用于 Windows Server 2016 的服务器角色升级和迁移矩阵Server role upgrade and migration matrix for Windows Server 2016

适用于:Windows Server 2016Applies To: Windows Server 2016

本页中的网格介绍专用于移动到 Windows Server 2016 的服务器角色升级和迁移选项。The grid on this page explains your server role upgrade and migration options specifically for moving to Windows Server 2016. 有关单个角色的迁移指南,请访问在 Windows Server 中迁移角色和功能For individual role migration guides, visit Migrating Roles and Features in Windows Server. 有关安装和升级的详细信息,请参阅 Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration(Windows Server 安装、升级和迁移)。For more information about installation and upgrades, see Windows Server Installation, Upgrade, and Migration.

服务器角色Server Role 是否可从 Windows Server 2012 R2 升级?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012 R2? 是否可从 Windows Server 2012 升级?Upgradeable from Windows Server 2012? 是否支持迁移?Migration Supported? 是否无需停机就可完成迁移?Can migration be completed without downtime?
Active Directory 证书服务Active Directory Certificate Services Yes Yes Yes No
Active Directory 域服务Active Directory Domain Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory 联合身份验证服务Active Directory Federation Services No No Yes 否(需要将新节点添加到场中)No (new nodes need to be added to the farm)
Active Directory 轻型目录服务Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory 权限管理服务Active Directory Rights Management Services Yes Yes Yes No
DHCP 服务器DHCP Server Yes Yes Yes Yes
DNS 服务器DNS Server Yes Yes Yes No
故障转移群集Failover Cluster 是,群集操作系统滚动升级过程包括节点暂停排出、逐出、升级到 Windows Server 2016 以及重新加入原始群集。Yes with Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade process which includes node Pause-Drain, Evict, upgrade to Windows Server 2016 and rejoin the original cluster. 是,当群集删除服务器以进行升级,并随后再将服务器添加到不同的群集时。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. 而非服务器是群集的一部分时。Not while the server is part of a cluster. 是,当群集删除服务器以进行升级,并随后再将服务器添加到不同的群集时。Yes, when the server is removed by the cluster for upgrade and then added to a different cluster. Yes 否,对于 Windows Server 2012 故障转移群集而言。No for Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters. 是,对于具有 Hyper-V VM 的 Windows Server 2012 R2 故障转移群集或运行横向扩展文件服务器角色的 Windows Server 2012 R2 故障转移群集。Yes for Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters with Hyper-V VMs or Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters running the Scale-out File Server role. 请参阅群集操作系统滚动升级See Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.
文件和存储服务File and Storage Services Yes Yes 因子功能而不同Varies by sub-feature No
Hyper-VHyper-V 是的。Yes. (当主机是群集的一部分,且使用群集操作系统滚动升级过程,该过程包括节点暂停排出、收回、升级到 Windows Server 2016 并重新加入原始群集。)(When the host is part of a cluster with Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade process which includes node Pause-Drain, Evict, upgrade to Windows Server 2016 and rejoin the original cluster.) No Yes 否,对于 Windows Server 2012 故障转移群集而言。No for Windows Server 2012 Failover Clusters. 是,对于具有 Hyper-V VM 的 Windows Server 2012 R2 故障转移群集或运行横向扩展文件服务器角色的 Windows Server 2012 R2 故障转移群集。Yes for Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters with Hyper-V VMs or Windows Server 2012 R2 Failover Clusters running the Scale-out File Server role. 请参阅群集操作系统滚动升级See Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.
打印和传真服务Print and Fax Services No No 是 (Printbrm.exe)Yes (Printbrm.exe) No
远程桌面服务Remote Desktop Services 是,对于所有子角色,但不支持混合模式场Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported 是,对于所有子角色,但不支持混合模式场Yes, for all sub-roles, but mixed mode farm is not supported Yes No
Web 服务器 (IIS)Web Server (IIS) Yes Yes Yes No
Windows Server Essentials 体验Windows Server Essentials Experience Yes N/A - 新功能N/A – new feature Yes No
Windows Server Update ServicesWindows Server Update Services Yes Yes Yes No
工作文件夹Work Folders Yes Yes Yes 是,使用群集操作系统滚动升级从 WS 2012 R2 群集进行操作时。Yes from WS 2012 R2 cluster when using Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade.