchronized automatically, and at what time.

  • 设置同步选项,例如更新源、产品和更新分类、语言、连接设置、存储位置和同步计划。Set synchronization options, such as update source, product and update classification, language, connection settings, storage location, and synchronization schedule.

  • 通过从 Microsoft 更新或上游 WSUS 服务器进行同步,获取 WSUS 服务器上的更新和关联的元数据。Get the updates and associated metadata on your WSUS server through synchronization from either Microsoft Update or an upstream WSUS server.

  • 批准或拒绝更新。Approve or decline updates. 你可以选择允许用户在其客户端计算机上的本地管理员) 时,自行安装更新 (。You have the option of allowing users to install the updates themselves (if they are local administrators on their client computers).

  • 配置自动审批。Configure automatic approvals. 你还可以配置是否要启用对现有更新的修订的自动批准或手动批准修订。You can also configure whether you want to enable automatic approval of revisions to existing updates or approve revisions manually. 如果选择手动批准修订,则 WSUS 服务器将继续使用较旧的版本,直到手动批准新的修订版。If you choose to approve revisions manually, then your WSUS server will continue using the older version until you manually approve the new revision.

  • 检查更新状态。Check the status of updates. 您可以查看更新状态、打印状态报告或为常规状态报告配置电子邮件。You can view update status, print a status report, or configure e-mail for regular status reports.

更新产品和分类Update Products and Classifications

Microsoft 更新上可用的更新通过产品 (或产品系列) 和分类来区分。Updates available on Microsoft Update are differentiated by product (or product family) and classification.

产品是操作系统或应用程序的特定版本,例如 Windows Server 2012。A product is a specific edition of an operating system or application, for example, Windows Server 2012. 产品家族是指从中派生单个产品的基本操作系统或应用程序。A product family is the base operating system or application from which the individual products are derived. 产品系列的示例是 Microsoft Windows,其中 Windows Server 2012 是一个成员。An example of a product family is Microsoft Windows, of which Windows Server 2012 is a member. 您可以选择您希望服务器同步更新的产品或产品系列。You can select the products or product families for which you want your server to synchronize updates. 可以指定产品系列或系列中的各个产品。You can specify a product family or individual products within the family. 选择任何产品或产品系列将获取该产品当前和未来版本的更新。Selecting any product or product family will get updates for current and future versions of the product.

更新分类表示更新的类型。Update classifications represent the type of update. 对于任何给定的产品或产品系列,可以在多个更新分类之间提供更新 (例如,Windows 7 系列关键更新和安全更新) 。For any given product or product family, updates could be available among multiple update classifications (for example, Windows 7 family Critical Updates and Security Updates). 下表列出了更新分类。The following table lists update classifications.

更新分类Update Classifications 说明Description
关键更新Critical Updates 广泛发布的修补程序,用于解决与安全无关的关键错误。Broadly released fixes for specific problems addressing critical, non-security related bugs.
定义更新Definition Updates 对病毒或其他定义文件的更新。Updates to virus or other definition files.
驱动程序Drivers 设计用于支持新硬件的软件组件。Software components designed to support new hardware.
功能包Feature packs 新功能版本,通常在下一版本中汇总到产品。New feature releases, usually rolled into products at the next release.
安全更新Security updates 广泛发布的特定产品修补程序,解决了安全问题。Broadly released fixes for specific products, addressing security issues.
Service PackService packs 自产品发布以来创建的所有修补程序、安全更新、关键更新和更新的累计集。Cumulative sets of all hotfixes, security updates, critical updates, and updates created since the release of the product. Service pack 可能还包含数量有限的客户请求的设计更改或功能。Service packs might also contain a limited number of customer-requested design changes or features.
工具Tools 帮助完成一项或一组任务的实用工具或功能。Utilities or features that aid in accomplishing a task or set of tasks.
更新汇总Update rollups 一组累积的修补程序、安全更新、关键更新和其他更新,它们打包在一起以便于部署。A cumulative set of hotfixes, security updates, critical updates, and other updates that are packaged together for easy deployment. 汇总通常针对特定的区域,如安全性或特定的组件,如 (IIS) Internet Information Services。A rollup generally targets a specific area, such as security, or a specific component, such as Internet Information Services (IIS).
更新Updates 广泛发布的修补程序,用于解决与安全无关的非安全相关错误。Broadly released fixes for specific problems addressing non-critical, non-security related bugs.

用于 Windows Server Update Services 中的更新的图标Icons used for updates in Windows Server Update Services

WSUS 中的更新通过以下图标之一来表示。Updates in WSUS are represented by one of the following icons. 若要查看这些图标,必须在更新服务控制台中启用取代列。To view these icons, you have to enable the Supersedence column in the Update Services console.

无图标No Icon

更新与任何其他更新之间没有取代关系。The update has no supersedence relationship with any other update.

操作问题:Operational Concerns:

没有操作问题。There are no operational concerns.

取代图标Superseding Icon

icon 此更新取代其他更新。This update supersedes other updates.

操作问题:Operational Concerns:

没有操作问题。There are no operational concerns.

取代 & 取代图标Superseded & Superseding Icon

icon 此更新已被其他更新取代,将取代其他更新。This update is superseded by another update, and supersedes other updates.

操作问题:Operational Concerns:

如果可能,请将这些更新替换为取代更新。Replace these updates with the superseding updates when possible.

“被取代”图标Superseded Icon

icon 此更新已被其他更新取代。This update is superseded by another update.

操作问题:Operational Concerns:

如果可能,请将这些更新替换为取代更新。Replace these updates with the superseding updates when possible.